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November, and lord lieutenant of Wales, and the Marches, the counties of Glamorgan and Monmouth excepted,— Rymer, — on 24th November, 1617, “Lo. Lieutenant of Eightene shires.” He died in the year 1630. 1633. John, earl of Bridgewater, appointed lord president, 12th May, 1633,” held that office, and was “Lo: lieutena’t of the dominion and principallye of Wales' in 1634.” 11th Feb. 1641–2. (17 Charles I.) Philip, earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, nominated, by the House of Commons, to be lord lieutenant of the counties of Wilts, Merioneth, and Caernarvon. 1642. James, Lord Strange, who succeeded his father as Earl of Derby, upon the 29th of September, 1642, held the lieutenancies of Cheshire, Lancashire, and North Wales, in this year, both before and after the death of his father; but was deprived of the lieutenancies of Cheshire and North Wales prior to the 2d of December ensuing; after which I find no appointment of a lieutenant for Wales, or for either of the Welsh counties, before the Restoration.” It is probable that the military commissions issued by the king and parliament to the Royalist and Parliamentary leaders, invested them severally with powers in which those of the lieutenants merged, for the time those commissions were in force." It is stated in an edition of Collins's Peerage, that Edward, second marquis of Worcester, who succeeded his father in 1646, attaching himself to the Royal cause, was constituted lord lieutenant of North Wales, by King Charles I.; but I have little doubt that this is an error, and that North Wales should be South Wales, of which the Marquis of Worcester appears to have been lord lieutenant. 1660. Richard, earl of Carbery, appointed lord president of the Marches “on the restoration of Charles II,” appointed lord lieutenant of Wales upon 21 Dec. 1660.
| Mr. Clive's work, p. 200. * Inscription, formerly in the council chamber, Ludlow Castle. * Rymer's Foedera gives the date of his appointment as in the text; an inscription formerly in the council chamber of Ludlow Castle stated it to have been made in 1631,–" in hanc prefectur evectus anno R. R. Caroli, 7° 1631.” 4 Inscription formerly existing in the council chamber, Ludlow Castle. * List of Lord Lieutenants for Cheshire in Ormerod's Hist. of that county. Ormerod refers to Dug. dale's Baronage. See also the former work, General Introduction, vol. i. p. xxxv.; and vol. iii. p. 441. * See Ormerod, vol. iii. p. 441. 7 Documents connected with the History of Ludlow, p. 184.
24th of Charles II., Henry, marquis of Worcester, afterwards duke of Beaufort, was appointed lord lieutenant of Wales, and the Marches thereof, according to the act of 13 and 14 Ch: II. above referred to. It is stated in Mr. Clive's work, that he was “constituted lord president of the Council in Wales, in 1672.” 1689. In this year, Charles, earl of Macclesfield, was lord president and lord lieutenant of the Principality of Wales and the Marches thereof. In 1689 the court of the Marches was abolished, and the Earl of Macclesfield’s “commissions afterwards ran as lord lieutenant of North and South Wales.” He died January 7, 1693–4. 1696. Upon the 3d of April in this year, Charles, earl of Macclesfield, son of the abovementioned nobleman, occurs as lord lieutenant of the several counties of North Wales, and of the county of Lancaster. He died at Hanover upon 4th November, 1701. 18 June, 1702, (1st Anne,) William, earl of Derby, was appointed lord lieutenant for the counties of North Wales, and the county of Lancaster. He died 5th November, 1701. 2nd December, 1702, (1st Anne,) Hugh, Lord Cholmondeley, afterwards earl of Cholmondeley, was appointed lord lieutenant of North Wales. He was removed from all his employments under the crown in 1713, but reinstated upon the accession of George I. the following year. He died in Jan., 1724–5. 1707 and 1708. In these years Sir John Wynn, of Rhiwgoch, in Merionethshire, and Watstay (now Wynnstay) in Denbighshire, occurs as custos rotulorum for the county of Merioneth.” Dec. 1722. (9, Geo. I.) Lewis Owen, of Peniarth, Esq., was appointed custos rotulorum for Merionethshire. He died 31st Dec. 1729. 1724–5. March 20, George, second earl of Cholmondeley, was appointed to succeed his brother as lord lieutenant for Cheshire and North Wales.
1 The 24th year of King Charles II. commenced upon January 30, 1672. and ended upon 29th January, 1673. * Mr. Clive's work, p. 15. * By the statute of 34 and 35 Henry VIII. c. 26, it was enacted that there should be “one custos rotulorum in every of the said twelve shires” (of Wales). I have not, however, met with the name of any earlier occupant of that office for Merionethshire than Sir John Wynn.
1730. William Waughan, of Cors-y-gedol, Esq., was appointed custos rotulorum for the county of Merioneth, as successor to Lewis Owen, Esq. 1733. George, third earl of Cholmondeley, was appointed lord lieutenant for the counties of Caernarvon, Merioneth, Montgomery, Flint, and Anglesey. 1761. William Waughan, of Cors-y-gedol, Esq., custos rotulorum and M.P. for Merionethshire, occurs as lieutenant for that county. He was appointed upon the resignation of the Earl of Cholmondeley, and died April 12th, 1775. 1775. Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart., of Wynnstay and Glanllyn, M.P. for the county of Denbigh, was appointed lieutenant and custos rotulorum for Merionethshire. He died in 1789. 1789. Watkin Williams, Esq., of Penbedw, in the county of Denbigh, (but owner of property in the parishes of Mallwyd and Llan-y-mowddwy, in the county of Merioneth) M.P. first for Montgomeryshire, and afterwards, during nearly thirty years, for the Flint contributary boroughs, was appointed lieutenant and custos rotulorum for Merionethshire. 1793. Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart., of Wynnstay and Glanllyn, M.P. for the county of Denbigh, was appointed lieutenant and custos rotulorum for Merionethshire. He also held the same offices for Denbighshire. He died January 5, 1840. 1840. The Honorable Edward Mostyn Lloyd Mostyn, of Mostyn in Flintshire, and Cors-y-gedol in Merionethshire, eldest son of Edward Pryce, present Lord Mostyn, was appointed lieutenant and custos rotulorum for Merionethshire,
and now holds those offices. 1846. W. W. E. W.
ON THE TITLE OF “PRINCE OF WALES.”
IT is generally supposed that “Edward of Caernarvon” was made Prince of Wales immediately after his birth in Caernarvon Castle, upon the 25th of April, 1284. Such, however, is not the fact. Amongst the records of the late Augmentation Office, at Westminster, is a collection of accounts of the receipts and expenditure of the chamberlains and other officers of the principality of Wales in the latter part of the reign of Edward I. and in the reign of Edward II.
Amongst these are two documents; the one a receipt from Vivian de Staundon, for his fee as constable of the castle of Harlech in Merionethshire, from Michaelmas in the sirth year of Prince Edward, to the same festival newt following, in the first year of King Edward (Edward the Second, who in records relating to Wales is frequently so styled, without any other distinction); the other document is a pecuniary account of John le Coliere relative to the castle of Harlech, from Whitsunday in the seventh year of Prince Edward, to the festival of Michaelmas newt following, in the first year of the reign of King Edward, son of Edward, a title commonly given to King Edward II. and to him only. The periods, then, included in these accounts, are from the 29th of September, 1306, to the same day in 1307, and from Whitsunday to Michaelmas in the latter year. In 1307, Whitsunday fell upon the 14th of May, and in that year of our Lord, as is shown above, it was in the seventh year of Edward's princedom of Wales.
These documents, therefore, fix the date of his elevation to that dignity as having taken place on or after the 29th of September in 1300, and before or on the 14th of May in 1301. It is remarkable that this accords with the year (29 Edward I.) in which it is stated that the freeholders of Wales did homage to the young prince at Chester.”
As it is stated in Wynne's History of Wales, that Edward of Windsor, afterwards Edward III., was created Prince of Wales in a parliament at York, in the fifteenth year of his father's reign, it may appear, at first sight, as probable that he was the prince referred to in this receipt as that Edward of Caernarvon was. But there can be little doubt, notwithstanding the assertion in Wynne's History, that Edward of Windsor never was Prince of Wales. In not one of the “Minister's Accounts” for Wales, nor in any other authentic document of the reign of Edward II. that the writer of this communication has seen, (and they are a great many,) does it appear that, at any time during that reign, Wales was under the government of a prince. Sandford too, in his history, says that Edward, the Black Prince, “became the second Prince of Wales of the royal family of Plantagenet, (for I find not
* Since the above was written, the author has seen another contemporary record, which proves that Edward was created Prince of Wales before or on Easter Day, (March 26,) 1307. * Wynne's Hist. of Wales, edition of 1702, p. 310.
that King Edward the Third was at any time so styled.)” In the inscription on Edward of Windsor's seal, to a grant dated the 19th of Edward II. (1325) his style is given as “Dux Aquitanie, Comes Cestrie, Pontivi, and Montistrolli;” and in a charter dated upon the Sunday before Christmas-day, 1325, “Eddouart fils ainzè du Roy d'Angleterre, Duc d’Aquitaine, Comte de Cestre, et de Pontyn;” but in neither as Prince of Wales. But, independent of all this, if Edward of Windsor was created Prince of Wales in the parliament of the fifteenth of Edward II, that parliament was held three weeks after Easter in 1322, and before the beginning of the sirth year from that time he had ascended the throne of England, and could not therefore have been the prince mentioned in Vivian de Staundon's receipt. Another record in the collection above referred to, alludes to an event which occurred tempore regis, that is, when Edward I. was exercising the sovereignty of Wales, and prior to his conferring the principality upon his son. Some of our early historians, little referred to, state correctly, or (as will be seen from the facts above brought to notice) very nearly so, the time of Edward's being created prince of Wales. In Fabian's Chronicle will be found,
! The ancient name of the county to which this refers was Pagus Pontivus, called by the French Ponthieu ; and a subdivision of it belonging to the town of Monasteriolum obtained the name of Montreuil, which it still bears. This is the name indicated above as Montistrollum. The name of Ponthieu is said to be derived from the unusual number of bridges it contains; and, in fact, it extends over a large portion of flat lands, watered by the deep and slow-flowing Somme; but the derivation seems to us, from the present appearance of the country, as well as from what we learn of it in former times, at least, fanciful. Edward III. did not find too many bridges in it when he was retreating from Poissy to the glorious field of Crecy. Monasteriolum was a name derived from a monastery built in that district. The county of Ponthieu once belonged to the celebrated abbey of St. Riquier, near Abbeville, the splendid church of which still stands entire; but in A.D. 1085, having fallen into the sole possession of the Countess Agnes, she brought it by marriage to Robert, Count of Perche and Alencon. The last descendant male of this stock was John, who dying s. p., the county devolved to his sister Mary, wife of Simon de Dammartin; whose daughter Anne de Dammartin Countess of Ponthieu, married Ferdinand III. king of Castile; and the only daughter of this marriage, Eleanora, was the Queen of Edward I. of England. It was in this way that the title quoted by the learned author of the above valuable communication, came into the Plantagenet family. After the battle of Poictiers, the absolute property, as well as the title, of the county was ceded to Edward III. — EDD. ARchAtol. CAMB.
* Sandford, pp. 157, 158, 182.