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IN THE DIOCESE OF LICHFIELD AND CovenTRY, ARCHDEAcon Ry

of SALOP.

At Glossop, in the Deanery of High Peak, one ploughland, of
the yearly value of .................... ........................... 0 16 0
At the same place, from fixed rents per ann......................... 3 0 0
At the same place, one mill of the yearly value of.................. 1 () ()
From the profits of stock per ann. ......................... ........ . 0 6 8
From the sale of wood per ann.................................... . 0 6 8
Total *......... 426 19 4

IN THE DIOCESE OF ST. AsAPH.

At Basyng, three mills................. ................................. 2 0 0 In the town of Holywell, rent with mills ................... . . .... 5 0 0 The grange of Baggeburch, with two ploughlands................ . 1 0 0

The grange of Fulbrook with upper grange, seven ploughlands
and other conveniences ..................................... .... 3 8 0

The grange of Kellyng with Penllyn, four ploughlands and a
half, with rents and other conveniences............ ........... 2 10 0
Fifty-three cows: returns ............................ ............... 2 13 0
Two thousand sheep: returns, saving the tending.... ............. 30 0 0
Total......... 3646 11 0
The whole of this establishment together thus amounted to *...f68 8 0

Pope Martin V., A.D. 1417–1431, furnished the abbey of Basingwerk with pardons and indulgences, to sell to the pilgrims who should visit the holy fountain of St. Winefred. *

In Richard the Third's time, the abbot and convent had from the crown ten marks annually for the maintenance and salary of a priest at the chapel of St. Winefred, which was erected over the well."

About that time the institution was presided over by Thomas ab Davydd Pennant, a man of great generosity and kindness, as appears from some verses, which were written in honour of him by Guttyn Owain, Tudur Aled, and Thomas ab Rhys ab Howel," eminent bards of the day. The former, whose poem is printed in Rice Jones's “Gorchestion y Beirdd,” compliments his patron upon his honourable lineage, which he derives from Edwin, and Rhys Sais, a direct descendant from Tudor Trevor. He then gives a general description of the abbatial buildings and mills, and concludes with a high eulogium on Thomas's hospitality:

1 In the grant to the abbey of Basingwerk, of the lands in the Peak of Derbyshire, there is a clause, reserving the venison to the king, with the consent of the abbot and convent; for the preservation of which two foresters were appointed by the king; but the grantees were allowed to kill hares, foxes, and wolves—Sebright MSS. Pennant, i. 39.

2 This sum is incorrect by £1 10s. * Incorrect by excess of £1 10s. Selden's Notes on Michael Drayton, 289. * Harleian MSS., No. 433,338. "The poems of the two latter are amongst the Sebright collection of MSS.

“It is a part of heaven.—he is the Sovereign of our language:
Excellent are the buildings—the houses of the district,
Of faultless freestones—abundant are the materials:
And native oaks in an extensive park.
Houses of delicious wine—the temple of the saints—
Houses of the choir—a house for the convent:
A good house for the corn on the other side.
There is a malt house — and it has a brick house.
There is a stone wall by Cilgwri,
And upon it a gate house.
Upon a rampart—where a load of gold might be obtained,
W. a narrow fortress shutting in the monks.
With mills has he filled
Every available glen and hill.
Generous God — wherever his lot falls
There the work of water and wind is not in vain.
Gold has been bestowed upon the fabric,
On the land of God, like the leaves in number,
Should the gold of a king have been there contributed,
He has given twice as much in wine.
Goods and victuals without number,
He daily gives to all the world.”

But it was not in empty song that Guttyn Owain acknowledged the generosity of the abbot; he moreover compiled, or transcribed, for the use of the monastery a History of Britain. This work, which goes by the name of “Llyfr Basing,” or the Book of Basingwerk, is written upon vellum, and is now in the possession of T. T. Griffiths, Esq., of Wrexham.”

Thomas ab Davydd Pennant quitted his profession, and became what is termed in law, a monk deraigne; and married Angharad, daughter of Gwillim ab Gruffydd ab Gwillim, of the house of Penrhyn, in Caernarvonshire.

He was succeeded in the abbacy by his youngest son

| Angharad Llwyd, in her catalogue of Welsh MSS. describes this book as containing “Caradoc of Llancarvan; Dares Phrygius, or the Destruction of Troy, from p. 1 to 40, inclusive; Galfridus, from p. 41 to 198, but in many places very different from the printed copy; a pretty exact Chronology, from p. 199 to the end, but very different from Caradoc of Llancarvan, and the Clera, as published by Dr. Powel.”

Nicholas, who was the last who filled the place. He also married, like his father.

This, perhaps, will be the right place to mention, as we do not know the exact dates of the different grants, that the lords of Mold were great benefactors to the abbey. In the Harleian collection of MSS. there are abstracts of deeds whereby they conferred on it several donations. Pennant specifies the Marsh of Saltney, near Chester, in particular, as having been granted by Robert, lord of Mold, to the monks, for pasturage."

Another event, the date of which we have not succeeded in ascertaining, is the grant of a fair and a market, which the monks obtained for the town of Holywell.”

Basingwerk abbey was dissolved in 1535, when the gross sum of its revenues, according to Dugdale, amounted to £150 7s. 3d., that is, temporalities £120 16s. 2d., spiritualities £29 11s. 1d. per annum. Speed, however, reckons them at £157 15s. 2d. The following are the particulars, according to returns preserved in the First-fruits and the Augmentation offices:—

No. IV.” -
VALOR ECCLESIASTICUS. TEMP. H.E.N. VIII.

TRANSCRIPT OF RETURN 26 HEN. VIII. — FIRST FRUITS OFFICE.

The Monastery or Abbey of Basyngwerk in the Deanery of Tygyngel, in the County of Flint.

VALUE IN TEMPORALITIES IN THE County of FLINT; THE DOMAIN of Holywell, FULBROKE AND GRENEFELD.

42 s. d.

Value in Rents and ferm of various lands and tenements in the
same place per annum............................................. 8 1 8
Ferm of two corn mills in the same place per ann.................. 404 6 8
Ferm of two fulling mills in the same place per ann............... 3 6 8

Domain land called “Le Abbey Graunge,” £4.6s. 8d., “Le Mid

dell Graunge,” £1 6s. 8d., “Le Ener Graunge,” £3, and “Le Graunge called Le Gelle," £2 ................................ 10 13 4 Court perquisites at the same place................................... 0 0 0 32 8 4

1 Vol. i. P. 143. * Ib. p. 57. "Dugdale, Monast. Angl. vol. v. p. 263-4. Edit. Ellis. This is probably an error in Dugdale, (Edit. Ellis) as appears from the sum. It should be £10 6s. 8d.

IN THE Township of WHITFORD AND WAck.

Value in Rents of various lands and tenements in those places
Per ann................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 14 4

IN THE County of CHESTER, Township of NEwBoLDE.

Value in Rents of various lands and tenements therein, per ann... 3 3 4 Ferm of a windmill for corn, in the same place, per ann. ......... 2 0 0 5 3 4

DoMAIN OF WESTRYRBY.

Value in Rents of various lands and tenements therein, per ann. 40. 6 2 Ferm of a windmill for corn, in the same place, per ann.......... 2 0 0 64 Bushels of wheat of the measure of the city of Chester, out of the rents of various lands and tenements therein, per ann. at 1s. 8d. per bushel ................ ............................ 5 6 8 68 Bushels” of barley of the aforesaid measure at 1s. per bushel, out of the rents of various lands and tenements therein, Per ann. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 8 0 48 Bushels of peas of the aforesaid measure, at 10d. per bushel, out of the rents of various lands and tenements therein,

PCs ann. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 0 0 Court perquisites therein................................................ 0 0 0 22 0 10

Township of NoFTHWICH.

Value in 8 cronocks of salt, at 4s. per cronocke, out of the rents of various lands and tenements therein, per ann... . .......... 1 12 0

CITY of CHESTER. — THE CITY AND LIBERTY OF THE SAME. Value in Rents and ferm of various lands and tenements in the

aforesaid city, per ann............................................. 4 0 0

Ferm of various lands called “Le Lache,” within the Liberty of the aforesaid city, per ann. ......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 13 4 8 13 4

County of DERby.—DomAIN of Glossop DALE AND THE RECTORY OF The same PLACE.

Value in Yearly Ferm thus set to the Earl of Shrewsbury"...... 1 0 0

1 This appears from the addition of the items, to be an error in Dugdale, (Edit. Ellis) for £10 6s. 2d. * This seems to be meant for 48 bushells. * Query, Is this the same land as that called Lec by Gilbert Pipard * This is probably an error for £49. See No. V.

ARCHAAEol. cAMB. vol. 1.] K

County of MERIONETH. — CoMMOT OF PENLLYN.

Value in Ferm of various lands and tenements therein, per ann. thus set to Robert ap Res ............. ......................... 1 16 8

126 8 10

SPIRITUALITIES. — County of FLINT. Rectory of Holywell, in the Deanery of Tegyngell. Tithes of corn and other Fo in the township of Brymford,

thus set at an annual rent of .................................... 1 16 8
Tithes of corn and other produce in the township of Colshull, thus
set at an annual rent of . ...... ................................. 8 0 0
Tithes of corn in the township of Great Bakely, thus set at an
annual rent of ...................................................... 5 6 8
Tithes of corn in the township of Little Bakely, thus set at an
annual rent of ...................................................... 0 13 4
Tithes of corn of Kelleston, thus set at an annual rent of......... 1 0 0
Tithes of corn in Calcote, per ann., thus set at an annual rent of 0 3 4
Tithes of lambs, £1 6s. 8d.; of wool, £1; Hemp and Flax, 5s;
and other small tithes, in common years, 48. 8d............... 2 16 4
Tithes of milk and oblations at the four seasons .................. 1 10 0
Oblations at St. Wenefrede's, in common years .......... -- - - - - - - - - - 10 0 0
i 157 15 2
Thence to be deducted in re-payments, viz. from
TEMPORALITIES.
Rent paid to St. Bewmon,” per annum, without the domain of
Holywell ................................................. .......... 0 2 0
Fee of Edward Pennant, steward of the aforesaid domain of Holy-
well, 13s. 4d. per annum, and the fee of John ap Thomas,
bailiff therein, per ann............................................. 1 0 0
Rent paid to the king for the aforesaid lands in Whitforde &c... 0 17 4
Fee of William Stanley, knight, steward, £1., and of Thomas
Coventre, bailiff of Newbold and Kyrby aforesaid, 13s. 4d.
Per ann. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 13 4
Fee of Thomas Barrowe, receiver of the aforesaid lands in the
counties of Chester and Derby . ........... ............... ... 2 0 0
5 12 8
SPIRITUALITIEs.
Annual Procuration paid to the Bishop of St. Asaph, per ann.... 0 17 8
Lactuals paid to the aforesaid Bishop, per ann..................... 0 1 1 9
Procuration of the Visitation every third year, 17s 8d., according
to an annual rate of 58. 10d. .................................. 0 5 10
1 15 3
£7 7s. 11d.

* This sum includes the temporalities as given in Dugdale.
* St. Beuno. See Rees's Welsh Saints, p. 295.

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