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PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH VERSION

OF THE

ORDER

Polyglott Bible.

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indebted.

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THE form in which this Volume and all the References in this a

now appears, is altogether dif- the larger Bibles, are placed in fore been given to the Public, but its are rendered liable to be cut in b originality will be found pre-emi-ing, or worn away by use, or bo Dently to consist in a laborrous and so into the back of the book as entirely new Selection and Arrange- to be easily read. ment of References, in which it has

On all these accounts, it has been endeavoured faithfully to ex-appeared exceedingly desirable, bibit the Scripture as its own Expo- a NEW Bible, of convenient size

the Pocket, original in its plan, The greatness of the advantages pose, and execution, should be that must accrue to a sincere and lished ; in which à MORE APPRC diligent reader of the Sacred Pages, ATE and ACCURATE selection, ad from having constantly

before him tion, and arrangement of Refer a reference to similar and illustra- might be introduced ; both for teine passages, carefully investigated, assistance of Private Readers, to every one ; and has been well un- and quotation of passages, v and suitably applied, must be obvious to facilitate the ready examin= men, to whose diligent and useful may have an immediate occasic labours the Public is unspeakably cite, or to consult.

Convenience and utility were, been printed, almost exclusively, in the parts of the undertaking

References, however have hitherto ever, to be equally consulted and the benefit resulting from them or the page too crowded, so bar, in cor:sequence,been very much be made wearisome to the ey restricted ; the only small Bible with convenience would be lessened References in the English Language, if, in the limits which these The defects of which are many; for not employed in examining an the Scriptures, and his work was at would, in a great degree, b he he was not in possession of those therefore, it appeared best to helps, for the accomplishment of the the plan here presented to the task which he had undertaken, that of the Public ; in which the Ma are now afforded by many valuable Readings and 'References are al editions and cominents, which have tained in à MIDDLE COLUMN,be since his time; and being, there-duced is sufficient, except in chiefly on his own industry ; it is not column. surprising that he should have been

The Chronology is always less successful than he would other at the top of this middle co wise have been. His references are where it denotes the Date often only remotely applicable: he writing or transaction contaiBeems frequently to have been guided the text, at the beginning more by similarity of expression than page. by illustration : the errors in the let- The Marginal Readings cor ter-press are no merous: many of the in the folio and quarto Bibles Marginal Resc.ings are omitted: the introduced; the idioms of the Chronology is altogether left ont :Inal languages which are pre

iii

RONOLOGICAL ORDER,

e Abbreviations used in the Reference.

B.C.

B.C. 1004 1 Kings, 1.-X1, 1 Ki. 628 2 Chron. X, &c. 2 CL 1004 2 Chron. 1.-IX. 2 Ch.

590 2 Kings: 1000 Proverbs . .

Pr. 588 Jeremiali Je. 975 Ecclesiastes. Ec. 583 Lamentations . . La.

Ob.

587 Obadiah
897 1 Kings, XII, &c. 1 Ki,
862 Jopah
JOD. 674 Ezekiel .

Eze.
800 Joel. Joel.

534 Daniel

Da.
787 Amos

Am. 520 Haggai
750 Micah
MI. 520 Zechariah

Zec.
740 Hosea

Ho.

609 Esther 713 Nabum

Na 457 Ezra ..... Eur. 698 Isaiah

Ne. 434 Nehemiah ... Is 630 Zephaniah Zep. 397 Malacbi.. 626 Habakkuk

MAL

Hab.

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PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH VERSION in many of them, and also the vari-prised in the particular parts of the

senses of particular words or history or discourse, phrases, being in most instances in- For a similar reason, where tho structive, and in all worthy to be same identical words, or nearly so, known. But it has not been thought might be found in a great namnecessary, in giving these readings, ber of texts, a few of these only have to insert such words as are repeated been selected ;-illustration, not rein the text, and which would there-petition, having been the objebt in fore have fruitlessly occupied a por- view. tion of the space allotted to refer- The References, therefore, whiclı enees,

fill the middle column, have all been The Various Readings are referred diligently considered and applied to by small figures placed immedi- with a particular attention to this ately before the words for which they specific end, that none which were are to be substituted ; and the Re- superfluous might be introduced, ferences by Italic letters, which are while the most material purposes to generally placed after the first or se- be answered by References might cond word of a verse, or clause of a nevertheless be effectually secured. verse, when they are intended to il- WHETHER the latitude or the lilustrate the whole of that verse or mits of such an undertaking be conclause : but when the principal force sidered, it is proper that the princiof the illustration rests on a single ples on which it has been conducted word, the letter reference is placed im- should be so far explained, as that mediately after that word. This has the Reader may be apprised of what been the general rule . and the ex- he is to expect from it, and in what ceptions have either been unavoida- branches of religious inquiry it may ble, or are quite inumaterial, most materially assist him.

In referring to several relations of In that grand enunciation of the the same facts, by different Writers dignity and design of the Sacred Voin the Sacred-Volume, (as in the his-lume, which is given by the Apostle sories recorded by the Four Evan- Paul, (2 Tim. iii. 16, 17) we are told, gelists, and in those contained in the that "ALL SCRIPTURE IS GIVEN BY IN Books of Kings and Chronicles,) the SPIRATION OF GOD, AND IS PROFITAcorresponding chapters, or parts of BLE FOR DOCTRINE,FOR REPROOF,FOR chapters in each, having been once CORRECTION, FOR INSTRUCTION IN noted at the beginning of the history RIGHTEOUSNES$ ; THAT THE MAN OF or subject, it has not been thought GOD MAY BE PERFECT, THOROUGHLY necessary to repeat those referencesFURNISHED UNTO ALL GOOD WORKS.” in the subsequent verses, except But it must be evident, that the where something material is to be Scripture could not be effectually noticed. Thus also in the prophecy profitable for these great ends, nor of Obadiah, which relates chiefly to make the man of God PERFECT, * it the destruction of the Edomites, the it were not perfect itself; if its difprophecies of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Eze- ferent parts were at variance with kiel, and Amos, on the same subject, each other : if, notwithstanding all having been once pointed out at the the variety of matter, and multiplicommencement, are not again refer-city of detail, which such a book red to. And so in the history of our required, the doctrines revealed, and Lord's temptation,given in the fourth the moral duties enjoined, were not chapter of the Gospel byst. Matthew, substantially and essentially the reference being made from the first same throughout ; and if all the verse to the fourth chapter of that parts did not concur in the plan by St. Luke, where the same history of the whole. To exhibit, then, the is recorded, no further reference is harmony of the Sacred Writers, on made to that chapter in the subse- the subjects of which they treat, has quent verses; the connexion of the been the primary design of this sewhole being obvious, and the com- lection. And as there are some sub parison easy, More'space has been jects of leading importance, in which thus retained for the illustration or confirmation of the subjects or sen

*'APTIOX, perfectus, integer, sanus, incolu aces individually, which are com-Imis, consentaneus, omsummalus, Hederico

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CO THE ENGLISH TERSION

the vari-/prised in the particular parts of the
words or history or discourse. O
tances in. For a similar reason, where the
hy to be same identical words, or nearly so,
as thought miglit be found in a great num-
readings, ber of texts, a few of these only have
repeated been selected ;-illustration, not re-
mld there-petition, having been the objeot rin
ed a por. view. 10:26
to refer- The References, therefore, which

fill the middle column, have all been
e referred diligently considered and applied

immedi- with a particular attention to this hich they specific end, that none which were

the Re- superfluous might be introduced, which are while the most material purposes to Erst or se- be answered by References might ause of a nevertheless be effectually secured. ded to il Whether the latitude or the li

verse or mits of such an undertaking be conipal force sidered, it is proper that the princi

a single ples on which it has been conducted
laced im- should be so far explained, as that
This has the Reader may be apprised of what

the ex- he is to expect from it, and in what
unavoida- branches of religious inquiry it may
3. most materially assist him.
ations of In that grand enunciation of the
Writers dignity and design of the Sacred Vo-

the his- lume, which is given by the Apostle
ir Evan- Paul, (2 Tim. iii. 16, 17,) we are told,
ned in the that "ALL SCRIPTURE IS GIVEN BY IN
cles,) the SPIRATION OF GOD, AND IS-PROFITA-
- parts of BLE FOR DOCTRINE,FOR REPROOF,FOR
een once CORRECTION, FOR INSTRUCTION IN
e history/RIGHTEOUSNESS; THAT THE MAN OF

thought GOD MAY BE PERFECT, THOROUGHL!
eferences FURNISHED UNTO ALL GOOD WORKS."
5, except But it must be evident, that the

is to be Scripture could not be effectually
prophecy profitable for these great ends, nor
chiefly to make the man of God PERFECT, * it
nites, the it were not perfect itself; if its dil
iah, Eze-ferent parts were at variance with
e subject, each other : if, notwithstanding all
ont at the the variety of matter, and multipli-
gain refer-city of detail

, which such a book
pry of our required, the doctrines revealed, and
the fourth the moral duties enjoined, were not
Matthew, substantially and essentially the

the first same throughout; and if all the
er of that parts did not concur in the plan
ne history of the whole. To exhibit, then, the
ference is harmony of the Sacred Writers, on
he subse- the subjects of which they treat, hus
con of the been the primary design of this se
the com-lection. And as there are some sub

has been jects of leading importance, in which
tration or
ts or sen.) *'APTIOS, perfectus, integer, sanus, incolu
are com-Imis, consentaneus, emsummat 1,--Hedericus

HOE OF THE POLYGLOTT BIBLE. EA all the rest are included; and by life, that they may not fail of th means of which the harmony and great ends, except by their own perfection of the Inspired Pagos are ful rejection of the counsel of written, as with the beams of the against themselves. The salvat sun; to these, especial care and at- of his own soul should therefore tention have been devoted to the grand concern of every reade 1. It has appeared an object

of the the scripture. Here the immorta first magnitude, that the reader of of the soul is brought to light, the Holy Scriptures should be assisted placed in unquestionable eviden by references from text to text, to Here, its defection from original have constantly in view the con- rity 'is clearly demonstrated; nexion of all the divine attributes, means of its restoration are set fo and the holy uniformity of God in his and its future destiny is declared. government, both of luis Church, and is an awful responsibility w of the world. A display of the true they incur who wilfully neglect character and perfections of God holy book, and devote all their ti is, without dispute, one chief de- and the powers of their minds siga of the Inspired Volume. Here, terrestrial, and subordinate obje as in Isaiah's miraculous Vision, They slight the pearl of grea may Jehovah be seen,

sitting upon a price, which is no where else t throne, high and lifted up ; his train found ; and seem as if they were Writers, like the Seraphim, cover spects themselves, all that Di themselves, and cry one to another, wisdom and goodness have don LORD OF HOSTS, THE WHOLE LARTH from spiritual ignorance, error IS FULL OF HIS GLORY. It is this nity, vice, and ruin. Those, which gives to the Scripture its su- ever, who are seeking to enjoy known; his will is promulgated ; his will

, as they are able, search purposes are revealed ; his mercy is Scriptures ; and such persons exhibited as worthy of the supreme ferences at hand to assist theiannounced ; and he is every where receive great help from haviug adoration, love, service, and praise, quiries. “It were to be wis! think what refined delight they lose, Particular diligence should be

do those who neglect their Bibles were printed without Refere by thus turning away their eyes in comparing the parallel tex from the most sublime, the most glo- the Old and New Testaments. of contemplation, that the whole one who has not made the e II. But this manifestation of the in that knowledge which m

ment, what a proficiencymaybe not presented to us as a matter of Scriptures in this manner, WIT Divine character and government is wise unto salvation, by studyin mere speculation, in which we have ANY OTHER COMMENTARY, OR no immediate and personal interest. SITION, THAN WHAT THE DIFFE promote the Glory of God By THE TUALLY FURNISH FOR EACH O SALVATION OF MAN. The peculiar pur- Let the most illiterate Christia pose of the whole is, to turn men dy them in this manner, and le from darkness to light, and from the never cease to pray for the ill power of Satan to God; to raise them ation of that Spirit by which from the ruins of the Fall, and to books were dictated : and the put them in possession of the bless .compass of abstruse philosoph ings of Redemption; to lead them recondite history, shall furni from sin to holiness; to conduct them argument with which the pe through a state of conflict and trial will of man shall be able to on earth, to a state of rest and felicity this learned Christian's faith, in lieaven; and so to assist and direct them in all possible conditions in * Horsley's Nine Sermons, p. 224–

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PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH VERSION great and perfect is the coincidence as relate to the future happiness and of every part of the Word of God in glory which is promised to the faith the grand and merciful design of the ful, or punishment and misery dewhole !

nounced against the impenitent. A IJI. This is more apparent, and small body of divinity is sometimes the harmony and perfection of the comprised in a few texts connected Holy Scriptures are rendered more together in this way. Thus, from peculiarly evident and distinct, by those words in Ezek. xxiii. 49. Ye the constant reference of all its shall bear the sins of your idols, the writers to our Lord and Saviour Reader is referred first to Numb. xiv. Jesus Christ. TO HIM GIVE ALL THE 34, as a parallel passage, shewing PROPHETS WITNESS. Acts x. 43. The God visiting sin upon the transgres. things which were written in the sors themselves; then to Numb. xviii. law of Moses,and in all the Prophets, 23, to shew the typical visitation of and in the Psalms, concern HIM; it upon the Levitical priesthood ; (Luke xxiv. 27,44 ;) and would come then to Isaiah liii. ll, to shew the to nothing if he were separated from prophetic declaration of its being them. Jle is the bright and morning laid on Christ; and, lastly, to 1 Pet. star; the true light that must lighten ii. 24, to shew the actual fulfilment every man who comes to see the of that prophecy, and the end to be glory of Divine Revelation. Rev. answered by it: for there we are xxij. 16. John i. 9. It has therefore told, that He that judgeth righteously, been a chief design of this work to "his own self, bare our sins in his own connect and to exhibit the testimony body on the tree, that we, being dead which all the Sacred Penmen bear to sin, should live to righteousness." to the adorable Immanuel ; to the V. The concurrence of he Old and proper and unequivocal Divinity of New Testament with each other, his nature, the necessity of his me- and the relation of the types belore diation, the reality and design of and under the Mosaic law, to their his incarnation, his spotless and ex- completion under the Gospel, have emplary life, his unparalleled suffer- been studiously regarded, so as to ngs, his vicarious death, the verity render it evident, that whatever vaof his resurrection and ascension riations may have been made in the into heaven, the sufficiency of his form and administration of external righteousness, the prevalence of his worship, true religion, under the intercession, the spirituality of his former dispensations, was always kingdom, his sovereignty in the essentially the same as true reliChurch, his constant care and love gion under the present; that "ht is of his people, and the certainty of not a Jew which is one outwardly; his second coming to raise the dead neither is that circumcision which and judge the world in righteous- is outward in the flesh : but he is a ness ;-grand and sublime truths, in Jew which is one inwardly; and which every individual of the hu- circumcision is that of the heart, in man race is deeply and eternally in the spirit, and not in the letter ; terested.

whose praise is not of men, but of IV. The chief purpose of Christ's God. For in every nation, he that mission being that such as believe feareth God, and worketh righteouson him might be saved from sin, ness, is accepted of him.” Rom, ii. which is the transgression of the 28, 29. Acts x. 35. In this, the reDivine law, and from the punish-velation made before the institution ment due to it; it has been thought of the Levitical priesthood, that important frequently to conuect made during its continuance, and those texts which speak of trans- that which has been made since its gressions, with those in which the termination, all agree. The Mosaic law concerning them is to be found, ri.ual was the shadow of good things and in which punishment is threat- to come ; so were the priesthood and ened; and sometimes with those in kingdom of Melchisedec; and the which the atonement is set forth, body is Christ, who is essentially the and pardon is proclaimed; or in sanit, both in his person and in his which sanctifiation is promised, or government, yesterday, to-day, and enforced ; and these again with such for ever. Heb. xiii. 8.

HE ENGLISH VERSION
ence as relate to the future happiness and
od in glory which is promised to the faith
T the ful, or punishment and misery de-

nounced against the impenitent. A
and small body of divinity is sometimes
the comprised in a few texts connected
more together in this way. Thus, from
; by those words in Ezek. xxiii. 49. Ye

its shall bear the sins of your idols, the
Fiour Reader is referred first to Numb. xiv.
THE 34, as a parallel passage, shewing
The God visiting sin upon the transgres-

the sors themselves; then to Numb. xviii.
nets, 23, to shew the typical visitation of
m; it upon the Levitical priesthood ;
come then to Isaiah liii. ll, to shew the
from prophetic declaration of its being
ning laid on Christ ; and, lastly, to 1 Pet.
hten ii. 24, to shew the actual fulfilment

the of that prophecy, and the end to be Rev. answered by it: for there we are fore told, that He that judgeth righteously,

to "his own self, bare our sins in his own cony body on the tree, that we, being dead bear to sin, should live to righteousness.

the V. The concurrence of the Old and w of New Testament with each other, me- and the relation of the types be ore

of and under the Mosaic law, to their ex- completion under the Gospel, have fer-been studiously regarded, so as to rity render it evident, that whatever vasion riations may have been made in the

his form and administration of external
f his worship, true religion, under the
f his former dispensations, was always

the essentially the same as true reli-
love gion under the present ; that "ht is
y of not a Jew which is one outwardly;
dead neither is that circumcision which
ous- is outward in the flesh: but he is a
s, in Jew which is one inwardly; and
hu- circumcision is that of the heart, in
in the spirit, and not in the letter ;

whose praise is not of men, but of
rist's God. For in every nation, he that
lieve feareth God, and worketh righteous-

the 28, 29. Acts x. 35. In this, the re

OF THE POLYGLOTT BIBLE.
VI. But the instruction diffused,

VIII. Further, the Scriptures az
through the Scriptures, respecting not merely intended to lead men
the gracious and indispensable ope- godliness: they are intended also
rations of the Holy Ghost the Sanc- exemplify it. Repentance, Fait
cifer, has not been forgotten : and Hope, Charity, and Devotion, a
the references on this article will here exhibited in the most perfe
siew, that, as to his sacred influence models; and it has therefore entere
on the minds of the Inspired Pen-into the design of this work to she
men, we are indebted for all the the corresponding emotions and co
truths they have taught us ; so to his duct of the Saints, both of the O
influence on the minds of those who Testament and the New, when u
receive und regard them, must such der the influence of those dispos
persous be indebted for all they have tions,contemplations, and emotion
learneel

, or can learn, of them. His which are most peculiarly chara work completes the great design of teristic of true piety; and also the whole; and his assistance and connect the devotional parts of'Seri blessing are distinctly promised to ture with the occurrences which ga all who sincerely ask them.

rise to them, as far as they can VII. As the scriptures harmonize ascertained. Thus is Religion know in their primary and general objects, by its fruits: not as a thing mere 20 do they with regard to the parti- of times and circumstances : bu Cular subjects comprehended in their living principle in the mind, whi plan. Historical accounts are veri- times and circumstances call ir fied by other coincident ones, or by action, and contribute to display. accounts of the persons or places to

IX. The aphoristic and poetic which they refer

. The prophecies parts of the sacred Writings are a which were to take place, relating enforce each other ; that the Read either to kingiloms, families, indivi- may be constantly impressed w sistent with thicse pronounced by sublime language with which the Other Prophets. The accounts of the abound, and which afford perpet Jewish polity under its various vi- food for the best exercises of the cissitudes, are confirmed by the writ- derstanding, and the finest emotic mine or after those vicissitudes: terials for the most rational en= while the former tend reciprocally to tainment, and the

most solid instr establish the authenticity of the lat- tion. In this respect, the Scriptu ber: The histories of the Four Evan- will be found to resemble the gara and parallelism, especially those of made to grow every tree that Matthew, Mark, and Luke. The re-pleasant to the sight, and good cital of the transactions of the Apos- spiritual food. But no Cherubim strongly authenticates the Apostolic access to the Tree of Life. The c well shewn the confirmation which and without fear or interrupt Episiles: and Archdeacon Paley has dren of the second Adam may free thie Epistles of St. Paul derive from now put forth their hands to its se the circumstances recorded by St. reviving fruit, and take, and eat, Luke, in his book of the Acts. Pro- live for ever. plecies are connected with their ac

X. The agreement of the Sac coinplishments, as far as those ac-Writers with each other will be fo complishments are included in the not only to exist in the subjects threatenings are connected with their own individual characters.

Promises and which they treat, but to extend their respective fulfiments; precept will appear that they were all 1102 ; and the prayers of believers were all holy men, speaking as t with example, and with supplica-mated by the same Spirit ; with the answers they have received. were moved by the Holy Ghost, All these relations have been care-ing men to holiness, as the in fully regarded in this compilation, Ipensable requisite to the enjoym

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Scripture llisiory.

sin, ness, is accepted of him." Rom. ii.
nish-velation made before the institution
ought of the Levitical priesthood, that
quect made during its continuance, and
Tans that which has been made since its

the termination, all agree. The Mosaic
ound, ri ual was the shadow of good things
reat- to come; so were the priesthood and
se in kingdom of Melchisedec : and the
orth, body is Christ, who is essentially the
r in same, both in his person and in his
d, or government, yesterday

, to-day, and
.

that t

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vii

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