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the Father for them g, and his obedience and fatisfaction accepted in their ftead b, and both freely, not for any thing in them; their justification is only of free grace i: that both the exact justice and rich grace of God might be glorified in the juftification of finners k.
IV. God did, from all eternity, decree to justify all the elect/; and Christ did, in the fulness of time, die for their fins, and facrifice to God, for a sweet smelling favour.
with his ftripes we are healed. v. 6. All we like sheep have gone astray: we have turned every one to his own way, and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all, v. IO. Yet it pleased the Lord to bruife him, he hath put him to grief: when thou fhalt make his foul an offering for fin, he fhall fee his feed, he fhall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord fhall profper in his hand. v. 11. He fhall fee of the travel of his foul, and shall be fatisfied: by his knowledge fhall my righteous fervant justify many: for he fhall bear their iniquities. v. 12. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he fhall divide the fpoil with the ftrong: because he hath poured out his foul unto death: and he was numbred with the tranfgreffors, and he bare the fins of many, and made interceffion for the tranfgreffors.
g Rom. viii. 32. He that fpared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how fhall he not with him alfo freely give us all things?
b 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to be fin for us, who knew no fin: that we might be made the righteoufnefs of God in him. Mat. iii. 17. And lo, a voice from heaven, faying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Eph. v. 2. And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us, an offering and
Rom. iii. 24. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jefus Chrift. Eph. i, 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of fins, according to the riches of his grace.
* Rom. iii. 26. To declare, I fay, at this time, his righteoufnefs: that he might be juft, and the justifier of him who believeth in Jesus. Eph. ii. 7. That in the ages to come he might fhew the exceeding riches of his grace, in his kindnefs towards us, through Chrift Jefus.
IV. I Gal. iii. 8. And the fcripture foreseeing that God would juftify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, faying, In thee fhall all nations be bleffed. 1 Pet. i. 2. Elect, according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through fanctification of the Spirit, unto o bedience, and fprinkling of the blood of Jefus Chrift. v. 19. But with the precious blood of Chrift, as of a Lamb without blemish and without fpot. v. 20. Who verily was fore-ordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifeft in thefe laft times for you. Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did predeftinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he alfo juftified:
and rife again for their juftification m: nevertheless they are not justified, until the holy Spirit doth in due time actually apply Chrift unto them n.
V. God doth continue to forgive the fins of those that are juftified o: And although they can never fall from the state of justification p, yet they may by their fins fall under God's fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of his counte nance restored unto them until they humble themselves, confefs their fins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance q.
tified: and whom he juftified, them he alfo glorified.
m Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulnefs of the time was come, God fent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law. 1 Tim. ii. 6. Who gave himself a ranfom for all, to be tertified in due time. Rom. iv. 25. Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our juftification.
* Col. i. 21. And you that were fometime alienated, and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled, v. 22. In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable, and unreprovable in his fight. Gal. ii. 16. (See letter e immediately foregoing.) Tit. iii. 4. But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, v. 5. Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he faved us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the holy Ghoft; v. 6. Which he fhed on us abundantly, through Jefus Chrift our Saviour; V. 7. That being juftified by his grace, we fhould be made heirs acording to the hope of eternal life. V.. Mat. vi, 12. And forgive us
our debts, as we forgive our debt-
p Luke xxii. 32. But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not; and when thou art converted, ftrengthen thy brethren. John x. 28. And I give unto them eternal life, and they fhall never perish, neither fhall any pluck them out of my hand. Heb. x. 14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are fanctified.
9 Pfal. lxxxix. 31. If they break my ftatutes, and keep not my commandments: v. 32. Then will I vifit their tranfgreffion with the rod, and their iniquity with ftripes. v. 33. Nevertheless, my loving kindnefs
- VI. The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all thefe refpects, one and the fame with the juftification of believers under the New Teftament r.
CHAP. XII. Of Adoption.
LL those that are justified, God vouchsafeth, in and for his only Son Jefus Chrift, to make partakers of the grace of adoption a: By which thy are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges, of the Children of: that thefe things fhall be performed, because thou believeft not my words which fhall be fulfilled in their feafon.
VI. r Gal. iii. 9. So then they who be of faith, are bleffed with faithful Abraham. v. 13. Chrift hath redeemed us from the curfe of the law, being made a curfe for us: for it is written, Curfed is every one that hangeth on a tree. v. 14. That the blefling of Abraham might come on the Gentiles, thro' Jefus Chrift: that we might receive the promife of the Spirit, through faith. Rom. iv. 22. And therefore it was imputed to him for righteoufnefs. v. 23. Now it was not written for his fake alone, that it' was imputed to him; v. 24. But for us alfo, to whom it fhall be imputed, if we believe on him that raifed up Jefus our Lord from the dead. Heb. 13. 8. Jefus Christ the fame yesterday, and to day, and for
nefs will I not utterly take from him, nor fuffer my faithfulness to fail. Pfal. li. 7. Purge me with hyffop, and I fhall be clean: wath me," and I fhall be whiter than the fnow. v. 8. Make me to hear joy and gladnefs: that the bones which thou haft broken may rejoice. v. 9. Hide thy face from my fins; and blot out all mine iniquities. v. 10. Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. v. 11. Caft me not away from thy prefence; and take not thy holy Spirit from me. v. '12. Reftore unto me the joy of thy falvation: and uphold me with thy free Spirit. Pfal. xxxii. 5. I acknowledged my fin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid: I faid, I will confefs my tranfgreffions unto the Lord; and thou forgaveft the iniquity of my fin. Mat. xxvi. 75. And Peter remembred the words of Jefus, which faid unto him, Before the cock crow thou fhalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly. 1 Cor. xi. 30. For this caufe many are weak and fickly among you, and many fleep. v. 32. But when we are judged, we are chaftened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. Luke i. 20. And behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day
I. a Eph. i. 5. Having predeftinated us unto the adoption of children by Jefus Chrift to himself, according to the good pleafure of his will. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulnefs of time was come, God fent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, v. 5. to redeem them that were under the law
of Godb; have his name put upon them c, receive the spirit of adoption d, have access to the throne of grace with boldnefse, are enabled to cry, Abba, Fatherf; are pitied g, protected b, provided for i, and chaftned by him as by a father.k; yet never caft off/, but fealed to the day of redemption m, and inherit the promises n, as heirs of everlasting falvation o.
law, that we might receive the adoption of fons.
Rom. viii. 17. And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and jointing, heirs with Chrift: if fo be that we fuffer with him, that we may be alfo glorified together. John i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the fons of God, even to them that believe on his name.
Jer. xiv. 9. Yet thou, O Lord, art in the midst of us, and we are called by thy name, leave us not. 2 Cor. vi, 18. And will be a Father unto you, and ye fhall be my fons and daughters, faith the Lord Almighty. Rev. iii. 12. Him that over cometh, will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he fhall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerufalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new
d Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
Eph. iii. 12. In whom we have boldness and accefs with confidence by the faith of him. Rom. v. 2. By whom also we have access by faith into this grace, wherein we ftand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God,
f Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are fons, God hath fent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, cryAbba, Father.
g Pfal. ciii. 13. Like as a father pitieth his children: fo the Lord pitieth them that fear him.
Prov. xiv. 26. In the fear of the Lord is ftrong confidence: and his children fhall have a place of refuge.
i Matt. vi. 30. Wherefore if God foclothe the grafs of the field, which to day is, and to morrow is caft into the oven, fhall he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith? v. 32. For your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all thefe things. 1 Pet. v. 7. Cafting all your care upon him, for he careth for you.
Heb. xii. 6. For whom the Lord loveth, he chafteneth, and scourgeth every fon whom he receiveth."
1 Lam. iii. 31. For the Lord will not caft off for ever.
m Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are fealed unto the day of redemption.
n Heb. vi. 12. That ye be not flothful, but followers of them, who through faith and patience inherit the promises.
• 1 Pet. i. 3. Bleffed be the God, and Father of our Lord Jefus Christ, who according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope, by the refurrection of Jefus Chrift from the dead, v. 4. to an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away
CHAP. XIII. Of Sanctification.
HEY who are effectually called and regenerated, having a new heart and a new spirit created in them, are farther fanctified really and perfonally, through the virtue of Christ's death and refurrection a, by his word and Spirit dwel→ ling in themb: the dominion of the whole body of fin is deftroyed c, and the feveral lufts thereof are more and more weakened and mortified d, and they more and more quickened and ftrengthened in all faving gracese, to the practice of
way, referved in heaven for you. Heb. i. 14. Are they not all miniftring fpirits, fent forth to minifter for them who fhall be heirs of falvation?
I. a I Cor. vi. 11. And fuch were fome of you: but ye are wafhed, but ye are fanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jefus, and by the Spirit of our God. Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them who are fanctified. Phil.iii. 10. That I may know him, and the power of his refurrection, and the fellowship of his fufferings, being made conformable unto his death. Rom. vi. 5. For if we have been planted together in the likenefs of his death: we fhall be alfo in the likeness of his refurrection. v. 6. Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of fin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not ferve fin.
b. John xvii. 17. Sanctify them thro' thy truth, thy word is truth. Eph. v. 26. That he might fanctify and cleanse it with the wafhing of water by the word. 2 Theff. ii. 13. But we are bound to give thanks al
way to God for you, brethren, beloved of the Lord, because Godhath from the beginning chofen you to falvation, through fanctification of the Spirit, and belief of the truth.
Rom. vi. 6. Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of fin might be deftroyed, that henceforth we fhould not serve fin. v. 14. For fin fhall not have dominion over you: for you are not under the law, but under grace.
d Gal. v. 24. And they that are Christs, have crucified the flesh, with the affections and lufts. Rom. viii. 13. For if ye live after the flesh, ye fhall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye fhall live.
e Col. i. 11. Strengthened with all might according to his glorious power unto all patience, and longfuffering with joyfulness. Eph. iii. 16. That he would grant you according to the riches of his glory, to be ftrengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man; v. 17. that Chrift may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye being rooted and grounded in love, v. 18. may be able to comprehend with all faints, what is the breadth and length, and depth and height; v. 19. and to know the