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be transmitted to the Society before the end doubtful whether this be the true matrix of of September 1819.
the diamond, or only a consolidation of par. New Mineral, Hydrate of Silicia and ticles around it. Alumina.-M. Leon Dufour has found a Zircon. This mineral has, we undermineral in the neighbourhood of Saint Se- stand, been discovered by Dr MacCulloch ver, which appears to be new. It occurs in in Sutherland. It occurs in a compound an argillaceous gravelly soil, in detached rock, formed of copper coloured mica, hornpieces, from two to four or five inches in blende, and felspar. This rock forms one diameter. It is generally of a fine white of the occasional beds in the gneiss, and colour, without lustre, but is found some bears a resemblance in its composition to times with the semi-transparency of opal. the zircon syenite of the north of Europe : Its hardness is between that of limestone the crystals, a quarter of an inch in length, and lithomarga, and in many characters it are well defined, and their colour is an obapproaches to the latter substance. Its frac scure crimson, approaching to that of cinnature is dull; its composition homogenous. It is easily cut by a knife, and yet is sin. Dr Bouée last summer met with the same gularly fragile : when struck by a hammer, mineral in gneiss, near Fort Augustus in it breaks into very angular pieces. It is Inverness-shire. soft to the touch, and may be polished very Newly discovered Membrane in the Eye. highly by friction. It adheres strongly to -Dr Jacob, Demonstrator of Anatomy in the tongue, but has no argillaceous or earthy the University of Dublin, has discovered, odour when breathed upon. It does not ef- and demonstrated in his lectures on the disfervesce with acids, nor form with water a eases of the eye, this spring, a membrane ductile paste. Its colour is not changed by covering the external surface of the retina, heat. It has been observed to diffuse a very in man and other animals. Its extreme desingular smell of apples, particularly when licacy accounts for its not having been hinewly fractured.
therto noticed. He arrived at the discovery An analysis, made by M. Pelletier, has by means of a new method of displaying given the constituents of 100 parts of this and examining this and other delicate parts. mineral, as silex 50, alumine 22, water 26, He argues from analogy, the necessity of there being a loss of 2 parts.
the existence of such a membrane, as Siliciferous Sub-sulphate of Alumine.-- parts so different in structure and function, Dr Henry of Manchester has described and as the retina and choroid coat must otheranalysed a peculiar substance, apparently wise be in contact, in contradiction to the result of slow chemical action, found in the provisions of the animal economy in the old hollows of a coal mine. It has general. A detailed account of the disexactly the appearance, as well as consist- covery, with the method of displaying the ency, of hogs-lard, and was mistaken at membrane, is in preparation, and will short. first for it by the miners. Its taste is sub- ly be laid before the public. acid. It dries in the air, splitting like Plute presented to Dr Paris.-On Tuesstarch. When heated strongly, it becomes day, the 16th instant, a deputation of nobleso hard as to scratch glass. An analysis men and gentlemen of the county of Corngave its proportions as follows:
wall, waited upon Dr Paris, at his house Water,
88.1 in Dover Street, with a magnificent present Alumine, orasroor 6.5
of plate for his acceptance. The inscription, Sulphuric acid, canon 3.0 which is engraved on a massy silver waiter, Silica,
records the services for which it was given.
“ To John Ayrton Paris, M.D. F.L.S. Fel. 1.00
low of the Royal College of Physcians of
London, this plate is inscribed by the nobleIt has been called siliciferous sub-sulphate men, representatives in Parliament, and genof alumine.
tlemen of the county of Cornwall, in testiSliding Mountain.--A large portion of mony of their grateful sense of his services, mountain, covered with rocks and fir trees, in originating the plan, and promoting the separated from the highest region on the institution of the Royal Geological Society 4th of April, near the village of Soncebos, of the county, which has rendered their in the valley of St Imier in Switzerland, home the school of science, and their native and covered, with its stupendous wreck, riches increasing sources of prosperity.” more than 300 paces of the great road to
Iron in Caithness. There are strong apBrienne. A few moments later, a party of pearances of iron upon the coast, about the travellers, who were witnesses of this terrific Ord of Caithness, and in many places bespectacle, would have been its victims. tween the Ord and Wick, and to the north
Embedded Diamonds.--An aggregate sub- ward of Wick. The coast of Caithness is stance has been found in the Diamond remarkable for pretty high rocky cliffs, in Mines on the banks of the river ligitonhonha which great numbers of veins or perpendi. in Brazil, containing or enveloping dia- cular isineral fissures appear, many of which monds, gold, iron, &c. The rock consists contain iron ore. Some of these have been of an aggregate of small quartz pebbles, observed near the old ruinous castle of Girfirmly set in indurated iron sand ; but it is nigo, and the Castle of Arkergil. These
veins appear to be bold and roomy, and to rope the result of his operations for ascer. contain plenty of good iron ore, from the taining the heights of some of the principal abundance of a bright red iron earth found mountains in the Nepaul country; from in the surface of them. There is great a which it is found, that many of those mounbundance of bog ore over all the low coun tains much exceed in height any before try of Caithness. In many places it almost known ; that out of 27 peaks, 19 are higher covers the whole face of the ground to a than Cimboraso, and that the highest exconsiderable depth. It is easily known and ceeds the mountain of the Andes (heretofore distinguished by the friable constitution of supposed the highest in the world), nearly its misshapen masses, by its external black. 5,000 feet. Lieutenant Webb’s results were ish and rusty colour, and by its internal transmitted by a correspondent, to the Ediblackish gray colour and granulated porous tor of the Madras Gazette, and published texture. It is always found loose on the in that paper, trom which we copy the folsurface of the ground in the same manner lowing table, in which the altitude above as float ore, without any connexion with the the sea is calculated. vein or stratum.
Peaks. Feet. Discovery of Antimony in Banffshire.- 122,345
15 22,419 A promising appearance of antimony ore has 2 22,058
16 17,994 been lately discovered on the estate of Lord 3 22,840
17 19,153 Fife. This ore, we understand, has been 4 21,611
18 21,439 examined by Professor Jameson, who finds 5 19,106
19 22,635 that it is the radiated gray antimony, and
20 20,407 contains 70 parts antimony and 30 of sul. 7 22,578
2 19,099 phur. We trust this very promising dis 8 23,164
22 19,497 covery will be vigorously pursued.
23 22,727 Two New Mincrals.-We understand 10 15,733
24 22,238 that Dr Macculloch has discovered two new 11 20,686
25 22,277 minerals in Scotland, an account of which 12 23,263
26 21,045 will be given in his work on the Hebrides. 13 22,310
27 20,923 We have obtained the following sketches of
14 25,669 their prominent characters.
The first is easily recognised by its re Copper in Caithness. Many of the mi. semblance to indurated steatite or noble ser neral veins on this coast contain copper, sepentine, and by its green colour, on a fresh veral are hollowed by the waves of the sea fracture, shortly turning to black, when it washing out the softer mineral soils. There can scarcely be distinguished by the eye are several fine rake veins tending towards from jet or drycoal : it is also infusible be. the north and south, and others towards an fore the blowpipe. Dr M. has given it the east and west direction, near the castle of Dame of chlorophacite, from its most obvi. Old Wick. These veins intersect one anous property. It occupies amygdaloidal ca other at right angles, and in some of them vities in the trap rocks.
pretty good copper ore is found. The veins The second is a white powder, of a harsh at Wick are remarkably good and promise feel, but incapable of scratching glass, and ing, and regularly open between the sides, nearly as fusible as that substance, produc. containing some copper ore, even at the suring a transparent colourless bead ; charac- face, with various other mineral soils, both ters sufficient to distinguish it from any mi. hard and soft. One of the places is on the neral hitherto described. It occupies similar cliff of the sea, about half way down from cavities in trap, and he has given to it, from its summit, in a strong bold vein containing its leading character, the name of conite. some copper ore; but as most of the miner
Caducium.-Another New Mctal.-M. al soils in this vein were hard, there was but Gay Lussac communicated, in the last little done in it. The other vein was found sitting of the French Academy of Sciences, open and good, immediately below the upa note upon a new metal, which has receiv. per soil, containing spar and vein-stone, and ed the name of caducium, discovered by a blackish brown chun, or soft mineral soil, Professor Stromeyer of Gottingen. The with some copper ore at the very surface. caducium is white as tin, very ductile, com- The copper was found in small masses on bines easily with other metals, fuses and vo. the chun, and mixed or blended through latizes in less time than zinc. It is found all the vein-stones and spar. It did not apin abundance in the mines of this last metal. pear to be very rich in quality ; but, perIts specific weight is 8.65. This discovery, haps, that is not ultimately against it. In M. Gay Lussac expects, will be of great con- Cornwall
, where they have the richest copsequence to the arts, on account of the pro- per mines, the ore is generally poor in quaperties which the new metal possesses ; and lity, which defect is compensated by the of those which it can communicate to metals great quantity produced ; and if we may with which it is capable of amalgamating. judge from appearances, Old Wick promises
On ascertaining the heights of Mountains to be a productive copper mine, when the in India.--Lieutenant Webb, of the Ben- best veins are opened and effectually explorgal Establishment, has transmitted to Eu. ed. - Inverness Courier.
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of the author. Mr Harris of Walworth, will, in a few The Elements of Euclid, víz. the first six days, publish the Algebraist's Assistant, books, with the eleventh and twelfth, in written upon the plan of Walkingame's which the corrections of Dr Simpson are Arithmetic, and intended to follow that use- generally adopted, but the errors overlooked ful work in the course of instruction. by him are corrected, and the obscurities of
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