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Of an enamour'a Goddess, and the cell Time, the avenger! unto thee I lift
of thee a gift :
131. And didst thou not, thy breast to his re
Amidst this wreck, where thou hast made plying,
a shrine Blend a celestial with a human heart; And Love, which dies as it was born, in Among thy mightier offerings here are mine,
And temple more divinely desolate, sighing,
Ruinsof years--though few,
, yet full of fate: Share with immortal transports ? could thine If thou hast ever seen me too elate,
Hear me not; but if calmly I have borne Make them indeed immortal, and impart
Good, and reserved my pride against the hate
Which shall not whelm me, let me not have
This iron in my soul in vain-shall they
not mourn ? which cloys ?
132. The intensely personal nature of And thou, who never yet of human wrong Byron's poetry was never so perfectly Lost the unbalanced scale, great Nemesis ! displayed, as in his meditations over
Here, where the ancient paid thee homage the ruins of the imperial city. Deeply Thou, who didst call the Furies from the
longas he is impressed with the nothing abyss, ness of individual sorrows, when set
And round Orestes bade them howl and hiss by the side of departed nations and de. For that unnatural retribution-just, serted cities, he cannot look either at Had it but been from hands less near-in the coliseum, the pantheon, the forum, this or the capitol, without mingling with Thy former realm, I call thee from the dust! the meditations which these excite,
Dost thou not hear my heart ! Awake!
thou shalt, and must. the agonizing wanderings of his own
133. wounded spirit. He is standing by It is not that I may not have incurrid moonlight within the coliseum-our For my ancestral faults or mine the wound readers have not forgotten the beauti- I bleed withal, and, had it been conferr'd Challusion to the same scene in Man With a just weapon, it had flowed unbound; tred.
But now my blood shall notsink in the ground; 128.
To thee I do devote it thou shalt take Arches on arches! as it were that Rome,
The vengeance, which shall yet be sought Collecting the chief trophies of her line,
Which if I have not taken for the sake-
Our extracts have run out to a very illume
disproportionate extent, but this is a This long-explor'd but still exhaustless mine fault for which we expect an easy parOf contemplation; and the azure gloom
don. Once more, and we have done. Of an Italian night, where the deep skies
It was a thought worthy of the great
spirit of Byron, after exhibiting to us 129. Hues which have words, and speak to ye ing scenes of earthly grandeur and
his pilgrim amidst all the most strikof heaven, Float o'er this vast and wondrous monument, earthly decay,-after teaching us, like And shadow forth its glory. There is given him, to sicken over the mutability, and Untothe things of earth, which time hath bent, vanity, and emptiness of human greatA spirit's feeling, and where he hath leant ness, to conduct him and us at last to His hand,
but broke hisscythe, there is a power the borders of “ the great deep." It And magic in the ruined battlement, is there that we may perceive an image For which the palace of the present hour of the awful and unchangeable abyss Must yield its pomp, and wait till ages are its dower.
of eternity, into whose bosom so much
has sunk, and all shall one day sink, 130. Oh Time! the beautifier of the dead,
of that eternity wherein the scorn and Adorner of the ruin, comforter
the contempt of man, and “the love And only healer when the heart hath bled of woman, and the melancholy of Time! the corrector whereour judgments err, great, and the fretting of little minds, The test of truth, love,--sole philosopher,
shall be at rest for ever. No one, but For all beside are sophists, from thy thrift,
a true poet of man and of nature, Which never loses though it doth defer
would have dared to frame such a tera VOL. III,
* 2 E
Ye! who have traced the Pilgrim to the scene
mination for such a pilgrimage. The
182. image of the wanderer may well be Thy shores are empires, changed in all associated for a time with the rock of save thee Calpe, the shattered temples of Athens, Assyria, Greece, Rome, Carthage, what are or the gigantic fragments of Rome ;
they ? but when we wish to think of this Thy waters wasted them while they were free, dark personification as of a thing which the stranger, slave, or savage ; their decay
And many a tyrant since ; their shores obey is, where can we so well imagine him
Has drier up realms to desarts:—not so thou, to have his daily haunt as by the roar Unchangeable save to thy wild waves' playing of the waves ? It was thus that Time writes no wrinkle on thine azure brow Homer represented Achilles in his Such as creation's dawn beheld, thou rollest moments of ungovernable and inconsolable grief for Patroclus.
183. thus he chose to depict the paternal Thou glorious mirror, where the Almighdespair of Chriseus.
ty's form 6 Bm G are ev
Glasses itself in tempests ; in all time, 9ινα πολυφλοισβοιο
Tapa θαλασσης. .
Calm or convuls'd-in breeze, or gale, or
Icing the pole, or in the torrid clime
thomless, alone. What I can ne'er express, yet can not all
And I have loved thee, Ocean ! and my
joy Roll on, thou deep and dark blue ocean
Of youthful sports was on thy breast to be roll ! Ten thousand fleets sweep over thee in vain ;
Borne, like thy bubbles, onward: from a boy
I wantoned with thy breakers-they to me
Were a delight ; and if the freshening sex
For I was as it were a child of thee,
And laid my hand upon thy manes 1
do here. Without a grave, unknell'd, uncoffin'd, and unknown.
My task is done-my song hath ceasedHis steps are not upon thy paths,-thy Has died into an echo ; it is fit
fields Are not a spoil for him,-thou dost arise
The spell should break of this protracted And shake him from thee; the vile strength The torch shall be extinguish'd which hath lit
dream. he wields For earth's destruction thou dost all despise, My midnight lamp- and what is writ, is
writ, Spurning him from thy bosom to the skies, And send'st him, shivering in thy playful That which I have been--and my visions flit
Would it were worthier ! but I am not now spray And howling, to his Gods, where haply lies which in my spirit
dwelt, is fluttering,
Less palpably before me and the glow.
faint, and low.
Farewell! a word that must be, and hath The armaments which thunderstrike the
A sound which makes us linger ;-yet-
A single recollection, not in vain
his strain !
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
On the raising of Olive Trees. * _Trials in the shutter, the ray was made to fall upon have been frequently made, but without a prism, such as those which are usually success, to multiply the olive by sowing the enıployed in experiments in the primitive seeds; it has always been found necessary colours. The spectrum which resulted from either to employ cuttings, or to procure wild the refraction was received upon a skreen; plants from the woods. One of the inhabit- all the rays were intercepted except the vioants of Marseilles, astonished to find that we let, in which was placed a needle, for the cannot obtain by cultivation what nature purpose of being magnetized. It was a produces spontaneously, was led to reflect plate of thin steel, selected from a number upon the manner in which the wild plants of others, and which, upon making the were produced. They proceed from the trial, was found to possess no polarity, and kernels, which kernels have been carried not to exhibit any attraction for iron filings. into the woods, and sown there by birds, It was fixed horizontally on the support by who have swallowed the olives. By the act means of wax, and in such a direction as to of digestion, these olives have been deprived cut the magnetic meridian nearly at right of their natural oil, and the kernels have angles. By a lens of a sufficient size, the become permeable to the moisture of the whole of the violet ray, was collected into a earth, the dung of the birds has served for focus, which was carried slowly along the manure, and, perhaps, the soda which this needle, proceeding from the centre towards dung contains,
by combining with a portion one of the extremities, and always the same of the oil which has escaped digestion, may extremity, taking care, as is the case in the also favour germination. From these con common operation of magnetizing, never to siderations the following experiments were go back in the opposite direction. After made :
operating in this manner for half an hour, A number of turkeys were caused to swal- the needle was examined ; but it was not low ripe olives; the dung was collected, found either to have acquired polarity or a containing the kernels of these olives, the sensible attraction for iron filings. The prowhole was placed in a stratum of earth, and was then continued for 25 minutes was frequently watered. The kernels were more, 55 in the whole, when the needle was found to vegetate, and a number of young found to be strongly magnetic; it acted plants were procured. In order to produce powerfully on the compass, the end of the upon olives an effect similar to that which needle which had received the influence of they experienced from the digestive power the violet ray repelling the north pole, and of the stomach, a quantity of them was ma
the whole of it attracting and keeping suscerated in an alkaline lixivium; they were pended a fringe of iron filings. then sown, and olive plants were produced
It is stated, that a clear and bright atfrom them as in the former experiment. mosphere is essential to the success of the This ingenious process may be regarded experiment, but that the temperature is in
At the time when the above ex. as a very important discovery, and may be different. applied to other seeds besides that of the periment was made, about the end of April. olive, which are, in the same manner, so
the temperature was rather cool than warm, oily, as that, except under some rare cir Blue Iron Earth. The blue iron earth, cumstances, the water cannot penetrate them
or native Prussian blue, as it was formerly and cause their developement of this de- called, has been found in many parts the scription is the nutmeg, which will seldom Continent of Europe, and also in Iceland and vegetate in our stoves; but which, perhaps, in Shetland ; but it had never been discoverwould do so, was it submitted to the action ed in the island of Great Britain, until it of the stomach, or of the alkaline solution. was observed by Dr Bostock, at Knotshole,
On the Magnetizing Power of the Violet near Liverpool. On the north-east bank of Rays of the Solar Spectrum. - The reported the Mersey, about a mile and a half above discovery of M. Morichini, respecting the the town, a small glen, or dingle, is formmaghetizing power of the violet rays, which ed, apparently by a fissure in the brown was scarcely credited in this country, has sandstone, which, in this place, rises up to received the confirmation of Professor Play- the edge of the water ; the sides of the dinfair, as related in one of the late Numbers gle are covered with brush-wood, and at the of the Bibliotheque Universelle. He gives bottom is a flat swampy pasture. The upthe following account of an experiment of per stratum of the soil of the pasture is which he was a witness, and which was per- chiefly sand, mixed with a little vegetable formed by M. Carpe :
mould ; but at the depth of four or five feet, After having received into my chamber a
there is a body of stiff white clay, mixed solar ray through a circular opening made with a considerable quantity of vegetable
matter, consisting principally of the roots
and stems of different species of rushes, and * Journ. Phram. de March 1817. other aquatic plants.
V I 1
Improvement in the purification of Coal- last Number, Mr J. H. vize that the parGas. ---It is sufficiently known, that the pro- ticles of water ascend upward from the duction of carburetted hydrogen obtained sea, in the phenomenon called a water from coal, and its fitness for the purpose of spout: illumination, varies much according to the - Barkworth, Dec. 11, 1816, in lat. 44 circumstances under which the gas is obtain- N. long. 1290 E. (having passed through ed, and the means employed for purifying the Siao channel yesterday) at 11 A.M. the it. To deprive coal-gas of that portion of officer of the watch, Mr Dudman, came sulphuretted hydrogen, with which it is al- down and informed me there had been ways more or less contaminated, it has hith
a whale blowing close to the ship for several erto been made to act on quicklime, either minutes, and that it was continuing to do in a dry state, or combined with water in so. I then, from curiosity, went upon deck, particular vessels, so constructed as to bring and was surprised to find it was the vortex a large surface of the lime into contact with of a water spout, within one hundred yards the gas. This method must naturally be of the ship, on the windward quarter :very imperfect, on account of the feeble ac.
ordered a gun to be got ready, by which tion of sulphuretted hydrogen upon lime. In time it had passed under the stern, within proof of this statement, the gas supplied to thirty yards of the ship, which afforded us this metropolis, need only be examined in an excellent opportunity of observing this in the following manner : Collect a four wonderful phenomenon. ounce phial full of the gas, in a wash-hand
“ The space it occupied upon the sea was bason, or other vessel full of water, in the apparently about thirty feet in circumferusual manner, and then plunge into it a slip ence, and the water so much agitated in the of paper moistened with a solution of nitrate centre, as to be quite frothy, ascending in a of silver, or super-acetate of lead. The spiral form in visible particles like rain, and paper will instantly acquire a brown colour. making a rushing noise about as loud as
A new method of getting rid of the sul. the blowing of a whale continued, and comphuretted hydrogen gas has been lately re- municating with a spout* depending from sorted to with success; and the facility, a black cloud over head, gradually passing cheapness, and expedition, with which this to leeward, and disappearing about a mile process may be employed in the large way, off.”—Phil. Mag. for April 1818. give reason to believe that it will be highly New Alkali. The experiments of Arbeneficial to the manufacturer of coal-gas vedson, relative to the discovery of the new in general. The process consists in passing alkali called lethson, have been confirmed crude coal-gas, as it is disengaged from coal, in France by M. Vanquelin. through a heated iron cylinder, or other Ice. As every fact relative to the state vessel, containing fragments of metallic of the Arctic regions is now of more than iron (the waste clippings of tinned iron will usual interest, we transcribe the following do very well), or any oxide of iron at a mi. postscript to the journal of the brig Jemima, nimum of oxidation ; for example, clay which sailed last summer from London to iron-stone, so disposed as to present as large the Moravian Missions in Labrador :a surface as possible : by this means the sul. “ The captain and mate report, that though phuretted hydrogen becomes decomposed by for these three years past they have met the metallic iron, and the gas is obtained in with an unusual quantity of ice on the coast
This iron, if in a state of a of Labrador, yet in no year since the commetal, acquires by this process a crystalline mencement of the mission in 1769, has it structure, and affords abundance of sulphu- appeared so dreadfully on the increase. The retted hydrogen by the affusion of dilute colour likewise of this year's ice was difsulphuric or muriatic acid, a proof that it is ferent from that usually seen, and the size converted into a sulphuret ;-a quantity of of the ice-mountains and thickness of the sulphuric and sulphureous acid is likewise fields immense, with sand-stone imbedded collected at the extremity of the vessel
. in them.” As a great part of the coast of The gas thus treated, affords no disagree. Greenland, which for centuries has been able odour during combustion, and its pu- choaked up with ice, apparently immoverity is attested by its not acting upon the able, has, by some revolution been cleared, solutions of lead, silver, or any of the white perhaps this may account for the great quanmetals.
tity alluded to. Water Spouts. The following observations of Captain Thomas Lynn, commander * We could not perceive the communicaof the East India Company's ship Bark- tion with the spout, the particles being too worth, afford a striking corroboration of minute for the eye to discern much above the statement of the ingenious writer in our the sea, but we had no doubt of the fact.
a pure state.
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
Paintings, and some Notice of his Essays in
the Public Journals. The Rev. James Raine, of Durham, has Captain Bosquett's long promised Treacirculated a prospectus of the History and tise on Duelling will be published this Antiquities of North Durham, with engra- month. vings from designs of Mr Edward Blore, in In the press, and speedily will be puba folio volume.
lished, a new edition, considerably imMr Blore has also made a set of drawings proved, of Dr Withering's Systematic Arfor the Rev. Mr Hunter's History and An- rangement of British Plants, with an easy tiquities of Hallamshire, which will like. Introduction to the Study of Botany; illuswise make a folio volumie, and contain many trated by copperplates, in four volumes, interesting particulars respecting the Talbot Svo. family, as well as many topographical and A Chronological History of Voyages into antiquarian memoirs.
the Arctic Regions, for, the Discovery of a Sir Richard Colt Hoare has prepared a Northern Passage between the Atlantic and third and supplemental volume to the Rev. Pacific Oceans, from the earliest period to Mr Eustace's Classical Tour through Italy. the present time; accompanied with a gene. It is intended to complete the labours and ral Description of the Arctic Lands and supply the omissions of that traveller, and Polar Seas, as far as hitherto known; by to describe such parts of Italy as he had not John Barrow, F. R. & L. S. 2 vols 8vo. visited, and others have rarely explored. The history of the early voyages and discoThe author has enlarged its contents by a veries of the maritime nations of Europe is Tour round the whole island of Sicily, an distributed among such a multitude of large, Account of Malta, an Excursion to Pola in expensive, and scarce books, which are selIstria, and a description of the celebrated dom looked at for the purpose of being read, monasteries of Montserrat in Spain, and the that a brief abstract of the various efforts Grande Chartreuse in France.
that have been made for the discovery of a Speedily will be published, a translation northern passage, by the east and by the of Extracts from a Journal kept in Green- west, between the Atlantic and Pacific land in the years 1770 to 1778, by Hans Oceans, accompanied with a general descripEgede Saabye, formerly missionary there ; tion, from the most authentic and some oria with an Introduction respecting the Way of ginal sources, of the arctic lands and polar Life of the Greenlanders, the Mission in seas, may, at least, serve as a preparative Greenland, and other subjects connected for the history of the proceedings of the two with it, by Mr G. Fries.
expeditions now pending, which have atDr Aikin is preparing an Enlargement tracted, and deservedly so, no common share of his England Delineated, under the title of the public attention of European nations: of England Described.
and in this view it is hoped the present
work A Life of John Howard the Philan will not be deemed altogether superfluous thropist, by Mr Brown, in one volume 4to, nor unacceptable. will speedily make its appearance.
The proprietors of the Rev. H. J. Todd's The first volume of the Transactions of edition of Dr Johnson's Dictionary beg to the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall, inform the public, that they are preparing is expected to be ready for publication in an Abridgement of that valuable work, unthe course of May.
der the direction of the editor, which will
A volume of Sermons, by the Rev. James press, Memoirs of the late Granville Sharp,
Mrs Darke, of Calne, has in the press a other authentic documents, which will form volume of Sonnets and other poems.
a quarto volume. Mr Papworth will shortly publish an James Morier, Esq. has in great forwardarchitectural work of original designs for ness, a Second Journey through Persia and villas, ornamented cottages, lodges, park Constantinople, in 1810-16, in a quarto entrances, &c. many of which are tasteful, volume, with maps, coloured costumes, and elegant, and useful.
other engravings. The Travels in Egypt, Nubia, Holy Lieut.-Col. Johnson is printing, in a Land, Mount Libanon, and Cyprus, by quarto volume, a Narrative of an Overland Captain Light, are nearly ready for public Journey from India, performed in the precation, in one volume 4to, with plates, in sent year, with engravings of antiquities, cluding a view of Jerusalem.
costume, &c. Mr William Carey is preparing for the Capt. Bonnycastle, of the royal engineers, press, a Biographical Sketch of B. R. Hay- is preparing for publication, Spanish Amedon, Esq. with Critical Observations on his rica, or an Account of the Dominions of