Page images



Of an enamour'd Goddess, and the cell Time, the avenger ! unto thee I lift Haunted by holy Love the earliest oracle! My hands, and eyes, and heart, and crave 119.

of thee a gift :

131. And didst thou not, thy breast to his re

Amidst this wreck, where thou hast made plying,

a shrine Blend a celestial with a human heart ;

And temple more divinely desolate, And Love, which dies as it was born, in

Among thy mightier offerings here are mine, sighing,

Ruins of years—though few, yet full of fate:Share with immortal transports ? could thine If thou hast ever seen me too elate,

Hear me not ; but if calmly I have borne Make them indeed immortal, and impart

Good, and reserved my pride against the hate The purity of heaven to earthly joys, Which shall not whelm me, let me not have Expel the venom and not blunt the dartThe dull satiety which all destroys

This iron in my soul in vain--shall they And root from out the soul the deadly weed

not mourn ? which cloys ?

132. The intensely personal nature of And thou, who never yet of human wrong Byron's poetry was never so perfectly Lost the unbalanced scale, great Nemesis ! displayed, as in his meditations over

Here, where the ancient paid thee homage the ruins of the imperial city. Deeply Thou, who didst call the Furies from the

longas he is impressed with the nothing

abyss, ness of individual sorrows, when set And round Orestes bade them howl and hiss by the side of departed nations and de- For that unnatural retribution-just, serted cities, he cannot look either at Had it but been from hands less near-in the coliseum, the pantheon, the forum, this or the capitol, without mingling with Thy former realm, I call thee from the dust! the meditations which these excite,– Dost thou not hear my heart !-Awake!

thou shalt, and must. the agonizing wanderings of his own

133. wounded spirit. He is standing by It is not that I may not have incurr'd moonlight within the coliseum-our For my ancestral faults or mine the wound readers have not forgotten the beauti- I bleed withal, and, had it been conferr’d * allusion to the same scene in Man- With a just weapon, it had flowed unbound; ured.

But now my blood shall not sink in the ground; 128.

To thee I do devote it thou shalt take Arches on arches ! as it were that Rome,

The vengeance, which shall yet be sought Collecting the chief trophies of her line,

and found, Would build up all her triumphs in one dome, which if I have not taken for the sakeHer Coliseum stands; the moonbeams shine But let that pass I sleep, but thou shalt yet As 'twere its natural torches, for divine

awake. Should be the light which streams here, to Our extracts have run out to a very

illume This long-explor'd but still exhaustless mine fault for which we expect an easy par

disproportionate extent, but this is a Of contemplation; and the azure gloom of an Italian night, where the deep skies It was a thought worthy of the great

don. Once more, and we have done. 129.

spirit of Byron, after exhibiting to us Hues which have words, and speak to ye ing scenes of earthly grandeur and

his pilgrim amidst all the most strikof heaven, Float o'er this vast and wondrous monument, earthly decay,-after teaching us, like And shadow forth its glory. There is given him, to sicken over the mutability, and Unto the things of earth, which time hath bent, vanity, and emptiness of human greatA spirit's feeling, and where he hath leant ness, to conduct him and us at last to Hishand, but broke hisscythe, there is a power the borders of “ the great deep.” It And magic in the ruined battlement, is there that we may perceive an image For which the palace of the present hour of the awful and unchangeable abyss Must yield its pomp, and wait till ages are of eternity, into whose bosom so much its dower.

has sunk, and all shall one day sink, 130.

of that eternity wherein the scorn and Oh Time! the beautifier of the dead, Adorner of the ruin, comforter

the contempt of man, and “ the love

of woman, And only healer when the heart hath bled

and the melancholy of Timel the corrector whereour judgments err, great, and the fretting of little minds, The test of truth, love,-sole philosopher,

shall be at rest for ever. No one, but For all beside are sophists, from thy thrift, a true poet of man and of nature, Which never loses though it doth defer- would have dared to frame such a tere Vol. III.

* 2 E






mination for such a pilgrimage. The

182. image of the wanderer may well be Thy shores are empires, changed in all associated for a time with the rock of

save thee Calpe, the shattered temples of Athens, Assyria, Greece, Rome, Carthage, what are or the gigantic fragments of Rome;

they ? but when we wish to think of this Thy waters wasted them while they were free, dark personification as of a thing which The stranger,

slave, or savage ; their decay

And many a tyrant since ; their shores obey is, where can we so well imagine him Has dried up realms to desarts:-not so thou, to have his daily haunt as by the roar- Unchangeable save to thy wild waves' playing of the waves ? It was thus that Time writes no wrinkle on thineazure browHomer represented Achilles in his Such as creation's dawn beheld, thou rollest moments of ungovernable and inconsolable grief for Patroclus.

It was

183. thus he chose to depict the paternal Thou glorious mirror, where the Almighdespair of Chriseus.

ty's form Βη δ' ακεων

Glasses itself in tempests ; in all time,
9ινα πολυφλοισβοιο

Calm or convuls'd_in breeze, or gale, or
θαλασσης. .

Icing the pole, or in the torrid clime There is a pleasure in the pathless woods, Dark-heaving ;-boundless, endless, and There is a rapture on the lonely shore,

sublimeThere is society, where none intrudes, The image of Eternity--the throne By the deep Sea, and music in its roar : Of the Invisible ; even from out thy slime I love not Man the less, but Nature more, The monsters of the deep are made ; each From these our interviews, in which I steal From all I may be, or have been before, Obeys thee ; thou goest forth, dread, faa To mingle with the Universe, and feel

thomless, alone. What I can ne'er express, yet can not all

184. conceal.

And I have loved thee, Ocean ! and my 179.

joy Roll on, thou deep and dark blue ocean

Of youthful sports was on thy breast to be roll!

Borne, like thy bubbles, onward: from a boy Ten thousand fleets sweep over thee in vain ;

I wantoned with thy breakers--they to me Man marks the earth with ruin-his control Stops with the shore;-upon the watery plain Made them a terror'twas a pleasing fear,

Were a delight ; and if the freshening sea The wrecks are all thy deed, nor doth remain

For I was as it were a child of thee, A shadow of man's ravage, save his own, And trusted to thy billows far and near, When, for a moment, like a drop of rain, He sinks into thy depths with bubbling groan,

And laid my hand upon thy maneas I

do here. Without a grave, unknell'd, uncoffin'd, and unknown.

185. 180.

My task is donemy song hath ceased His steps are not upon thy paths --thy Has died into an echo ; it is fit

fields Are not a spoil for him, thou dost arise

The spell should break of this protracted And shake him from thee ; the vile strength The torch shall be extinguish'd which hath lit

dream. he wields For earth's destruction thou dost all despise, My midnight lamp and what is writ, is

writ, Spurning him from thy bosom to the skies, And send’st him, shivering in thy playful Would it were worthier! but I am not now

That which I have been--and my visions flit spray And howling, to his Gods, where haply lies Less palpably before me and the

glow His petty hope in some near port or bay,

Which in my spirit dwelt, is futtering, And dashest him again to earth :there let

faint, and low.

186. 181.

Farewell! a word that must be, and hath The armaments which thunderstrike the

been walls

A sound which makes us linger ;-yetOf rock-built cities, biilding nations quake,

farewell i And monarchs tremble in their capitals, Ye! who have traced the Pilgrim to the scene The oak leviathans, whose huge ribs make Which is his last, if in your memories dwell Their clay creator the vain title take A thought which once was his, if on ye swell Of lord of thee, and arbiter of war ;

A single recollection, not in vain These are thy toys, and, as the snowy flake, He wore his sandal-shoon, and scallop-shell; They melt into thy yeast of waves, which mar Farewell! with him alone may rest the pain, Alike the Armada's pride, or spoils of Tra. If such there were with you, the moral of falgar.

his strain !

my theme

him lay.


On the raising of Olive Trees.* -Trials in the shutter, the ray was made to fall upon have been frequently made, but without a prism, such as those which are usually success, to multiply the olive by sowing the employed in experiments in the primitive seeds ; it has always been found necessary colours. The spectrum which resulted from either to employ cuttings, or to procure wild the refraction was received upon a skreen ; plants from the woods. One of the inhabit- all the rays were intercepted except the vioants of Marseilles, astonished to find that we let, in which was placed a needle, for the cannot obtain by cultivation what nature purpose of being magnetized. It was a produces spontaneously, was led to reflect plate of thin steel, selected from a number upon the manner in which the wild plants of others, and which, upon making the were produced. They proceed from the trial, was found to possess no polarity, and kernels, which kernels have been carried not to exhibit any attraction for iron filings. into the woods, and sown there by birds, It was fixed horizontally on the support by who have swallowed the olives. By the act means of wax, and in such a direction as to of digestion, these olives have been deprived cut the magnetic meridian nearly at right of their natural oil, and the kernels have angles. By a lens of a sufficient size, the become permeable to the moisture of the whole of the violet ray was collected into a earth, the dung of the birds has served for focus, which was carried slowly along the manure, and, perhaps, the soda which this needle, proceeding from the centre towards dung contains, by combining with a portion

one of the extremities, and always the same of the oil which has escaped digestion, may extremity, taking care, as is the case in the also favour germination. From these con- common operation of magnetizing, never to siderations the following experiments were go back in the opposite direction. After made :

operating in this manner for half an hour, A number of turkeys were caused to swal.

the needle was examined; but it was not low ripe olives; the dung was collected, found either to have acquired polarity or a containing the kernels of these olives, the sensible attraction for iron filings. The prowhole was placed in a stratum of earth, and cess was then continued for 25 minutes was frequently watered. The kernels were more, 55 in the whole, when the needle was found to vegetate, and a number of young found to be strongly magnetic; it acted plants were procured. In order to produce powerfully on the compass, the end of the upon olives an effect similar to that which needle which had received the influence of they experienced from the digestive power the violet ray repelling the north pole, and of the stomach, a quantity of them was ma

the whole of it attracting and keeping suscerated in an alkaline lixivium ; they were pended a fringe of iron filings. then sown, and olive plants were produced It is stated, that a clear and bright atfrom them as in the former experiment. mosphere is essential to the success of the

This ingenious process may be regarded experiment, but that the temperature is inas a very important discovery, and may be different. At the time when the above exapplied to other seeds besides that of the periment was made, about the end of April. olive, which are, in the same manner, so the temperature was rather cool than warm, oily, as that, except under some rare cir- Blue Iron Earth. The blue iron earth, cumstances, the water cannot penetrate them or native Prussian blue, as it was formerly and cause their developement of this de- called, has been found in many parts of the scription is the nutmeg, which will seldom Continent of Europe, and also in Iceland and vegetate in our stoves ; but which, perhaps, in Shetland ; but it had never been discoverwould do so, was it submitted to the action ed in the island of Great Britain, until it of the stomach, or of the alkaline solution. was observed by Dr Bostock, at Knotshole,

On the Magnetizing Power of the Violet near Liverpool. On the north-east bank of Rays of the Solar Spectrum.-The reported the Mersey, about a mile and a half above discovery of M. Morichini, respecting the the town, a small glen, or dingle, is formmagnetizing power of the violet rays, which ed, apparently by a fissure in the brown was scarcely credited in this country, has sandstone, which, in this place, rises up to received the confirmation of Professor Play- the edge of the water ; the sides of the dinfair, as related in one of the late Numbers gle are covered with brush-wood, and at the of the Bibliotheque Universelle. He gives bottom is a flat swampy pasture. The upthe following account of an experiment of per stratum of the soil of the pasture is which he was a witness, and which was per. chiefly sand, mixed with a little vegetable formed by M. Carpe :

mould ; but at the depth of four or five feet, After having received into my chamber a there is a body of stiff white clay, mixed solar ray through a circular opening made with a considerable quantity of vegetable

matter, consisting principally of the roots

and stems of different species of rushes, and * Journ. Phram. de March 1817. other aquatic plants.


Improvement in the purification of Coal- last Number, Mr J. H. viz. that the par. Gas. It is sufficiently known, that the pro. ticles of water ascend upward from the duction of carburetted hydrogen obtained in the phenomenon called a water from coal, and its fitness for the purpose of spout: illumination, varies much according to the “ Barkworth, Dec. 11, 1816, in lat. 4• circumstances under which the gas is obtain. N. long. 1290 E. (having passed through ed, and the means employed for purifying the Siao channel yesterday) at 11 A.M. the it. To deprive coal-gas of that portion of officer of the watch, Mr Dudman, came sulphuretted hydrogen, with which it is al. down and informed me there had been ways more or less contaminated, it has hith.

a whale blowing close to the ship for several erto been made to act on quicklime, either minutes, and that it was continuing to do in a dry state, or combined with water in so. I then, from curiosity, went upon deck, particular vessels, so constructed as to bring and was surprised to find it was the vortex a large surface of the lime into contact with of a water spout, within one hundred yards the gas. This method must naturally be of the ship, on the windward quarter :very imperfect, on account of the feeble ac- ordered a gun to be got ready, by which tion of sulphuretted hydrogen upon lime. In time it had passed under the stern, within proof of this statement, the gas supplied to thirty yards of the ship, which afforded us this metropolis, need only be examined in an excellent opportunity of observing this in the following manner : Collect a four wonderful phenomenon. ounce phial full of the gas, in a wash-hand “ The space it occupied upon the sea was bason, or other vessel full of water, in the apparently about thirty feet in circumferusual manner, and then plunge into it a slip ence, and the water so much agitated in the of paper moistened with a solution of nitrate entre, as to be quite frothy, ascending in a of silver, or super-acetate of lead. The spiral form in visible particles like rain, and paper will instantly acquire a brown colour. making a rushing noise about as loud as

A new method of getting rid of the sul the blowing of a whale continued, and comphuretted hydrogen gas has been lately re- municating with a spout* depending from sorted to with success; and the facility, a black cloud over head, gradually passing cheapness, and expedition, with which this to leeward, and disappearing about a mile process may be employed in the large way, off.”Phil. Mag. for April 1818. give reason to believe that it will be highly New Alkali. The experiments of Arbeneficial to the manufacturer of coal-gas vedson, relative to the discovery of the new in general. The process consists in passing alkali called lethson, have been confirmed crude coal-gas, as it is disengaged from coal, in France by M. Vanquelin. through a heated iron cylinder, or other Ice. As every fact relative to the state vessel, containing fragments of metallic of the Arctic regions is now of more than iron (the waste clippings of tinned iron will usual interest, we transcribe the following do very well), or any oxide of iron at a mi. postscript to the journal of the brig Jemima, nimum of oxidation ; for example, clay which sailed last summer from London to iron-stone, so disposed as to present as large the Moravian Missions in Labrador :a surface as possible : by this means the sul. “ The captain and mate report, that though phuretted hydrogen becomes decomposed by for these three years past they have met the metallic iron, and the gas is obtained in with an unusual quantity of ice on the coast a pure state. This iron, if in a state of a of Labrador, yet in no year since the commetal, acquires by this process a crystalline mencement of the mission in 1769, has it structure, and affords abundance of sulphu- appeared so dreadfully on the increase. The retted hydrogen by the affusion of dilute colour likewise of this year's ice was difsulphuric or muriatic acid, a proof that it is ferent from that usually seen, and the size converted into a sulphuret ;-a quantity of of the ice-mountains and thickness of the sulphuric and sulphureous acid is likewise fields immense, with sand-stone imbedded collected at the extremity of the vessel. in them.” As a great part of the coast of The gas thus treated, affords no disagree. Greenland, which for centuries has been able odour during combustion, and its pu- choaked up with ice, apparently immoverity is attested by its not acting upon the able, has, by some revolution been cleared, solutions of lead, silver, or any of the white perhaps this may account for the great quanmetals.

tity alluded to. Water Spouts. The following observations of Captain Thomas Lynn, commander We could not perceive the communicaof the East India Company's ship Bark- tion with the spout, the particles being too worth, afford a striking corroboration of minute for the eye to discern much above the statement of the ingenious writer in our the sea, but we had no doubt of the fact.

[ocr errors]



Paintings, and some Notice of his Essays in

the Public Journals. The Rev. James Raine, of Durham, has Captain Bosquett's long promised Treacirculated a prospectus of the History and tise on Duelling will be published this Antiquities of North Durham, with engra- month. vings from designs of Mr Edward Blore, in In the press, and speedily will be puba folio volume.

lished, a new edition, considerably im. Mr Blore has also made a set of drawings proved, of Dr Withering's Systematic Arfor the Rev. Mr Hunter's History and An. rangement of British Plants, with an easy tiquities of Hallamshire, which will like. Introduction to the Study of Botany; illuswise make a folio volume, and contain many trated by copperplates, in four volumes, interesting particulars respecting the Talbot Svo. family, as well as many topographical and A Chronological History of Voyages into antiquarian memoirs.

the Arctic Regions, for the Discovery of a Sir Richard Colt Hoare has prepared a Northern Passage between the Atlantic and third and supplemental volume to the Rev. Pacific Oceans, from the earliest period to Mr Eustace's Classical Tour through Italy. the present time; accompanied with a geneIt is intended to complete the labours and ral Description of the Arctic Lands and supply the omissions of that traveller, and Polar Seas, as far as hitherto known ; by to describe such parts of Italy as he had not John Barrow, F. R. & L. S. 2 vols 8vo. visited, and others have rarely explored. The history of the early voyages and discoThe author has enlarged its contents by a veries of the maritime nations of Europe is Tour round the whole island of Sicily, an distributed among such a multitude of large, Account of Malta, an Excursion to Pola in expensive, and scarce books, which are selIstria, and a description of the celebrated dom looked at for the purpose of being read, nionasteries of Montserrat in Spain, and the that a brief abstract of the various efforts Grande Chartreuse in France.

that have been made for the discovery of a Speedily will be published, a translation northern passage, by the east and by the of Extracts from a Journal kept in Green- west, between the Atlantic and Pacific land in the years 1770 to 1778, by Hans Oceans, accompanied with a general descripEgede Saabye, formerly missionary there ; tion, from the most authentic and some ori. with an Introduction respecting the Way of ginal sources, of the arctic lands and polar Life of the Greenlanders, the Mission in seas, may, at least, serve as a preparative Greenland, and other subjects connected for the history of the proceedings of the two with it, by Mr G. Fries.

expeditions now pending, which have atDr Aikin is preparing an Enlargement tracted, and deservedly so, no common share of his England Delineated, under the title of the public attention of European nations: of England Described.

and in this view it is hoped the present work A Life of John Howard the Philan- will not be deemed altogether superfluous thropist, by Mr Brown, in one volume 4to, nor unacceptable. will speedily make its appearance.

The proprietors of the Rev. H. J. Todd's The first volume of the Transactions of edition of Dr Johnson's Dictionary beg to the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall, inform the public, that they are preparing is expected to be ready for publication in an Abridgement of that valuable work, unthe course of May.

der the direction of the editor, which will A new volume on the Diseases of the be very soon published. Eye, by the late Mr Ware, is in the press. Prince Hoare, Esq. is preparing for the

A volume of Sermons, by the Rev. James press, Memoirs of the late Granville Sharp, Bryce of Calcutta, will speedily appear. Esq. composed from his own MSS. and

Mrs Darke, of Calne, has in the press a other authentic documents, which will form volume of Sonnets and other poems.

a quarto volume. Mr Papworth will shortly publish an James Morier, Esq. has in great forward architectural work of original designs for ness, a Second Journey through Persia and villas, ornamented cottages, lodges, park Constantinople, in 1810-16, in a quarto entrances, &c. many of which are tasteful, volume, with maps, coloured costumes, and elegant, and useful.

other engravings. The Travels in Egypt, Nubia, Holy Lieut.-Col. Johnson is printing, in a Land, Mount Libanon, and Cyprus, by quarto volume, a Narrative of an Overland Captain Light, are nearly ready for public Journey from India, performed in the precation, in one volume 4to, with plates, in- sent year, with engravings of antiquities, cluding a view of Jerusalem.

costume, &c. Mr William Carey is preparing for the Capt. Bonnycastle, of the royal engineers, press, a Biographical Sketch of B. R. Hay is preparing for publication, Spanish Ameilon, Esq. with Critical Observations on his rica, or an Account of the Dominions of

« PreviousContinue »