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Preterpluperfect tense, it might or could have had rained.
The Optative mood is made by prefixing an adverb of wishing to the poteutial mood; as, O that it might rajo! &c.
The Subjunctive mood is made by prefixing a conjunction to the potential mood; as, if it might rain! &e.
The INFINITIVE MOOD is wanting.
. IMPERATIVE MOOD, Let it be reported.
.Preterpluperfect tense, it might, or could have had been reported.
First future tense is wanting.
The Optative mood is made by prefixing an adverb of wishing to the potential mood; as, o that it might be reported!
The Subjunctive mood is made by prefixing a conjunction to the potential mood; as, if it might be reported.
The INFINITIVE MOOD is wanting.
OF THE PARTICIPLE. Q. WHAT is a participle ?
A. A participle is a part of speech derived of a verb, signifies beiog, doing, or suffering, and also implies time, as a verb does; but it is otherwise like a vous adjective.
Q. How many participles are there?
À. Two: the active participle, that ends in ing; as, loving: and the passive participle, that ends in d, t, ur n; as, a loved, taught, slain.
OF AN ADVERB. Q. What is an adverb?
A. An adverb is a part of speech commonly set before a verb, either to declare and fix the meaning thereof, or to give some force and distinction thereto; as, there is sorrow, where there is pain.
Q. What are adverbs?
A. These following most commonly occur; already, always, as, asunder, by and by, by, or hard by, downward, elsewhere, epough, ever, far or far off, hence, henceforth, here, hereafter, heretofore, hither, how, how great, how many, how much, 1, if I might, indeed, I wish, pay, pever, no, not, now, no where, often, oftentimes, O Oh, Oh that, peradven(tire, perhaps, rather, seldom, so, than, then, thence, there, thither, to day, to-morrow, very, upward, when, whence, where, whither, yea, yes, yesterday, yesternight; also all such adverbs in ly, as are derived from adjectives; as, justly, wisely, truly, prudently, bravely, &c. and all ordivals; as, once, twice, thrice, four times, five times, &c.
Q. Are not some adverbs compared ?
A. Yes; especially adverbs io ly; as, wisely, more wiae. ly, very wisely.
OF A CONJUNCTION. Q. What is a conjunction ?
A. A conjunction is a part of speech that joins words and sentences together; shews the reason of a thing, or lays the subject under a condition.
Q. How many sorts of conjunctions are there?
A. Many ; but the chief are copulatives, disjunctives, causals and conditionals.
Q. What is the use of the conjunction copulative?
A. It joios both the words and the sense of a sentence; as, I study and Peter plays.
Q. What is the use of a disjunctive!
A. It joins words, but disjoios the sense; as I or Peter shall be punished.
Q. What is the use of a causal?
A. It shews the cause or reason of a thing; as, I do study that I may be learned.
Q. What is the use of a conditional?
A. It renders the speech doubtful; as, if the sky falls we shall catch larks.
Q. Give me a list of the principal conjunctions ?
A. Also, although, and, as, because, but, either, except, nic for, however, if, likewise, moreover, namely, neither, nevertheless, nor, or, otherwise, save, sioce, that, therefore, thereupon, unless, whereas, wherefore, whether, whitber.
OF A PREPOSITION. Q. What is a preposition ?
A. A preposition is a part of speech regularly set before a word of another part of speech, either separated from it or joined to it, to siguify its rest, alteration, and mander of motion.
Q. Give an example ?
A. Alexander travelled into Persia ; here into is the preposition, sepa: ated from the noun: but in this the conclusion will shew the matter, the preposition con is joined to clusion.
Q. By what name do you call the preposition that stands separate?
A. It is called apposition.
Q. How call you that preposition which is joined to the noun ?
A. It is called composition.
Q. Which are the prepositions set separate, or by apposition ?
A. They are these that follow : Above, about, after against, among or amongst, at, before, behind, before or in presence of, beneath, below, between, betwixt, beyond, on this side, by or through, beside, for, from, in, into, in or upon, over, off, out or out of, to or unto, towards, under, up, to, with, withio, without.
Q. Which are the prepositions joined or set in composition?
A. These that follow, which are proper to the English Tongue only:
1. A, wbich is used for on, or in; as, a foot, for on foot; a bed, for in bed; tho' it is sometimes redundant; as, in abide, for bide; awake, for wake.
2. Be, which is used for about; as, in bespriokle, i, e, to sprinkle about; For by or nigh; as, beside, i.e. by or nigh the side: For io; as, betimes, i. e. in time or early; For bee fore; as, to bespeak, i.e. to speak for, &c.
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7. 3. Counter, which sigoisies opposition or contrariety; as, counterbalance, counterscarp, counterfeit.
4. For, which signifies negation, or privation; as, to forbid, to forsake.
5. Fore, wbich signifies before; as, to foresee, to foretell.
6. Mis, which denotes defect or error; as, misdeed, mistake.
7. Over, which signifies eminency or superiority; as, to overcome, to oversee. It denotes also excess; as, overbasty.
8. Out, which signifies excess, excellency, or superiority; as, to out-do, to out-run, out-wit.
9. Ud, which denotes negation and contrariety; as, unpleasant, unworthy: Also, dissolution; as, to unsay, to uodo.
10. Up, which denotes motion upwards or places and things that lie upwards; as, up, and upside.
ii. Sur, which siguisies on, over, or upon, derived from the Latin, supper; as, surface.
12. With, which signifies against, or opposition! as, to withstaod, i. e. to stand against. Sometimes it sigoifies from or back: as, to with-hold to with-draw.
@ Which are the prepositions in composition borrowed from the Latin ?
A. 1. A apd ab, whose natural signification is from, of, and of: but compounded with an English word, serve or else to signify separation; as, to abstain, to abolish:
2. Ad, which sigoifies to, or at; as, advocate, advent, adverb.
3. Ante, which signifies before ; as, antecedent, to antedate.
4. Circum, which signifies aboui; as, circumlocution, circumvallation, circumscribe.
5. Co, col, com and con, for cum, signify with, or together; as, copartner, colloquy, commerce, convocation.
6. Contra, which signifies against, and denotes opposition or contrariety; as, to contradict.
7. De, which signifies a kind of motion from; as, decant, detract, deduce, and so is properly used to extend the sense of a word; as, to demonstrate, to deplore. It also denotes contrariety: as, demerit.
8. Di, which serves to extend, stretch out or lessen the sense of the word it is compounded with; as, direct diminish dilate.
9. Dis, which signifies separation, difference or diversity, giviug a signification contr:ry to the primitive usage of the word it is compounded with; as, to disagree, to discharge. 10. E or ex, which siguifies out, out of, or off; as, event,
i. e. the falling out; to eject, i. e. to cast out; to exclude j. e. to shut out.
11. Extra, which signifies beyond, over and above; as, estravagant, extraordinary.
12. In or im, which generally denotes the position or disposition, or an action whereby one thing is, as it were, put into another; as, to import, to impale, to ioclose; or the impression whereby the thing receives such and such a form; as, to enchant, to incline. It likewise denotes want or imperfection; as, implore, importune, impoverish, impair, impotent, &c.
Greatoess or largeness; as, immense, immensity; Likeness; as, imitate, imitation; Unchangeableness; as, im. mutable; Purity; as, immaculate. i. e. unspotted: Hiodrance: as, impede, i.e. to stop; Force; as, to impel, i. e. to drive forward: Accusation; as, to impeach; Pride; as, imperious: Violence; as, impetuous; Confinement; as, immure, i. e. to shut up between two walls. It is also used at the begioning of words, to depote privation, or not; and gives a contrary sense to the word it is compounded with; as, indêcent, inhuman, injustice, imprudeot, imperfect, impenitent. Also in one word where in is changed into ig; as, iguoble.
Note. In words derived from the French, instead of in, we commonly use hen; as, to enrage, to encourage; but then it never denotes privation or viot.
13. Inter, which signifies between; as, to intervene, to interrupt; But in interdict, it siguifies as much as for, in forbid. Sometimes we use enter, in words derived from the French.
14. Intro, which signifies within; as, to introduce. 15. Ob, which signifies against; as, obstacle, to oppose.
16. Per, which signifies through; and denotes a certain degree of excellence or excess; as, perfect, perforate, persecute.
17. Post, which signifies after; as, postcript. 18. Pre, which signifies before; as, premeditate, to preengage, preface,
19. Pro, which signifies for or forth; but it has also a great many other senses; as, to profess, protect, pronounce, prorogue.
20. Preter, which signifies against; as, preternatural.
21. Re, which generally implies a repeated action; as, to repeat, rechange: sometimes it denotes opposition; as, to repulse; sometimes it denotes only the enlarging the sense of the simple verb; as, repose, repast; sometimes it siguifies the changing one thing or state into another; as, reduces reduction; sometimes it denotes contrariety; as, reverse; sometimes honour and esteem; as, regard, respect; and