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their Stein-henghen, hanging- until deprived of it by the Norstones. The immense single mans : although the book called stone, on a barrow of great mag- Doomsday, states, that two of nitude, overlooking Poolbay, in the three Manors of BrighthelmDorsetshire, the inhabitants now ston had been held of Edward call Eagle-stone, from the Saxon the Confessor ; but it has been hliæg, or holy, and stan, a stone. aptly observed, that, notwithAlso the seven brothers, or seven standing, they might not have stones on Matlock-moor, Derby- belonged to that Prince; for the shire, from the Saxon seven bre- Normans who denounced Haderon, or brothers.
rold the Second as an Usurper, About the middle of the fifth invariably substituted the name century, it appears, this town of Edward, when Jurors were was subjected to the ravages of empannelled to make returns of the Saxon invadors, the second the several Manors within their landing of their leader, Ella, af- Hundreds, putting down that of terwards their King, being ef- Harold, as the Republican stafected at Shoreham, a distance tutes of the 17th century are all westward of not more than six references to Charles the Second. miles; and in the division of It is, therefore, with much appalands and property which follow- sent justice presumed, that the ed their successful descent, it is whole, or most of this town and supposed that the place fell to parish, belonged to the ancestors the lot of Brighthelm, who dis- of Earl Godwin, for many genetinguished it by his name, and rations antecedent to the conwhose posterity had possession quest. [To be continued.]
There is much in the Life of Charles the First, the once reigning Mon
arch of this country, which the Historians have left to conjecture, particularly as relates to the actual Character and Religious feelings of that unfortunate Monarch. A synopsis of the Life of this illustrious personage, written in 1658, commencing with his Birth, Anno Domini, 1600, and terminating with his Martyrdom, in 1648, has been put into our hands, as a document of no ordinary value ; and which, as it explains much of what otherwise appears ambiguous in his Reign, we shall offer to the Subscribers of THE BRIGHTON GLEANER, verbatim et literatem, without further preface---viz.
A SHORT VIEW OF THE
LIFE AND REIGN OF KING CHARLES THE FIRST,
FROM HIS BIRTH TO HIS BURIAL.
TACIT. HIST. LIB. I.
Alii diutius imperium tenuerunt, Nemo tam fortiter reliquit. Our Chronicles tell us of a compass of a Peny; and gave man in Queen Elizabeth's time the Queen a paire of spectacles that wrote the Ten Command- of such an artificiall making, ments, the Creed, the Pater-nos- that by the help thereof she did ter, the Queen's Name, and the plainly and distinctly discern Year of vur Lord, within the every letter.
The contracting of the Life better of him by the sword, and Reign of King Charles into so might lawfully free themselves narrow a compasse as I have li- from that subjection, which, by mited to my self, may seem to no other title than the sword of be a work of no lesse difficulty. the Normans, had been laid upon And yet I hope to do it in such a them. plain and perspicuous manner, At his first coming into the that every one who runs may read world, he was so weak and unit without the help of any such like to live, that his christening spectacles as Chronicles was dispatcht in haste, without speak of. To brevity I am in attending to the performances of joyned, and it must be my busi- those solemnities which are acnesse to avoid all obscurity ; customably used at the babtisme though I am conscious to my of such princely infants. And self that I shall draw this pic- as the name of Henry was given ture with too much shadow. to the Prince, his elder brother, But I take the pencil into my with reference to Henry Lord þand, and thus form my lines : Darnlie, the father of King 1600.
James, by Mary Queen of Scots ; Charles, the third of so was this younger son called James the Sixth, King of the Charles, in relation to Charles Scots, and of Anne his wife, Earle of Lennox, the younger daughter of Frederick the Se- brother of that Henry, and by cond, and sister of Christiern the consequence uncle to King Fourth, Kings of Denmark, was James. born at Dunfermeling (one of
1602. the principall towns of Fife), in Having received some meaScotland, on the nineteenth day sure of strength, he was, at the of November, Anno. 1600, deri- age of two years, created Duke ved by a long descent of royall of Albany, Marquess of Ormond, ancestors from Malcolm Con: Earle of Rosse, and Baron of mor, King of the Scots, and the Ardmanock; of which four tiLady Margaret his wife, sister tles, the two first and the last, are and sole heir of Edgar Atheling, wholly at the King's disposing, the last surviving Prince of the to be bestowed on whom he English Saxons. So that his ti- pleaseth. But the Eer!dom of tle had been good to the crown Ross falling unto the Crown in of England, though he had bor- the time of King James the rowed no part of his claim from Third, was so settled in the the Norman Conquerour. Crown by Act of Parliament,
Which I observe the better to that it is not lawful for the King encounter the extravagant follies to sell, alienate, or dispose of the of some men in the book called same unto any other, than to the Antinormanisme, and some other second son of Scotland. pamphlets of that time : in which
1603. it is affirmed that this King had On the 26th of March next no other right to the crown, than following, Anno 1603, King what he claimed from the Con- James had news, by Sir Robert quest; and, therefore, that the Cary, one of the younger sons of English nation having got the the Lord Hansdon (who had stole
a posting journey thither) that kist with such an ardency of afQueen Elizabeth was dead, con- fection, as if he meant they should trary to the opinion of many of grow for ever to his lips. And his Scottish courtiers; who be- when the King told him, that he ing wearied with the tediousness had mistook himself in his adof their expectation, did believe dresses to the infant, as not beat last, that it should never being his eldest son, and Prince of acknowledged by the Lords of Scotland, he answered, that he England, that the Queen was knew well enough what he did, dead, so long as there was any and that it was this child in whom old woman of that nation left, to his name and memory was to be weare good clothes, and take perpetuated to succeeding ages, the name of Queen upon her. with other speeches of like naFor bringing which news the ture : which being then either Duke of Albany (as if he were unregarded, or imputed unto age more concerned in it than all the and dotage, were called to mind rest of the King's children, as after the death of Prince Henry, indeed he was) was afterwards and then helieved to have somecommitted to the governance of thing in them of a prophetical Sir Robert's Lady, and he him- spirit. self, from that time forwards, of But to proceed. On the fifth principall esteem and place about day of April, in the year 1603, him.
King Janies began his journey to This news being seconded by England, and in the end of May, that of the proclaiming of King the Queen, accompanied by James, for her true and lawfull Prince Henry and the Lady Elisuccessor to the imperiall crown zabeth, set forwards also ; findof this realm, the King prepared ing at Berwick a noble train of himself for England. At which Lords and Ladies, sent thither time (as I have been told by from the court to attend her some persons of quality) a cer- coming, and wait upon her in tain Laird of the Highlands, her journey. though of very great age, came
1604. to his court, to take his leave of The next year order was given him, whom he found accompa- for bringing the young Duke nied by all his children, the to the court of England. But young Duke being then held in before such as had the charge of his nurse's armes.
him could begin their journey, His addresse unto the King the young Duke was taken with consisted of prayers for his long a fever : which being signified life and prosperity; and those to the King, he sent thither Docprayers intermixt with some de- tor Atkins, one of his Physicians, sires, that in the midst of the fe- who in six weeks restored him licities and glories of the Eng- to such a degree of health as lish court, he would not be un- made him fit to be removed to a mindful of his native countrey. warmer aire, and more comfortWhich having said, without able climate. taking any great notice of the On the sixteenth of July this Prince, he applyed himself whol- remove began, which brought ly to the Duke, whose hands he him by short and easie stages, in the first week of October, to with the title of Duke of York, Windsor Castle, where the King by cincture of a sword, imposithen was, by whom he was com- tion of a cap and coronet of gold mitted to the governance of the upon his head, and by delivering Lady Cary, as before is said. unto him a verge of gold; himAnd not long after, for his better self with ten others of eminent welcome into England, he was, nobility, having been made on the sixth day of January next Knights of the Bath (with all following, (commonly called the accustomed ceremonies) the Twelfth-day) invested solemnly day before.
[To be continued.]
ALLEGORICAL LETTER TO A YOUNG
care they do not always stand
open, for then you will be crowdMadam,
ed with visiters, and, perhaps, As you are tenant at will, in a many such as you will not like: very handsome, genteel house, let them never be shut against and are now capable of furnish- the instructive parent, the advising it in the politest manner, and ing friend, nor the supplicating ruling it by the strictest maxims orphan. I took notice of the of economy and decorum, per- gate in front, at which all your mit a friend to give a few curso- company go out---let that gery hints in an affair of so much nerally be barred close : be cauimportance. Your building is tious what visitors you let go composed of some of the finest out publicly, lest, by any ill materials I ever saw; and is so character being seen coming ich the more liab to discover fro
draw a scandal upon any flaw or spot that may acci- your house. It will be necessadentally touch it. It is erected ry, therefore, to lay a strict inof a proper height, a just size, junction of vigilance on the two formed on a regular plan, and porters, who stand sentinels in furnished with the most accurate livery of the deepest scarlet, just proportion. On the top stands without the ivory palisados. I an eminent turret, furnished with have seen some people paint the a room of a globular form, which, two pannels just below the winI observe, has two chrystal win- dows, but I would advise you to dows in front; these are so con- the contrary, for natural colour structed as to be exceedingly use- far exceeds all the decorations of ful, as they command an exten- art; this part of the edifice is sive prospect, and, if always kept supported by a pillar of Corinclean and bright, will prove a
thian marble, the base of which is very great ornament to the house. ornamented by two alabaster seI advise you not to look through miglobes, over which is generally them at every object that passes drawn a fine lawn curtain of adby: be sure to shut them close mirable needlework. Beneath at night, and open them as soon is the great hall, in which you as you please in the morning. On have a closet of exquisite workeach side I discover a small por- manship ; this, I suppose, is the tal to receive company; take place of your secret retirement, open to none but yourself or tered from all storms; then will some faithful friend. I advise your situation be happy and hoyou to keep this always clean, nourable, and your lease never furnish it well, make it a library expire. I am, Madam, of the best practical authors, and
Your's, &c. visit it frequently, especially when you come from church, or Mr. Editor, leave a circle of acquaintance I felt much pleasure on peruwhich
have met at the tea- sal of the advertisement, appriztable. Let the outside of the ing the public of your intention hall not appear like a hearse to afford them so much informahung round with escutcheons, tion as forty pages must necessanor like a coach of state, bedaub- rily contain, at so moderate a ed with gilt and colour; but let charge; conceiving, that the it be plain and neat, to convince dissemination of knowledge, by the world that it is kept more such a publication, will be most for use than ornament. You are essentially promoted : and I sensible, Miss, that time effaces all much hope that your exertions things; it demolishes the strength will be amply supported by vaand beauty of the noblest struc- luable communications, and retures. So you will not be sur- munerated by an extensive sale. prised to find your little tene- For
my own part, I feel incomment subject to the same change; petent to the impartation of valuadoubtless, it has often wanted re- ble information, and therefore inpairs, though you have lived in tend to confine my endeavours to it no longer, which are plain in- an obtainment of it, from those timations that the house will one who are sufficiently liberal to afday fall. You may be soon turned ford that which I solicit. A out---the landlord may give you small portion of leisure I employ warning, or not, that is uncer- in making researches in the spatain---be always ready, and pre- cious field of science; and in pared to go when called upon, some of those books which fall and then you will not be afraid in my way, I meet with problems to go at the shortest warning. which I cannot solve---with paOne thing I would have you ob- radoxical statements which I serve, which is, that when you cannot decipher---with contraquit the house, no other tenant dictory assertions, which mystewill inhabit it, but it will lie waste rize rather than elucidate---and and in ruins ; yet the proprietor with hypotheses which send will some time or other rebuild the mind, upon the wings of imait for your reception, in a more gination, on a flight of fruitless durable manner, with the same
discovery: materials ; but so refined and As my library is small, my leimodest, that it will be liable to sure hours but few, and, as I no accident nor decay: and as it is like best to find truth without absolutely necessary, that your 'much wandering, I purpose from habitation be new reared in some time to time (if you will allow other place, I heartily wish it me), through the medium of may be in a finer country, under your publication, to request from a milder climate, and well shel- some indulgent correspondent,