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learn, that a Blockhouse had then of their promising place of rebeen completed to defend the sidence. place against any hostile at- The Blockhouse, there is strong tempts that might be made upon reasons for believing, though not it from the sea.

finished until the reign of ElizaThis recorded fact, therefore, beth, was commenced by Henry is sufficient to invalidatean absurd the Eighth. It stood on the belief which once prevailed, that southern part of what is now called the Blockhouse was originally the East Cliff, and between Black seated in the centre of the town, Lion-street and Ship-street, enand that the encroachment of the filading the roads to the east and water merely gave it its frontier west, and commanding the full situation : but, abstracted from sweep of this part of the British this proof, which completely channel. A flint wall, of suitrefutes the extravagant tradi- able strength and substance, extional error, it must be regarded tended to the right and left of as impossible, and for which no the fortress, and which Elizabeth feasible reason could ever exist, completed by adding thereunto that a fort, specifically designed four ponderous gates; the last of to resist attacks by sea, should these were removed to make a be hid from even a prospect of convenient entrance to a battery, the water, and be built in the constructed there in the reign of middle of a town!! In the pro- George III. ; but which, from the pagation of such an opinion, failure of one

of the groynes therefore, ignorance must have or jetties, has since been washed been the prime agent, instigated away. by envy, perhaps, to injure the The remains of this battery, growing prosperity of the in- however, are still to be seen; but habitants, by causing a fallacious of the Blockhouse or walls, rumour to have credence, of the scarcely a vestige can, at this dangerous insecurity altogether time, be discovered.

(To be continued.)'

CHARLES THE FIRST---continued from page 6.
1606.

1610. In the sixth year of his Age,

Under this Tutor the young he was taken form the charge of Duke advanced exceedingly in his woman (though not from the the way of good letters ; the motherly superinspection of the weaknesse of his lower parts, Lady Cary) committed to the which made him unapt for pedagogy of Master Thomas exercises and feats of activity Murray, a Scot by nation, and rendering him more retired and sufficiently qualified for that studious, and more intent upon service, but ill principled in his book than he had been otherthe Rites and Ceremonies in wise. Which Prince Henry takwhich the church of England' ing notice of, as he, the young differed from the kirke of Scot- Duke, Dr. Abbot, then newly land.

made Archbisshop of Canterbury, with many of the Nobility, were Commodities of it; according to waiting in the Privie-Chamber the entail which was made therefor the King's coming out; the of by King Edward the third, Prince (to put a jest upon him) when he conferred it upon Edtook the Arch-Bishop's square ward the Black Prince his eldest cap out of his hand, and put Son. The first solemn Act which it on his Brother's head, tell- he appeared in after this change ing him, that if he continued of his condition, was at the a good boy, and followed his Funerall of Prince Henry on the book, he would make him one 7th of December following, which day Arch-Bishop of Canterbury. he attended as chief Mourner. Which the child took in such On the 14th of February then disdain, that he threw the Cap next ensuing, being Sunday, and upon the ground, and trampled St. Valentine's day, he performed it under his feet, not being with- the Office of a Brideman (a Paout much difficulty and some ranymph the Grecian call him) force taken off from that eager- to the Princesse Elizabeth, his nesse.

sister, married upon that day to This, though at first it was not Friderick the Fifth, Prince Elecotherwise heheld than as an act tor Palatine: a marriage which of childish passion, yet when his drew him afterwards into many brother, Prince Henry dyed, and cares and great expences, of that he was heir apparent to the which, more hereafter. Crown, it was taken up by many In his Childhood he was noted zealous Churchmen for some ill to be very wilful, somewhat inpresage unto the Hierarchy of clining to a perversenesse of Bishops, the overthrow whereof disposition, which might proceed by his Act and Power did seem from that retiredness which the to be foresignified by it. But in imperfection of his Speech, not that their fears were groundlesse, fitting him for publick discourse, and their conjectures no better and the weakness of his limbs grounded than their fears, there and joynts (as unfit for action) never being a more gracious made him most delight in. Patron to the Church, nor a more But now being grown both in resolute Champion in behalf of years and state, he began to the Hierarchy than he proved to shake off that retirednesse, and be. What is presaged (if there betake himself to all manner were any presaging in it) in re- of man-like excercises ; such ference to the Archbishop's Per- as were vaulting, riding great son, may be shewen hereafter. horses, running at the ring, 1611, 1612.

shooting in crosse bowes, musIn the eleventh year of his kets, and sometimes in great Age, he was made Knight of the pieces of ordnance, in which he most noble Order of the Garter, became so perfect, that he was and on the sixth day of Novem- thought to be the best marksber, Anno 1612. he lost his Bro- man, and the most comely manther, Prince Henry, whom he nager of a great horse of any one immediately succeeded in the in all the three Kingdoms. And Dukedome of Cornwall, with all as he shaked off this retirednesse, the Royalties, Rents, Profits, and so he corrected in himself the peccancy of that humour which chamber, and on the twenty fifth had grown up with it; there of March Anno 1611, created being no man to be found of an Viscount Rochester, and the evenertemper, more pliant to good same year made Knight of the counsel, or lesse wedded then he Garter also, conferring on him was to his own opinion.

all the power and trust he was 1616.

capable of; that by the greatOn the third of November, nesse of the one he might keep Anno, 1616, he was, at White- down the daring nature and conhall (with all the accustomed fident spirit of the other. solemnities), created Prince of Prince Charles understood this Wales, Earl of Cheste and Flint, well enough, and carried himself and put into the actuall possession with so much prudence, that he of all the Regalities, Profits, and disputed not the power of his Commodities belonging to them; Father's favourites, suffering all his houshold being then formed Honours, Offices, and other and constituted, and all the matters at the Court, to be carofficers of State, which belong ried by them as best pleased the unto him, appointed to their King. Which though it was severall places.

generally ascribed unto PusillaniAnd now it was expected that mity, and the defect of spirit in he should break out into more him, yet was it look'd upon as an glory than he had done formerly, act of the greatest wisdom by and take upon him as the Heir of more knowing men. For had he in so great an Empire.

But con

any wayes crost the designs and sidering very wisely, that the counsels either of Carr, then Earl forward and enterprizing nature of Somerset, or of the Duke of of his brother, Prince Henry, the Buckingham, his Father's fapopularity which he effected, and vourites, (who at that time did the great resort of young Noble- much out-shine him) he had not men continually unto his Court, only incurred the King's disa had been displeasing to his Fa- pleasure, but of necessity must ther; he resolved to keep himself have divided the Court, and by at a close ward, and not to seem consequence the Kingdom also so great as he was, that when into severall factions, each labourtime served, he might appear ing to advance their own, though greater than he secmed to be. to the ruine and destruction of Old Princes do not love to have the publick peace. their eldest sons too active, and Only to take off somewhat of to tread too close upon their heels; imputation, he made so much use and, therefore, many times do of his power and interest with interpose the power of a favorite the King, as to prefer three of his to keep at the greater distance; servants unto Titles of Honour, a policy much used by King Anno 1621. viz. Sir Robert Cary James in the whole course of his of Lepington ; Sir Thomas HowGovernment, who for that cause, ard, second Son to the Earl of in the life-time of Prince Henry, Suffolk, and Master of his Horse, took Sir Robert Carr into his to the Hononr of Viscount Anda most especiall favour, whom he over, and Lord Howard of Charlfirst made Gentleman of his Bed- ton; and Sir John Vaughan Controller of his Houshould, to which had the tutelage of him, the Honour of Lord Vaughan of either as to the Government or Molinger, in the Realm of Ire- Liturgie of the Church of England.

land. The King acknowledge1618.

ing this sad truth, and condemnOn the eighteenth day of No- ing his own negligence in it, vember, Anno 1618, there ap- would be pleased to restore him

made a solemn vow, that if God peared a great blazing Star, the

to his health, he would take the fore-runner of many wofull

Prince into his own immediate events in these parts of Christendom. But the first sad effect care, instruct him in the Conthereof which we found in Eng- him on so right a bottome, that

troversies of Religion, and set land, was the death of Queen there should be no fear of his Anne, which hapned Tuesday the second of March next follow disaffection either unto the. Hiering. A losse which the Prince archy, or the rites and ceremonies bare with great equanimity, or

of the Church ; which he did acevennesse of spirit; neither ban- cordingly, that at such time as

the Prince made his journey into ishing all shews of grief with a stoical apathie, nor spending his Spain, and that some principal time in too much womanish persons in all the Places and

Offices belonging to him, were lamentation. At the funerall of this great Queen, he was prin- Wren, two of his Chaplains being

to follow after, Dr. Maw, and Dr. cipall mourner, and it became him so to be; she having

always to King James to know his plea

appointed for that service, came expressed more affection for him

sure and commands. The King than for any of the rest of her

advised them not to put themchildren,

selves upon any unnecessary dis1619.

putations, but to be only on the Not long after the death of defensive part, if they should be the Queen, King James fell challenged. And when it was very sick at Newmarket, and answered that there could be no having a desire to come to reason to engage in such disLondon, advanced on his way as putations, where there could be far as Royston, where he was no moderator; the King replied, fain to stay till his sickness was that Charles should moderate over, which at last became so dan- between them and the opposite gerous, that his death was feared. party. At which when one of At which time, Dr. Andrews them seemed to smile on the Bishop of Winchester, attending other, the King proceeded, and on him, bewailed with great told them, that Charles should affliction the sad condition which manage a point in Controversie the Church was like to fall into, with the best studied Divine of if God should take away his life, them all ; and that he had trainthe Prince being in the hands of ed up George so far as to hold the of the Scots, which made up the conclusion, though he had not greatest part of his houshold, and yet made him able to prove the not well principled by those premisses.

(To be continued.)

ness.

ON DRUNKENNESS.

course, be a drunkard ; for that

will render you wholly unfit for 860! that men should put an enemy

it. into their mouths to steal away their brains !"

SHAKSPEARE.

If you

wish all your prospects “ All the crimes on the earth do not

in life to be clouded, be a drunkdestroy so many of the human race, nor and; and they will soon be dark alienate so much property, as Drunken- enough.

LORD BACON.

If
you

would destroy your If you wish to be always thirsty, body, be a drunkard ; for drunkbe a drunkard ; for the oftener enness is the mother of disease. and more you drink, the oftener

If you mean to ruin your soul, and more thirsty you will be. be a drunkard ; its effects may

If you seek to prevent your exclude you from heaven. friends raising you in the world, If you are resolved on suicide, be a drunkard ; for that will de- be a drunkard ; that being a sure feat all their efforts.

mode of destruction. If you would effectualy coun- If

you

would expose both your teract your own attempts to do folly and secrets, be a drunkard; well, be a drunkard ; and you they will run out as the liquor will not be disappointed.

runs in. If you wish to repel the en- If you are plagued with great deavours of the whole human bodily strength, be a drunkard ; race to raise you to character, and it will soon be subdued by credit, and prosperity, be a drunk- so powerful an antagonist. ard ; and you will most assuredly If you would get rid of your triumph.

money without knowing how, be If you are determined to be a drunkard ; and it will vanish poor, be a drunkard ; and you insensibly. will soon be ragged and penny- If you would have no resource less,

when past labour but a workIf you would wish to starve house, be a drunkard ; and you your family, be a drunkard ; for will be unable to provide any. that will consume the means of Finally, if you are determined their support.

to be utterly destroyed, in estate, If you would be spunged on body, and soul, be a drunkard ; by knaves, be a drunkard ; and and you will soon know that it is that will make their task easy. impossible to adopt more effectual

If you would wish to be robbed, means to accomplish your---END. 'be a drunkard ; which will en- Drunkenness expels reason--able the thief to do it with more drowns the memory---defaces safety.

beauty---diminishes strength--If you would wish to blunt inflames the blood ---causes inyour senses, be a drunkard ; and ternal, external, and incurable you will soon be more stupid than wounds---is a witch to the senses,

a devil to the soul, a thief to the If you would become a fool. be purse---the beggar's companion, a drunkard ; and you will soon the wife's woe, and children's lose your understanding.

sorrow---makes the strong weak, If you wish to incapacitate and a wise man a fool.---He is yourself for rational inter- worse than a beast, and is a self

an ass.

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