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He was just going to step down the lion, at a very small distance, the fatal stairs, when his wife, struck my ear, which was imwho had strong suspicions of mediately answered, by another something intended against him, of the same species, but constopped and beseeched him not siderably farther off. This last to execute a commission in which joined the other in a quarter she perceived some mystery; of an hour, and, together they and, so saying, pulled him along kept ranging round the camp. with her.

We were soon prepared for them, In the mean time, Kebal was and making a general discharge agitated by a diversity of pas- of our guns, intimidated and sions. Half an hour was gone forced them to fly. It would be without his having any intelli- difficult to express how fearful gence of the success of his per- the boldest is, of a lion; and it is fidy; and, impatient to know in

easy, during the night, to disperson if his domestics had gra- cover by his countenance what tified his revenge, as he passed species of wild beast is near. down quickly, those who were If a lion, the dog, without charged to execute his orders, stirring, begins to howl fearand who, till then, had heard no fully, and experiencing the greatone stir, not doubting but it was est uneasiness, creeps toward the their victim, fell upon and mas- human species, and caressing, sacred him in the dark. Such seems to demand protection. was the well-merited end of this The other domestic animals barbarous father. He, to whom are not less agitated ; all rising, he had given, and from whom none attempting to sleep. The he had several times attempt oxen lowing in an under-melaned to rob life, inherited all choly tone. Horses paw the his substance. As his birth was ground and suffer great agitation. a mystery to himself, he lived The goats likewise shew their composed and tranquil with his alarm; and the sheep pressing wife, and never knew that she one against the other, form an was his sister.

immoveable mass. The eastern historian con- Man alone, proud and sancludes this narrative by an Ara- guine, seizes his weapon, and, bian proverb--" He that digs a palpitating with impatience, sighs pit for his brother, falls himself to meet his victim into it."

On these occasions the alarm of my monkey was very striking.

Fearful of guns, as of the apTERROR OF THE BRUTE CREATION proach of the lion, the smallest ON THE APPROACH OF THE LION.

movement made him tremble.

Moaning as if sick, he kept close (Vaillant's Travels in Africa.)

by my side, dragging after me, About half after eleven, says

as though overpowered with Mons. Vaillant, the roaring of a deadly weakness.

In this inhospitable clime, abounding with beasts of prey, travellers, who, like M. Vaillant, had courage and perseverance to explore the interior of the country, The cock alone appeared

alone appeared while the dogs are engaged. astonished at the common agita- We ever kept two tied up, to tion. A sparrow-hawk would bark in the absence of the rest, have thrown him into conster- and prevent the approach of the nation ; and he dreaded the hyena, who fears fire less than smell of a pole-cat, more than all the lion. the lions of Africa.

Proceeding on our route one Thus it is that each has a evening, continues our interestdreaded enemy; man only dares ing traveller, we had hardly all, and fears none, except his proceeded two leagues, before own species.

the horse, on which one of my If an hyena approaches, the Hottentot attendants rode, who dog will pursue it to a certain was bringing up the rear of my distance without any symptoms cavalcade, took fright, and runof fear. The ox continues lying ning away with him, came sudon the ground without alarm, denly upon us, followed by all except it is a young beast that the rest in the greatest disorder. has never before heard that dan- The confusion spread, and comgerous animal.

The horse re- municated itself to the twelve mains without any appearance of oxen that were yoked to the first fear.

waggon, who having, at that If jackalls (an animal of the moment, no Hottentots to mafox species) come

nage the leaders, took fright, dogs pursue them with eagerness and running violently, overset to a prodigious distance, unless the carriage, and broke the beam; they scent lions or hyenas by the which the oxen dragged after way ; in which case they return them, rushing into a thicket. as quick as possible. The Hot- The confusion increased every tentots pretend that the jackall moment; while the bellowing is the spy of other beasts ; and of the cattle left us very little that he comes to excite and room to doubt of being pursued provoke the dogs to follow him, by lions. Some ran to arms; in order that the lion and hyena others endeavoured to stop the may have the better opportunity oxen which drew the other wagto seize on their prey, which gons, and which began running they share amicably with him like the first. The rest of the in recompence for the service Hottentots were seeking fuel to performed. What I have seen kindle a fire. Meanwhile I demay in some measure lead to parted, followed by some of our this assertion, which is most like- best marksmen, examining the ly exaggerated. It is certain road we had just passed, deterthat as soon as the jackalls begin mined to oppose the pursuit of their concert, the lion or hyena the wild beast, and give my is to be expected. These, how- people time to prepare for them. ever, will not shew themselves The night was not very dark.

near, the

find it necessary to proceed in large parties. Like soldiers in an enemy's country, where they halt they pitch their tents, and this, from the extreme heat of the sun, is generally in the day time, renewing their route in the cool of the night, as often as they found the country not much infested with wild beasts.

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We were on a sandy plain, so

on a sandy plain, so taught these animals, that under that we could discover objects at the protection of our fires, they a considerable distance. Finding had nothing to fear from their our dogs come back to us, I enemies? or, could they have made no doubt but our pursuers reflected, that during the twelve were near, and immediately af- months they had travelled with ter we perceived two lions on an me, the wild beasts, who had hillock, apparently waiting for given them so much inquietude

We all fired together with- in the beginning, had never darout wounding them, but they ed attack or even approach them; immediately disappeared. We and from hence entertain an then advanced, in hopes of shoot- high opinion of mankind, coning one at least, but finding our sidering them as powerful proendeavours fruitless, and our fires tectors ? at the camp appearing to be well I shall not endeavour to exkindled,* we returned to them. plain this mystery, but I believe

Our dispersed oxen soon fol- that nature has indiscriminately lowed our example, and came up endued animals with a sufficient to us one after another, the only quantity of intelligence to secure ones wanting, being those be- their own preservation. And I longing to the first waggon. have had many occasions of reWe heard these low at a distance, marking instances of this kind but none of my men cared to that has struck me with astonishfollow the sound. I, however, ment. engaged several of them to ac- At day break we returned to company me, each carrying a the spot where we had seen the lighted brand in one hand a gun lions ; by the prints of whose in the other, and we were attend- feet, I could discover that one ed by my dogs, who presently was a female, the marks being conducted us to the spot. The smaller than those of the male. piece of the beam which they I followed them some time, had dragged away, having caught which brought me within a little between two beams, stopped the distance of my people, which oxen ; but tackle and traces were proved that we had been closely so entangled, that it was im- beset. possible to disengage them, with- We congratulated each other out cutting it to pieces. Three on our being on guard all night, only were now wanting; these and this proved an useful lesson had broken their yoke, and we to me, to travel no more after concluded, were devoured; but dark in a country I was so little on returning, we found they had acquainted with, and which, I just arrived in safety.

afterwards learned, was the most Could instinct alone have dangerous of all Africa.

* Fires are made in these cases, neither for warmth, nor always to cook their provisions, but to keep off the wild beasts. But even this element has sometimes proved no barrier to the royal tyger of Bengal, which has been known to rush through the flames when pinched by hunger.

instance I


witnessed of



Having left Swillendam, says I own the little recital affected M. Vaillant, I took an easterly me; and the proof she had given course, and after two days jour- of attachment made her still ney, arrived at a wood, named more valuable. If my man had Le Bois du Grand Pere. I deter- not been successful in his search, mined to stay till the next day, she must have perished with and prepared accordingly, wish- hunger, or become a prey to ing to explore the wood.

some wild beast. In calling my dogs, I observed M. Jannequin in his voyage a little female, which I called to Senegal, relates a singular Rosette, a great favourite, was combat betwixt a Moorish chief absent. Concerned at this, for monarch of the forest, on the she had been of great use to my banks of the Niger. This prince pack, I enquired of all my peo- took M. Jannequin and his atple whether they had seen her tendants to a place adjoining a on the road. One only assured large wood; much infested by me that he had fed her in the wild beasts, and directed them morning

to mount the trees. Then getAfter an hour or two spent in ting on his horse, and taking fruitless searches, I sent out my three spears and a dagger, he enHottentot to call on all sides ; tered the wood, where he soon I likewise fired my piece several found a lion, which he wounded times, thinking the report might in the buttock. The enraged reach her, and put her on the animal sprang with great fury at scent. When I saw their endea- his assailant, who, by a feigned vours did not succeed, I ordered flight, drew him where the one of my men to mount my company stationed. He horse, and return the way we then turned his horse, and in a came, directing him to spare no moment darted a second spear at pains in tracing my favourite. him, which pierced his body. In about four hours we saw the He alighted, and the lion, now messenger returning, carrying grown furious, advanced with before him, on the pommel of open jaws, but he received the the saddle, a chair, and a large animal on the point of his third basket. Rosette was running spear, which he forced into his before, appearing as pleased to gullet; then, at one leap, springsee me as I was satisfied with her ing across his body, he cut open return.

his throat with the dagger. In The Hottentot informed me this contest, the Moor's agility that he had found her abont two and address was such, that he leagues distance, seated on the received only a slight scratch on road, by the side of the chair and the thigh. basket, which had been dropped from the waggon without being perceived. I had heard much of the fidelity of dogs in similar There was one Ferguson, an cases, but this was the first intimate of king James I, who,





being about the same age, had and animadverted on it. But the been a play-fellow with him monitor, however, did not stop when they were young,

here: he levelled a particular with him into England, and, ex- satire at the king for the tending the rights of friendship mimic, pointing directly to too far, frequently took the James (who was to personate the liberty of advising, and some- Ferguson), raising his voicetimes admonishing, or rather “ There,” said he, “stands a reproving his sovereign. The man whom I would have you king was often vexed by his free- imitate : the honest creature was dom, and at length said to him, the comrade of my childhood, between jest and earnest, “ You and regards me with a cordial are perpetually censuring my affection to this very moment : conduct: I'll make you a king he has testified his friendship by some time or other, and try you. all the

means in his power ; Accordingly one day, the court studying my welfare, guarding being very jovial, it came into me from evil counsellors, prompthis majesty's head to execute this ing me to princely actions, and project; and so calling Ferguson, warning me of every danger; he ordered him into the chair of for all which, he never asked me state, bidding him there play the any thing: and, by Jove, though king; while, for his part, he I have squandered thousands on would personate Johnny Fergu- several of you, yet, in the whole The mock-sovereign put

course of


life, I never gave on the airs of royalty, and talk- him a farthing." The king, neting to those about him in a strain tled by the sarcasm, cried out like that of the real one, only to Ferguson, “ Augh! you pauky with less pedantry. It was a loun, what wad you be at ? Awa perfect comedy, till the unlucky aff my thrane, and let's hae na knave turned the tables, and mair o'


nainsance." came all of a sudden to moralize on the vanity of honour, wealth, and pleasure ; to talk of the

DUELLING. insincerity, venality, and corruption of courtiers, and servants of The ancients most certainly the crown; how entirely they have had very imperfect notions had their own interests at heart, of honour, for they had none of and how generally their own duelling. One reads, it is true, pretended zeal and assiduity of murders committed every now were the disguise of falsehood and then among the Greeks and and flattery. This discourse Romans, prompted only by intermade a change in some of their est and revenge, and performed countenances, and even the real without the least Attic politemonarch did not relish it alto- ness, or Roman urbanity. No gether. He was afraid it might letters of gentle invitation were have some effect upon his mini- sent to any man to come and ons, and lessen the tribute of have his throat cut the next adulation they were used to offer morning. with great profusion, when they This delicacy of sentimentfound how this wag observed this refinement of manners, was

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