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successful aim in this room ; and character, we doubt not, the reart, guided by sound judgment, verse of secondary, to whatever lively and polished taste, has travelled experience can be quaavailed itself of all sorts of mate- lified to point out as actually exrials to attain the end proposed. isting in any other part of the haThe splendid number of glossy bitable globe*, jars of blue porcelain, well ap- Centrally, between the two propriated and judiciously placed, magnificent apartments described, contribute magnificently to this rises the rotunda or saloon, the effect; they excel, in richness interior of which forms an oband brilliancy, whatever of the long of fifty-five feet, with corkind we have before seen, foreign nice supported by columns and or native ; they are of Stafford- pillasters. The ornamental emshire manufacture, and were fur- bellishments here have been nished by Spode and Copland. much changed since 1820 ; the Like the music room, this apart- diversity of decoration aving ment is carpetted throughout, and given way to a dead white, with displays another fine specimen of gold edgings, &c. which unite talent in that line, from Axmin-, apparent coolness and simplicity, ster, and, like that room, this is with richness and elegance of also lighted by five spacious win- effect. To the north, occupying dows, which open to the east, the space between the rotunda the draperies of which, composed and music room, is, what is now of the richest crimson silks, termed, the yellow room, from adorned with gold, delightfully the prevalent colour there, forharmonize with silks of celestial merly called the breakfast room ; blue, which clothe the dividing it is fifty-six feet in length by piers, and complete a tout ensem- twenty in breadth.

An apartble of such matchless beauty, as ment, of about the same dimenrender words inadequate to do it sions, connects the rotunda to justice. The painted decorations, the banqueting room, southward; and the general designs, under and there are various anti-rooms, the classic suggestions of their drawing rooms, including a new illustrious possessor, have been breakfast room, &c. to the west the work of Robert Jones, Esq. of the Chinese gallery, in all of and have deservedly raised his which the embellishments have reputation to the highest pinna- been studiously regulated to procle of professional fame; the duce an effect in close alliance, if time-piece, &c. are by Perry; the may so express ourselves, furniture and draperies are by with the science of taste, that the Bailey and Saunders; and the several links of the radiant chain stoves, &c. throughout, are Cut- may improve the beauty of each, ler's. To speak of this room as a and resolve themselves into a whole, it involves the perfection species of glowing perfection as of British art, and stamps on it a a whole. (To be continued).

we

* The descriptive account of the royal music and banqueting rooms, have previously appeared in the public prints ; but as they were written, after a minute survey, by the author of these pages, he here claims and makes use of them as his own.

CHARLES THE FIRST-continued from puge 286.

1639.

before ; so that the king was This forced the king to set fain to call honie his sheet anchor, forth against them, accompanied the lord lieutenant of Ireland, with an army royal, and furnish- whom, not long after he created ed with such a gallant company earl of Stratford, in the county of lords and gentlemen, as might of York; hy whose advice, seassure him of a cheap and easie conded by the archbishop of victory. But he, conceiving that Canterbury, his majesty gave a the terrour of his coming would publick intimation of a parliareduce the Scots to obedience ment, to begin on the thirteenth without blows or bloodshed, re- day of April, then next followsolved in himself not to out-go ing. And it was intimated so muster and ostentation; and, long beforehand for these two thereupon, was very easily in- reasons. First-that the lord treated to refer all differences lieutenant of Ireland might in between them to certain com- the mean time hold a parliament missioners of both kingdoms. in that kingdome, which he did,

By their negotiation, a general and managed so much to the accord was made at Berwick, on king's advantage, that an army of the seventeenth of June, anno eight thousand horse and foot 1639, upon which the king pre- was speedily raised, and money sently disbanded his forces, and granted by the parliament to returned towards London, having keep them in pay, and furnish effected nothing by his chargea- them with ammunition, arms, ble expedition, but his making and all other necessaries. Sethe Scots more insolent than condly—that by the reputation before they were, and giving of a following parliament, he them a greater reputation in the might be the better enabled to eye of the world than before borrow money for the carrying they had ; of which he became on of the war, in case the parassured and sensible when it was liament should fail him, as it too late. For no sooner had he after did. For, being conse todisbanded his army, but the gether at the time appointed, pacification, such as it was, was instead of acting any thing in openly protested against in the order to his majesty's service, Scots army; and many false they were at the point of passing copies of it were scattered abroad a vote for blasting his war against to make it more dishonourable the Scots. To prevent which, to the king, and of more advan- his majesty was forced to dissolve tage to themselves. The officers them on the fifth of May—the of their army were retained in convocation still continuing, who pay—the old form of holding granted him a benevolence of parliaments in that kingdom was foure shillings in the pound for altered by them—and the pre- all their ecclesiastical promorogatives of the crown invaded; tions, to be paid six years togetheir words and actions tending ther then next ensuing. to a more general defection than The members of the dissolved parliament inflamed the people thereupon, he summoned the in all parts of the kingdome with great council of his peers to atsuch discontentments, which ac- tend him at York, that, doing tually brake out in Southwark nothing in this great businesse into open sedition, not pacified without their advice, he might without much danger and the give himself the better hopes of execution of the principal leader. their assistance, as his occasions In the middle of which distem- should require. By their advice pers his majesty was blest with commissioners are appointed to a third son, born on the eighth treat with the Scots—to underof July, christened by the name stand their grievances—the reaof Henry, and by his majesty's sonableness or unreasonableness command called duke of Glouces- of their demands—and, finally, ter.

to make up the breach by such

an accommodation as might con1640.

duce to the peace and happiness To welcome this young prince of both kingdoms, and his majesinto the world, the Scots put ty's honour. themselves into arms again, and In the mean time he calls a backed by a strong faction here, parliament, to begin at Westthought they could not do enough minster, the third day of Novemby standing on their defence at ber then next following, which, home, unless they entered Eng- if it had been held at York, as land also, as they did according- lying nearest to the danger and ly. But they took not his majesty scene of action, might not have unprovided, who

who had raised proved so fatal and destructive to another gallant army under the him, as it after did. command of the earl of North- In the beginning of this parumberland, as chief general, and liament, he cast himself on the the earl of Strafford as the chief love and loyalty of his English commander under him-himself, subjects, in which he found himwith all speed, posting towards self deceived of his expectation. the north, as soon as the news of For the first thing they did, was this invasion had been brought to deprive him of the counsels of unto him. But scarce was he the lord lieutenant of Ireland, well settled at the head of his and the archbishop of Canterarmy, but he was followed by a bury; and, thereby, to terrify all petition from

lords of others from adhering to him in England, conformable in the the times of the greatest need. main points of it to a declaration These they impeached of high of the Scots, which they called treason-removed them from the the intention of their army. So house of peers, and committed that the cloud which gathered them to the tower of London, behind him in the south threat- where the archbishop staid four ened more danger to him than years before any particular charge, the northern tempest, which or any prosecution upon that blew directly in his teeth. charge, was brought against

Sailing thus between Scylla him. But with the lord lieutenand Charybdis, it concerned him ant of Ireland they made quicker to steer as even as he could, and, work, inviting the people of the

some

three kingdomes to bring them bim to the scaffold on Tower-hill, in such matter as they had or the thirteenth of May, where, could devise against him; and with as much christian confihaving made all things ready for dence and magnanimity as could a public tryal, they brought him be expressed by flesh and blood, to the bar, before the peers, sit- he delivered up his neck to the ting in Westminster-hall, on the executioner. sixth of April then next follow- In order to this great work ing ; but he so rationally pleaded which they knew the Scots much in his own behalf, and so fully laboured for, and had declared satisfyed all objections which so much in a pamphlet called were made against him, that the “ The intentions of their Army," commons were fain to desist from at their first coming into Eng. the course which they had begun, land, the leading men in the and to proceed against him in a house of commons held a strict bill of attainder. For the better correspondence with the Scots passing whereof the commons commissioners, then residing in framed a protestation on the London, and voted no less than third of May, in many things not three hundred thousand pounds unlike the the Scottish covenant, (by the name of a brotherly asbefore-mentioned, by which they sistance), to be given to the bound themselves, among other Scots in general, under colour things, to maintain and defend of repairing such damages as they the power and privileges of par- had sustained in the time of this liament-the lawful rights and breach, but in plain truth to bind liberties of the subject—to en- them fast unto themselves. And deavour to bring to condigne having made sure work with punishment all such as shall, them, they deprived the king either by force, practice, plots, by little and little of almost all counsels, and conspiracies, or the ancient aud undoubted preotherwise, do any thing to the rogatives which of right belongcontrary, (amongst which they ed unto his crown. reckon the earl Strafford to be The power of calling parliaone), and, finally, to stand unto ments, in case of his neglect and one another, and to every other refusal, is put into the hands of person whatsoever in any thing sheriffs and constables ; his right he shall do in pursuance of the to tonnage and poundage must said protestation. Which pro- be disclaimed by act of parliatestation, being first taken by ment; the bill of the attainder themselves, was the next day of the earl of Strafford, and that taken also by the house of peers, for the continuance of this parand, not long after, obtruded on liament during the pleasure of all the rest of the kingdom. But the houses, are extorted by tunot finding this sufficient to ef- mults. And by the terror of the fect their purpose, they first like, the act for knighthood is forced the lords by tumults, and, repealed, and the imposition for afterwards, the king by their ship-money condemned as an ilimportunities to passe that un- legal tax, and abolished also. happy bill of attainder; which, The like acts passed against the having obtained, they brought office of the clerk of the market,

the court of stanneries, his pro- plunder, till there was almost priety in the making of gunpow. nothing left for them to crave, or der, the authority of the council- the king to grant. But being at table, the courts of star-cham- the last sent home, his majesty ber and high commission, the followed not long after to settle jurisdiction of the ecclesiastical his affairs in that broken kingcourts, as, also, the presidial dom; where, to oblige that nacourts held for a long time in tion to him, he confirmed not York and the marches of Wales. only all his former concessions And, finally, that he might lose by act of parliament, but all such both his strength in parliament, things also has had been acted and his power with the people, by them in their assembly held they extorted the passing of two at Glasgow. And more than so, acts, the one for taking away the he parted with so much of his bishops' votes and place in the royal prerogative (invaded and house of peers, the other for dis- usurped by them in the late conclaiming of his power in pressing fusions), that he had almost nosoldiers (enjoyed by all his pre- thing left remaining to him, but decessors), for the defence of his the empty title, the having of a person and the realm.

sword carried before hin, and And that they might the bet- some other outward pomps of ter awe the king to their con- court, which signify just nothing cessions, the army of the Scots when the power is gone. must be maintained with pay and

(To be continued.)

Mr. Editor,

with his sentence. It sets the

husband as lord of the household, The following Epitome of the

and the wife as mistress of the Bible, by the late celebrated Wil- table ; tells him how to rule, and liam Huntington, may not be un

her how to manage. It entails worthy of a place in your valua

honour to parents, and enjoins ble GLEANER. A SUBSCRIBER. obedience to children. It pre

scribes and limits the sway The BỊBLE.-A nation must be of the sovereign, the rule of truly blessed, if it were governed the ruler, and the authority of by no other laws than those of the master ; commands the subthis blessed book. It is so com- ject to honour, and the servant plete a systein, that nothing can to obey , and promises the blessbe added to it or taken from it. ing and protection of its author It contains every thing needful to to all who walk by its rules. It' be known and done. It affords gives directions for weddings, a copy for a king (Deut. 17, 18); and for burials; regulates feasts and a rule for a subject. It gives and fasts, mournings and rejoiinstruction and counsel to a se- cings ; and orders labour for the nate, authority and direction for day and rest for the night. It a magistrate. It cautions a wit- promises food and raiment, and ness, requires an impartial verdict limits the use of both. It points of a jury, and furnishes the judge out a faithful and an eternal guar

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