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fessional talents of F. Crace, and throughout the palace is alesq. and his qualified assistants. most entirely the work of British In the scene of radiant and im- materials and British hands ; it posing splendour here displayed, combines a whole, in which the it has been his majesty's wish to high and cultivated taste of a give encouragement to every patriot monarch forms a strong branch of the arts, and especially feature, as diffusing its rays and to British manufactures ; and illuminating national worth and most faithfully do the commands industry, that merits, and must of the sovereign appear to have obtain, the admiration of the been obeyed. Every thing here world.
(To be continued.)
CHARLES THE FIRST-continued from puge 246.
But the presbyterian Scots, neglect, by the placing of a lord not ignorant of the king's inten- president over them to direct in tions, insinuated into the minds chief. of the common people, that this So that the people, generally
a design only to subject being fooled into this opinion, that
pure kirk to the superstitious that both their christian and civil rites and ceremonies of the liberty were in no small danger, church of England ; and that, became capable of any imprestherefore, it behoved them to sion which the presbyterian facstand together as one man to op- tion could imprint upon them. pose their entrance.
Which visibly appeared by a The lords and gentry of that virulent and seditious libel, pubrealm, who feared nothing so lished in the year 1634; wherein much as the commission of sur- the king was not only charged rendries, before mentioned, laid with altering the government of hold on this occasion also ; and that kingdom, but traduced for they, being seconded by some very strong inclinations to the male-contented spirits of that religion of the church of Rome. nation, who had not found the The chief abettor whereof (for king to be as prodigal of his fa- the author was not to be found), vours as his father had been be- was lord Balmerino, for which he fore, endeavoured to
possess was legally convicted and conthem with fears and jealousies, demned of treason, but pardoned that Scotland was to be reduced by the king's great goodnesse, to the form of a province, and and by that pardon kept alive for governed by a deputy, or lord the mischiefs following: lieutenant, as Ireland was. The The fire thus breaking out in like was done also by some lords Scotland, it was no marvel if it of secret council, who, before, had had laid hold on England, also governed as they listed, and the Puritans of both nations thought their power diminished, working themselves, about this and their persons under some time, into a body, and from henceforth communicating their chancel, where it had stood (and counsels and designs unto one by her injunctions ought to another.
stand) in queen Elizabeth's time. The king, not long after his Against this some of the parishreturn, thought fit to renew his ioners appealed to the dean of father's declaration, about law- the arches, and the dean and ful sports on the Lord's day, the chapter to the king. The cause principal motives whereunto, being heard before his majestie were the increase of popery in and the lords of the council, on some parts of the kingdome, oc- the third of November, anno casioned by interdicting all ho- 1623, it pleased his majestie, nest recreations on that day, and having first shewed his dislike of the rest of the holydayes-the' all innovations, to declare that tendency of the Sabbatarian he well approved and confirmed doctrine to downright Judaism, the act of the said ordinary ; and some orders made by some pub- also gave commandement, that lick ministers of justice, for sup if those few parishioners, before pressing the annual feasts of the mentioned, do proceed in their dedication of churches, common- said appeal, then the dean of the ly called wakes; and, finally, arches (who was then attending the bringing of dancing, running, at the hearing of the cause) shall shooting, and other harmlesse confirm the said order of the recreations, within the compass aforesaid dean and chapter. On of the statute made in the first this encouragement, the archparliament of his reign, against bishop of Canterbury in his meall unlawful exercises and pas- tropolitical visitation, beginning times; in which no such a thing in the year next following, and was intended.
And though the the suffragan bishops, in their king's intention in it was only several and respective diocesses, to ease the people from that yoke did appoint the like, for the of superstition which many avoiding of those frequent inconof their preachers had laid upon veniences and prophanations them ; yet by the practice of which that sacred table had forthose preachers, it made more merly been exposed unto. noise among the people, and This made the Puritan faction wakened more to appear in de- : open wider than before they did, fence of that which they call re- às foolishly afraid of the breakligion, than all the geese in the ing in of superstition, by this capitol.
last declaration, as of prophaneNor did his majestie speed nesse by the other. And, that much better in another of his they might keep pace with the pious intentions, concerning the Scots in all particulars, they disconformity of parochial churches persed many scandalous and seto their mother cathedrals. The ditious libels against the governdean and chapter of St. Paul's (as ours of the church, and all that ordinaries of the place) had ap- acted by and under their authoripointed the communion table in ty, not sparing the king himself, St Gregory's church to be placed if he came in their way; most altar-wise, at the end of the certain tokens and prognosticks
of those great combustions which concerned. And though the soon after followed in both king- king had the opinion of all the domes.
judges, under their hands, to justifie his proceedings in it; yet
chose he rather to proceed Nor were there any lesse ap- against them in a legal way, prehensions infused into them than to make use of any arbitraby some zealous patriots, who
ry power, or the opinion of the most ambitiously affected the judges, which, extrajudiciously, title of champions of the proper- had been given in the case. And ty and liberty of the English na- so well did he prosper in it, that tion--the occasion this :-The when it came to be argued in the sovereignty of the narrow seas, exchequer-chamber of the twelve had not only been invaded by judges, ten absolutely declared the Hollanders, during the late themselves for the lawfulnesse of troubles both at home and it; the other two, Crook and abroad; but that invasion had Hutton, dissenting openly from been justified in some publick that opinion, to which they had writings. And, thereupon, by formerly subscribed. So that the advice of Mr. Noy, his attor- here being a mixture also both ny-general, he issued certain of christian and civil liberties, writs, in the tenth year of his which were given out to be in reign, anno 1634, directed to all danger; it is no marvel if the the port towns of the kingdome, faction in both nations did conto set out a certain number of spire to disturb the peace and ships furnished with mariners, happinesse of this flourishing ammunition, victuals, and all kingdome. other necessaries, for the defence of the realm ; which writs he
1637. afterwards extended, also, to the The ground thus laid, it was inland counties, following there- thought fit the first part of the in the examples of his predeces- tragedy should be plaid in Scotsors, in which none was better land. The bishops of that able to instruct him than he that church, though they liked well gave him that advice. By means enough of the English liturgie, whereof he did not only recover desired a liturgie of their own, that dominion which belonged to for fear of acknowledging some him on the sea, but very much dependency of that church on improved and enriched the land, this; which being composed as before is said ; which, not- amongst themselves, and approvwithstanding, some of the dis- ed by some of the English precontented members of the former lates, to whom his majesty reparliament, and others of the ferred the perusal of it, was resame party, under colour of commended to the Scots for the standing in defence of the rights use of that church, and the and properties of the subject, did twenty-third day of July, anno stubbornly oppose the payment 1637, appointed for the first of that imposition, in which the exercise and reading of it. On honour, wealth, and happinesse this occasion .followed the sediof this kingdome was so much tion at Edinburgh, encouraged, under-hand, by the marquesse of though the king, by the perHamilton, the earls of Roxborow swasion of Hamilton here, and and Traquair, and many other of his untrusty servants there, gave the king's false servants, both in order for the suppressing of the court and council.
liturgie, the high commission, This sedition afterwards brake the book of canons, and even the out into open action, the princi- articles of Perth, though conpal sticklers against the book of firmed in parliament; yet nothing common prayer, and the king's could content their pride and proceedings in the same, engag- insolence, but the utter abolishing the whole nation in a solemn ing of episcopal government ; covenant for the extirpation of which, since they found the king episcopacy, and whatsoever they resolved not to yield unto, they were pleased to comprehend were resolved to do it without under the general names of here- him, in their assembly held at sie and superstition, in which, Glasco, abolishing the episcopal not only the five articles of order, and thundering their anaPerth, but the whole common themas and excommunications, prayer-book was intended by not only against the bishops them. And that they might be themselves, but all such as adsure to keep their party together, hered to them. And that they they bound themselves in the might be before-hand with him, said covenant, to stand to one they intercepted his revenews, another in pursuance and de- surprised all his forts and castles, fence thereof, against all manner and, finally, put themselves into of persons whatsoever, the king open armes. himself not being excepted. And
(To be continued.)
THE SKELETON OF THE WRECK.
humanity, ordered the ship to be
put about, and sent out à boat While sir Michael Seymour with instructions to board the was in the command of the Ame- wreck, and ascertain whether thyst frigate, and was cruising in there was any being still survivthe bay of Biscay, the wreck of ing whom the help of his fellowa merchant ship drove past. man might save from the grasp of Her deck was just above water; death. The boat rowed towards her lower masts alone standing the drifting mass ; and while Not a soul could be seen on struggling with the difficulty of board ; but there was a cubhouse getting through a high-running on deck, which had the appear- sea, close along side, the crew ance of having been recently shouting all the time as loud as patched with old canvas and they could, an object like in aptarpawling, as if to afford shelter pearance to a bundle of clothes to some forlorn remnant of the was observed to roll out of the
It blew at this time a cubhouse, against the lee shrouds strong gale ; but sir Michael, of the mast. With the end of a listening only to the dictates of boat-hook they managed to get hold of it, and hauled it into the rous skeleton, who seemed to boat, when it proved to be the have just life enough left to trunk of a man, bent head and breathe the remembrance that knees together, and so wasted there was still “ another man,” away as scarce to be felt within his companion in suffering, to be the ample clothes which had saved. Captain S. committed once fitted it in a state of life him to the special charge of the and strength. The boat's crew surgeon, who spared no means hastened back to the Amethyst which humanity or skill could with this miserable remnant of suggest, to achieve the noble mortality; and so small was it object of creating anew, as it in bulk, that a lad of fourteen were, a fellow-creature, whom years of age was able to lift it famine had stripped of almost into the ship. When placed on every living energy. For three deck, it 'showed, for the first weeks he scarcely ever left his time, to the astonishment of all, patient, giving him nourishment signs of remaining life ; it tried with his own hand every five or to move, and next moment mut- ten minutes; and at the end of tered, in a hollow sepulchral three weeks more, the “ skeleton tone, “ there is another man. of the wreck” was seen walking The instant these words were on the deck of the Amethyst ; heard, sir Michael ordered the and, to the surprise of all who boat to shove off again for the recollected that he had been liftwreck. The sea having now be- ed into the ship by a cabin boy, come somewhat smoother, they presented the stately figure of a succeeded this time in boarding man, nearly six feet high ! the wreck, and looking into the cubhouse, they found two other human bodies, wasted like the DEAN Swift's VISIT TO one they had saved, to the very TUCKER, OF OLD LONDON BRIDGE. bones, but without the least spark of life remaining. They
(Concluded from page 253.) were sitting in a shrunk up pos- “Poor Hogarth !" said crispin, ture, a hand of one resting on a “ I suppose he was hanged on tin pot, in which there was about such notable evidence as that of a gill of water ; and a hand of the witches, who were burnt to the other reaching to the deck, boot, by the great judge, Hales." as if to regain a bit of salt beef, “ Yes," said the dean, “ of the size of a walnut, which right, master cordwainer, by had dropped from its nerveless their own confession;
so let's grasp. Unfortunate men! they you and I be duly thankful, man, had starved on their scanty store, that we do not live in such a betill they had not strength re- sotted age! But, master crispin, maining to lift the last morsel to
devils confessed their mouths! The boat's crew crimes they did not commit, having completed their last me- whilst. you are revelling, and lancholy survey, returned on confess not at all. A rare mint · board, where they found the of money you must be making
ship's company engrossed by by this buccaniering on the fame their efforts to preserye the gene- of your learned dons.”