« PreviousContinue »
CHARLES THE FIRST-continued from page 206. At the end of the former ses- unto his council in the beginning sion he had admitted Sir John of April, 1627 ; and finding them Savill, of Yorkshire, a busie man to be of as great abilities to adin the House of Commons (but vise, as sincere in their affections otherwise a politic and prudent to his person, he advanced the person), to be one of his privy first to the see of Winchester, council, created him lord Savill, and afterwards to the archbishopof Ponfract, and made him comp- rick of York, anno, 1631-the troller of his household, in the second to the, see of London, and place of Sir John Suckling, de- thence to Canterbury, anno, ceased. And a little before the 1633. beginning of the following ses
1629. sion, he took into his council sir Thomas Wentworth, of Went- But whilest it was such hot worth Woodhouse, in the same weather at home, it grew cold county, whom he created vis- abroad : the breach betwixt him count Wentworh, and made lord and France being closed up at president of the north ; and, the same time, by the prudent within two years after, lord and seasonable intervention of deputy of Ireland, also.
the state of Venice. And, not a man of prodigious parts, which long after, he concluded a peace he made use of, at the first, in also, with the king of Spain—all favour of the popular faction; things being left, on both sides, but being gained unto the king in the same condition in which by sir R. Weston, then chancel- they were before the war, but lour of the exchequer (after- that the Spaniard did ingage that wards lord treasurer and earl of he would make use of all his inPortland), he became the most terest with the emperor, for redevout friend of the church-the storing the prince elector Palagreatest zelot for advancing mo- tine to his lost estate. narchial interest-and the ablest And now the king having minister of state which our his- thrown away his crutches (which tories have afforded to us.
had so often deceiv'd him, as he On the judgment of these two trusted to them), he began to his majesty did much rely in civil stand on his own legs, and in a matters, as he did on the advice short time became more of doctor Neile, then bishop of siderable in the eyes of the world Durham, and doctor Laud, then than any of his predecessors bishop of Bath and Wells, in The Spaniard sent hither, yearly, matters which concerned the in English bottoms, no less than church. These last he had called six hundred thousand crowns in
seen, it is regarded as an omen of some misfortune to the royal family. They have their nests in the mountains near Pekin; their heads are like peacocks': the Chinese emblem-their shoulders to the virtues; their wings signifying justice ; their sides obedience; and the nest fidelity. The emperor, calaos, and mandarins, have the semblance of these birds embroidered on their vests and other habits.
bullion, for the use of his army men of that kingdome (by the in the Netherlands, redounding connivance of the earl of Murray very much to the king's benefit and some other of the regents), in the coinage, and no lesse to to make them sure unto the the profit of the merchants also, side. And they being thus posmost of the money being return- sessed of the said lands, with the ed into Flanders in leather, cloth, regalities and tithes belonging to lead, tin, and other of the manu- those ecclesiastical corporations, factures and native commodities lorded it with pride and insoof this kingdome. The Dutch lence enough in their several terand Easterlings lookt upon Lon- ritories, holding the clergy to don as the safest bank, not onely small stipends, and the poor peato lodge, but increase their trea- sant under a miserable vassalage sure; so that, in a short time, and subjection to them. the greatest part of the trade of King Charles ingaged in war christendom was driven up the at his first coming to the crown, Thames.
and having little aid from thence
for the maintenance of it, by the 1630.
advice of his council of that To make him yet more esti- kingdome, was put upon a course mable in the sight of the people, of resuming those lands, tithes, God blest him with a son, the and regalities into his own hands, presumptive heir of his domini- to which the present occupants ons, on the twenty-ninth of May, could pretend no other title than anno, 1630, and seconded that the unjust usurpation of their anblessing with the birth of a cestors. This he endeavoured, daughter, on the fourth of No- first by an act of revocation ; but vember, in the next year after that course not being like to as, afterwards, with a plentiful speed, he followed it in the way issue of both sexes.
of a legal processe, which drew
on the commission for surrender1633.
ing of superiorities and tithes, to Nor did he meet with any be retaken from the king on check in his prosperity till the such conditions, as might bring year 1633, at what time the coals some profit to the crown-some of faction and sedition, which augmentation to the clergy-and seemed for some years to have far more ease and benefit to the been raked up in the ashes of common people. But these contentment, kindled the next proud Scots chose rather to excombustible matter, and brake pose their countrey to the danforth again to the inflaming of ger of a publick ruine, than to both kingdoms. Scotland burn- part with any of that power (it eth first, and takes fire on this might be called a tyranny rather), occasion.
which they had exercised on In the minority of king James, their vassals, as they commonly the lands of all cathedral churches called them; and, thereupon, and religious houses which had conspired together to oppose the been settled on the crown by act king in any thing that should be of parliament, where shared offered in the following parliaamongst the lords and great ment, which had relation to
the church, or to church af- passion, resurrection, and ascenfairs.
sion, and the coming down of But because religion and the the Holy Ghost. All of which care thereof, is commonly the he got to be confirmed in the best bait to catch the vulgar, following parliament. they must find out some other So far, that wise king had admeans to divert the king from vanced the work of uniformity, the prosecuting of that commis- before his engaging in the cause sion, than the consideration of of the Palatinate. His breach their own personal and private with Spain, and the war which interest ; and they found means did insue upon it, took off his to do it on another occasion, thoughts from prosecuting that which was briefly this.
design, which his son, being King James from his first more intangled in wars abroad coming to this crown, had a de- and distempers at home, had no sign to bring the kirk of Scot- time to finish, till he had settled land to an uniformity with the his affairs, and attained to some church of England, both in measure both of power and glory. government and forms of wor- But seeing, it was a businesse ship. And he proceeded so far which was to be acted leisurely as to settle episcopacy amongst and by degrees, not all at once, them, naming thirteen he first resolved upon passing of bishops for so many episcopal an act of ratification of all that sees, as had been anciently in had been done by his father, and that church ; three of which re« then to go in hand with the inceived consecration from the troducing of a public liturgie. bishops of England, and confer- In the effecting whereof, at such red it on the rest of their breth- a time as he went into Scotland ren at their coming home : which to receive that unfortunate bishops he armed also with the crown, he found a stronger oppower of an high commission, position in the parliament of the better to keep down the in- that kingdome—also, about the solent and domineering spirit of passing of that act of ratification, the Presbyterians. In order to than he had reason to expect; the other, he procured an act, to but carried it at last by a far mabe passed in the assembly, at jor part of that assembly. Aberdeen, anno, 1616, for com- This gave him the first taste of posing a liturgie, and extracting their disaffection to his person a new book of canons out of the and government ; but he went scattered acts of their old assem- forward, notwithstanding, in purblies. At the assembly, held at suit of those purposes, which he Perth, anno, 1618, he obtained brought thither with him : for, an order for receiving the com- not long after his return into munion kneeling—for adminis- England, he gave order to the tering baptisme and the Lord's dean of his chapel royal, in Edinsupper in private houses in cases burgh, that prayers
be read of extreme necessity, for episco- therein according to the English pal confirmation-and, finally, liturgie-that a communion be for the celebrating the anniver- had every month, and all comsaries of our Saviour's birth, his municants to receive the sacrament on their knees-that he the divine service there on Sun who officiates, if he be a bishop, days and holydays : for by this perform it in his rochet and other means he gave himself no improepiscopal robes, and that he do it bable hopes, that the English in his surplice, if a common pres- liturgie, passing a prohationerbyter-and, finally, that not only ship in the chapel royal, might the lords of the council, but the find a plausible entertainment in lords of the session, and as many the churches of Edinburgh, and of the principal magistrates of be received, by degrees, in all the that city, also, as could conveni- rest of the kingdome. ently, fail not of their attending
(To be continued.)
the follies and disorders of his DEAF, DUMB, AND BLIND.
neighbours, and to teach him “ At the village of Aronche, that the intent of speech was too in the province of Estremadura often to deceive. (says an old Spanish author) Though the inhabitants of lived Gonzales de Castro, who, Aronche were as honest as other from the age of twelve to fifty- villagers, yet Gonzales, who had two, was deaf, dumb, and blind. formed his ideas of men and His cheerful submission to so things from their nature and uses, deplorable a misfortune, and the grew offended at their manners. misfortune itself, so endeared He saw the avarice of age-the him to the village, that to wor- prodigality of youth--the quarship the holy virgin, and to love rels of brothers—the treachery and serve Gonzales, were consi- of friends—the frauds of lovers dered as duties of the same im- the insolence of the rich—the portance; and to neglect the lat- knavery of the poor-and the deter was to offend the former. pravity of all. These, as he saw
“ It happened one day, as he and heard, he spoke of with comwas sitting at his door, and offer- plaint; and endeavoured, by the ing up his mental prayers to St. gentlest admonitions, to excite Jago, that he found himself, on a men to goodness." sudden, restored to all the privi- From this place the story is leges he had lost. The news ran torn out to the last paragraph, quickly through the village, and which says—" That he lived to old and young, rich and poor, a comfortable old age, despised the busy and the idle, thronged and hated by his neighbours for round him with congratulations. pretending to be wiser and better
“ But as if the blessings of than themselves ; and that he this life were only given us for breathed out his soul in these afflictions, he began in a few memorable words :--- T'hat he weeks to lose the relish of his en- who would enjoy many friends, joyments, and to repine at the and live happy in the world, possession of his faculties, which should be deaf, dumb, and blind served only to discover to him to the follies and vices of it.
he, at the same time, carelessly DEAN Swift's VISIT TO CRISPIN opened an old book ; then layTUCKER, OF OLD LONDON-BRIDGE. ing down his hat, as he was
about to be seated, the booksel(From Wine and Walnuts.)
ler begged he might first wipe “ Good morrow, master cris- the seat. No, no, I'll wipe it pin,” thus, familiarly, saluted the myself,” said the dean, eyeing dean of St. Patrick, the spruce him almost out of countenance, old Tucker, as he entered his lit- whilst he dusted the seat with tle slip of shop under the gate- the tail of his coat, adding, with way on London-bridge. “Well, another serious shake of his how do the world use you these head~" Ah, master crispin ! you ticklish times?" Thank your are mighty civil spoken, like your reverence,” answered the civil neighbours that costs not shopkeeper (perceiving, at once, much; but, as for thy sorrow, the clerical cut of his visitor), man, I don't believe a word of
quite as well as my neighbours, the matter." “ The more's the and much better than I deserve pity,” said crispin. “ And why?” -God mend me !" " That's demanded the dean.
And more than I can say,” gruffly why ? reverend sir,” retorted replied the dean. “I am sorry the bookseller,“ why, if thy to hear that, reverend sir,” said faith were but as a grain of muscrispin, regarding his person tard-seed, thou mightest remove from head to foot, very sorry,
« On ! oh!” anindeed !” Sorry!” said Swift, swered the dean, looking him why should you be sorry, man? through with his keen
eye, Why, I question if we ever met “ what! you quote holy writ, do before! Sorry sauce is you ! you are right, master crissauce at a first greeting ; so they pin, ticket your wares with texts have it in my country.' “ Per- of Scripture, and you may cheat haps so," answered crispin Tuck- that wily old trickster, Belzeer,“ but as your greeting was bub, himself.
Out upon it, kind, and your own story not so master crispin, no wonder you contented as mine, I might ex- thrive. press my sorrow, though we are
When shopkeepers preach, strangers.” “ Yes,” said Swift,
The Devil may screech; looking sternly, “ this is the way your grave sinners impose on one was the saying in my country.” another. Good morrow, said I, “ That must be a strange land not caring a copper farthing of your's, your reverence, where about you ; and you meet my this is delivered as gospel.” worthless compliment with your “ Why, master crispin, I came affected sympathy: we ought to from a strange country, sure be ashamed of ourselves-out enough-there you have hit it," upon it! Let us mend our man- changing his countenance, at ners, 'tis high time-out upon once, to a smile, “mine is a land it!" drawing a leather bottomed of wond'rous odd mortals, sure stool towards him with his foot, enough! But, what have we and gravely shaking his head as here, good man?" reaching from