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ni errestry too The Proprietors of “THE BRIGHTON GLEANER," in closing the first volume of their periodical publication, with the 12th number, embrace the opportunity of returning their grateful thanks to their numerous friends for the encouraging support they have received; and to assure them, that no effort, within their ability to make, shall be withheld, in their attempts to deserve their future patronage. Jer toda bisa

As an advertising medium “THE BRIGHTON GLEANER” may now with confidence be recommended--its extensive circulation at this time justifies the appeal for such additional notice: it is largely distributed in the metropolis, in this and adjoining counties, and is sent to almost all the market towns in the kingdom. Its success, for the short period of its establishment, may be regarded as almost unprecedented, and the demands for it continue daily to increase.

In apportioning of a certain number of its pages to advertising purposes, as the case may require, the Proprietors deem it right to inform their Subscribers, that no reduction in the two sheets and a half of letterpress, devoted to News Occurrences, Literary Objects and Selections, is intended---additional pages for such favours will be given on all occasions, without any alteration in the moderate price (6d) of the work. The proposed charges for Advertisements will be stated at the opening of the second volume, this day fortnight.

The Proprietors have been numerously applied to, from a fortnightly, to make “THE BRIGHTON GLEANER a weekly publication ; but, before they can consent to

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« Honour and worth from no conditions rise ;

Act well your part, there all the honour lies."

No. 1.

MONDAY, APRIL 22, 1822.

Vol. I.

EPITOME OF BRIGHTON. A Work, under the above title, topographical and descriptive, involv

ing a more copious History of this place than is otherwise extant, together with the nature of its Air, Soil, Water, Local Regulations and Amusements--- Remarks on Sea-Bathing, the Mineral Spring at Wick, an accurate Description of the principal Apartments in the King's Pavilion-Palace, has already gone through an extensive edition, and a second, with valuable additions and improvements, is preparing for the press :---from the latter, we have not only permission to publish extracts, but the additional matter, which perseverance in research has selected and accuracy framed for it, will be equally offered for our use---the Editor, therefore, purposes, in each number, to continue his extracts, that the early Subscribers to THE BRIGHTON GLEANER may, in the regular course of time, be in possession of the aggregate matter of the said Work; and to which the general Index of each Yearly Volume will, at all times, render a reference easy.

ETYMON. BRIGHTHELMSTON, or, as fa- have been variously written, viz. shion has abreviated it, Brighton, Brighthelmestun, Brighthelmsted, is situated in 50°. 55'. N. lati- Brighthamstun, Bristelmeton, and tude, and about 3' to the west- Brighelmsted. Bailey writes it ward of the meridian of London, Brighthelmstead, and says it is at the distance of about forty- derived from Brighdealmertun: three miles in a straight direc- and Camden the same. The fortion, but nearly fifty-four as the mer, in his dietionary, observes, road winds; and to the west of that it was a Saint Brighthelm the centre of a bay, formed by who gave his name to the town; Worthing point in that direction, and this agrees with more anand by Beachy-head to the east. cient testimony, with this difThis bay is a bold and deep shore, ference merely, that the Saint is from the cliffs of which a clear mentioned as a Saxon Bishop, gravel runs to the sea, termina- who, during the heptarchy, reting in a hard sand, free from sided here, and to whom much ooze, or any offensive mixture of - of this land is said to have bemud, so often found at the mouths longed. The latter syllable of of rivers, and on many other parts the name is derived from the of the coast.

Saxon word Tun, signifying town The etymon of its name can- or dwelling not be traced with certainty; a

On the hill called the Churchreference to ancient records has hill, there are several stones of discovered it, in the Saxon, to large dimensions, composed of


silicious boulters imbedded in a and not the place from him. very hard iron grit, placed on the But, in curvetting over the danapin or near some barrows of the gerous and uncertain ground of most ancient inhabitants of this etymology, the antiquary should island. They are called by anti- always be aware of the delusions quaries Kistvåens or Cromlechs--- of fancy; yet, when he ventures British names for stone-chests, or on such excursions, it is not imrough, unhewn, sacred stones. They possible that he may meet with appear to have been thrown down discoveries tending to convey from their original structure, amusement and instruction; and and fractured by violence; and which, perhaps, may serve to various of their fragments seem gratify the curiosity of those who to have been removed to adjacent may not have had the opportunigrounds, for land-marks. The ty of leisure for similar studies Kistvaen or Cromlech, consisted and investigations. of three large stones raised per- From the brief description of pendicularly, with a much larger the interesting ancient British table-stone incumbent on the memorials above named, the postop. The name of these stones, sibility, therefore, is presumed, Rowland says, is derived from that the Church-hill was called the Hebrew Cæræm-lech, or Cær- by the ancient Britons, The Samam-luah, i. e. a devoted stone cred Hill or Promontory, which or altar.

(See Mona Antiqua, might have given the name to p. 47.) In various places of this the town, Bryn-el-Town. Bryn, country, in Wales, and in Corn- Hillock, Hill, or Cliff ; also wall, they exist in their original Welch or Celtic, El, Ehal, Ail, forms. Those on the Church- Aigle, High, Holy, Sacred Angel; hill are in a field which leads to also, the Heavens; also, from the Chalybeate, on the side of the the great race of words found in road extending towards the Bri- every language, El, or Al, from tish fortifications above Poynings, the Hebrew, solar God; Towyn, vulgarly called the Devil's Dyke, British, a Turfy down ; in Davis, or Ditch. Close to the road, in

Gleba Cespes. a field near the declivity of the When Ella and his three sons, Church-hill, are, likewise, the Cymen, Wlencingand Cisa, remains of another Cromlech; landed in Sussex, Anno. 447, it and in a field opposite, near the is considered probable, that they pathway leading to Preston, ano- called the Church-hill by the ther.

name given to it by the Britons; It has been justly observed, and which, in Saxon, would be that the names of places com- Burgh-hælig -stan, Hill-holymonly have a reference to pecu- stone; hence, the name of Brightliarity of site, or retain the mean- helmston



open to conjecing of certain local particulars--- ture, as arising from the perveras such the name of the town of sion of succeeding etymon ; parBrighthelmston, is said to be de- ticularly as there is abundant rived from that of a Bishop call-' evidence that the Saxons called ed Brighthelm, though we consi- the British memorials of the der it probable, that the Bishop above species by their own lanreceived his name from the place, guage--hence Stone-henge, from

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