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easily rectified, for all that I have work a change or miracle, if it be been contending for is, that the a noble and well grounded pasnature of woman was superior sion, whose aim is virtue, and and more excellent than man, whose end is honour.

T. which is not opposed by this curse, since subjecting a more excellent to a more inferior, is,

Mr. Editor, indeed, the greater punishment, None of all the domestic inbut doth by no means degrade sects is more generally abhorred her nature. Men, by nature, it than the spider, which, I think, is true, have the pre-eminence is owing partly to its hideous over women, they have generally form, and partly to the idea of more reason for their conduct, its being poisonous. I cannot and strength for their protection ; but confess, that I also was inbut then, to balance these advan- fected with this antipathy, and tages, the women have it in their joined in the general warfare power, not only to free them- against an insect which, by its selves from their rule, but to external appearance, is so little subdue their masters : and with- qualified to recommend itself to out violence to throw them at our sight, till of late I was untheir feet. They have more gen- expectedly cured of this habitual tleness to soften, and agreeable- abhorrence. This ness to entertain ; nay, they have effected by the perusal of the acmore strength in their looks, count of a discovery, made some than the men have in their laws; years since by Mr. Quatremere and more power by their tears, d'Isjonval, adjutant-general to than the men by all their argu- the famous Pichegru, which ments. It is almost as natural convinced me that the insect is for the young and fair to love, as not so useless as we generally it is to breathe ; for who can think, and that we rather ought withstand the charms of beauty ? to court than to loathe its society. How much does our dull phleg- It is generally known that the matic constitution owe to the state of the atmosphere has a vipurifying flames of love? it is to sible effect upon certain animals, that inost noble and divine pas- and that, for instance, cats, dogs, sion, to which we may attribute frogs, hogs, &c. have a very all the real satisfaction of life, strong presentiment of every and without it man is unfinished change which is preparing in it. and unhappy. How many thou- The above-mentioned gentleman sand instances from history and has discovered that the spider observation are to be given of its possesses 'this quality in a more wondrous power; nay, even to a eminent degree than other anidegree of transmigration? How mals, and is peculiarly fit to serve many idiots has it made wise ? an unerring harometer. A How many fools eloquent? How brief statement of his observamany home-bred esquires ac- tions will, I think, not be foreign complished ? How many cow- to the scope of your useful and ards brave? And there is no instructive miscellany, and resort of men on whom it cannot concile its readers to an animal


they have hitherto held in abhor- strument, upon the sensibility rence, or, at least, thought to and infallibility of which, with be one of the most useless in the regard to the impending changes creation of God.

in the atmosphere, he can rely ! The sipder, says Mr. Q. D'Is- The barometers are frequently jonval, is a more unerring indi- very fallible guides, particularly cator of impending changes in the when they point to settled fair ; atmosphere than the best baro- whereas the work of the spider meter. These insects have two never fails to give the most cerdifferent ways of weaving their tain information. This insect, webs, by which we can know which is one of the most econowhat weather we are to have. mical animals, does not go to When the weather inclines to work, nor expend such a great turn rainy or windy, they make length of threads which it draws the principal threads, which are out of its body, before the most the foundation, as it were, of perfect equilibrium of all the their whole web, very short, and constituent parts of the air indirather thick k; whereas they cates with certainty, that this spin them much longer, when great expenditure will not be fine and warm weather is to be made in vain. Let the weather expected. Thence it appears

be ever so bad, we may conclude clearly, that the spiders have with certainty, .it will not last not only a near, but also a dis- long, and soon change for settled tant presentiment of the changes fair, when we see the spider rewhich are preparing in the air. pair the damages which its web The barometer foretels the state has received. Those who will of the weather with certainty take the trouble to watch the only for about twenty-four hours, operations of this useful insect, whereas we may be sure that the will be convinced by experience, weather will be fine twelve or that Mr.Q.D'Isjonval deserves the fourteen days, when the spider thanks of his contemporaries for makes the principal threads of the communication of his imporits web long. It is obvious how tant discovery, and in future important the consequences of shews more indulgence to this this infallible indication of the object of almost general abhorstate of the weather must be in rence, than they have done many instances, particularly with hitherto. regard to the operations of agriculture ; for which reason it has been frequently lamented that NOYEAU.- FROM THE GAZETTE OF the best barometers, hydrometers, thermometers, and eudi- It is ever a painful duty we ometers, are principally in the perform to report the sacrifice of hands of the consumers, and very human existence, from whatever rarely in those of the planters of 'cause derived ; but when the the harvest. How fortunate is liability to such dreadful catasit, therefore, that provident na- trophies is connected with any ture, amongst other gifts, also of our familiar habits of life, we has bestowed upon the cultivator are bounden, from the office we of the country such a cheap in- have imposed on ourselves as



conservatons of the public “ nothing but noyeau” she had health, not simply to the narra- taken, and to convince them, as he tion of facts, but to the collateral conceived, of its harmless qualicircumstances which elucidate ties, seized the bottle, and, pouring the subject, so as to put the out a glass of it, drank it in an general reader in possession of agony of earnestness, when so such information, as removes the rapid was the action of this podanger to which the want of tent poison, that the persons beknowledge of the subject neces- fore him had not time to relapse sarily subjects him. Our readers from the attention which his conare, of course, aware, that it is duct extorted, before they were a practice amongst many trades- assailed with the additional horpeople to keep a bottle of liquor, ror of witnessing the destruction either wine or spirits, behind the of a second victim :-the poor counter, for the purpose of re- man trembled, fell, and expired! galing their customers. A shop- Many of our rea lers doubtless keeper in the country, in observ- know, that prussic acid is one ing this custom, selected noyeau of the most potent poisons in the for the purpose, which seems to vegetable kingdom ; and it is to have pleased the taste of his the presence of this principle in friends so well, that several re- “noyeau," ratafin, black cherry gretted it was not stronger. The water, and other similar articles, complaisant tradesman, realizing that their flavour, as well as their the fable of the Old Man and pernicious qualities, is owing: the Ass, by wishing to oblige The kernels of cherries, peaches, every body, transmitted an order and apricots, as well as sweet to a person who manufactured and bitter almonds, contain his noyeau, that he would pre- prussic acid; the bitter almond pare him a certain quantity of possesses it in a great degree.double the usual strength. This An infusion of peach leaves, and

complied with, without laurel and nectarine leaves, is either enquiries on one part, or found to be a powerful and danexplanation on the other. Short- gerous medicine, because it conly after the noyeau had arrived, tains prussic acid ; in fine, it is a lady visited the shop, who be- possible, by the skill of the ing an excellent customer, the chemist, to obtain this acid in tradesman was desirous of evin- such a concentrated state, (from cing his respect, and therefore almonds, peach leaves, or any of presented her with the first glass the substances before enumeraof his improved cordial. The ted) that a single drop falling uplady drank, and in a few minutes on or touching the skin upon any afterwards fell on the floor, and part of the body, destroys life expired! The terror of the poor instantaneously; the moment the man was heightened to a greater poison has touched the skin the degree by the observations of person falls dead, as though he the by-standers, who, remarking had been killed by a stroke of the coincidence of her death, and lightning ; but such a dangerous her taking the noyeau, asserted, process is it to obtain prussic that he must have given her poi- acid in this state of purity, that son; he assured them it was few, if any, will incur the dread


ful risk in preparing it; for, -cold may be produced by anishould the finger of the operator mal powers. It is not intended but touch the matter he has pre- to relate experiments by which pared, he dies for his temerity. these may be proved; but the We believe Mr. H. C. Jennings, grand question which we most a gentleman well known as one wish to determine is, with respect of the most ingenious and philo- to heat, whether it be matter sophical experimentors of this under some particular form, or country, has obtained it in a state only a quality ? That our reaequal, or nearly so, to this sonings on this important substrength: the stopper of the bottle ject may have the better effect, only applied to the nose of a large we must first reflect upon the Newfoundland dog, produced various means of producing heat. instant death to the animal ! But There are several ways by which violent and dreadful as are the heat may be generated :-firsteffects of this poison, it is, never by means of the sun's rays :theless, a most valuable medicine second—by exciting vibrations in in all those diseases in which it solids :-third, by the taking place is desirable to depress the vital of certain chemical attractions : powers.

-fourth-by conversion of vapours into fluids, and of fluids

into solids :-fifth-by animal Mr. Editor,

powers :-sixth-in

volcanos. Again permit me to intrude on. And first, a cold body be exyour valuable columns, some posed to the rays of the sun, it further extracts, in accordance will be heated, &c.” As I to the wish expressed by your have

in former number, correspondent Z. relative to heat given copious extracts on the (Caloric), “ whether it is a qua- sun's rays heating bodies, (vide, lity, and not a simple substance ?" page 65) I shall now be more -vide, page 139.

confined in my quotations on this I am, sir,

head. Your obliged servant, “ It is a question that has been June 4th, 1822.

A. much agitated, whether the solar

rays be matter, or only an arAs to cold, it is seldom sup- rangement of matter; their posed to be either matter itself, materiality is now pretty well or a quality ; it is more com- agreed to; but a question which monly looked upon as a deprivation has not yet been answered satisof heat, for the less the heat factorily is, “ If light be matter, found in a body, the greater the what becomes of it?' Perhaps cold, and vice versa. There are there is a distinction between particular cases in which cold light and the solar rays, which may be produced :-first-when has not yet been perfectly atsome particular chemical attrac- tended to. tion takes place, cold is produc- - When a ray of light is reed :-second-the conversion of flected, it does not touch the solids into fluids, and of Auids body reflecting it, but is thrown into vapour, produce cold, as is back before it arrives at the surshewn by chemists :--and, third face; therefore, the more white



bodies are, or the more highly of common preachers, declared they are polished, the less they they knew it all as well as herare heated, because they reflect self. The translator has, I unmore of the rays; and when a derstand, taken very great liberbody is perfectly white it reflects ties with the language, which all the light, and is not heated at in the original is said to have all.

been highly figurative and idio“Bodies, in proportion as they matical. I'am, nevertheless, indeviate from white, destroy the duced to transmit this garbled more solar rays; and a perfectly translation to your columns, for black body would destroy them the benefit of raw servants, both all; hence, bodies are in the way of counsel and direcheated, cæt par, as they are darker tion. coloured by this cause of heat. “ My bonny lasses," or, more

“When a body is rough, as, if literally, “my beautiful dears," we make a piece of glass so, began the oracle, “I was in ser(which may have no colour) it vice forty years, in or out of destroys part of the rays, or, at place, as it might happen ; and I least, suffers them to approach have been in, I dare say, a hunso near its surface before it re- dred families, though I was turnflects them, that they cause it to ed off by bad mistresses, I cannot be heated.

say how often; so guess ye, my “ Thus far, our reasonings in- maidens, if I have not learned a duce us to suppose that heat is a thing or two, which may be bread quality : but heat, as a quality, and meat to you when I am gone cannot exist without a substance west, och hone !" Here the to exist in; so that, if it were oracle paused, and marked the possible to produce a perfect end of her exordium by wiping vacuum, there could be no heat off with the sleeve of her grogram therein. This also leads us to gown, the tear that 'fell, or did conclude, that the denser a body not fall—and then replenishing is, the more heat may be therein her pipe went on.

But the atproduced, &c.”

tempt to follow her from clan to Thus much for the first method clan, from family to family, from of producing heat.

all the streets of Inverness to the (To be concluded in our next.) Aird, from the Aird to Strather

ric, thence to Urquhart, and back again to Inverness, were vain and hopeless. One family his

tory followed another-anecdote The following address was heaped on anecdote. The lately delivered to an assemblage hospitable manner in which of servant lasses, by an old mem- Christmas was wont to be celeber of that useful body (now brated occupied her a whole hour, place-agent and cup-reader), at and her blessings on one family her lodgings in Tomnahurich- who consumed more butter, street. It is said to have made a mutton, and whisky, than would very deep impression upon some in these days provision a parish, of her audience, though others of were most pathetic. To genethem, like the scoffing hearers ralize a few of her observations,




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