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The internal as well as the ex- been resolved upon; and the ternal application of sea water, best use of this, by the skilful is, more often than otherwise, medical practitioner, is best necessary, where the latter has decided.
(To be continued.)
CHARLES THE FIRST-continued from page 126.
on Sunday, the twenty-seventh But, to proceed, the treaty with of March, anno 1625. ImmediSpain being like to come to a ately upon whose death prince rupture, it was judged necessary Charles was proclaimed at the to counterballance the power of court-gates, to be King of Great that king by negotiating a match Britain, France and Ireland, &c. with the Princesse Henrietta The like done presently after at Maria, the youngest daughter of London, and by degrees in all France-first set on foot by the the other cities and towns of the mediation of the Earl of Holland, kingdom, with infinite rejoycings who found that court inclinable and acclamations of the people. thereunto, and afterwards con- The funerall of the deceased cluded at the coming over of king celebrated
on the the Earl of Carlile, joyned in seventh of May, his body being commission to that purpose. It brought from Somerset-house, was reported, that when she was with great magnificence, to Saint told that the Prince of Wales Peter's church, in Westminster, had been at the court, and was where he was interred, the king gone for Spain, she answered, himself being principall mournthat “ if he went to Spain for a er; which, though it were conwife, he might have had one trary to the custome of his prenearer hand, and saved himself a decessours, yet he chose rather great part of the trouble.” And to expresse his piety in attending I have read, that receiving at the dead body of his father to one time two letters from Eng- the funerall pile, than to stand "land, the one from king James, upon any such old niceties and and the other from the prince points of state. she put that from king James The funerall being past, he into her cabinet, ånd that from thought it was time for him to prince Charles into her bosom. quicken the coming over of his Of which, king James being told, dearest consort, to whom he had he was exceedingly pleased with been married on the Sunday beit, saying “ that he took it for a fore, at the church of Nostrevery good omen, that she should Dame, in Paris ; the Duke of preserve his name in her memo- Chevereux, a prince of the house ry, and lodge Charles in her of Guise (from which house king heart."
Charles derived himself, by the 1625.
lady, Mary of Lorain, wife to During these preparations for James the fifth) espousing the war and marriage, king James princess in his name. departed this life, at Theobalds, On Trinity Sunday, late at night, she was brought by a roy- At their first meeting, he put all fleet of ships, from Bulloign them in mind of the war in which to Dover ; which being signified they had ingaged his father, and to the king, who was then at of the promise they had made to Canterbury, he went to her be- stand to himn in it with their lives times the next morning, and re- and fortunes ; that both his land ceived her with great expressions and sea forces were now in reaof affection, professing that he, diness to set forwards; and that would be no longer master of there wanted nothing but a prehimself, than whilest he was ser- sent supply of money to quicken vant to her. The same day he and expedite the affair. In anbrought her to Canterbury, where swer whereunto, the commons he gave himself up to those em- past a bill of two subsidies onely, braces to which, from that time, so short of the excessive charge he confined himself with such a which the maintenance of so conjugal chastity, that, on the great a feet and army required day before his death, he com- at their hands, that being distrimanded his daughter, the Prin- buted amongst the officers, solcess Elizabeth, to tell her mo- diers, and mariners, it would ther, “ that his thoughts had scarce have served for advancenever strayed from her, and that money to send them going; his love should be the same to which, notwithstanding, the king the last.”
very graciously accepted of it, On the Thursday after, being taking it as an ernest of their the sixteenth of June, they came good affections, in reference to from Gravesend to White-hall in the greater summes which were their royall barges, attended with to follow.
infinite number of lords, But the plague growing hot ladies, and other people whọ in London, the parliament, on could get boats to wait upon the eleventh day of July, was ad. them-the ordnance from the journed to Oxford, there to be ships which were then preparing held on the first of August, at for the wars, those from the mer- which time the king put them in chants' ships, and the tower of mind again of the necessity of London, thundering their wel- setting forward his fleet, and that comes as she past.
the eyes of his confederates were But in the heat of these so- fixt upon it. But the commons lemnities and entertainments, had other fish to fry, and began the king forgot not the main to quarrel at the greainesse of concernments of himself and the the Duke of Buckingham, whom, kingdom ; and to that end, be- in the last parliament of king gan his first parliament, on Sa- James, they had_idolized above turday, the eighteenth of June, all men living. But he had serve which fell out not unseasonably, ed their turn already, and now that the French lords might see they meant to serve their own. with what royall magnificence he This was the first assault which was attended by the peers, pre- the commons made upon this lates, and other officers of state king, though not directly on his (besides his own domestick ser- person, wounding him through vants) to the parliament-house. the sides of his principal minister
They were so well verst in the thers of the royalty; they will aparts of a parliamentary war, as to point him counsellours, servants, take in the out-works first, that alliances, limits of his expences, so the fort itself might lie the accompts of his revenue, chiefly, more open to continuall batte- if they can (as they mainly deries-concerning which, and the sire), they will now dazle him in sad consequents thereof, take the beginning of his reign.” here the words of a letter writ- How true a prophet this man ten to the king from an unknown proved, the event hath shewn, person.
and the king saw it well enough ; “ These men” saith he,“ either and, therefore, since he could not cannot or will not remember, divert them from that pursuit, that never any nobleman in fa- he dissolved the parliament, by vour with his soveraign, was whose neglect (I will not call it questioned in parliament, except a perversenesse) the fleet went hy the king himself in case of out late, and returned unprospertreason, unlesse it were in the ously. In which conjecture, if nonage and tumultuous time of he had clapt up a peace with Richard II. Henry VI. or Edward Spain (which the Spaniards had VI. which hapned to the destruc- as much reason to accept as he tion both of the king and king- to offer), he might have preventdome. And that, not to exceed ed the following rupture betwixt our own and fathers' memories, him and France, and freed himin king Henry the eight's time, self from the necessity of calling Wolsy's exorbitant power and parliaments, till he had no necespride, and Cromwel's contempt sity for a parliament to work of the nobility and the lawes, upon, and then he might have were not yet permitted to be found them as pliant to him as discussed in parliament, though he could
could reason ably require. they were most odious and griev. But he resolves to try his forous to all the king lome. And tune in another as soon as he had that Leicester's undeserved fa- performed the solemnities of his vour and faults ; Hatton's insuf- coronation, which wis celebrated ficiency, and Rawleigh's inso- on the second of February (comlence, far exceeded what yet monly called Candlemas day), hath been (though most falsly) then next ensuing ; in the exterobjected against the duke ; yet nal pomp whereof, he omitted no lawyer durst abet, nor any his triumphant riding through man else begin any invectives the city, from the Tower to against them in parliament.” And White-hall, the charge whereof then he addes (some other pas- would have stood him in sixty siges intervening) that it behoves thousand pounds, as some comhis majesty to uphold the duke pute it ; and he had then more against them, who, if he be but necessary occasions to expend decourted, it will be the corner. his money, than money to answer stone on which the demolishing those occasions. In the sicred of his monarchy will be builded. part of it, there was nothing For, if they prevaile with this, altered, but the adding of a clause they have hatched a thousand to one of the prayers which had other demands to pull the fea- been pretermitted since the time of king Henry the sixth, and is pamphlets of that time did objeét this that followeth, viz." Let the contrary. him obtain favour for the people, The coronation being passed like Aaron in the tabernacle, over, he began his second parliaElisha in the water, Zacharias in ment on the sixth of the same the temple-give him Peter's month, in which he sped no betkey of discipline-Paul's doc- ter than he did in his first The trine." Which clause had been commons voted some subsidies omitted in time of popery, as in- to be granted to him, but they timating more ecclesiastical ju- never past them into an act—that risdiction to be given to our kings bait being onely laid before him, than the popes allowed of; and to tempt him to give over the for the same reason
duke to their pride and fury, quarrel'd by the Puritan faction. against whom they had framed a As for the coronation-oath, it was large impeachment, ushered in the same which had been taken by Sir Dudley Digg's, prosecuted by his predecessors, as appears with six bitter invectives, made by the records of Exchequer : by the best speakers and most not made more advantageous to learned lawyers of that house, the king, and lesse beneficiall to and finally concluded by Sir the people by the late archbishop, John Eliot, who brought up the though, both the long parliament rear. in the year 1642, and the lewd
(To be continued.)
VINDICATION OF FEMALE SUPERI
mean and despicable notions of the:n, I shall fairly prove to every
unprejudiced mind, that woman I am à passionate adınirer of is of a more excellent nature the fair ses, but whenever I hap- than man. The excellence of pen to fall into their company, the female sex above that of men, (whether it proceeds from that may, to some sparks, seem an modest hashfulness, for which extravagant paradox :- " What!" I am very remarkable, or a diffi- say they, “ that toy, a woman, dence of my ability to please) the most contemptible creature the deuce of any thing can I say:
in the universe-is she the most hence they conclude that I am excellent ? One made from the either a stupid blockhead, or my dross and refuse of man ! the heart is not susceptible of those bane of empire ! cause of all our charms so peculiar to them. mischief! the fountain of all That these suppositions are human frailty ! groundless, I hope the following Who the first devil she saw, she chang’d thoughts will evince ; for, in
her mind fact, they have no greater friend To his temptations lewdly she inclina, than I am ; none more devoted And for a worthless apple damn'd mán
kind." to them ; none more sensible of those divine graces so conspicu- But coftly, these are mere ous-so inherent in their nature : calumnies and malicious insinuaand 50 far from entertaining tions, raised by some forsaken
wretches, who, after they had to the animal kingdoms; all of fawned like a spaniel, at the feet which being finished, he made of some deserving woman, were, man, and last of all woman, in for their unworthiness, discarded which all the creation was perby her. But men of more sense fected, and all its beauty comand better manners must give a plete. God having made woman, very different character : for, oh, ended his work, she containing woman ! lovely woman ! angels so noble an epitome of the Creare painted fair to look like you. atór's wisdom and power, and There is in you all that we be- without whom the world, as glolieve of heaven! amazing bright- rious and exact as its formation ness, purity, and truth! eternal was, had been imperfect. Furjoy, and everlasting love! But thermore, woman excelled man let us proceed to the proof of in the very matter of which she what we advance :—first, the was made, not being formed out criginal name of the fair sex de- of an inanimate lump of clay, as notes a greater excellence than man was, but out of an animal that of men ; for our great Crea- and purified matter, exalted by tor undoubtedly understood very the participation of an immortal well the nature of what he made soul. For as a chymist, out of before he named it, and, in con- a rude lump, extracts sequence, would not be guilty of spirit which contains the quintan impropriety of giving a name essence of the whole, and if this which should not signify the spirit is again rectified, a pure property and nature of the thing and more excellent is then attainnamed. Now Adam signifies no ed : so God made man, out of a more than earth, but Eve signi- rude mass of earth, an excellent fies life, as if man lived only by creature, and when he had enwoman, and was but a dead and dued him with a rational and iminsipid lump without her. And mortal spirit, then he made woit is the testimony of God him- man out of him entire and perself, that it was not good for man fect in all her parts, like the to be alone"I will, therefore,” second rectification of the spirit, saith he, “ make him an help- so that it is plain beyond contramate :" the Hebrew has it, a diction, that woman is of a more help before him, that is, more
excellent nature than man ; nay, excellent than him. If, there- the very curse that God laid upfore, the name given by God him- woman, shews plainly that self signifies the thing to be more she was the superior being beexcellent, who can dispute but fore the fall—thy desire shall be that the thing is so too? In the subject to thy husband, and he next place, the method that God shall rule over thee. Now, where observed in the creation, plainly had been the curse, if she had shews woman to be the most been subject to her husband beexcellent of created beings; fore ? Perhaps, some will conwhich method of proceeding was clude from this, that though from the less to the more noble woman was superior to us before beings namely, from the mine- the fall, yet ever since we are ral to the vegetable, from thence superior to her, but this error is