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the preceding conclusions. By the imperfect solution of some water, we are convinced, the parts may be completed, the noxmore or less in a healthy, state, ious redundancy of others sepathe animal lives, the vegetable rated, while the defects of progrows, and that the mineral portion, in parts necessary to the kingdom acknowledges its cre- attainment of particular views, ative and decomposing powers. may be remedied by the addition

If water be considered merely of congenial medicines. as the common beverage of man, Perhaps, in the united kingor the foundation of it, and, dom, there is not a town better therefore, the diluter of his supplied with this most valuable juices; if as a liquid serving the liquid that this : though many of culinary purposes of life, and, the wells, which are

near the consequently, the great vehicle shore, suffer somewhat in limpiof his nutriment; there can be dity and taste at the ebb and flow no doubt of its being a duty in- of every tide. cumbent on the physician to ex- It is somewhat curious, that amine it : but if water be viewed some of these wells rise as the in the light of a medicated liquor,' tide declines, and are nearly of a medicine provided for him empty at high water. by the hand of providence, and Though the taste of the waters capable of either being exceed- of the wells vary as above deingly useful or injurious, as it is scribed, but which, notwithstandjudiciously or otherwise applied ; ing, require a very accurate taste then does the neglect of such an to distinguish the periodical difexamination become an unpar- ference of, yet are they considerdonable omission.

ed replete with all the properties Water, when it is insipid, conducive to the cause of health ; pelucid, inodourous and light; and experiments have proved, when it boils quickly, freezes that in all the qualities that ought soon, and incorporates with soap, to recommend them generally to is good and answers for every domestic purposes, the use of the salutary and domestic use : but weak and the robust, they are the physician must aim at some- richly and beneficially stored. thing more by the decomposition From experience, therefore, it of it; he must investigate the appears, that the waters here are true nature of its contents, par- providentially adapted to every ticularly when, as a medicated domestic and valetudinary purliquid, it becomes the object of rose ; and as the qualities of the consideration.

springs of any place, have, from It is not from these remarks the time of Hippocrates to this intended to be insinuated, that day, been looked on as a mark the analysis of waters is an un- of those of the air, the sweetness erring guide to the true use of and goodness of them here, may, them ; it is considered only as with propriety, be esteemed a an assistant to experience ; and corroborating proof of the healththat from the exact nature of fulness of the circumambient air their contents, new lights may

of the town. arise to the prescriber ; hence, (To be continued.)

CHARLES THE FIRST---continued from page 85.


liturgie was, by the care of the But the generous Spaniard in lord keeper, Williams, translated tended to make no such market into the Spanish tongue, and so of him, but gave him all the many copies of the book then royall entertainment which a printed, sent into Spain, as gave princely suitor might expect. great satisfaction, in that point, Nor was the prince wanting for to the court and clergy. And his part in all fit compliances by this, I must needs say, was very which he might both gain on seasonably done-the Spaniards, them, and preserve himself: being till then, perswaded by for, by his courtly garb, he won their priests and Jesuits, that, so much on the affections of the when the English had cast of infanta; and by his grave and the pope, they had cast off, also, circumspect behaviour, got so all religion, and became mere much ground upon the king and Atheists—the name of God being his councel, that the match went never used amongst them, but forward in good earnest. The with a purpose to expose it unto articles of the marriage, with all scorn and prophanation; insothe circumstances thereof, were much, that the constable of Cas. agreed upon, and solemnly sworn tile, being sent to swear the to, by both kings Nor was the peace concluded with Spain pope wanting in the grant of a -when he understood the busidispensation (without which, nesse was to be performed in the nothing could be done), writing chappel, where some anthems a letter to the prince, who re- were to be sung-desired, that turned to him a civil answer, whatsoever which, afterwards, was reckoned name might not be used in it

, amongst his crimes, by such as and that being forborn, he was rather would not, than, did not content they should sing what know the necessity which lay they listed. King James, himupon him of keeping, at that self, 80 relates the story, in time, a plausible correspondence arch-bishop Spotswood, fol. 530. with the catholick party.

But the prince had another But, as for his religion, the game to play, namely, the restichangé, whereof, was moved by tution of the Palitinate, which the pope, and much hoped for by the Spaniard would not suffer to the court of Spain—at his first be brought under the treaty, recoming thither, he shewed so serving it (as they pretended) many strong, evidences of his to be bestowed by the infanta constancy in it, that those hopes after the marriage, the better to

vanished ; and, that it ingratjate herself with the Eng. might appear that he professed lish nation-which being a point no other religion, than what was of too great moment to depend agreeable to the rules of anti- upon na other" assurance than a quity, and not much abhorrent court complement, he concluded from the formes then used in the with himself, that, since he could church of Rome, the English not prevaile in the one, he would


sung, God's


not proceed unto the consumma- The king, being made action of the other. And, hereup- quainted with all particulars, on, he was much edged on by and that no assurance could be the duke of Buckingham, who, had of the restitution of the Palahaving conceived some deep dis- tinate, by the advice of his privy pleasure against the conde de councel, dispatcht a command to Olivarez, the speciall favourite the earl of Bristol, not to deliver of that king, desired rather that up the proxie unlesse the busiall treaties should be broken off, nesse of the Palatinate were conthan that any alliance should be cluded also. The expectation, made, in which that conde had whereof, not being answered by appeared so instrumentall. successe, a parliament is sum,

But it did concern the prince, moned, to begin on the sixteenth so to provide for his own safety, day of February, then next folthat no intimation might belowing, to the end, that all made of the intended rupture, things might be governed in this till he had unwinded himself out great affair by the publick counof that labyrinth into which he cel of the kingdom. Not long was cast ; for which cause, hav- after the beginning, whereof, the ing desired of his father that duke declared before both houses some ships inight be sent to (more to the disadvantage of the bring him home, he shewed him- Spaniard than there was just self a more passionate lover than ground for) how unhandsomely ever formerly, and made a they had dealt with the prince, proxie to the catholick king and when he was in Spain-how they don Charles, his brother, in his had fed him with delaies—what name to espouse the lady infanta; indignities they had put upon which proxie he left with Digby, him--and, finally, had sent him not long before, made earl of back, not only without the PalaBristol, by him to be delivered tinate, but, without a wife; leavwithin some few daies after the ing it to their prudent consideracoming of the expected dispen- tion what course to follow. sation. But, no sooner had he It was, thereupon, voted by took his leave, and was out of both houses, that his majesty danger, but he dispatcht a post should be desired to break off all unto him, commanding him not treaties with the king of Spain, to deliver up the proxie, untiļl and to engage himself in a war further order. And, having so against him for the recovery of done, he hois'd sails and came the Palatinate, not otherwise to for England--arriving at Ports- be obtained. And that they might mouth, on Sunday, the fifth of come the better to the end they October,

from aimed at, they addresse thenwhence, by post horses, he past selves unto the prince, whom to London, the next morning, they assured, that they would and so by coach to the king, at stand to him in that war to the Royston, to the great content of very last expence of their lives all the kingdome-declared by and fortunes; and he, accordingbells, bonfires, and all other the ly, being further set on by the accustomed expressions of a pub- duke, became their instrument

to perswade his father to hearken


1623 ;

lick joy.

to the common votes and desires for, though they had ingaged the of his subjects, which the king, king in a war with Spain, and prest by their continuall impor granted him three subsidies and tunities, did, at the last, assent three fifteens, toward the beginto.

ning of that war-yet would they But in the conduct of this not suffer that grant to passe into businesse, the prince consulted an act of parliament, till the king more the duke's passion, and the had yielded to another, against pleasing of the commons in par- concealments : insomuch, as it ļiament, than either his own or was affirmed by justice Dodthe regall interest. For there is deridge, at the next publick asnothing more unsafe for a king sizes, held in Oxford, that the of England, thąn to cast himself king, by passing that Act, had upon the necessity of calling par- bought those subsidies and fifliaments, and depending on the teens at ten years purchase. Nor purse of the subject; by means, dealt they otherwise with this whereof, he makes himself ob- prince, than they did with his noxious to the humour of any father. Those very commons prevailing member in the house who had ingaged him in the war, of commons, and becomes lesse and bound themselves to make in reputation both at home and good that ingagement with their abroad. The commons, since lives and fortunes, most shamethe time of king James, have sel- fully deserted him in the first dome parted with a peny, but parliament of his reign; and, they have paid themselves well after working more and more for it out of the prerogative. upon his necessities, till they had And this appeared by their pro- robbed him of the richest jewela ceedings in this very parliament; in the regall diadem.

(To be continued.)


with vermilion. CAN INDIANS.

Some of the Indians, in time of When an Indian strikes a per- war, when scalps are well paid son on the temple with a toma: for, divide one into five or six hawk, the victim instantly drops; parts, and carry them to the nearhe then seizes his hair with one est post, in hopes of recovering hand, twisting it very tight toge- a reward proportionate to the ther, to 'separate the skin from number. the head, and placing his knee When the scalp is taken from on the breast, with the other he the head of one of their people, draws the scalping knife from they frequently make the dead the sheath, and cuts the skin body of advantage to them, by round the forehead, pulling it off dressing it up, and painting it with his teeth. As he is very with vermilion; they then place dextrous, the operation is gene- it against a tree with weapons rally performed in two minutes. in its hand, to induce the Indians The scalp is then extended on to suppose it an enemy on the *three hoops, dried in the sun, and watch ; and round the body they



set spears in the ground so as their view the complete skin of scarcely to be discernible. The


stuffed with Indians, on seeing the person feathers, and sewed very close against the tree, and anxious to with deer's sinews. The chiefs make him a prisoner, in the loaded him with praise, and eagerness of running fall on the unanimously acknowledged his points of the spears, and being superiority. The Mohawk wardisabled from proceeding, are rior, fired with resentment, witheasily made prisoners. The fol- drew from the council meditalowing anecdote will sufficiently ting revenge ; and as soon as he shew the dexterity of these people saw the Chippeway come forth, in this horrid art.

he followed him, and, watching A Mohawk, of the name of a convenient opportunity; disScunnionsa, or the Elk, and à patched him with his tomahawk, Chippeway Indian, of the name rejoicing that he had, even in of Cark Cark, or the Crow, hav- this dastardly manner, got rid of ing met at a council of war, a victorious rival. near Crown Point, in the year The Indians possess strong 1757, were extolling their own natural abilities, and are even merits, and boasting of their su- capable of receiving improveperiority in taking scalps. The ment from literary pursuits. An Mohawk contended that he could old American savage, being at an take a larger scalp than the inn at New York, met with a Chippeway warrior, who was

was gentleman who gave him some very highly offended, and desired liquor, and, being rather lively, that the experiment might be he began to boast that he could made. They parted, each pursu- read and write English. The ing a different route, after having gentleman, willing to indulge first agreed to meet at a certain hini in displaying his knowledge, place on a particular day, when begged leave to propose a quesa council was to be held. At the tion, to which the old man contime appointed, they returned, sented. He was then asked who and appeared at the council. was the first circumcised. The The Mohawk laid down his scalp, Indian immediately replied, fawhich was the skin of the head ther Abraham : and directly ask. and neck of a man, stuffed with ed the gentleman who was the

and sewed up with first Quaker. He said it was deer's sinews, and the eyes

fast- very uncertain, as that people ened in. The chiefs expressed differed in their sentiments extheir approbation, and pronounc- ceedingly. The Indian, perceived him to be a great and brave ing the gentleman unable to rewarrior. The Chippeway then solve the question, put his fingers rose, and looking earnestly at the into his mouth, to express his Mohawk, desired the interpreter surprise, and looking steadfastly, to tell him that it was an old told him Mordecai was the first woman's scalp, which is con- Quaker, for he would not pull off sidered as a term of great re- his hat to Haman. proach, and called to one of his The following instance of brasons to bring forward his scalp; very and generosity occurred at when, instantly, he exhibted to Michillimakinae. An Indian boy,

fine moss,

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