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Are we to stand by in silence till gether in hearty co-operation, in our turn arrives ? Are we to look resolute unity of object. on, like spectators in a Roman am- . Thus far we have done nothing phitheatre, at other people being de- of the kind. With calm indiffervoured, in the pleasant faith that ence to each other's dangers, Conwe are outside the reach of gnash- servatives have remained isolated, ing teeth ? Are we to sit still in not only between one country and what we erroneously suppose to be another, but even in the same counpeaceful selfishness, until our own try between themselves. Their prelions are ready to open their mouths sent union in France, weak, tremupon us?
bling, and disintegrated as it is, dates The Radicals have shown us how only from the 24th of May; it is but to work together for a cause. They a half-instinctive, awkward, momsaw, as soon as their theories began entary effort at self-defence, as sheep to assume a form, that the principle huddle together in a snowstorm ; of concentration is not limited in its and their want of real cohesiveness application ; that what is a force to is proved by the fact that, directly Governments may be a force to the a glimpse of sunshine cheers their enemies of Governments; that the hearts, they break away, each in common action which makes nations his own direction, each pursuing one-the grouping which gives power his own dream. In England we to alliances between States—the have not got even so far as France ; association which fortifies nation- we know that our constitution proalities and races—may be utilised for tects us against the consequences of attack as well as for defence. So royal incapacities or of royal folthey proceeded, from their very ori- lies; we do not trouble ourselves gin, to unite their distant bands, to about the future ; we have never join the extreme Radicals of the yet thought of standing back to world into one solid and regularly back against the coming wind ; increasing body, animated by the we say that it will not blow our same will, bound together for the way, -all we care for is the presame end, stimulated by the same sent. We shall have to pay desires. In all this they have for this indifference some day, as shown a wisdom which we should do France and Spain are paying for it well to copy; and as, in this century now; only the payment will grow of constantly improving weapons, heavier and heavier as the demands each side profits by the inventions of the other side increase with sucof the other, we should lose no cess and time. They have got a time in adapting the arms of our long start of us, and have made the antagonists to the necessities of most of it, with a skill which we our own action. It may be imprac- may regret, but must envy and adticable to constitute a Conservative mire. If we had shown the same International for the protection of energy we should have thrown them society; it is even probable that backwards twenty years; we should such an organisation, if it could be not have destroyed them, but we effected, would be of scarcely any should have weakened and delayed real use. But union at home is them, have gained time, and have within our grasp; there we have improved our own position in probut to imitate our adversaries; to portion as we should have diminform ourselves, as they have done, ished theirs. into a solid legion, ardent, but dis- The blow which French Conserciplined and obedient, acting to vatism has just received makes the whole cause stagger; it fills our terly false theories of the press; they enemies with joy, while we look will remain unfit to measure the realround half-dazed, and mistrust each ities of the position as a whole; they other. A Prince who demands will even be unable to pronounce a sovereignty as a divine right,—who judgment on the relatively limited bases his theory of being on the question which is before us here. grandest ideas of duty-who, by the And yet it is difficult to admit very nature of his position, is an that even the most prejudiced of obligatory chieftain of Conserva- us all can fail to see, instinctively, tism,-forgets, in the immensity of that something damaging to us will his pride, that he has duties to dis- result from this attitude of the charge as well as rights to claim. Comte de Chambord. Stanch This Prince abandons the very loyalty to old ideas, steadfast holdcause which he says was intrusted ing to old convictions, unvarying to him by Heaven at his birth, be- persistence in inherited opinions, cause he will govern absolutely or ought not to blind us to the evinot at all. And he calls this by dence of facts. Our social organisathe name of fidelity to his ances- tion is in such a nervous state, it tors, to himself, and to the ideas he has become so sensitive to accidental represents! Kings must learn, if influences, that the slightest shock they do not already know it, that disturbs it; how then can it be supthey are the first Conservatives in posed that it can remain uninfluthe world ; that the time has passed enced by the discouragement in when monarchs reigned by their own which the party of defence is will alone; that a tide is rising now plunged in France ? Until against which they are bound to the 31st October we all believed lead us on; and that, if they would that the cause of Princes and of not be the first to fall, they inust Conservatism was virtually the be the first to fight.
same. There might be differences of To those who are less advanced individual impression, or accidents in the schooling of our epoch; to of individual ambition, which, at those who, by old habit, by indif- certain moments, might bring about ference, by prejudice, or by ignor- temporary divergences of object; ance, have retained the convictions but, with those small exceptions, of their fathers; to those who the principle of obligatory unity imagine, as so many of us do, that between the two seemed absolute England is beyond the reach of and indispensable. We have just the influences which are at work learnt, for the first time, that this throughout the Continent, and apparent principle was not a prinwho, for any of these reasons, are ciple at all ; that what we had, so incapable of following the more far, taken to be a necessity, was practical members of our party in nothing but an expedient; that their appreciation of the nature of what we had imagined to be a the strife which is looming every- law was merely a caprice. The where before us,—to all these the Comte de Chambord had asserted only counsel to be given is, Go and himself for years as the first Constudy Radicalism on the spot, in servative in Europe; he had inFrance. Until they have attained deed gone far beyond Conservaa correct idea of what Radicalism tism; we may have thought that, for really is, of the total destruction times like ours, and for necessities which it is pursuing under the such as we have now to deal with, lying mask of liberty, they will he was somewat excessive-we may continue to be influenced by the ut- have thought that his theory of kingly right did not correspond vices which he would have rendered with the present Conservative defi- us would have been more felt herenition of kingship—but we regard- after than at once, so the wrong ed him with profound respect; which he has inflicted on us will and though we in no way saw how become more and more visible with such a settlement was to be attained, time. The theory of hereditary we indulged the hope that he monarchy has been growing so would some day be able to take the weak of late years in some of the place which naturally belonged to countries round us, that it can him amongst our leaders. He had ill support to be abandoned by its always told us that he alone could own special representative; and it fill it; constantly, unchangingly, may well be feared that this last with the imperturbable conviction damage will so discredit it that of conscious royalty, he had as- Frenchmen will believe in it no sured us for twenty years that more. If so, another landmark will nobody but himself could rescue have been swept away, another France from her ever-recurring principle will have disappeared, trials; that he, and no one else, another rallying-flag will have gone could heal her sores; that he alone down, another obstacle to Radicalcould guide her back to peace, to ism will have been suppressed ; and faith, to honour. Many of us be- when the French have to choose lieved him—not in one land only, again-and it looks as if the necesbut everywhere ; the idea that a sity would soon arise— between a Legitimist restoration might save Master and the mob, they will reFrance from socialism, and strength- vert to“ modern monarchy," to an en Conservatism throughout Eu- elective democratic empire, and will rope, acquired strength; we looked forget that the Bourbons were once to the Comte de Chambord as a Kings of France, and that there is champion and a guide. But when, at still a Bourbon left. last, impossibilities had disappeared, So are fading out the ties bewhen the obstacles of twenty years tween the present and the past, so had vanished, when the verdict of are sinking from our sight dynastic the Chamber was the one remaining forms which once gave solidity to point in doubt, then the Comte de constitutions, so are swelling up Chambord informed the nation that new forces which no Government he would not undertake to save it. can control. Some day we shall
The change which has come over have to recognise those forces as opinion during this generation has stronger than all kings; some day been so vast, that it is surely quite they will change our whole social unnecessary to refer to it as an organisation; and when that day argument that we shall probably comes—when our children are face go on changing. It is from this to face with problems for which no progressive light alone that the invention can discover a solution,Comte de Chambord can be then, when the Conservatism of the fairly judged; it is not by going future has ceased to defend kings back with him to St Louis or even against the people, and is using its to Henri Quatre, that we shall utmost strength to defend the peoattain a standpoint from which we ple against itself—then it will be can command a view of all the ele- remembered that when the flood ments of the subject. We must was rising the Comte de Chambord not look at it from the past, nor refused to help to check it—then the even solely from the present, but full value of his desertion will be from the future too; for as the ser- rightly understood.
INDEX TO VOL. CXIV.
Agoracritos, the Greek sculptor, 703. Callicrates, one of the architects of the
Canadian Government, views of, as to re-
Caplin fishing, Newfoundland, 71.
Carlist War of 1833, the, its objects, &c.,
former one, 48 et seg.
Carlists, the, in Catalonia, 165.
CARLOS, Don, DUKE OF MADRID, 305—
birth and parentage, ib.-education and
on Spain, 307 et seq. - an interview
with him, 309—the war in his favour,
of, 52—-his disappearance after the Con.
vention, 171 et seq.
Castelfidardo, the overthrow of the Pa-
Castello, the Carlist leader, 169.
Catalonia, the Carlists in, 165-political
CEREMONIAL, 667—as distinguished from
tempts to fix precedence, 674-mari-
CHAMBORD, THE COMTE DE, AND Cox.
CHARLES, PRINCE, NARRATIVE OF HIS
Childhood, 77—that of princes, ib. et seq.
among the middle class, 80.
Children in Italian and English design,
preparation of the fish, 70.
Code Napoleon, the, its provisions re- FOUR Ages,' THE, 75—Childhood, 77–
Youth, 80–Middle Age, 87-Old Age,
FRANCE, REPUBLIC OR MOXARCHY IN,
foundland, 58 et seq.- review of the
circumstances which led to his fall,
Fransech, a Carlist leader, 169.
operations, 172-charges against him,
German poetry, influence of Goethe and
Schiller on, 183.
Germany, proportion of births in, 30.
Gilbert, Sir Humphrey, his attempt to
colonise Newfoundland, 53.
Gladstone, Mr, his present position, 509
Gladstone Ministry, the, review of their
present position 244 et seq. — their
failure to reduce expenditure, 505.
183 et seq.
tween the father and the son, ib.-gene 564.
Haliburton, R. G., the North, by, 241.
Harte, Bret, his picture of childhood, 79.
of the Ministry on the, 627 et seq. Hidalgo, General, defeated by Savalls,
Hill, Colonel, governor of Newfoundland,
proportion of marriages to population, Houghton, Lord, Monographs by, 388.
Hugh Town, the capital of the Scilly
Ictinus, one of the architects of the Par.
crown of Spain, 313—Carlist conspiracy lation in, 25.
Irish, the, in Newfoundland, 57.
Italian Art, childron as represented in,
Johnson, Dr, as an illustration of temper,