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late, and tormented by his persecutors d; having also conflicted with the terrors of death, and the powers of darkness, felt and borne the weight of God's wrath e, he laid down his life an offering for sin f. enduring the painful, shameful, and cursed death of the cross g.
Q. 50. Wherein consisted Christ's humiliation after his death?
À Christ's humiliation after his death confifted in his being buried h, and continuing in the state of the dead, and under the power of death till the third day i;
quainted with grief: and we hid fhame, and is fet down at the right as it were our faces from him ; he hand of the throne of God. Gal. iii. was despised, and we elteemed him 13. Christ hath redeemed us from not.
the curse of the law, being made d Matth. xxvii. 26. to verse 50. curse for us : for it is written, CurThen released he Barrabbas unto fed is every one that hangeth on a them: and when he had scourged tree. Jesus, he delivered him to be cruci 50. h. i Cor. xv. 3. For I delified, &c. John xix. 34. But one vered unto you first of all, that of the soldiers with a spear picrced which I also received, how that his side, and forth with came there Christ died for our sins, according out blood and water,
to the scriptures: v. 4. And that he e Luke xxii. 24. And being in an was buried, and that he rose again agony, he prayed more earneftly; the third day according to the scripand his sweat was as it were great tures. drops of blood falling down to the i Pfal. xvi. 10. For thou wilt not ground. Matth. xxvii. 46. And leave iny soul in hell; neither wilt about the ninth hour Jesus cried thou suffer thine holy One to see with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, corruption. Compared with Acts Jama sabacl: thani ? that is to say, ii. 24. Whom God hath raised up, My God, my God, why haft thou having loosed the pains of death; forsaken me?
because it was not possible that he f If. liii. 10. Yet it pleased the hould be holdea of it. Lord to bruise him, he hath put David speaketh concerning him, I him to grief: when thuu lhalt make, foreiaw the Lord always before my his coul an offering for fin, he shall face, for he is on my right hand, see his feed, he shall prolong his that I shall not be moved. v. 26, days, and the pleasure of the Lord Therefore did my heart rejoice, and fhall prosper in his hand.
my tongue was glad; moreover also, Phil. ii. 8. And being found in my fiesh hall selt in hope. v. 27; fashion as a man, he humbled lim. Because thou wilt not leave my foul felf, and became obedient unto in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine death, even the death of the cross. holy One to fee corruption. 1.3.!. Heb. xii. 2. Looking unto Jesus the He seeing this before, spake of the author and finisher of our faith ; who resurrection of Christ, that his foul for the joy that was set before him, was noi left in hell, neither his felh endured the cross, despising "the did see corruption. Rom. vi. 9.
V. 25. For
which hath been otherwise expreffed in these words, He descended into hell. Q. 51. What was the estate of Christ's exaltation?
A. The estate of Christ's exaltation comprehendeth his resurrection k, ascension l, fitting at the right hand of the Father m, and his coming again to judge the world n.
Q. 52. How was Christ exalted in his resurrection?
A. Christ was exalted in his resurrection, in that, not having feen corruption in death, (of which it was not possible for him to be held o), and having the very fame body in which he suffered, with the essential properties thereof p, (but without mortality, and other common infirmities belonging to this life) really united to his soul he rose again from the dead the third day by his own power r; whereby he declared himself to be the Son of
God, Knowing that Christ being raised ed; whereof he hath given assurance from the dead, dieth no more ; unto all men, in that he hath raised death hath no more dominion over him from the dead. him. Matth. xii. 40. For as Jonas 52. O Acts ii. 24. Whom God was three days and three nights in bath raised up, having loosed the the whale's belly; so shall the Son pains of death: because it was not of man be three days and three possible that he should be holden of nights in the heart of the earth. it. v. 27. Because thou wilt not leave
51. k 1 Cor. xv. 4. And that he foul in hell, neither wilt thou was buried, and that he rose again suffer thine holy One "to fee corrupthe third day according to the scrip- tion.
p Luke xxiv. 39. Behold my I Mark xvi. 19. So then after the hands and my feet, that it is I myLord had spoken unto them, he felf: handle me, and fee, for a spiwas received up into heaven, and rit hath not flesh and bones, as ye sat on the right hand of God. see me have.
m Eph. i. 20. Which he wrought q Rom. vi. 9. Knowing that Christ in Christ, when he raised him from being raised from the dead, dieth the dead, and set him at his own no more; death hath no more doright hand in the heavenly places. minion over hin. Rev. i. 18. I am
n sets i. 11. Which also said, Ye he that liveth, and was dead; and men of Galilee, why stand ye ga- behold, I am alive for everinore, zing up into heaven? this fame Jesus 4 men; and have the keys of hell which is taken up from you into hea and of death. ven, shall fo come in like manner as q John x. 18. No man taketh it ye have seen him go into heaven. from me, but I lay it down of myA&s xvii. 31. Because he hath ap felf: I have power to lay it down, pointed a day, in the which he will and I have power to take it again. judge the world in righteousness, This commandinent have I received by that man whom he hath ordain- of
Gods, to have fatisfied divine justice t, to have vanquished death, and him that had the power of it v, and to be Lord of quick and dead w: all which he did as a public perfon x, the head of his church y, for their justification 2, quickening in grace a, fupport against enemies b, and to affure them of their resurrection froin the dead at the last day c.
Q. 53. How was Christ exalted in his aseension?
A. Christ was exalted in his afcenfion, in that having, after his resurrection, often appeared unto and conversed with his apostles, speaking to them of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God d, and giving them commif:
sion s Rom. i. 4. And declared to be Col. i. 18. And he is the head of the Son of God with power, accorde the body, the church : who is the ing to the Spirit of holiness, by the beginning, the first-born from the resurrection from the dead.
dead; that in all things he might 1 Rom. viii. 34. Who is he that have the pre-eminence. condemneth? It is Christ that died, z Rom. iv. 25. Who was deliver. yea rather, that is risen again, who ed for our offences, and was raised is even at the right hand of God, again for our justification who also maketh intercession for us. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath be
v Heb. ii. 14. Forasmuch then quickened who were dead in tres. as the children are partakers of feh passes and sins.' v. 5. Even when we and blood, he also himself likewise were dead in fins, hath quickened took part of the same; that through us together with Christ, (by grace death he might destroy him that had ye are faved), v. 6. And hath raithe
power of death, that is, the de. sed us up together, and made us vil,
fit together in heavenly places in w Rom. xiv. 9. For to this end Christ Jesus. Col.. ii. 12. Buried Christ both died, and rose, and re with him in baptism, wherein also vived, that he might be Lord both ye are risen with him, through the of the dead and living,
faith of the operation of God, who x 1 Cor. xv. 21. For since by hath raised him from the dead. man came death, by man came also b 1 Cor. xv. 25. For he must the resurrection of the dead. V. 22. reign, till he hath put all enemies For as in Adam all dis, even so in under his feet. v. 26. The last ene. Christ shall all be made alive. my that shall be destroyed, is death.
y Eph. i. 20. Which he wrought v. 27. For he hath put all things in Christ, when he raised him from under his feet, But when he faith, the dead, and set him at his own all things are put under him, it is right hand in the heavenly places. manifest that he is excepted which 7. 22. And hath put all things un did put all things under him. der his feet, and gave him to be the c i Cor. xv. 20. But now is Chrill Head over all things to the church, risen from the dead, and become the y. 23. Which is his body, the ful. first-fruits of them that slept. ness of him that filleth ail in all, 53. d Ads i 2. Until the day in
fion to preach the gospel to all nations e; forty days after his resurrection, he, in our nature, and as our head f, triumphing over enemies g visibly went up into the highest heavens, there to receive gifts for men h, to raise up our affections thither i, and to prepare a place for us k, where himself is, and shall continue till his second coming, at the end of the world I.
Q. 54. How is Christ exalted in his fitting at the right hand of God
A. Christ is exalted in his fitting at the right hand of God, in that as God-man he is advanced to the highest favour with God the Father , with all fulness of
joy which he was taken up, after that said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand he through the Holy Ghost had gi- ye gazing up into heaven? this fame ven commandment unto the apostles Jesus which is taken up
from you inwhom he had cholen.
to heaven, shall so come in like whom also he fhewed himself alive
manner as ye have seen him
into after his passion, by mary infallible heaven. Eph. iv. 10. He that deproofs, being feen of them forty scended, is the fane also that adays, and speaking of the things fcended up far above all heavens, pertaining to the kingdom of God. that he might fill all things. Pfal.
e Matth. xxviii. 19. Go ye there. Ixviii. 18. Thou haft ascended on fore and teach all nations, baptizing high, thou hast led captivity captive:
v. 3. To
of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoit: yea, for the rebellious also, that V. 20. Teaching them to observe all the Lord God might dwell among things whatsoever I have command- them. ed you: and lo, I am with you al i Col. iii. 1. If ye then be risen way even unto the end of the world. with Christ, seek those things which Amen.
are above, where Christ fitteth on f Heb. vi. 20. Whither the fore the right hand of God.
V. 2. Set runner is for us entered, even Jesus, your affections on things above, noc made an high priest for ever after on things on the earth. the order of Melchisedec.
k John xiv. 3. And if I go and g Eph. iv. 8. Wherefore he saith, prepare a place for you, I will come When he ascended up on high, he again, and receive you unto myself, led captivity captive, and gave gifts that where I am, there ye may be
also. b Acts i. 9. And when he had 1 Acts iii. 21. Whom the heavens Spoken these things, while they be- must receive, until the times of reheld, he was taken up, and a cloud stitution of all things, which God received him out of their sight. v. hath spoken by the mouth of all his 10. And while they looked stedfalt- holy prophets, since the world bely toward heaven, as he went up, gan. behold, two men stood by them in 54. m Phil. ii. 9. Wherefore God white apparel; v. 11. Which also alsó hath highly exalted him, and Сс
joy n, glory o, and power over all things in heaven and earth p; and doth gather and defend his church, and subdue their enemies; furnisheth his ministers and people with gifts and graces q, and maketh intercession for them r.
Q. 55. How doth Christ make interceffion?
A. Christ maketh intercession, by his appearing in our nature continually before the Father in heavens, in the merit of his obedience and facrifice on earth t, declaring his will to have it applied to all believers v, answering
given him a name which is above go Rom. viii. 34. Who is he that every name.
condemneth? It is Chrift that died, n Acts ii. 28. Thou hast made yea rather, that is risen again, who known to me the ways of life; thou is even at the right hand of God, fhalt make me full of joy with thy who also maketh interceffion for us. countenance. Compared with Pfal. 55. S Heb. ix. 12. Neither by the xvi. 11. Thoa wilt Mew me the path blood of goats and calves, but by of life: in thy presence is fulness of his own blood he entered in once joy, at thy right hand there are plea- into the holy place, having obtained sures for evermore.
eternal redemption for us. v. 24. o John xvii. 5. And now, O Fa- For Christ is not entered into the ther, glorify thou me with thine holy places made with hands, which own self, with the glory which I are the figures of the true; but into had with thee before the world heaven itself, now to appear in the
presence of God for us. p Eph. i. 22. And hath put all t Heb. i. 3. Who being the brightthings under his feet, and gave him nefs of his glory, and the express to be the head over all things to the image of his person, and upholding church. 1 Pet. iii. 22. Who is gone all things by the word of his power, into heaven, and is on the right hand when he had by himself purged our of God, angels, and authorities, and fins, sat down on the right hand of powers being made fubject unto 'the Majesty on high. him.
v John iii. 16. For God so loved 9 Eph. iv. 10. He that descend- the world, that he gave his only beed, is the fame also that ascended gotten Son, that whosoever belieup far above all heavens, that he veth in him, should not perish, but might fill all things. v. 11. And he have everlasting life. John xvii.9. gave fome, apostles: and some, pro- I pray for them : I pray not for the phets : and some, evangelists: and world, but for them which thou hast some, pastors and teachers; v. 12. given me, for they are thine. v. 20. For the perfecting of the faints, for Neither pray I for these alone, but the work of the ministry, for the for them also which shall believe on edifying of the body of Christ. Pfal. me through their word.
V. 24. Facx. throughout. The Lord said un ther, I will that they also whom to my Lord, Sit thou at my right thou hast given me, be with me hand, until I make thine enemies where I am; that they may behold thy footftool.
my glory which thou hast given me.