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himself h, so more folemnly in the public affemblies, which are not carelefsly or wilfully to be neglected or forfaken, when God, by his word or providence, calleth thereunto i.
VII. As it is of the law of nature, that, in general, a due proportion of tune be fet apart for the worship of God; fo in his word, by a positive, moral, and perpetual commandment, binding all men in all ages, he hath particu
Job faid, It may be that my fons keth hold of my covenant : have finned, and cursed God in their Even them will I bring to my holy hearts. Thụs did fob continually. mountain, and make them joyful in 2 Sam. vi. 18. And as foon as David my house of prayer: their burnthad made an end of offering burnt offerings and their facrifices fnall offerings, and peace offerings, he be accepted upon mine altar ; for blessed the people in the name of the mine house shall be called an house Lord of hosts. V. 20. Then David of prayer for all people. Heb. x. 25. returned to bless his household. Not forsaking the assembling of our1 Pet. iii. 7. Likewise, ye husbands, felves together, as the manner of dwell with them according to fome is; but exhorting, one anoknowledge, giving honour unto the ther: and so much the more, as ye wife as unto the weaker vessel, and see the day approaching. Prov. i. as being heirs together of the grace 20. Wisdom crieth without,, The of life; that your prayers be not uttereth her voice in the streets : hindered. Acts x. 2. A devout man, V. 21. She crieth in the chief place and one that feared God with all of concourse, in the openings of the his house, which gave much alms to gates : in the city she uttereth her the people and prayed to God alway. words, saying, v. 24. Because I have
g Matth. vi. 11. Give us this day called, and ye refused, I have our daily bread.
stretched out my hand, and no man h Matth. vi. 6. But thou, when regarded. Prov. viii. 34. Blessed is thou prayest, enter into thy closet, the man that heareth me, watching and when thou hast shut thy door, daily at my gates,, waiting at the pray to thy Father which is in se- posts of my doors. Acts xiii. 42. cret, and thy Father which seeth in And when the Jews were gone out secret, shall reward thee openly. of the synagogue, the Gentiles beEph. vi. 18. Praying always with sought that these words might be all
prayer and supplication in the preached to them the next Sabbath. Spirit, and watching thereunto with Luke iv. 16. And he came to Nazaall perseverance, and supplication reth, where he had been brought for all saints.
up: and, as his custom was, he i If. Ivi. 6. Also the fons of the went into the synagogue on the franger, that join themselves to the Sabbath-day, and stood up for to Lord, to serve him, and to love the read. Aets ii. 42. And they continame of the Lord, to be his ser- nued stedfastly in the apostles docvants, every one that keepeth the trine, and fellowship, and in breakSabbath from polluting it, and ta- ing of bread, and in prayers.
larly appointed one day in seven for a Sabbath, to be kept holy unto him k ; which, from the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, was the last day of the week, and, from the resurrection of Christ, was changed into the first day of the week l, which in fcripture is called the Lord's day m, and is to be continued to the end of the world, as the Christian Sabbath n.
VIII. This Sabbath is then kept holy unto the Lord, when men, after a due preparing of their hearts, and ordering of their common affairs before hand, do not only obferve an holy rest all the day, from their own works, words, and thoughts, about their worldly employments and recreations o, but also are taken up the whole time in the pu
blic VII. k Exod. xx. 8. Remember and made. I Cor. xvi. 1. Now the Sabbath-day, to keep it holy. concerning the collection for the v. 10. But the seventh day is the saints, as I have given order to the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it churches of Galatia, even so do ye. thou shall not do any work, thou, v.2. Upon the first day of the week, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy let every one of you lay by him in man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, store, as God hath prospered him, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that that there be no gatherings when I is within thy gates.
V. Il. For in come. Acts xx. 7. And upon the fix days the Lord made heaven and first day of the week, when the difearth, the sea, and all that in them ciples came together to break bread, is,and rested the seventh day: where- Paul preached unto them, ready to fore the Lord blessed the Sabbath-day, depart on the morrow, and contiand hallowed it. If: lvi. 2. Blessed nued his speech until midnight. is the man that doth this, and the m Rev. i. 10. I was in the Spirit fon of man that layeth hold on it : on the Lord's day, and heard behind that keepeth the Sabbath from pol- me a great voice, as of a trumpet. luting it, and keepeth his hand from n Exod. xx. 8. 10. (See letter k.)
For thus faith With Matth. v. 17. Think not that the Lord unto the eunuchs that keep I am come to destroy the law or the my Sabbaths, and chuse the things prophets : I am not conie to destroy, that please me, and take hold of but to fulfil. V. 18. For verily I my covenant. v. 6. 7. (See in fay unto you, Till heaven and earth letter i.)
pass, one jot or one tittle fhall in I Gen. ïi. 2. And on the seventh no wise pass from the law, till all be day, God ended his work which he fulfilled. had made: and he rested on the se VIII. o Exod. xx. 8. (See letter venth day from all his work which k.) Exod. xvi. 23. And he said unto he had made. v. 3. And God blessed them, This is that which the Lord the seventh day, and sanclified it : hath said, To-morrow is the rest of because that in it he had rested from the holy Sabbath unto the Lord : all his work, which God created bake that which ye will bake to
evil.' v. 4:
blic and private exercises of his worship, and in the duties of necessity and mercy p.
day, and feethe that ye will seethe; and figs, and all manner of burand that which remaineth over, lay dens which they brought into Jeruap for you, to be kept until the salem on the Sabbath-day; and I morning. v. 25. And Mofes faid, testified against them in the day Eat that to-day; for to-day is a wherein they sold victuals.
V. 164 Sabbath unto the Lord : to-day ye There dwelt men of Tyre · also Thall not find it in the field.
therein, which brought fish, and all Six days ye shall gather it; but on manner of ware, and sold on the the seventh day, which is the Sab Sabbath, unto the children of Judah, bath, in it there shall be none. V. 29. and in Jerusalem. V. 17. Then I conSee, for that the Lord hath given tended with the nobles of Judah, you the Sabbath, therefore he gi and said unto them, What evil thing veth you on the sixth day the bread is this that ye do, and prophane the of two days : abide ye every man in Sabbath-day? v. 18. Did not your his place, let no man go out of his fathers thus, and did not our God place on the seventh day. v. 30. So bring all this evil upon us, and upon the people rested" on the seventh this city? yet ye bring more wrath day. Exod. xxxi. 15. Six days upon Israel, by profaning the Sabmay work be done, but in the fe bath. v. 19. And it came to pass, Tenth is the Sabbath of rest, holy to that when the gates of Jerusalem the Lord: whosoever doth any work began to be dark before the Sabin the Sabbath-day, he shall surely bath, I commanded that the gates be put to death. v. 16. Wherefore should be shut, and charged that the children of Israel shall keep the they should not be opened till after Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath the Sabbath : and some of my ferthroughout their generations, for a vants set I at the gates, that there perpetual covenant.
should no burden be brought in on lign between me and the children of the Sabbath-day. v. 21. Then I Israel for ever: for in six days the testified against them, and said unLord made heaven and earth, and to them, Why lodge ye about the en the seventh day he rested, and wall? If ye do fo again, I will lay was refreshed. If. lviii. 13. If thou hands on you. From that time forth turn away thy foot from the Sab came they no more on the Sabbath. bath, from doing thy pleasure on V. 22. And I commanded the Lemy holy day, and call the Sabbath vites, that they should cleanse them .. a delight, the holy of the Lord, ho selves, and that they should come nourable, and thalt honour him, and keep the gates, 'to sanctify the not doing thine' own ways, nor find Sabbath-day. Remember me, O my ing thine own pleasure, nor speak. God, concerning this also, and spare ing thine own words. Neh. xiii
. 15. me according to the greatness of thy In those days saw I in Judah, fome mercy. treading wine-preffes on the Sab p If. lviii. 13. (See in letter o.) bath, and bringing in theaves, and Matth. xii. I. to the 13th verse. lading affes; as also wine, grapes,
V. 17. It is a
CHAP. XXII. Of larvful Oaths and Vows.
upon juft occasion, the person swearing, folemnly calleth God to witness what he asserteth or promiseth, and to judge him according to the truth or falsehood of what he sweareth b.
II. The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear, and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverence c:
therefore to swear vainly or rashly by that glorious and dreadful name, or to swear at all by any other thing, is finful, and to be abhorred d. Yet as, in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the word of God, under the New Testament, as well as under the Old e; so a lawful oath being impo
sed I. a Deut. X. 20. Thou shalt fear, d Exod. xx. 7. (See letter b.) the Lord thy God; him halt thou Jer. v. 7. How shall I pardon thee serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, for this ? thy children have forsaken and swear by his name.
me and sworn by them that are no b Exod. xx. 7. Thou shalt not gods: when I fed them to the take the name of the Lord thy God full, they then committed adultery, in vain : for the Lord will not hold and assembled themselves by troops him guiltless that taketh his name in the harlots houses. Matth. v. 34. in vain. Lev. xix. 12. And ye shall But I say unto you, Swear not at not swear by my name falsely, nei- all; neither by heaven, for it is ther shalt thou profane the name of God's throne. V. 37. But let your thy God: I am the Lord.
communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, i 23. Moreover, I call God for a nay: for whatsoever is more than record upon my soul, that to spare these, cometh of evil. Jam. v. 12. you, I came not as yet unto Corinth. But above all things, my brethren, 2 Chron. vi. 22: If a man sin against swear not, neither by heaven, neihis neighbour, and an oath be laid ther by the earth, neither by any upon him, to make him swear, and other oath : but let your yea, be the oath come before thine altar in yea, and your nay, nay;
fall this house: v. 23. Then hear thou into condemnation. from heaven, and do, and judge e Heb. vi. 16. For men verily thy servants, by requiting the wick swear by the greater: and an oath ed, by recompensing his way upon for confirmation is to them an end. his own head, and by justifying the of all strife. 2 Cor. i. 23. (See letrighteous, by giving him according ter b.) If. Ixv. 16. That he who to his righteousness.
blesseth himself in the earth, fall. II. c Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt bless himself in the God of truth, fear the Lord thy God, and serve and he that sweareth in the earth, him, and shalt swear by his name. shall swear by the God of truth
fed by lawful authority, in fuch matters, ought to be taken f.
III. Whosoever taketh an oath, ought duly to consider the weightiness of fo folemn an act, and therein to avouch nothing but what he is fully persuaded is the truth Neither may any man bind himself by oath to any thing but what is good and just, and what he believeth fo to be, and what he is able and resolved to perform h.
Yet it is a fin to refuse an oath touching any thing that is good and just, being imposed by lawful authority i.
from mine eyes.
because the former troubles are for wife unto my son of the daughters gotten, and becuase they are hid of the Canaanites, amongst whom I
dwell. v. 5. And the servant said unf 1 Kings viii. 13. If any man to him, Peradventure the woman trespass against his neighbour, and will not be willing to follow me unan oath be laid upon him to cause to this land: must I needs bring him to swear, and the oath come thy son again unto the land from before thine altar in this house. whence thou camert ? v. 6. And Neh. xiii. 25. And I contended with Abraham said unto him, Beware them, and cursed them, and smote thou, that thou bring not my
fon certain of them, and pluckt off their thither again. v. 8. And if the wohair, and made them swear by God, man will not be willing to follow saying, Ye shall not give your thee, then thou shalt be clear from daughters unto their fons, nor take this my oath: only bring not my fon their daughters unto your sons, or thither again v. 9. and the servant for yourselves. Ezra x. 5. Then put his hand under the thigh of A. arose Ezra, and made the chief braham his master, and sware to him priests, the Levites, and all Ifrael concerning that matter, to swear, that they should do accord i Numb. v. 19. And the priest shall ing to this word: and they sware. charge her by an oath, and say un
III. & Exod. xx. 7. (See letter b.) to the woman, If no man have lien Jer. iv. And thou shalt swear, with thee, and if thou hast not gone The Lord liveth, in truth, in judg. aside to uncleanness with another inent, and in righteousness; and the instead of thy husband, be theu nations Shall bliss themselves in him, free from this bitter water that and in him fhall they glory.
causesh the curse. v. 21. Then the h Gen. xxiv. 2. And Abraham priest shall charge the woman with
unto his eldest servant of his an oath of curfing, and the price house, that ruled over all that he shall say unto the woman, The had, Put, I pray thee, thy hand Lord make thee a curse and an oa:h under ny thigh : v. 3. And I will among the people, when the Lord make thee swear by the Lord, the doth make they thigh to rót, and God of heaven, and the God of the thy belly to swell. Neh. v. 12. earth, that thou shalt' not take a Then said they, We will restore