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. challenging a special propriety in the seventh, his own example, and his blefing the Sabbath day.
Q. 1. Wbat is the rest which God requires on the Sabbath ? : A. It is not a mere oatural or civil, but an holy relt, resem: bling the rest in heaven, wherein the mind is molt active and busy in the work of God, though the body be at rest, and the fpirit oot wearied with its work; Rev. iv. 8. Aod the four beasts had each of them fix wings about him, and they were full of eyes within, and they rest oot day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.
Q. 2. May not any works of our civil calling be ordinarily done on that day?
A. No; it is finful to put our hands ordinarily to our calliogs on that day, and God usually punishes it. Neh. xiii. 15, 16, 19, 18. In those days faw I in Judah some treading wide-presses og the Sabbath, and bringing up theaves, and lading asses, as also wine-grapes, and figs, and all manner of burdeos which they brought into Jerusalem on the Sabbath-day; aod I testified against them in the day wherein they fold victuals. There dwelt men of Tyre also thereio, which brought fish, and all manner of ware, and sold on the Sabbath, unto the children of Judah, aad in Jerusalem. Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the Sabbath-day? Did not your fathers thus, aod did not our God bring all this evil upon us, aod upon this city? Yet ye bring more wrath upoo Ifrael by profaning the Sabbath.
Q. 3. May we 'not refrelh our bodies by recreations, or our minds by thoughts of earthly business, or discourses, on that day? - A. Recreations of the body, which are lawful on other days, are sinful on this day; and all the recreations of the mind allowed on this day, are spiritual and heavenly; Isa. lviii. 13, 14. If thou turn away thy foot from the Sabbath, from doing thy. pleasure on my holy day, and call the Sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable, and shalt honour him, not doing thine owo ways, nor finding thine owo pleasure, por speaka, ing thioe own words; then shalt thou delight thyself io the Lord, and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father ; for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.
Q. 4. What works may lawfully be done on that day? .
A. Christ's example warrants works of necesity, and works of mercy, but no other; Matth. xii. 3, 4. But he said unto them, have ye not read what David did, when he was an huns
gred, and they that were with him, How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shew-bread, which was por law. ful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests. Aod ver. 7. But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not facrifice, &c.
Q. 5. What are the holy duties of the Sabbath?
A. The public worship of God; in reading, and hearing the word preached. Ifa. Ixvi. 23. And it shall come to pals, that from one new moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, mall all Acth come to worship before me, faith the Lord. Luke iv. 16.- Aod as his custom was, he went into the sypagogue on the Sabbath-day, and stood up for to read. And prayer ; Acts xvi. 13, 14. And on the Sabbath-day we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made, cc. And receiving the Sacrament; Acts xx. 7. And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached, &c.
Q. 6. Are private duties in our families required, as well as public, on the Sabbath?
A. Yes; it is not enough to fanctify the Sabbath in public ordinances, but God requires it to be sanctified in family, and private duties; Lev. xxiii. 3. But the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, and holy convocation ; ye shall do so work there. in : it is the Sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.
Q. 3. With what frame of Spirit are all Sabbach duties, both public and private, to be performed ?
A. They are to be performed with spiritual delight; Isa. Iviii. 13. If thou euro away thy foot from the Sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day, and call the Sabbath a Gelighe, &c. And all grudging at, and weariness of spiritual exercises, is a sia forbidden ; Mal. i. 13. Ye said also, behold what a weari. Dess is it, and ye have fuffed at it, faith the Lord of hosts, and ye brought that which was torn, and the lame, and the sick; thus ye brought an offering : fhould I accept this of your haod? faith the Lord. Amos viii. 5. When will the dew moon be gone, that we may fell corn ? and the Sabbath, that we may set forth wheat ? &C .Q. 8. What is the first reason annexed to this command ?
A. The firft reason is the fufficient, and large allowance of time God hath given us for our civil callings, and earthly bufiness. Six days in the week is a large allowance. ? Q. 9. What is the second reason angexed to this fourth command ? :
A. The second reason is God's fanctifying and separating this
day by a special command and institution for his service ; fo that to profane this time, is co lo against an express divide command. - Q. 19. What is the third reason annexed to this command ?
A. The third reason is God's own example, who rested the seventh day from all his works, and blessed this day, by virtue of which blefsing we are encouraged to fanctify it. . Q. 11. Is it not enough to fanctify this day in our own persons ?
A. No; if God hath put any under our authority, their profąping the Sabbath will become our liq, though we be never so strict in the observation of it ourselves.
12. May we continue our civil employmepts to the last moment of our common time?
A. Except neceflity or mercy urge us, we ought to break off before, and allow some time to prepare for the Sabbath, Luke xxiii. 54: Aod that day was the preparation, and the Sabbath drew on.
Q. 13. What is the first inference from hence ?
A. That we have all great cause to be humbled for our Sabbath transgressions, either in our unpreparedoels for it, our wapt of delight and fuirituality in it, or the due government of our families as God requires. : Q. 14. What is the second inference from hence ?
A. That Christians on the Sabbath-day have a fair occasion and help to realize to themselves the heavenly Itate, in which they are to live abstract from the world, and God is to be all in all to them.
. .Of the fifth Gommandment. ;'
"Hich is the fifth commandment?
V A. The fifth commandment isy [Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.]
Quelt. 64. What is required in the fifth commandment ?
A. The fifth commandment requireth the preserving the honour, and performing the duties belonging to every one in their several places and relations, as superiors, inferiors, or equals.
Quelt. 65.. What is forbidden in the fifth commandment
A. The fifth commandment forbiddeth the neglefting of, or doing any thing against the honour and duty which belongeth to every one in their several places and relations.
Quest. 66. What is the reason annexed to the fifth command.
of long life and prosperity (as far as it fall serve for God's glory and their own goud) to all such as keep this commandment.'
Q: 1. What relatives are directly and more especially conCeroed in this fifth commandment ?
A. All superiors and inferiors are concerned in it; especially, (1.) Political fathers, and their children; that is, kings and sub. jects ; Mark xi. 10. Blessed be the kingdom of our father David, &c. (2.) Spiritual fathers, and their children; that is, ministers, aad their people; 1 Cor. iv. 15. For though you have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet have ge not many fathers, for in Christ Jefus I have begotten you through the gospel. (3.) Natural parents, and their childreo; Eph. vi. 1. Children, obey your parents in the Lord. (4.) All civil fuperiors and inferiors, as hulbands and wives, masters and servants; Eph. V. 22. Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as un. to the Lord. And Eph. vi. 5. Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the Aesh, &c.
0. 2. What is the duty of political fathers, or magistrales, to their political children, or subjects?..
A. It is to rule and govero the people over whom God hath fet them with wisdom ; 2 Chron. i. 10. Give me now wisdom and koowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people. Justice ; 2 Chron. xix. 5, 6, 7. And he fet judges in the laod, throughout all the fenced cities of Judah, city by city. And he faid to the judges, take heed what ge do; for ye judge not for man, but for the Lord, who is with you in the judge
take heed, and do it, &c. And piety; 2 Sam. xxiii. 3. He that ruleth over men must be just, ruliog in the fear of God. Carefully providing for their souls io every place of their dominion; 2 Chron. xvii. 9. And they taught in Judah, and had the book of the law of the Lord with them, and went about throughout all the cities of Judah, and taught the people. And for their common outward peace and fafety; 2 Chroo. xvii, 12. And Jeholhaphat waxed great exceedingly, and he built in Ju. dah castles and cities of fiore. ..
Q. 3. What are the duties of subjects to their rulers ?
A. It is to pray for them ; i Tim. ii. 1, 2. I exhort therefore, that first of all fupplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of chaoks, be made for all men : For kings, and for all that are in authority, &c. To honour them; 1 Pet. ii. 17- Fear God, honour the king. To obey their jult laws; Rom. xin. 1. Let every soul be fubject unto the higher powers, &c. And to pay them the uribute that is due to them; Rom. xiii. 7.
of chahority, &c. 1oTo obey the higher powers,
Render therefore to all their dues, tribute to whom tribute is due, custom to whom custom, &c. .e. 4. What are the duties of ministers to their people ? • A. Their duty is,' (1.) To feed their flock constaotly with, wholesome food; 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the word, be ioftant in season, and out of season ; rebukę, reprove, exhort, with all long-sufferiog and doctrine. (2.) To be full of bowels of tender affection to them; 1 Thess ii. 7, 8. But we were gentle among you, even as a ourse cherisheth her children : So being affectionately desirous of you, we were willing to have imparted unto you, not the gospel of God only, but also qur owa fouls, because ye were dear upto us, (3.) To pray for them, Eph. i. 15, 16. Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the faiots, cease not to give thanks for you, makiøg mention of you in my prayers. (4.)
To watch over them; 1 Pet, v. 2. Feed the flock of God which · is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly, etc. And, (5.) To walk as an example of godJiness before them; Tit. ij. 7. In all things thewing thyself a pattern of good works, &c. All which duties require their residence among them; 1 Pet. V. 2. Feed the flock of God which is among you, &c.
Q. 5. What are the people's duties towards their ministers?
A. Their dufy is, (1.) To esteem and love them dearly for their work's lake ; Thess. v. 12, 13. And we beleech you, brethren, to know them which labour among you, and are 0ver you in the Lord, and adınonith you; and to esteem them very highly in love for their work's fake. (2.) To attend on the word preached by them, as the word of God; I Theff. ii. 13. For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because when ge received the word of God, which ye heard of us, ye received it oot as the word of men, but.(as it is in truth) the word of God. (3.) To pray for them, and the success of their labours ; Heb. xiii. 1$. Pray for us, &c. (4.) Not to receive light and malicious reports against them; 1 Tim. v, 19. Against an elder receive aot ad accusation, but before two or chree wit-t nesses. (5.) To make a competent, and comfortable provin vision for them"; Gal. vi. 6. Let him that is taught in the word, communicate vnto him that teacherh, ia all good things. .
Q. 6. What are the duties of natural parents to their children?
A. It is their duty, (1.) To be tenderly, but not fondly affectionate to, aod tender over them ; Isa. xlix. 15. Can a woman forget her sucking child, that the should not have compal
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