Page images
PDF
EPUB

paftor to follow thee, Deither have I desired the woeful day, thou knowest : that which came out of my lips was right before thee. Psalm cxxxix. 23, 24. Search me, O God, and know my heart: try me, and know my thoughts. And lee if there be aoy wicked way in me ; and lead me in the way everlasting.i

e 5. What doth this commaadment especially forbid ?. . A. It forbids and condemos all profane oaths, as most inju. rious to the name of God, Matth. v. 34, 37.-Swear not at all, Deither by heaven, for it is God's throne, &c. But let your communication be, Yea, yea ; Nay, day: for whatsoever is more than there, cometh of evil. 'Q. 6. What is the danger of profane or false swearing?

A. Such are reckoocd enemies to God, Plalm cxxxix. 20. Thine enemies take thy name in vain. The curse of God enters joto such families. Zech. v. 4. I will bring it forth, faith the Lord of hofts, and it thall enter into the house of the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by my name, &c. , And the Lord will not hold them guiltless.

Q: 7. What else is forbidden in this commandment?

A. It forbids and condemos all heedless, wandering, and drowzy performance of God's worship; Isa. xxix. 13, 14. Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw Dear me with their mouths, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear towards me is taught by the precept of men : Therefore, behold I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a mar.' vellous work, and a wonder ; for the wildom of their wile men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid. And 2 Kings x. 31. But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of the Lord God of Israel, with all his heart : for he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, which made Ifrae! to fin,

8. What other sin is forbidden in this command ? :s .: A. It forbids all light and irreverent use of the scriptures, e

specially in our jests, or by way of scoffing ; Jer. xvii. 15. Be. hold, they say unto me, Where is the word of the Lord ? Let it come now. Jer, vi. 10. Behold, the word of the Lord is unto them a reproach: they have no delight in it. ill. 9. By what argument doth God enforce the third commandment on mea ? :

A. That the breakers of this commandment all surely be punished by the Lord, cither in this life, Deut. xxviii. 58, 59. If thou wilt not oblerve to do all the words of this law, that are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious, and

fearful Dame, the Lord thy God: Then the Lord will make thy plagues wonderful, and the plagues of thy feed, even great plagues, and of long continuance, and sore sickness, and of long continuance : Or io that to come, Rom. ii. 5. But after thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasureft up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, aod revelation of the righteous judgment of God: Except they repent and reform.

Q. 10. What is the first instruction from the third command. ment?

A. That great and infinite is the patience of God in forbearing.aod provoking fingers so long as he doth ; Rom. ix. 22. What if God, willing to sew his wrath, and to make his pow. er 'koown, endured with much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction ? ?

Q. 11. What is the second instruction from heace?

A. That God is to be justified in the feverest of his judg. ments, by which at any time he manifests his displeasure againit the profanenels of the world ; Hosea iv, 1, 2, 3. Hear the word of the Lord, ye children of Israel: For the Lord hath à controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth, por -mercy, nor koowledge of God in the land.' By fwearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, aod committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood. Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven, yea, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away,

Q. 12. What is the third instruction from hence?

A. That God takes fpecial notice of, and greatly delighteth in them that fear and reverence his Dame; Ila. Ixvi. 5. Hear the word of the Lord, ge that tremble at his word : Your brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my name's fake, faid, Let the Lord be glorifed ; but he shall appear to your joy, and they shall be ashamed. Mal. iii. 16.–And a book of remembrance was written before him, for them that feared the Lord, and that thought upon his name.

Q. 13. What is the last inference from henee? "

1. That those parents have much to answer for, that by their examples teach, or by ebeir negligence encourage their children to profane God's name ; Jer. v. 7. How shall I pardon thee for this? Thy children have forfaken 'me, and sworo by them that are no gods, &c. . . . .

in them hohe Lord, se ant you out for

H 2

Quelt. 57. W

A

. The Fourth six days bali bath of the

of the Sabbath. Qpest. 57. W Hich is the fourth commandment ?

M A. The fourth commandment is, [Remember the Sabbath-day, to keep it holy. Six days falt thou labout and do all tby work; but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God; in it thou falt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-fervant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor the franger which is within thy gates. For in fix days the Lord made heaven and earth, the fea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day, wherefore the Lord blefed the Sabbath-day, and hallowed it.] · Quett. 58. What is required in the fourth commandment?

A. The fourth commandment requireth the keeping holy to God, such set time as he hath appointed in his word, expressly one whole day in seven, to be an holy Sabbath unto the Lord.

Quest. 59. Which day of the feveo hath God appointed to, be the weekly Sabbath ?

A. From the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly Sab · bath; and the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the Christian Sabbath.

Q. . What special marks of honour hath God set upon this fourth commandment?"

A. God hath set four peculiar marks of honour on it.
(1.) It is the largest of all the commands.
(2.) fc hath a folemo memente prefixed to it.

(3.) It is delivered both positively and negatively, which the rest are not. And,

(4.) It is enforced with more arguments to strengthen the command on us, than aoy other..

R. 2. Why will God have a Sabbath op earth?

A. God will have a Sabbath on earth, to give us therein an emblem of that eternal Sabbath in heaven, wherein his people Ihall be serving him, and praising him without interruption, or mixture of any other business throughout eternity ; Heb. iv. 9.

Q: 3. For what other reasons will God have a Sabbath ?

A. He will have a Sabbath for the honour of his pame, Ifa. Iviii. 13. If thou turg away thy foot from the Sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my boly day, and call the Sabbath a de. light, the holy of the Lord, honourable, and shalt honour bim, not doing thine own ways, nor fooding thine owo pleasure, por Speaking thioe own words. For the good of mens souls ; Mark

ii. 27. And he said unto them, The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. And in mercy to the bodies of men and beasts.

Q: 4. Is this commandmegt moral and perpetual, or ceremobial and temporary : ! A. Įt is, and must needs be moral, and not ceremonial; because all the reasons that enforce ii are perpetual, and the Sabo, bath continued when the ceremonial law ceased, and was vadiched; Marthi xxiv, 20. But pray ye, that your flight be pot in the winter, peither on the Sabbatb-day. · Q. 5. What day of the seven is the Christian Sabbath?

A. The first day of the week is our Sabbath, fioce the refur section of Christ. This is the day which was foretold to be our Sabbath ; Psalm cxviii. 24. This is the day which the Lord hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it. The Lord bath marked it for himself, by setting his own name on it; Rev. i. 10. I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day. And the apostles, and primitive church, constantly set it apart to religious uses and ends ; Acts xx. 7. Add upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached voto them, doc. ' i Cor xvi. 2. Upon the first day of the week, let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.

Q. h. When doth the Christian Sabbath begin ?

A. It appears that this day is not to be reckoned from even. ing to evening, but from morning to morning; because the Christian Sabbath must begin when the Jewish Sabbath ended, but that ended towards the morning, Matth. xxviii. 1. In the end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn towards the first day of the week, came Mary Magdaleo, and the other Mary, to fee the fepulchre.

Q. 7. What is the ground of changing the day?

A. The folemn commemoration of our redemprion by the refurrection of Christ from the dead, is the ground.of trapslatjog the Sabbath from the seventh to the first day of the week; Pfalm cxviii. 24. This is the day which the Lord hath made ; we will rejoice, and be glad in it. Mark xvi. 9. Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdaleo, out of whom he had cast feven devils.

Q. 8. Is it the whole day, or only fome hours of the day, that are fet apart for God?

A. Not a part, but the whole day is the Lord's ; aod it is as dangerous to halve it with God is point of time, as it was for Ananias and Sapphira to halve their dedicated goods, and bring

in båt a part. Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath-day, is the command.

Q: 9. Is there any other day holy, besides this day? ..

A. No day but this is holy by institution of the Lord; yet days of humiliation and thanksgiving may be lawfully fet apart by men on a call of providence; but popish holy days are not warrantable, nor to be observed ; Gal. iv. 10. Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years. :Q 10. But seeing every day should be a Sabbath to a Chri. Mian, what needs any other set time?..

A. Though Christians must walk every day with God, get every day cannot be a Sabbath, becuse God calls us to other du. ties on those days, but will have this to be a solemo and entire day to himself.

Q. 1. But if a man scruple the change of the Sabbath, may he not keep both days weekly?

A. No; for then, by dojog more than God requires, he '? breaks a plain command, Six days shalt thou labour.

Q. 12. At what time should Christiaos be up, and at their duties, on the Lord's day? . A. As early in the morning as their strength will perimit, to prepare by private for public duties ; yet the public are not to be entrenched on by private duties ; Acts x. 33.-Now therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all things that are commaoded thee of God.

of the Sabbath.
Quest. 60. H ow is the Sabbath to be fanctified ?

11 A. The Sabbath is to be fanctified by an koly resting all that day, even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days, and Spending the whole time in the public and private exercises of God's worship, except So much as is to be taken up in the works of necesity and mercy,

Queft. 61. What are the sins forbidden in the fourth commandment ? i

A. The fourth commandment forbiddeth the omision or carele's performance of the duties required, and the profaning the diy by idleness, or doing that which is in itself sinful, or by unnecessary thoughts, words, or works, about our wordly employ. ments or recreations.

Quck. 62. What are the reasons apdexed to the fourth com. mandment? · A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment are, God's allowing us fix days of the week for our own employment, bis

« PreviousContinue »