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A

DICTIONARY

OF THE

ENGLISH LANGUAGE:

IN WHICH

THE WORDS ARE DEDUCED FROM THEIR ORIGINALS,

AND

ILLUSTRATED IN THEIR DIFFERENT SIGNIFICATIONS BY EXAMPLES FROM

THE BEST WRITERS.

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LONDON:
PRINTED FOR LONGMAN, HURST, REES, AND ORME, PATERNOSTER-ROW ;
1 JOHYOX; W. J. AND J. RICHARDSON ; J.WALKER : R. BALDWIN ; F. AND C. RIVINGTON ; T. PAYNE : R. FAULDER;
W. Loa XDES; G. WILKIE AND J. ROBINSON. SCATCHERD AND LETTERMAN; T. EGERTON ; P. WYNNE ; J. STOCK
DALE, CEO-BY AND CO.; ). ASPERNE ; OGILVY AND SON; CUTHELL, AND MARTIN ; LACKINGTON, ALLEN, AND CO.;
TEROR AND HOOD; JAND A. ARCH, CADELL AND DAVIES; S. BACSTER; J. HARDING; J. MAWMAN; R. H. EVANS;
BLACKS AND PARRY; 1. MATCH ARD; J. BOKER; W. STEWART ; T. OSTELL; PAYNE AND MACHINLAY ; R. PHILLIPS;
Z XATHEWS , AND WILSON AND SPENCE, YORK.

1805.

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А

DICTIONARY

OF THE

ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

L

L AB

L AB A liquid consonant, which pre *Soalko”any: paper, annexed by way of serves always the same sound in additibn or *explication to any will or

English. In the Saxon it was • testament, is called a label or codicil. aspirated; is, hlas, loaf; blærdig, latz.

Harris. At the end of a monosyllable it is .Cojoiu'd my heart to Romeo's; thou our always doubled; as, sball, stil, full

hands;

find are this hand, by thee to Romeo scalid, except after a diphthong; as, fail, feel,

Shall be the label to another deed, veal, cod. In a word of more syllables

Or my true heart with treacherous revolt it is written single; as, channel, canal, Turn to another, this shall slay thein buch. Sbak. ieriril. It is sometimes put before é, LA'Bent. adj. [labens, Lat.) Sliding; and sounded feebly after it; as, bible, gliding; slipping.

Dict. title.

LABIAL. adj. slabialis, Lat.] Uttered La, interject. [corrupted by an effeminate by the lips.

pronunciation from lo ; unless it be the The Hebrews have assigned which letters are French la.] See; look; behold.

labial, which dental, and which guttural. Bacon. Lo you! if you speak ill of the devil,

Some particular affection of sound in its pasHow he takes it at heart. Sbuk. Twelftb Night.

sage to the lips, will seem to make some com

position in any vowel which is labial. Holder. LA'BDANUM. n. 5. A resin, of a strong LABIATED. adj. (labium, Lat.] Formed not unpleasant smell, and an aromatick,

with lips. but not agreeable taste. This juice LA BIODENTAL. adj. (labium and dentaexudates from a low spreading shrub in

lis.] Formed or pronounced by the Crete.

Hill.

co-operation of the lips and teeth. To LA'BEFY. v. a. (labefacio, Lat.) To The dental consonants are very easy; and weaken; to impair.

Dict, first the labiodentals, f, w, also the línguadentals, LA BEL. 1. 5. [labellion, Latin.)

tb,dh.

Holder 3. A small slip or scrip of writing.

LABOʻRANT. n. s. (laborans, Lat.) A When waku, I found

chymist. Not in use. Thi: label on my bosom; whose containing

I can shew you a sort of tixt sulphur, made by Is so froin sense in hardness, that I can

an industrious laboraxt.

Boyle. Make no collection of it. Shaksp. Cymbeline LABORATORY. n. s. (laboratoire, Fr.] 2. Any thing appendant to a larger writ A chymist's workronm. ing.

It would contribute to the history of colours, On the Label of lead, the heads of St. Peter and if chemists would in their luboratory take a beedSt. Paul are impressed from the papal seal.

ful notice, and give us a faithful account, of the dylilje's Purcrgon.

colours observed in the steam of bodies, either

sublimed or distilled. 3. (In law.) A narrow slip of paper or

Beyle.

The flames of love will perform those mirades parchment affixed to a deed or writing,

they of the furnace boast of, would they employ in order to hold tlie appending seal. themsches in this labuindury. Decay of Pietyo VOL. III.

LABOʻRIOUS. adj. (laborieux, French ; When shall I come to th' top of that same hill? laboriosus, Lat.]

- You do clinb up it now; look how we labour.

Sbakspeare. 1. Diligent in work; assiduous.

For your highness' good I ever labour'd, That which makes the clergy glorious, is to

More than mine own.

Sbakspeare. be knowing in their professions, unspotted in

Who is with him? their lives, active and laboricus in their charges,

-None but the fool, who labours to oul-jest bold and resolute in opposing scducers, and dar

His heart-struck injuries. ing to look vice in the face; and, lastly, to be gen.

Shalsp. K. Lear.

Let more work be laid upon the men, that they tlc, courteous, and compassionate to all. South.

may labour therein.

Exodus, A spacious cave within its farmost part,

He is so touch'd with the memorv of her bene. Was hew'd and fashion'd by laborious art,

volence and protection, that his soul labours for Through the hill's hollow sides. Dryden. To his laborious youth consum'd in war,

an expression to represent it. Notes onibe Odyssey. And lasting age, adorn’d and crown'd with peace.

Epaphras saluteth you, always labouring ferPrior.

vently for you in prayers, that we may stand perfect.

Colossians. 2. Requiring labour; tiresome; not easy.

2. To do work ; to take pains. Do'st thou love watchings, abstinence and toil,

The matter of the ceremonies had wrought, Laborious virtues all? learn them from Cato.

for the most part, only upon light-headed, weak Addison.

men, whose satisfaction was not to be laboured LABOʻRIOUSLY. adv. (from laborious.} for.

Clrendon. With labour ; with toil.

A labouring man that is given to drunkenness, The folly of him, who pumps very laboriously shall not be rich.

Ecctus. in a ship, yet neglects to stop the leak.

That in the night they may be a guard to us, Decay of Piety. and labour on the day,

Nebemiab. I chuse laberiously to bear.

As a man had a right to all he could employ A weight of woes, and breathe the vital air. Pope. his labour upon, so he had no temptation to la-.

bour for more than he could make use of. Locke. LABOʻRIOUSNESS. n. s. (from laborious.] 1. Toilsomeness ; difficulty.

3. To move with difficulty.

The stone that labours up the hill, The parallel holds in the gainlessness, as well

Mocking the lab’rer's toil, returning still, as the laboriousness of the work; those wretched

Is love.

Glanville. creatures, buried in earth and darkness, were never the richer for all the ore they digged; no. 4. Io be diseased with. [morbo laborare, more is the insatiate miser. Detay at Piety,

Látio.) Not in use. 2. Diligence; assiduity:.

They abound with horse, LA'BOUR. n. s. [laberi-;:Fr: labor, Lat.),

Qf. which one want our camp doth only labour.

Ber: Jonson, 1. The act of doing what requires a pain-: was called to another, who in childbed la.

ful exertion of strength, or wearisome boured of an ulcer in her left hip. Wiseman. perseverance; pains ; toil; travail ; : is. To be in distress; to be pressed. work.

Lothis infernal lake the fury Mies, If I find her honest, I lose not my.r.bsur; if Here hides her hated head, and frees the !al'ring she be otherwise, it is labour well bestowed.

skies.

Drydents Sbakspeare.

Trumpets and drums shall fright her from the I sent to know your faith, lest the tempter have

throne, tempted you, and our labour be in vain.' i Tbes. Assounding cymbals aid the lab’ring noon. Drvd.

This exercise will call down the favour of hia2. Work to be done. Being a labour of so great difficulty, the exact ven upon you, to remove those afflictions you

now labour under from you. performance thereof we may rather wish than

Hooker. look for.

Wake's Preparation for Death.

6. To be in childbirth; to be in travail. If you had been the wife of Hercules, Six of his labours you'd have done, and sav'd

There lay a log unlighted on the earth, Your husband so much sweat. Sbaksp.

When she was lalouring in throws of birth;

For th' unborn chief the fatal sisters came, 3. Work done ; performance.

And rais'd it up, and toss'd it on the flame. Diode 4. Exercise; motion with sone degree of Here, like some furious prophet, Pindar rede, violence.

And seem'd to babour with th' inspiring God. Moderate labour of the body conduces to the preservation of health, and curing many initial To LA'BOUR. v. a. diseases; but the toil of the mind destroys health, s. To work at; to move with difficulty; and generates maladies.

Harvey. to form with labour; to prosecute with 5. Childbirth ; travail.

effort. Sith of women's labours thou hast charge, To use brevity, and avoid much labeuring of And generation goodly docst enlarge,

the work, is to be granted to him that will make Incline thy will co affect our wishful vow. Spens. an abridgment.

2 Maccabces. Not knowing 'twas my labour, I complain

Had you requir'd my helpful hand, Of sudden shoctings, and of grinding pain! Th' artificer andart you might command, Mythrow's come thicker, and my cries encreas'd, To labour arms for Troy. Dryšlen's Æneid. Which with her hand the conscious nurse sup An eager desire to know something concerning press'd.

Dryden. him, has occasioned mankind to labour the point, Not one woman of two hundred dies in labour.

under these disadrantages, and turn on all hands

Graunt. to see if there were any thing left which might His heart is in continual labor; it even tr have the least appearance of information. Popes vails with the obligation, and is in pangs 'till is 2. To beat; to belabour. be delivered.

South's Sermons.

Take, shepherd, take a plant of stubborn oak, To LA'BOUR. V. n. (laboro, Latin.]

And labour hin with marry a sturdy stroke. 1. To toil; to act with painful effort.

Dryden.

Pope. .

woven.

LA'BOURER. n. s. [icbeureur, French.] Himself he tied, and wrapt his winges twain 1. One who is ernployed in coarse and In liny snares, the subtil loops among. Spens. toilsome work.

2. A snare; a gin. If a state run most to noblemen and gentle

The king had snared been in love's strong lase. men, and that the husbandmen be but as their

Fairfax. work-folks and labourers, you may have a good 3. A plaited string, with which women caratry, but never good stable foot. Bacon. fasten their clothes.

The sun but seem'd the lab'rer of the year, 0! cut my lace, lest my heart cracking, it Esch sting rooon sugsly'd her wat’ry store,

Break too,

Sbakspeare. To sell those tides which from the line did Doll ne'er was call’d to cut her lace, bear

Or throw cold water in her face, Særifl. Their brimful vessels to the Belgian shore. Dryd. 4. Ornaments of fine thread curiously

Labourers and idle persons, children and striplings, cld men and ycung men, must have ylivers

Our English dames are much given to the diets.

Arbuthnot.

wearing of costly laces; and, if they be brought Not balmy sleep to lab’rers faint with pain,

from Italy, they are in great esteem. Bacon. Not show'rs to larks, or sun-shine to the bee, Are hali so charming, as thy sight to me. Pope. 5. Textures of thread, with gold or silver.

He wears a stuff, whose thread is coarse and Yet hence the poor are cloth'd, the hungry fed,

round, Health to himself, and to his infants bread, The lab'rer bears.

Herbert. Popes

But trimm'd with curious lace. The prince cannot say to the merchant, I have 6. Sugar. A cant word; now out of use. no need of thee; por the merchant to the la.

If haply he the sect pursues, burst, I have no need of thee. Swift.

That read and comment upon news; 3. One who takes pains in any employ.

He takes up their mysterious face,

He drinks his coffee without lace. Prior. ment.

Sir, I am a true labourer; I earn that I eat; To Lace. v. a. (from the noun.] get that I wear; ove no man hate; envy no

1. To fasten with a string run through man's happiness.

Skakspears. eilet holes.
The stone that labours up the hill,

I caused a fomentation to be made, and put Mocking the Lab'rer's toil, returning still,

on a laced sock, by which the weak parts were is love.

Glanville.
strengthened.

Wiseman. LA BOURSOME. adj. [from labour.] At this, for new replies he did not stay,

But lae'd his crested helm, and strode away. Dry. Made with great labour and diligence. Not in use.

These glitt'ring spoils, now made the victor's

gain, Forget Your labeursome and dainty trims, wherein

He to his body suits; but suits in vain :

Messapus' helm he finds among the rest, l'ou made great Jove angry. Sbaksp. Cymbeline. And laces os and wears the waving crest. Dryd.

He hath, my lord, by laboursome petition, Like Mrs. Primly's great belly; she may lace rung from me my slow leave. Sbaks. Hamlet.

it down before, but it burnishes on her hips. LA'Brå. F. s. [Spanish.] A lip. Not

Congreve. used.

Hanmer. When Jenny's stays are newly lac'd. Word of denial in thy labras here;

Fair Alina plays about her waist. Prior, Word of denial, froth and scum thou liest. Sbak. 2. To adorn with gold or silver textures LA BYRINTH. 3. s. (labyrintbus, Lat.) A sewed on. maze ; a piace formed with inextricable It is but a night-gown in respect of yours ; cloth

of gold and coats, and lac'd with silver. Shaksp. Suffolk, stay

3. To embellish with variegations. Thou may'st not wander in that lebyrintb;

Look, love, what envious streaks There Minotaurs, and ugly treasons lurk. Sbak. Do lace the severing clouds in yonder East; Words, which would tear

Night's candles are burnt out, and jocund day The tender labyrinth of a maid's soft ear. Donne. Stands tiptoe on the misty mountains' tops. My clamour's tear

Shałspears The ear's soft labyrintb, and cleft the air. Sandys. Then clap four slices of pilaster on't,

The earl of Essex had not proceeded with his That, lac'd with bits of rustic, makes a front. accustomed wariness and skill; but run into la

Pope. tyriedbe, from whence he could not disentangle 4. To beat; whether from the form which Kunself.

Clarendon. My soul is on her journey; do not now

L'Estrange uses, or by corruption of Divert, or lead her back, to lose herself

lasb. l' th' inaze and winding labyrintbs o'th' world.

Go you, and find me out a man that has no Denban. curiosity at all, or I'll lace your coat for ye.

L'Estranga Lac is usitally distinguished by the name of a Laced Mutton. An old word for a gum, but improperly, because it is infiammable, whore. and not soluble in water. We have three sorts of it, which are all the product of the same tree.

Ay, Sir, I, a lost mutton, gave your letter to 1. The stick la. 2. The seed lac. 3. The shell

her a lac'd mutton, and she gave me nothing for lac. Authors leave us uncertain whether this

Sbukspeare. drug belongs to the animal or the vegetable La'ceman. 1. s. [lace and man.] One kingdom.

Hill. who deals in lace. LACE. a.s. (lacet, French; laqueus, Lat.] I met with a nonjuror, engaged with a lace1. A string; a cord.

man, whether the late French king was most like There the fond fly entangled, struggled long, LA CERABLE. adj. (from lacerate.] Suck

Augustus Cæsar, or Nero. Addison's Spectator. Himself to free thereout; but all in vain : For striving more, the more in laces strong

as may be torn.

windings.

LAC. n. s.

my labour,

Ba

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