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CARDINAL MANNING - FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE

DR. ARNOLD - GENERAL GORDON

BY

LYTTON STRACHEY

WITH PORTRAITS

G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS
NEW YORK AND LONDON
Tbe knickerbocker Press

HARVARD
UNIVERSITY

LIBRARY
JUN 2 1959

Howard in Forbes

Obe knickerbocker Press, Rew York

To

H. T. J. N.

PREFACE

THE history of the Victorian Age will never be written: we know too much about it. For ignorance is the first requisite of the historian-ignorance, which simplifies and clarifies, which selects and omits, with a placid perfection unattainable by the highest art. Concerning the Age which has just passed, our fathers and our grandfathers have poured forth and accumulated so vast a quantity of information that the industry of a Ranke would be submerged by it, and the perspicacity of a Gibbon would quail before it. It is not by the direct method of a scrupulous narration that the explorer of the past can hope to depict that singular epoch. If he is wise, he will adopt a subtler strategy. He will attack his subject in unexpected places; he will fall upon the flank, or the rear; he will shoot a sudden, revealing searchlight into obscure recesses, hitherto undivined. He will row out over that great ocean of material, and lower down into it, here and there, a little bucket, which will bring up to the light of day some characteristic specimen, from those far depths, to be examined with a careful curiosity. Guided by these considerations, I have written the ensuing studies. I have attempted, through the medium of biography, to present some Victorian visions to the modern eye.

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