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five years old. It is a curious fact that it has been established in the case of the salmon that some breed for the first time when two years old, the majority not till they are three years of age.

There is some evidence that other fishes of different kinds, such as herring, pilchard, mackerel, and even the sprat, follow the same law of growth.

The life-history of the conger has also been followed at the Plymouth Aquarium. It has been definitely established that all the large conger taken for the market, all the conger over three feet in length, are female, the male never exceeding two feet nine inches. No sexually ripe females are ever caught at sea, nor ripe males. But there are slight sexual differences by which the males can be distinguished, and when kept in the aquarium they ultimately become ripe, and healthy milt can be squeezed from them. When ripe these males cease to feed, and they never begin to feed again, but after living for months in the ripe condition, ultimately waste away and die. The females, on the other hand, never become ripe in captivity: they feed voraciously for a time, and grow rapidly, but ultimately, usually when five or six feet in length, they cease to feed, and live for six months or more without eating, and at last die. When an examination is made of specimens that have died in this way, they are found to be in a curious condition. The ovaries are enormously distended with ova, small white opaque ova, which seem almost, but not quite, ripe. The number of the eggs calculated is six or seven millions, and they constitute about {th of the total weight of the fish. But there are other peculiarities in such conger. It is found that all the teeth have disappeared, and almost all the the lime has gone froin the bones. The bones are quite soft and gelatinous, like cartilage, and can be cut with a knife almost like cheese. As these changes have been observed to occur regularly in several specimens, they cannot be accidental, but are, in all probability, a normal process in ripening conger. The inference which I draw is that the female conger in the natural state is extremely feeble when ripe, and dies as soon as the eggs are shed. The fact that neither the male nor the female feeds when the sexual organs are maturing explains why ripe specimens are never caught. The eggs after fertilization have not yet been identified. There is some reason to suppose they are pelagic, but no pelagic egg which could belong to the conger has been noticed off the Devon or Cornish coasts.

A FEW SHEAVES OF DEVON BIBLIOGRAPHY.

GLEANED BY JOHN INGLE DREDGE.

(Read at Plymouth, July, 1892.)

REFERENCES.-B.M., British Museum Library; Bod., The Bodleian Library; Dr. W.'s Lib., Dr. D. Williams's Library; J. I. D., The Writer's Library; (pp. iv.] so inclosed denotes that those pages are unnumbered.

The title of any book not yet actually examined is given within square-headed brackets thus [......], with the puthority.

The Third Sheaf.

BARLOW (John). He was born in Cheshire; matriculated at Oxford from Hart Hall 31 Oct. 1600, as “pleb. fil.," aged 19; admitted B.A. 9 July 1608; Wood says, “ being then in orders and a curate. Afterwards, upon an invitation, he was made minister of Plymouth.” Henry Wallis was the vicar of St. Andrew's from 1603 to his death in 1634; therefore Barlow's post must have been that of "the lecturer." Samuel Hieron, of Modbury, was the means of introducing our divine to Devon. His tracts shew that he was still here in 1619. From the IXth Report of the Historical MSS. Commission we learn that Mathias Nichols held the Plymouth Lectureship on the 28th of August, 1620. We now find Barlow at Halifax. Mr. Hunter, in his Life of Oliver Heywood, has some remarks, from Heywood's notes, on the Halifax lectures, ending thus :“It's said this exercise was maintained in Dr. Favour's days, who was a great friend to Non-Conformists, maintained two famous men as lecturers at Halifax, whom he shrouded under his authority and interest with the bishop, namely, Mr. Boys, banished out of Kent for his Non-Conformity, a choice man, very laborious in the work of the Lord, catechized all the poor, expounded to them in the church one day in the week, gave them

money ; I have his catechism which he taught them; and Mr. Barlow, that writ upon Timothy, a choice

man, who had been shrouded under Dr. Favour.” To this Hunter adds, “When Dr. Favour died [which was in 1623], and Dr. Clay came in, he [Barlow) removed.” It is from Halifax that Barlow dates the epistle dedicatorie, to his Exposition of the first chapter of the second epistle to Timothy, “ August 10, 1624.” We next find him holding the appointment of Lecturer to the Citie of Chester. Enquiries concerning him, made there at several times during the past twelve years, had been fruitless; until, quite recently, Mr. J. P. Earwaker kindly sent me this extract from the Register of St. Peter's, Chester :-"1629. Mr. John Barlow clerke and lecturer to ye citty of Chester was buried January the eleventh, 1629”; i.e., 1629–30.

Cf. Wood's Ath. Oxon. ij. 551 ; Fasti, i. 325 ; J. Brooking Rowe's Ecclesiastical History of Old Plymouth, pt. ii. 33; IXth Report Hist. MSS. Com. pt. i. 283 ; Hunter's Life of Oliver Heywood, p. 76; Heywood's Diaries, vol. iv. p. 16.

1. Hierons last Farewell. A Sermon preached at Modbvry in Devon, at the Funerall of that Reuerend and faithfull Seruant of Iesvs Christ, Master Samvel Hieron, sometimes Preacher there.

By I. B.

Iob i. 9. Doeth Iob serue God for nought?

LONDON Printed by William Stansby for William Butler, and are to be sold at his shop in Saint Dunstanes Churchyard in Fleetstreet. 1618. 4to. Title, 1 leaf; Epistle Dedicatorie “ To the much

honovred Lady, and my very good friend, The Lady Margaret Hele, of Winbvry in Devon,” 2 leaves ; “ To the Reader," 1 leaf; Sermon on 2 Tim. iv. 7, pp. 33. (J.I.D.)

The sermon gives no information about Hieron; the preacher, explaining why he had dedicated it to Lady Hele, adds, “More reasons might bee added, for to excuse this

my boldnesse. The great loue you euer bare to him, for whose sake it was conceiued : Your personall presence at its birth : And was it not hee that fetcht mee from the Fountayne, cõducted me from thence to your Countrey, counted me worthy, and euer gaue me coun

tenance vntill his change?" (Ep. Ded.) 2. A Christians Last Day, is his Best Day. A Sermon upon the first Epistle to the Thessalonians, Chap. 4. Vers. 18. By Io. Barlow. [Quot. Isa. 60. 19, 20, four lines.]

LONDON Printed by William Stansby for William Butler, and are to be sold at his shop in Saint Dunstanes Churchyard in Fleetstreet. 1618.

sermon

sermons.

4to. Title, 1 leaf; To the Reader, dated “Plimmouth, from

my Study, December 20, 1617," 1 leaf. Sermon, pp.
39–79. (J.I.D.]
The pagination and the signatures prove that this

was issued with the funeral sermon for S. Hieron; no general title has been found for the two

Barlow says to the Reader, “ If (in thy iudgement) my First-borne want beautie : beare a little, the second Sonne, like Abel, may peraduenture prooue

better.” 3. The good mans refuge in affliction. Or a most profitable and comfortable Sermon, preached by Iohn Barlow. And now published especially for the good of them that bee, or have been afflicted inwardly in minde, or outwardly in body. Iudg. 6. 12. The Lord is with thee, thou valiant man.

London, Imprinted by Felix Kyngston, for Nathanael Newbery, and are to be sold at his shop, under St Peters Church in Corn-hill. 1618. 4to. Title, 1 leaf; The Epistle Dedicatorie “To the right

worship vll Sir Edmund Tryfoord, of Tryfoord, Knight," 2 leaves; “To the Christian and well affected Reader," dated “From my study at Plymouth, Iune 26. 1618.," 1 leaf; sermon on Psalme 40. 18. [a misprint for 17] pp. 43. [Bod.]

“ Ingratefulnesse (Right Worshipfull) hath beene condemned amongst the very Heathen ... Wherefore if I should suffer the favours to slip out of my mind, that I have received from you, I could not cleere my selfe from the foule censure of an ungratefull person. . . I confesse that when I little expected any favour from you, you furthered me, not by word, but deed, in my studies at the Vniversity; and that not once, but often.” (Ep. Ded.)

“I must give thee to understand, that when I first treated of this subject, it was (through a fault peradventure) within the City of London, and before one of the most judicious auditories there. But since that time I have had occasion elsewhere to prosecute the text more at large, and divers have beene desirous to have what I then delivered, to be published, judging it to bee not

unworthy the Presse." (To the Reader.) 4. The good mans priviledge. A Sermon lately preached at Plimmouth in Devon, By I. B. and now published at the request of some that then were Auditors. Psalm. 4. 6. Who

1 Black-Friers.

.

will shew us any good ? Micah. 6. 8. He hath shewed thee, O Man, what is good.

London, Imprinted by F. K. for Nathanael Newberry, and are to be sold at his shop, under St Peters Church in Cornhill and in Popes-head Alley, over against the signe of the white horse. 1618. 4to. Title, 1 leaf; the epistle dedicatory, dated July 8. 1618;

2 leaves ; To the Reader, 1 leaf ; Sermon on Rom. viii.

28, pp. 25. [Bod.] 5. The Ioy of the Vpright Man. In a Sermon preached at Grayes Inne: By I. B. wherein is declared the hidden comfort, the sure reward, the present condition of the upright hearted. Psal. 126. 6.

London, Imprinted by Felix Kyngston for Nathaniel Newbery, and are to be sold at his shop under Saint Peters Church in Corne-hill, at the signe of the Starre, and in Popeshead Alley. 1619. 4to. Title, 1 leaf; The Epistle Dedicatory “To his mvch

respected and approved Friend, Mr. Da. M.,” 2 leaves ;

sermon on Psalme 97. 11. pp. 36. [Bod.] 6. The Trve Gvide to Glory. A Sermon preached at Plympton-Mary in Deuon, at the Funerals of the Right Worshipfull

, and truely Religious Lady, the Lady Strode of Newingham. By Io. Barlow. [Quot. Prov. 2. 10, 11, five lines.]

LONDON: Printed by THOMAS SNODHAM, for Nathaniel Newberrie, and are to be sold at his shop vnder Saint Peters Church in Cornehill. 1619. 4to. Title, 1 leaf; Epistle Dedicatorie “To the right worship

fvll, and his approued good friends; Sir William Strode of Newingham in Deuon, Knight, with his Sonnes and Davghters,” and “To the Reader,” 3 leaves; sermon on Psal. lxxiii. 24. pp. 51. (J.I.D.]

7. An exposition of the second Epistle of the Apostle Paul to Timothy, the first Chapter. Wherein

1 The text is Logically into its parts resolved,
2 The words plainely explicated.
3 A familiar Metaphrase annexed.
4 The several Doctrines thence arising deduced, and

largely confirmed. 1. by Precept. 2. by Example.
3. by Reasons.

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