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Cattle, entries of Thoroughbred, 1863 ... 38 Curl and blister of Peach leaves........ 460

awards on

40 Cereals, memoranda on

480

entries of Work Oxen and Steers.

Drain-Tile Macbine.....

40

awards on

76

entries of Fat Cattle and MilchCows 41 Draining, philosophy of.

awards on

41 Deep Plowing, hints on

xxxiii

statements of Exhibiters of Cattle. 41 Depth for covering Wheat...

Xxxix

entries in Sweepstakes Cattle, ....

42 Dickinson, W., letter on Breeding Horses. 167

awards on

43

Feed Cutter, Buckeye.

63

Cider and Wipe Mill with Press, combined 65

Fence, Portable Brace..

78

Corn Sbeller, Higby's

65

Flour and Grain, awards on

92

Corn Separator,

67

Statement of Dutton & Preece. 93

Cultivator, Briggs' improved

73

Flowers, Stove and Green House, Profes-

Churn, J. S. Colburn's.

79

sional, awards on..

103

Clothes Wringer, Putnam's..

80

Amateur, awards on... 104

Cider Mill and Press

85

Fine Arts, awards on..

111

Cabinet-ware, awards on.

90

Farm Crops, statements of...

163

Chemicals, awards on.....

92

Feeding, Theory and Practice of, by Stone-

Cheese, awards on..

93

henge..

181

S. E. & H. N. Carter's statement.. 93

Bedding for Horses..

187

A. Bartlett's statement.

Dressing or Grooming.. 190

E. C. Cox's statement..

95 Food for Horses, analysis of ...

184

C. H. Dunbar & Son's statement. 95

in England..

187

Hammon Stevens' statement... 95 French Merino Sheep in Ohio...

228
John J. Eldridge's statement 96 Forshhammer on Minerals in Plants..... 422

H. F. Giddings' statement 97 Forage Plants, chemico physiological char-
Commended list of articles of 1863.. 112

acteristics.....

431

County Societies, abstracts of reports.... 131 Foot-Rot in Sheep......

492

officers of ...

165

Cattle, species of...

364

Goats, Cashmere, awards om.

59

definition of race, tribe, kind, &c., 368

Report of Committee..

origin of races...

371

Grain Drill, Smith, Barnes & Co

72

methods of Breeding..

375

Grapes, awards on.....

110

Breeding and Management, by T.

List of, exbibited by Geo. W. Camp-

C. Jones

388

bell......

111

Breeding and Feeding, by Prof.

Gangee John, Microscopic Worms in Man 494

Brown ...

403

Expense in Breeding ...... 386 Horses, entries in Thoroughbred...... 43

in-and-in Breeding, and Thorough

awards in

43

Breeding ....

378

entries in Roadsters...

44

Crossing

380

awards in

.44-46

Refreshing of Blood

385

entries in Horses for General Pur-

Pastures. ...

394

poses....

46

Thoroughbred

396

awards in Horses for General Par.

Comstock's Rotary Spader..

poses....

47

Canada, agriculture in.......

xxviii

entries in Draft.

50

Chemistry and Physiology in agriculture. li

awards

50

Crops in Prussia....

LXXV

entries in Matched Horses and

Cotswolds in Obio

247

Mares......

60

Chemico physiological characteristics of

awards in Matched Horses and

plants..

431

54

xxi

Marek...

.lxxxix

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69 Plants, importance of hybridization....... xliii
Third Division,

74 Physiology and Chemistry in Agriculture li
Mille, Champion Nonpareil.

75 | Physiologist, task of in Agriculture...... lix

66

107

.... 431

XXX

46

.xxxiii

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President's Address....

vii Sheep, Essay on Varieties and Culture of
Potatoes, H. V. Bronson's statement of... 163 in Ohio-J. H. Klippart.

201
Geo. Manchester's
164 Sheep, Growth of Lustre Wool...

201
Precocity of Development in Cattle...... 403 French Merinos and their grades., 228
Development under natural

French Merinos, description and
circumstances. .......... 405

statements of ...

231
Development under artificial

Saxons and their grades......

233
circumstances........... 407 Saxons, description and statements

Development under domesti-

of ....

236

cation...

409
Silesians

239
pafticular results of the forc-

South Downs.

240
ing system....

415 South Downs, description and state-
Plants, what they feed on...

422
ments of

242
Forage, chemico physiological char-

Cotswolds

24-
acteristics of....

431 Cotswolds, description and state-
Pear, Apple and Quince Blight...

450
ments of ..

249

Pork, diseased...

494

Leicesters

250

Sheep Husbandry in Ohio..

253

Randall, H. S., Address of.

340

Negretti Breeding of, by W. Sette-

Raspberries, awards on.

111
gast....

293

Rotary Spades, Comstocks.

xxi Spader, Comstock's Rotary

xxi

River Counties, statistics of..
cxxiii Statistics of Crops in Ohio for 1863

ci

Report of Treasurer....

ix

act in relation to.

cii

Races of Cattle, origin of.....

371

Scioto valley, statistics of..

..cviii

artificial....... 373 Stonehenge, Essay on Feeding Ilorses ... 181

Settegast, W., on Negretti Sheep.....
State Board, proceedings of

Salisbury, J. H. and C. B., on Microscopic

1

researches....

... 450

State Agricultural Fund.....

19

on Peach leaf curl and blister, 460

State Board, members of.

23

Soil we cultivate......

484

Societies, District and County.

23

deep stirring of.....

485

District ..

28

exhaustion of

488

State Fair Grounds, location of....... 29

Sheep, awards on Merinos, Fair of 1863.. 56

Tobacco Question.....

24 and 28

“ Silesians.

56

Tools and Household Implem'ts, awards on 79

Report of Committee.

56

Turnip crop

xxvii

awards on Leicesters,..

56

Treasurer's Report....

ix

Report of Committee...

56

Trichinea

494

awards on Cotswolds.

57

“ South Down and Fat Vehicles, awards on.....

85

Sheep

57

Vegetal, les, Roots, &c., awards on 102

Swine, Large Breeds, awards on..

59

Small Breeds, awards on..

59 Wheat Drill....

81

Sweepstakes on Swine

60 Wood Saw

84

Seed Separator and Cleaner...

66 Worked Metals, awards on..

90

Sewing and Knitting Machines, awards on 86 Wooden Ware, awards on..

91

Sewing Machines, Wheeler & Wilson's... 87 Wool, growth of Lustre

201

Silk and Fabrics of Silk, awards on ..... 88 What Plants feed on, and Minerals in the

Stoves, Castings, &c., awards on

90 ashes of Plants..

422

Saddlers’and Shoemakers' Ware, awards on 91 Wheat, how deep to sow...

xxxxiii
Sugar Evaporators and Mills, awards on.. 100 Wages in Ohio.

lxvii

Statement of Farm crops..

163 Western Reserve

.cxvi

PRESIDENT'S REPORT.

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To the General Assembly of the State of Ohio :

The Eighteenth Annual Report of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture is herewith respectfully submitted to your honorable body. The Report will be found to embrace, as the law directs, "the proceedings of the Board for the past year, and an abstract of the proceedings of the several County Agricultural Societies, as well as a general view of the condition of agriculture throughout the State,” &c.

The active operations of the Board for the past year have been limited to making the necessary arrangements for holding the Annual State Fair, and to give encouragement, by means of premiums, to the better culture of some important field crops. The Annual Fair was held in the city of Cleveland, and was well attended, and doubtless contributed greatly to stimulate those present to attempt the better management of their farms, and higher styles of culture.

The reports from County Societies give evidence that the agriculture of the State was not paralyzed by the withdrawal of laborers from the State for the defense of the country. The increased use of machinery, moved by animal, water, and steam power, in farming operations, has enabled farmers to accomplish the usual amount of labor with a diminished number of hands. The County Fairs of this year have been better attended than those of last year, and have been held in a larger number of counties.

For a general statement of the condition of the agriculture of the State, you are respectfully referred to the report on this subject, made to the Board by its Corresponding Secretary.

An exhibit of the financial condition of the Board will be found in the Treasurer's report. It will be seen from this that a larger balance now stands to the credit of the Board than at any previous period of its history.

The Board would again respectfully but earnestly recommend the acceptance, on the part of the State of Ohio, of the grant of land made by Congress for the establishment and support of agricultural schools. There cannot be a question among the well informed of the utility of such institutions, neither can there be much doubt of the great necessity of such an institution in Ohio at the present time. Nearly every other Northern State has already accepted the Congressional grant on the conditions specified, and has thus obtained an advantage over Ohio of earlier and better selections from the public domain.

The Board would also again urge the propriety of an annual appropriation of $3,000 to defray the expenses of this Board, and for the promotion of its objects, in lieu of the present agricultural fund derived from escheats of lands and show licenses. The revenue of the Board derived from these sources has been so irregular and uncertain as seriously to embarrass the operations of the Board, and to prevent any systematic course of investigations and experiments, which would otherwise have been undertaken. It is with regret on the part of the Board that its operations have been thus limited by the want of funds. Agricultural surveys, original investigations and experiments, the pnblication of a quarterly journal, with other kindred labors, would have been cheerfully undertaken, if the sum · placed annually at the disposal of the Board would have justified the ex. penditure.

Trusting that the General Assembly will be able to devise measures adapted to promote not only the interests of agriculture, but all the best interests of the State; I am your obedient servant,

N. S. TOWNSHEND,

President of the Board. Ayon, Dec. 31st, 1863.

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