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the advantages of sub-soiling. You could very rerdily see the difference in the wheat in the field. The single land that was not sub-soiled did not yield over seven or eight bushels to the acre.

Judge JONES. That is the way to do: when we get a new instrument we should experiment. Now, the experiment mentioned does not get at what I wanted at all. Plowing at unequal depths with different kinds of plows is no test. Plow with a Michigan Double Plow and a single plow to the same depth, and such an experiment would show which was the best. And so make the test with a sub-soil plow. The Scotland plow I mentioned before plows to the depth of twelve inches. Now, I would like to know ---and it is the information I wish to result from this discussion-whether the same depth of plowing with a single plow is not better than plowing deep with a Michigan Double or a sub-soil plow. The experience in England is against sub-soiling.

Mr. RENICK of Franklin. The method of turning the clay to the top, mentioned by Mr. Jones, would not produce peas. Sub-soiling is beneficial, but in deep plowing you turn clay up. Sub-soiling loosens the ground and admits the air. But, after all, success depends upon the kind of soil.

Mr. WHITTER referred to a further and interesting experiment of his, and gave it as his opinion that there are valuable producing qualities in clay sub-soil. He desired to make a pond on a piece of low swampy ground. The pond was scraped out to a depth of three or four feet, and in order to test the strength of the sub-soil, he sowed wheat upon it, hard and lumpy as it was, and the result was that it produced fair grain.

Upon motion of Mr. Waddle the Convention took a recess until seven o'clock P. M.



The Convention re-assembled at seven o'clock in the evening and proceeded to an election of members of the Board.

The Secretary announced that the name of James Buckingham was withdrawn from the list of candidates.

The result of the first ballot was as follows:

Thomas C. Jones of Delaware, 46; Wm. F. Greer of Lake, 20; Robt. M. Montgomery of Mahoning, 13; James Fullington of Union, 38; R. R. Donnelly of Wayne, 12 ; John Sears of Medina, 13; Isaac Thomas of Harrison, 7; Judge Barton of Belmont, 3; Nelson J. Turner of Pickaway, 38; Wm. B. McClung of Miami, 39; D. Miles of Morrow, 1; D. B. Updegraff of Jefferson, 16; James Buckingham of Muskingum, 7. Whole number of votes cast, 51.

Messrs. JONES, FULLINGTON, TURNEY and McCLUNG having received a majority of the votes cast, were declared duly elected.

The names of Messrs. Donnelly, Thomas and Barton were withdrawn. Upon a second ballot being taken the following votes were cast :

Wm. F. Greer, 31; R. M. Montgomery, 8: John Sears, 5; Isaac Thomas, 2; D. B. Updegraff, 4.

Mr. GREER was declared elected.

ASHLAND COUNTY QUESTION. Mr. MCCLUNG, from the committee on the Ashland county case, made the following report, which was unanimously adopted :

The committee to whom was referred the contested seats of delegates from Ashland county, find, upon examination, that the whole matter of this contest was referred to the State Board of Agriculture, and that the State Board of Agriculture, by resolution, declare that neither society is entitled to recognition under the law, as regularly constituted, and that they further declare, by resolution, that they advise the contestants to meet at the Court House in Ashland on the 6th day of June, 1863, between the hours of 1 and 4 P. M., and organize a new society for said county, (page 132 of Records of State Board of Ag. Soc.) Your committee find that the Society represented by W. B. McCarty, has complied with the above action of the State Board of Agriculture; in view thereof your committee recommend that W. B. McCarty be admitted as the delegate for Ashland county.


J. M. KAUFMAN. The hour having arrived when the Senate Chamber was to be occupied for the delivery of an address by Hon. Henry S. Randall, the Convention formally adjourned.


The Fourteenth Ohio State Fair was held in the city of Cleveland, on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, the 15th, 16th, 17th, and 18th days of September, 1863.

At the urgent solicitation of many members of the Annual Convention in 1861, the Fair was held two successive years in Dayton; and in accordance with a generally expressed desire to test the successfulness of holding the Fair two successive years on the same grounds, the Fair for 1863 was located at Cleveland.

The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Annual State Fairs were held in the city of Cleveland, notwithstanding the fears of many, were successful. Uplike other State Fairs, they were held at a time when our country was bleeding at every pore—when scarce a neighborhood or a hamlet in the State but mourned sons or brothers, a sacrifice to the fierce and sanguinary war now waging, without cause, by armed traitors against the best government ever devised by human hands. They were appointed at a time when many of the best and bravest of Ohio's sons were in the field—when her army, now in arms to defend the Union from destruction, in rank and file was greater than the army of the Revolution had at any time under arms, greater than at any one time in the field during the war of 1812, and twice greater than the army that fought its way from Vera Cruz to the City of Mexico, and planted the banner of the Republic on the capitol of that nation, which France, with her mighty power, has since failed to subdue. At such'a time as this—the Union in danger herself, consequent upon a state of war, crippled-financial matters deranged—the State Fairs were held in Cleveland, and each one was a success, while all predicted it would be a failure, and many begged that it might not be held. Cleveland may well boast of the fact; the Western Reserve may well congratulate herself that they were not a failure, for her sons did nobly in sustaining them, and Ohio, brave, gallant, and patriotic Ohio, has shown that although she has sent her sons to battle in numbers greater than any army ever before raised on the continent, still protects and fosters the arts of peace, even in the midst of peril to the nation and amid the desolating scenes of civil war.

Have we not, then, cause to congratulate ourselves and the people of Ohio upon the example thus shown to sister States? Have not the citizens of Northern Ohio cause to be proud of that success, achieved amid the difficulties which beset us? Truth must answer all these questions in the affirmative.

That success proves another thing, and that too of the greatest moment, and which must have its effect. It shows that our people, even amid the horrors of war, and the prediction of men that the Union is rent, never again to be reunited, the “wish being father to the thought,” are still buoyant with hope, for without that hope the Fair must have signally failed.

The world's history shows that nations have never degenerated, have never been enslaved, while holding labor as reputable. It was only after riches and luxury had begot pride and extravagance that Rome, once the mistress of the world, began her decline, and fell. Later she became disreputable, mechanic and agricultural pursuits were held as derogatory to man, and were to be performed only by menials, and the term Roman citizen soon ceased to be a boast, for Rome forgot her industry, ceased its protection, and went the way of the idle and the depraved. The heart of the American people still clusters around the labor of the country ; her farmers, artists, mechanics, are still her pride, her boast, her bulwark, and we trust ever will be. At such a time as this, in the darkest hour of our Dation's travail, Ohio sent up her finest stock, her finest fabrics and articles of industry, and her most enterprising men, to the great State exhibition, and aided in making it the great success it was. Thus may it ever be; no matter what the state of the country, let Ohio point to her industrial crops as did the mother of the Gracchi to her sons, and cherish them as her jewels, and, in doing so, foster her State exhibition as academies of design and schools of industry, where in competitions the people of the State come together and in a noble strife compete for the greatest excellence of useful arts.

The following is a list of entries and awards at the Fair:

ENTRIES OF THOROUGHBRED CATTLE. 1. H. A. Millikin, Windham, Portage county, bull, President, jr., 1 year old. 2. D. E. Bacon, Wakeman, Huron county, bull, Ben Butler, 16 months. 3. John M. Glover, West Liberty, Logan county, cow, Snow-drop, (Roan) 5 years.


do do Lewella White, 4 years.

do bull, The Marquis II., white, 6 years.

calf, Flora, white, 5 months. 7. J. Emerson Smith, do

do bull, Young Exception, (light roan) 5 yos










8. C. P. Irwin, Fairfield, Horon county, bull, Bernard, 7 years.

do do Robert, 3 years. 10. do


do Colonel, 1 year. 11. R. Baker, Avon, Lorain county, bull, New Years Day, 8 months ; red and white 12. Wm. Hurst, do

do do Capt. Clay, 2 years ; red and white. 13. J. Piflers, Burton, Geanga county, bull, Red Jacket, 2 years. 14. do do

do do Sigel, 1 year. 15.


do cow, Jenny Brown, 5 years. 16. do

do heifer calf, Stella, 5 months. 17. D. McMillan, jr., Xenia, O., bull, Buckeye, 8 years. 18. do do do General Grant, 1 year.

1 12. do


do calf Miami Duke, 15 months. 20 do

do cow, Elsie, 4 years 21. do


do Miss Ophelia, 3 years. do

do heifer, Duchess of Oakland, 2 years. do

do do do do II., 2 years. 24. do

do do Florence, 1 year. 25. do

do do Lady Fairy, VIII., 1 year. 26.


calf Carrie Watson, 9 months. 27. do

do do do Alfaretta, 6 months. 28. Wm. Palmer & Son, Bloomfield, O., bull, Fayette, 44 years. 29.


do calf, 4; months. 30. do

do cow, Prarie Flower, 5 years. 31. do


do Linda Bell, 4 years. 32. do


do Red Em, 4 years. 33. do

do Lady Blanche, 2 years. 34. do


do Princess, 1 year. 35. George M. Coulter, Reesville, O., cow, Nannie Rhodes, 2 years. 36. do

do Elizabeth IV., 2 years.

do do Eglantine III., 7 years. 38. do

do do Strawberry II., 2 years. 99. do

do do Eglantine II., 7 years. 40. do

bull, Buckeye, 1 year. 41.

do do Challenger, 6 years. 42 do

do do Young Count Fatbom, 2 years. 43. Jacob Powell, Reynoldsburg, bull, Washington's Day, 3 years.

9 44. E Driggs, Elyria, O., cow, Amanda, 9 years 45.

do do do Snow Ball, 5 years. 46. do do bull, May Duke, 5 years. 47. do do cow, Lady Jane Gray, 4 years. 48. do do do Bella Scott, 4 years. 49. do

do heifer, Matchless, 3 years. 80. do do cow, Susie Bell, 5 years.

5 61. do

do do Pride of the Valley, 9 years 52.

do do Grade Cow, 6 years. 03. C. M. Clark, Springfield, O., bull, Duke of Clark, 22 months. 64. do

do calf, 2 weeks. 53. do

do cow, Flora Bell, 5 years 86. do

do Anna Hant, 4 years.

do 87. do

do do Easter Day, 10 years 68. do

do heifer calf, Fanny, 13 months. do


do Dore II., 6 months.


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