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past season, the quantity was not so much increased over that of previous seasons, as would otherwise have been the case ; and had it not been for the largely advanced price received for these products, it would have been a “hard season” for the dairymen, as from the short hay crop they were necessitated to dispose of many of their cows in the fall, at ruinously low prices, As it was, however, the year 1863 may be looked back to by the manufacturers of butter and cheese as one in which they received a better return for their labor than in any previous one.
Next to dairy products in importance to us is the growing of wool, and in this department there is increasing interest and improvement. In the county may be found some very fine flocks of the fine wooled varieties of sheep, as well as of the class of wool sought after since the breaking out of the war.
The following, clipped from the assessors returns for 1862, will give some little idea of the importance of the dairy interest to this county:
In 1862 were manufactured 4,285,972 pounds of cheese, selling at an average of 7
cents per pound, amounting to...... Butter, 700,043, at 15 cents, amounting to..
$300,018 04 105,006 45
Making for the two products.....
$405,024 49 202,512 24
Adding to this the amount consumed in the families of manufacturers, and considering errors in making returns, it is safe to say that the value of dairy manufacture in the county of Geauga for the year, would amount in the aggregate to $1,000,000.
The Greene County Agricultural Fair was held upon the grounds of the Society, September 8th, 9th and 10th, 1863. There were interests of a local character which tended very much to lessen the attendance, and consequently the receipts of the Fair. The general interests of agriculture have not, however, in any degree diminished. Grain crops are fine. Wheat, though not probably up to some former crops in quantity, is of superior quality. Corn was injured by frost to some extent, yet the large area cultivated, and the unusually high prices realized, make the crop decidedly profitable. Quite an interest (in common with other portions of the State) is taken in wool growing, and as a result, our pastures, which of late years have been almost depopulated of sheep, are again being filled, and it is hoped the natural adaptation of our county to the rearing of sheep will incline our farmers to devote more attention to this department of agriculture than it has heretofore received at their hands. Tobacco has become an important item, and many acres of our best land, which have heretofore been devoted to the cultivation of Indian corn, are now devoted to the culture of tobacco. Whether the diminution in the quality of lands thus appropriated may not in time show a balance to the disad- ' vantage of tobacco culture, remains to be seen. Our other crops, such as barley, oats, potatoes, &c., much as in former years. Horses, cattle, mules and hogs are all receiving their due share of attention, and exhibit a manifest improvement; in these classes of stock our county occupies a position second to none in the State. It is hoped the degree of apathy manifested in the Agricultural Society of our county during the past year may not again occur, but that the increased facilities for the promotion and successful pursuit of agriculture will awaken an interest worthy of our position as a county in the great State of Ohio.
The Twelfth Annual Fair of this Society was held at their grounds in Findlay, on the 30th day of September and the 1st and 20 days of October, and in consequence of a combination of circumstances over which the Board had no control, was poorly attended-indeed, was what might be termed a failure, compared with previous exhibitions. The season bad been very unfavorable to producers, on account of long-continued drought. The unsettled state of the country, and exceedingly unfavorable weather during the Fair, also operated against the exhibition. The Board, however, had done all in their power to make the annual reunion of the farmers one of pleasure and profit. Extensive and permanent improvements had been made on the grounds, and a very respectable premium list bad been announced. There were 529 entries made in the different classes, and $359 75 awarded as premiums. We have about 260 members.
The Fair for this county for 1863, commenced at Kenton, on the 30th day of September, and bid fair to be an excellent exhibition on the second and last days, there being more than the usual number of entries ap to the night of the first day ; but when the morning of the second dawned upon us, it was portentous of a deficit, as it was then raining, and promised to continue for several days. The officers therefore thought it advisable to close, and did close, having received enough to pay expenses. The Society is out of debt, and has about $75 in the treasury, and may be considered still in existence, but never can accomplish much until the grounds are considerably enlarged. The outgoing officers agitated the subject as much as was advisable, and found the minds of the tax-payers not prepared for any additional burdens so long as they are 80 heavily taxed to crush this wicked rebellion in the seceded States. We think agriculture and the mechanic arts are receiving the same attention, and perhaps making as much advancement, as at any period since the organization of the county, notwithstanding the absence of many of our brave boys in the army. Our crops of all kinds are unusually light, but not owing to imperfect tillage, or any artificial cause, it being universally the case all over the State. For some time fears were entertained by the most thoughtful, that there was not feed enough in the county for our stock to winter upon; but kind Providence is dispelling these fears by 80 far blessing us with an unusually easy winter, and we now entertain the hope of getting all through in as good condition as in years past. The new wheat crop is very promising, and we would here say that wheat and grass must ere long become the chief staples of the county. Geological examinations and chemical experiments demonstrate that our county is susceptible of producing as much per acre as any in the State, but before this is fully realized we must have a better class of farmers, though many are up with the age, having learned, not so much from agricultural books and papers (things unfortunately too much neglected by most farmers), as from experience, and paying attention to the best class of farmers in their respective neighbor hoods. This county will never be equal to the Miami valley or the Scioto bottoms-say from Columbus down-for producing large crops of corn ; but it may be put down as an average one. Perhaps there is no county in the State that surpasses this for variety and superiority of fruit. Cattle, horses, hogs and sheep have received their full share of attention, except the latter, the improvement of which is unluckily too much neglected. The county is being rapidly settled and improved, owing to the comparatively low price of land. If we had plenty of building stone, and more durable water for milliog and manufacturing purposes, together with a little better roads, we would soon rank among the first counties in the State.
The Sixteenth Annual Fair of the Harrison County Agricultural Society was held at Cadiz, on the 30th day of September and the 1st and 20 days of October, A. D. 1863. It was very well attended from this and adjoining counties. The attendance more than met the expectations of our citizens, for some time before the Fair came on, it was urged by some that we should postpone the Fair for the present season, fearing that in consequence of the war, and the great number of political meetings the people had passed through, the Fair would not sustain itself. But the Directors decided to hold a Fair, notwithstanding all that could be said against it. The time for holding the Fair came on, and with it came the people in great numbers. We are now more than ever convinced that our Fair is no longer an experiment, but is one of the established institutions of the day. Our people seem to have a desire to meet together once a year, io order to become more thoroughly acquainted with each other, and to interchange views upon the subject of agriculture. The number of entries of stock and other things was about equal to any former year. Our show of horses was excellent-fully equal, we think, to any former year. Mules, cattle and hogs were of a good quality, and about equal to other years. There was a greater number and a better quality of sheep on exhibition this time tban ever before; they were brought from other counties and other States ; there were sheep sold at this Fair as high as one thousand dollars per head. The Ladies' Department was very well represented ; the ladies of our county deserve great credit for the interest they look in assisting to get up an attractive Fair. Floral Hall was made very attractive; it was filled up with articles from the finest embroidery to the heaviest domestic linen, carpets, &c. Taking everything into consideration, we think that our prospects are bright for the future. There were no statements made by competitors for premiums on crops. Our principal crops are wheat, corn, oats, hay and potatoes. We have no means in our power of determining the amount of grain raised in our county the past year. Wheat was about an average crop; corn, oats, hay, potatoes, &c., were very light, in consequence of the dry weather.
The Ninth Annual Fair of the Huron County Agricultural Society was held at Norwalk on the 22d, 230, 24th and 25th of September, 1863. The weather was favorable and a large number of people were in attendance. The Fair was a success in all respects. The exbibition of horses and sheep was the largest and finest display ever had in this county. The other departments were all well represented. There were but few grain samples and field crops entered for competition. The reason assigned for the deficiency in this department was that the drought of June and July injured all kinds of spring crops so ruinously, that no one considered that he had raised a premium crop of corn, oats or potatoes.
The wbole number of entries were 1,250; the number of members for the year, 275 ; the receipts of the Fair were $1,435; the amount of awards, $696.
During the past season the Board of Managers has leased 17 acre of land for a new Fair ground, for the term of ten years. The new Fair ground bas been fitted up on the most improved plan, at an expense of over $3,500. The new Fair ground is located near the central part of the pleasant village of Norwalk. The new Floral Hall is one of the finest in the State. The other buildings and fixtures, and half mile track are fitted up on the most improved style. The Floral Hall, at our last Fair, was the centre of attraction. To the ladies, the Society is chiefly indebted for the taste and skill displayed in ornamenting the Hall, which contributed not a little to the success of the Fair. So long as the ladies are interested in our Fairs, there can never be a failure.
We are rejoiced to report after two years and a half of civil war and rebellion, that our sa ciety not only still lives, but is more prosperous than when the war begun.
The citizens of Huron County are truly proud of their Fair grounds. Our County Fair is at length looked upon as a fixed institution, and it is growing in favor with the people from year to year.
The wheat crop of the last season was good. The number of bushels raised in the county has not been ascertained. The wheat was of more than an average quality; it is very beavy, and was gathered in fine condition. The corn crop is light and of a poor quality. The drouth in the early part of the season retarded its growth, and the frost in September struck it before it was matured ; the crop is not more than two thirds what it promised in SeptemberOats were very light; the crop was also injured by the drouth, Late oats were injured by a red insect, called by farmers “red lice.” The potato crop was good ; more than an average. But little attention is given to the cultivation of roots for feeding purposes. There was a good crop of flax grown the past season, for which farmers realized a good profit.
But little sorghum is cultivated in this county ; the molasses is not very merchantable. There is less interest taken than there was two years ago in the cultivation of sorghum.
There has been a large increase in the introduction and use of all kinds of improved agricultural implements the past year. Farmers have been compelled to see the necessity of laborsaving machinery, to take the place of our brave men who have left the peaceful pursuits of agriculture for the sake of their country and our institutions.
The seventeen year locusts visited the western part of our county the past summer. They left their marks on the oak trees ; they did little damage to anything else.
The cultivation of grapes is creating no little excitement in our county at the present time; a large number of vines will be planted in the spring. The agricultural interest is progressing in Huron county.
The Annual Fair for 1863 was held at Jackson C. H. on Thursday and Friday, the 1st and 2d days of October, in the Society's Fair grouuds. The interest taken in the present Fair fell far short of former times. The people were so much taken up with the political topics of the campaign, that the interests of the Fair was much neglected, and politics had something to do in its organization, last January ; but we are all calm now and expect to do better hereafter.
Wheat and corn are the staple crops of the county. Wheat, in the early part of the spring, looked rather poor for an average yield, but as barvest approached it come out finely, so that the yield is an average one, say ten bushels to the acre; no injury from insects ; some fields badly damaged with smut. The corn crop was a very short ope; the very dry summer cut it short, full one-hall, injured in some locations by the wireworm ; the yield will not exceed 18 bushels per acre. Oats almost a failure ; cause dry summer and rust. Hay, the extreme drouth curtailed the yield fully one-half, rather poor in quality.
Fruit—a fair crop, good in quality. Peaches inferior in quality and a short yield. A good crop of the small fruits and berries. The past summer was remarkable for the continuous drouth, which was the chief cause of ihe short crops.
Jackson county, being situated in central Southern Obio, is not a grain producing and stock growing district. Although we have some nice horses and excellent berds of graded cattle, and sheep husbandry is largely on the increase, yet the manufacturing of pig iron is the leading branch of industry. There is within the limits of the county ten furnaces, producing on an average two thousand tons per annum to the furnace, making an aggregate production for the ten, of twenty thousand tons per year; giving employment to one thousand five hundred per
song at $1.20 per day, consuming 120,000 bushels of corn, 6,000 barrels of flour, 400,000 pounds of pork, and 16,000 pounds beef, &c. The prices paid at the furnaces for the iron per ton, will average for the year ending December, 1863, $33, making a total for the year, of $660,000. We think this is quite an item for the “buckle berry knobs” of little Jackson.
The membership of the Society is 89. No premiums were awarded for field crops.
The Thirteenth Annual Fair of the Lake County Agricultural Society was held at their grounds, on the 30th September and 1st and 2d of October. The weather was good, and the attendance larger than ever before ; 470 members, and $533 taken for single tickets. The whole number of entries was 1,033—over 300 more than last year. Each department of domestic industry was well represented. The number of entries in domestic manufactures of cotton, woolen and linen, was 135. The show of fruit and vegetables was very attractive. The show of cattle, horses and swine was remarkably good. In sheep there was probably a better exhibition than ever seen at any county Fair. The display of butter and cheese was, as usual, very creditable to Lake county. The Society is now entirely out of debt, and has good pleasant grounds and buildings.
The Sixteenth Annual Fair of the Licking County Agricultural Society was held at the Fair grounds, near Newark, Ohio, on the 30th day of September and the 1st and 20 days of October, 1863. The Society this year offered about seventeen hundred dollars in premiums, and of this sum a larger proportion than usual was awarded to exhibiters. The interest felt by the people of this county in the annual county Fair, has not abated. The exhibition of horses and sheep evinced great and steady improvement. The show in those departments was excellent ; in cattle, good ; and in most other departments, fully an arerage. The Society numbers over three hundred members.
The Thirteenth Annual Fair of the Logan County Agricultural Society was held at the Society's grounds at Bellefontaine, Ohio, on the 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th days of October, 1863. The prospect for a good Fair and a large amount of entries was good until about the commencement of the Fair, when a storm set in; it became very cold, so that it was necessary to have fire in various parts of the grounds. Notwithstanding the continued rain and severe cold, quite a number of entries were made in each department-more than 60 of horses, and others in about the same proportion. There was quite a competition in agricultural implements, especially plows. Floral Hall was well filled. The exhibition of fruit was excellent. The paintings were magnificent-more than 40 from one lady (Mrs. Strong, of Northwood). There was some fine trotting done; A. C, Jennings' stallion “Mora," from Urbana, Ohio, made the best time. J. E. Smith exhibited the best thoroughbred bull; J. M. Glover some of the best thorougbbreds of other kinds. The principal crops raised in Logan county, are wheat, corn, flax-seed, oats, barley, and potatoes. Wheat was less than an average crop. The greatest yield, 36 54-60 bushels per acre, was grown by Dr. B. B. Leonard, of Liberty township. The best sample of wheat was raised by John Pollock; the best corn by Washington Allen; the best oats by D. W.