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says he, that it was said by them of old time, others, who lived before me have said, Thou shalt not kill, and whosoever sball kill, shall be in danger of judgment; they have told you not to do murder, but have said no more to you, they did not care what passed in your hearts, provided your hands were clean from blood. But I say unto you, that whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause, shall be in danger of the judgment, whoever harbours angry thoughts against other people, shall be liable to punishment from God; and whosoever shall say to bis brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council, and whosoever shall say, Thou fool,shall be in danger of hell-fire. Our Saviour, my friends, knew what was in man; he knew that if we set a guard on our tongues and on our hearts, we should set it in the right place, and that our conduct would be the conduct of Christians. He therefore forbids us to barbour angry and revengeful thoughts : he forbids us to use abusive and ill lan
guage towards other people. Because, if we feel, and take a pleasure in feeling, thoughts of revenge against others, we shall be ready, as soon as an opportunity happens, to shew our revenge by what we do: if we pour forth bitter and abusive words against others, we shall, in that way, keep up the fire of hatred, and perhaps go on, till we treat him ill with our hands. No caution is more necessary than this: we all require it: we all require to be cautioned not to think evil in our hearts, and to say evil with our tongues about others. And no people ought to be cautioned against it more than yourselves. You know, my friends, how apt you are to take offence against others, how apt to quarrel and fight, how apt to be angry and revengeful, how apt to abuse and to call ill names. This you must not do, if
wish and expect to be Christians. Remember it is not I who tell you, it is your Saviour, who is to judge you after death, who tells you not to be angry with your brethren,
that is, with another person without a cause: it is he who tells you not to be calling each other by abusive names, lest you fall into hell-fire. A mild, quiet, and forgiving temper is the temper of a Christian, it is the temper of Heaven. It was the temper of your Saviour himself, who, when he was abused, abused not again, and who commands us to bless and curse not.
Our Saviour goes on: Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy. brother hath aught against thee, leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way: first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. In the same manner I would say to you, my friends and hearers. If you wish to attend this church, to hear my instructions, and in time to become Christians, recollect if any one has cause to be angry with you, or if you have any cause to quarrel with any one: and if it be so,
first be reconciled : ask pardon where you haye offended, and where others have offended you, pardon and forgive them. Then come to this place of worship: fall on your knees before your Father in Hea
you have all offended every day of your lives, and pray to him to forgive you your trespasses or sins, as you forgive others your trespasses or offences against yourselves. If the world were a world of Christians, if all persons, whites as well as blacks, would behave as their Saviour orders them, what a different world would it be from what it now is. Peace and quiet would reign among us. We should be like one family, where all loved each other and did every thing in their power to help and oblige each other.
Our Saviour says, agree with thine adversary quickly, wbiles thou art in the way with him, lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast
into prison. Verily, I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing. Death is certain. You must all die, and you know not how soon. Therefore, make up any quarrel you may have with another, while God continues your life, lest death should find you in a state of animosity and ill will, and deliver you over into that prison of eternal darkness, where weeping and gnashing of teeth will be the portion of sinners. Oh, then, I beseech you, by the love of your own souls, to attend to your tempers; to be ready to forgive, to bear no malice nor hatred in yourselves. Pardon all that have said or done any thing wrong to you: live in peace with all: and be kind, tender-hearted, and merciful, forgiving one another as God for Christ's sake has forgiven you.
And now to God, &c.