« PreviousContinue »
CLAUDIUS, King of Denmark.
GERTRUDE, Queen of Denmark, and Mother to Hamlet.
Lords, Ladies, Officers, Soldiers, Players, Grave-diggers,
Sailors, Messengers, and other Attendants.
HAMLET, PRINCE OF DENMARK.
SCENE I. Elsinore. A Platform before the Castle.
Francisco on his post. Enter to him, BERNARDO. Bernardo. Who's there?
Fran. Nay, answer me; stand, and unfold Yourself.
Ber. Long live the king !
He. Fran. You come most carefully upon your hour. Ber. 'Tis now struck twelve; get thee to bed,
Ber. Haye you had quiet guard?
Not a mouse stirring.
1 1. e. me, who have a right to demand the watchword; which appears to hae been, “Long live the king.”
2 Shakspeare uses rivals for associates, partners; and competitor has the same sense throughout these plays. It is the original sense of rivalis.
Enter Horatio and MARCELLUS.
Fran. I think I hear them.-Stand, ho! Who is
And liegemen to the Dane.
O, farewell, honest soldier ;
Bernardo hath my place. Give you good night.
[Exit FRANCISCO Mar.
Holla! Bernardo !
A piece of him.
Mar. Horatio says 'tis but our fantasy;
Hor. Tush! tush ! 'twill not appear.
Sit down awhile ;
Well, sit we down, And let us hear Bernardo speak of this.
Ber. Last night of all, When yon same star, that's westward from the pole, Had made his course to illume that part of heaven Where now it burns, Marcellus, and myself, The bell then beating one,
Mar. Peace, break thee off; look, where it comes
1 To approve is to confirm.
Speak to it, Horatio.
Hor. Before my God, I might not this believe,
Is it not like the king ?
1 It was a vulgar notion, that a supernatural being could only be spoken to, with effect, by persons of learning ; exorcisms being usually practised by the clergy in Latin. 2 The first quarto reads, “it horrors me.”
3 i. e. the sledged Polander (Polaque, Fr.). The old copy reads Pollar.
Mar. Thus, twice before, and jump at this dead
hour, With martial stalk hath he gone by our watch.
Hor. In what particular thought to work, I know
That can I ;
Our last king, Whose image even but now appeared to us, Was, as you know, by Fortinbras of Norway, Thereto pricked on by a most emulate pride, Dared to the combat; in which our valiant Hamlet (For so this side of our known world esteemed him) Did slay this Fortinbras ; who, by a sealed compact, Well ratified by law and heraldry, Did forfeit, with his life, all those his lands, Which he stood seized of, to the conqueror : Against the which, a moiety competent Was gaged by our king ; which had returned To the inheritance of Fortinbras,
1 Jump. So the quarto of 1603, and that of 1604. The folio reads just. Jump and just were synonymous. So in Chapman's May Day, 1611:
“ Your appointment was jumpe at three with me." 2 That is, “what particular train of thought to follow," &c. The first quarto reads:
“ In what particular to work I know not."