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splendid fault, which none but men c. genius tincture of it to such writers as Milton, Bacon, can commit." (pp. 403, 404.) The best ex- or Taylor. There is fancy and figure enough planation of his success, and ihe best apology certainly in their compositions: But there is for his defects as a speaker, is to be found, we no intoxication of the fancy, and no rioting believe, in the following candid passage : and revelling among figures—no ungoverned * The Juries among whom he was thrown, and

and ungovernable impulse-no fond dalliance for whom he originally formed his style, were not with metaphors--no mad and headlong purastidious crities; they were more usually men suit of brilliant images and passionate ex. abounding in rude unpolished sympathies, and who pressions — no lingering among tropes and were ready to surrender the treasure, of which melodies-no giddy bandying of antitheses they scarcely knew the value, 10 him ibat offered and allusions-no craving, in short, for perthem the most alluring toys. Whaiever mighı have been his own better taste, as an advocate he soon

petual glitter, and panting after effect, till discovered, that the surest way to persuede was to both speaker and hearer are lost in the conciliate by amusing them. With them he found splendid confusion, and the argument evaposhat his imagination might revel unrestrained ; that, rates in the heat which was meant to enforce when once the work of intoxication was begun, it. This is perhaps too strongly put; but every wayward fancy and wild expression was as there are large portions of Mr. C.'s Speeches accepiable and effectual as the most refined wit; and ihat the favour which they would have refused to which we think the substance of the deto the unattractive reasoner, or to the too distant scription will apply. Take, for instance, a and formal orator, they had not the firmness to passage, very much praised in the work bewithhold, when solicited with the gay persuasive fore us, in his argument in Judge Johnson's familiarity of a companion. These careless or licentious habits, encouraged by early applause and

case, ;-an argument, it will be remembered, victory, were never thrown aside ; and we can ob

on a point of law, and addressed not to a Jury, serve, in almost all his productions, no matter how but to a Judge. august the audience, or how solemn the occasion, that his mind is perpetually relapsing into its primi-struction has received the sanction of another Court,

I am not ignorant that this extraordinary contive indulgences.”—pp. 412, 413.

nor of the surprise and dismay with which it smote The learned author closes this very able upon the general heart of the Bar. I am aware that and eloquent dissertation with some remarks I may have the mortification of being told, in anupon what he says is now denominated the other country, of that unhappy decision; and I

foresee in what confusion sball hang down my Irish school of eloquence; and seems inclined head when I am told of it. But I cherish, too, the to deny that its profusion of imagery implies consolatory hope, that I shall be able to tell them, any deficiency, or even neglect of argument. that I had an old and learned friend, whom I would As we had some share, we believe, in impo- put above all the sweepings of their Hall (no great sing this denomination, we may be pardoned compliment, we should think), who was of a differfor feeling some little anxiety that it should liberty from the purest fountains of Athens and of be rightly understood; and beg leave there. Rome-who had fed the youthful vigour of his fore to say, that we are as far as possible from studious mind with the theoretic knowledge of their holding, that the greatest richness of imagery wisest philosophers and statesmen—and who had necessarily excludes close or accurate reason - refined that theory into the quick and exquisite ing; holding, on the contrary, that it is fre- sensibility of moral instinct, by contemplating the

practice of their most illustrious examples--by quently its most appropriate vehicle and na- dwelling on the sweet-souled piety of Cimon-on tural exponent - as in Lord Bacon, Lord the anticipated Christianity of Socrates--on the Chatham, and Jeremy Taylor. But the elo- gallant and pathetic patriotism of Epaminondasquence we wished to characterise, is that on that pure austerity of Fabricius, whom to move where the figures and ornaments of speech than 10 have pushed the sun from his course! !

from his integrity would have been more difficult do interfere with its substantial object-where would add, that if he had seemed 10 hesitate, it fancy is not ministrant but predominant, was but for a moment—that his hesitation was like where the imagination is not merely awak- the passing cloud that floats across the morning sun, ened, but intoxicated - and either overlays and bides it from the view, and does so for a moand obscures the sense, or frolies and gambols ment hide it

, by involving the spectator without even around it, to the disturbance of its march, approaching the face of the luminary:- And this

soothing hope I draw from ihe dearest and tenderest and the weakening of its array for the con- recollections of my life—from the remembrance of test :- And of this kind, we still humbly think, those attic nights, and those refections of the gods, was the eloquence of Mr. Curran.

which we have spent with those admired, and reHis biographer says, indeed, that it is a mis- spected, and beloved companions, who have gone take to call it Irish, because Swift and Gold-before us; over whose ashes the most precious smith had none of it--and Milton and Bacon tears of Ireland have been shed. [Here Lord

Avonmore could not refrain from bursting into and Chatham had much; and moreover, that liears.] Yes, my good Lord, I see you do not forBurke and Grattan and Curran had each a get them. I see their sacred forms passing in sad distinctive style of eloquence, and onght not review before your memory. I see your pained and to be classed together. How old the style softened fancy recalling those happy meetings, where may be in Ireland, we cannot undertake to the innocent enjoyment of social mirth became ex say—though we think there are traces of it panded into the nobler warmth of social virtue, and

he horizon of the board became enlarged into the in 'Ossian. We would observe too, that, though horizon of man-where the swelling heart conceived born in Ireland, neither Swift nor Goldsmith and communicated the pure and generous purpose. were trained in the Irish school, or worked where my slenderer and younger taper imbibed its for the Irish market; and we have already borrowed light from the more matured and redun. said, that it is totally to mistake our concep

dant fountain of yours."'-Vol. i. pp. 139–148. tion of the style in question, to ascribe any Now, we must candidly confess, that we do not remember ever to have read any thing -being often caught sobving over the pathos much more absurd than this—and that the of Richardson, or laughing at the humour of puerility and folly of the classical intrusions Cervantes, with an unrestrained vehemence is even less offensive, than the heap of incon- which reminds us of that of Voltaire. He gruous metaphors by which the meaning is spoke very slow, both in public and private, obscured. Does the learned author really and was remarkably scrupulous in his choice mean to contend, that the metaphors here of words: He slept very little, and, like Johnadd either force or beauty to the sentiment? son, was always averse to retire at night-or that Bacon or Milton ever wrote any thing lingering long after he arose to depart-and, in like this upon such a topic? In his happier his own house, often following one of his guests moments, and more vehement adjurations, to his chamber, and renewing the conversation Mr. C. is often beyond all question a great for an hour. He was habitually abstinent and and commanding orator; and we have no temperate; and, from his youth up, in spite of doubt was, to those who had the happiness all his vivacity, the victim of a constitutional of hearing him, a much greater orator than melancholy. His wit is said to have been ready the mere readers of his speeches have any and brilliant, and altogether without gall. means of conceiving :—But we really cannot But the credit of this testimony is somewhat help repeating our protest against a style of weakened by a little selection of his bons composition which could betray its great mas- mots, with which we are furnished in a note. ter, and that very frequently, into such pas- The greater part, we own, appear to us 10 be sages as those we have just extracted. The rather vulgar and ordinary; as, when a man mischief is not to the master-whose genius of the name of Halfpenny was desired by the could efface all such stains, and whose splen- Judge to sit down, Mr. C. said, “I thank your did successes would sink his failures in obli- Lordship for having at last nailed that rap to vion—but to the pupils, and to the public, the counter;"! or, when observing upon the whose taste that very genius is thus instru- singular pace of a Judge who was lame, he mental in corrupting. If young lawyers are said, “Don't you see that one leg goes before, taught to consider this as the style which like a tipstaff, to make room for the other ?:) should be aimed at and encouraged, to ren- |--or, when vindicating his countrymen from der Judges benevolent-by comparing them the charge of being naturally vicious, he said, to "the sweet-souled Cimon,” and the "gal- "He had never yet heard of an Irishman being lant Epaminondas ;'' or to talk about their born drunk.The following, however, is

young and slender tapers," and "the good-—"I can't tell you, Curran," observed clouds and the morning sun,”—with what an Irish nobleman, who had voted for the precious stuff will the Courts and the country Union, “how frightful our old House of Combe infested! It is not difficult to imitate the mons appears to me." "Ah! my Lord," redefects of such a style—and of all defects plied the other, “it is only natural for Murthey are the most nauseous in imitation. derers to be afraid of Ghosts ;'-—and this is Even in the hands of men of genius, the risk at least grotesque. “Being asked what an is, that the longer such a style is cultivated, Irish gentleman, just arrived in England, could the more extravagant it will grow,-just as mean by perpetually putting out his tongue? those who deal in other means of intoxica- Answer— I suppose he's trying to catch the tion, are tempted to strengthen the mixture English accent.?" In his last illness, his physias they proceed. The learned and candid cian observing in the morning that he seemed author before us, testifies this to have been to cough with more difficulty, he answered, the progress of Mr. C. himself—and it is still that is rather surprising, as I have been more strikingly illustrated by the history of his practising all night." models and imitators. Mr. Burke had much But these things are of little consequence. less of this extravagance than Mr. Grattan - Mr. Curran was something much better than Mr. Grattan much less than Mr. Curran--and a sayer of smart sayings. He was a lover of Mr. Curran much less than Mr. Phillips.-It his country-and its fearless, its devoted, and is really of some importance that the climax indefatigable servant. To his energy and talshould be closed, somewhere.

ents she was perhaps indebted for some miti. There is a concluding chapter, in which gation of her sufferings in the days of her exMr. C.'s skill in cross-examination, and his tremity—and to these, at all events, the public conversational brilliancy, are commemorated; has been indebted, in a great degree, for the as well as the general simplicity and affability knowledge they now have of her wrongs; and of his manners, and his personal habits and for the feeling which that knowledge has peculiarities. He was not a profound lawyer, excited, of the necessity of granting them renor much of a general scholar, though reason- dress. It is in this character thai he must ably well acquainted with all the branches of hare most wished to be remembered, and in polite literature, and an eager reader of novels which he has most deserved it.


( November, 1822.) Kapitzerland, or a Journal of a Tour and Residence in that Country in the Years 1817, 1818,

and 1819. Followed by an Historical Sketch of the Manners and Customs of Ancient and Modern Helvetia, in which the Events of our own time are fully detailed ; together with the Causes to which they may be referred. By L. SIMOND, Author of Journal of a Tour and Residence in Great Britain during the Years 1810 and 1811. In 2 vols. 8vo. London: 1822. *

M. SIvond is already well known in this accordingly, in all his moral and political obcountry as the author of one of the best ac- servations at least, a constant alternation of counts of it that has ever been given to the romantic philanthropy and bitter sarcasm-of world, either by native or foreigner-the full- the most captivating views of apparent hapest certainly, and the most unprejudiced-piness and virtue, and the most relentless disand containing the most faithful descriptions closures of actual guilt and misery—of the both of the aspect of our country, and the pe- sweetest and most plausible illusions, and the culiarities of our manners and character, that most withering and chilling truths. He exhas yet come under our observation. There patiates, for example, through many pages, are some mistakes, and some rash judgments; on he heroic valour and devoted patriotism but nothing can exceed the candour of the of the old Helvetic worthies, with the memoestimate, or the fairness and independence of rials of which the face of their country is spirit with which it is made; while the whole covered—and then proceeds to dissect their is pervaded by a vein of original thought, character and manners with the most cruel always sagacious, and not unfrequently pro- particularity, and makes them out to have found. The main fault of that book, as a been most barbarous, venal, and unjust. In work of permanent interest and instruction, the same way, he bewitches his readers with which it might otherwise have been, is the seducing pictures of the peace, simplicity, intoo great space which is alloted to the tran- dependence, and honesty of the mountain sient occurrences and discussions of the time villagers; and by and by takes occasion to to which it refers-most of which have already tell us, that they are not only more stupid, lost their interest, and not only read like old but more corrupt than the inhabitants of cities. news and stale politics, but have extended He eulogises the solid learning and domestic their own atmosphere of repulsion to many habits that prevail at Zurich and Geneva; and admirable remarks and valuable suggestions, then makes it known to us that they are inof which they happen to be the vehicles. fested with faction and ennui. He draws a

The work before us is marked by the same delightful picture of the white cottages and excellences, and is nearly free from the faults smiling pastures in which the cheerful peasto which we have just álluded. In spite of ants of the Engadine have their romantic this, however-perhaps even in consequence habitations and then casts us down from of it-we suspect it will not generally be our elevation without the least pity, by inthought so entertaining; the scene being nec- forming us, that the best of them are those essarily so much narrower, and the persons who have returned from hawking stucco parof the drama fewer and less diversified. The rots, sixpenny looking-glasses, and coloured work, however, is full of admirable description sweetmeats through all the towns of Europe. and original remark :-nor do we know any He is always strong for liberty, and indignant book of travels, ancient or modern, which at oppression—but cannot seitle very well in contains, in the same compass, so many what liberty consists; and seems to suspect, graphic and animated delineations of exter- at last, that political rights are oftener a source nal objects, or so many just and vigorous ob- of disorder ihan of comfort; and that if perservations on the moral phenomena it records. son and property are tolerably secure, it is The most remarkable thing about it, however mere quixotism io look further. -and it occurs equally in the author's former So strong a contrast of warm feelings and publication—is the singular combination of cold reasonings, such animating and such deenthusiasm and austerity that appears both in spairing views of the nature and destiny of the descriptive, and the reasoning or ethical mankind, are not often to be found in the same parts of the performance—the perpetual strug- mind-and still less frequently in the same gle that seems to exist between the feelings book: And yet they amount but to an extreme and fancy of the author, and the sterner in- case, or strong example, of the inconsistencies timations of his understanding. There is, through which all men of generous tempers

and vigorous understandings are perpetually * I reprint a part of this paper:-partly out of love passing, as the one or the other part of their to the memory of the author, who was my connec. constitution assumes the ascendant. There tion and particular friend :-hut chiefly for the sake are many of our good feelings, we suspect, of his remarks on our English manners, and my and some even of our good principles, thai judgment on these remarks-- which I would ven- rest upon a sort of illusion; or cannot submit ilire to submit to the sensitive patriots of America,

at least to be questioned by frigid reason, as a specimen of the temperance with which the rriors of other countries can deal with the censors of without being for the time a good deal dis! their national habits and pretensions to fine breeding. I countenanced and impaired—and this we take


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to be very clearly the case with M. Simond. I of destruction—a savage enemy, speaking an un His temperament is plainly enthusiastic, and known language, with whom no compromise could his fancy powerful: But his reason is active be made.' and exacting, and his love of truth paramount

The first view of the country, though no to all other considerations. His natural sym- longer new to most readers, is given with a pathies are with all fine and all lofty qualities truth, and a freshness of feeling which we --bu: it is his honest conviction, that happi- are templed to preserve in an extract. ness is most securely built of more vulgar

Soon after passing the frontiers of the two materials—and that there is even something countries, the view, heretofore bounded by rear ob. ridiculous in investing our humble human na- jecis, woods and pastures, rocks and snow's, opened ture with these magnificent attributes. At all at once upon the Canton de Vaud, and upon half all events it is impossible to doubt of his sin- Switzerland ! a vast extent of undulating couniry, cerity in both parts of the representation ;- lakes; villages and towns, with their antique towfor there is not the least appearance of a love ers, and their church-steeples shining in the sun. of paradox, or a desire to produce effect; and "The lake of Neuchâtel, far below on the left, nothing can be so striking as the air of candour and those of Morat and of Vienne, like mirrors set and impartiality that prevails through the in deep frames, contrasted by the tranquillity of whole work. If any traces of prejudice may grounds and ridges of the various landscape. Be. still be detected, they have mamfestly sur-yond this vast extent of country, ils villages and vived the most strenuous efforts to efface lowns, woods, lakes, and mountains ; beyond all them. The strongest, we think, are against terrestrial objects-beyond the horizon itself. rose a French character and English manners-with long range of aërial forms, of the softest pale pink some, perhaps, against the French Revolution, hue: These were the high Alps, the rampart of and its late Imperial consummator. He is aly-from Mont Blanc in Savoy, to the glaciers

of the Overland, and even further. Their angle very prone to admire Nature—but not easily of elevation seen from this distance is very small satisfied with Man ;-and, though most in- indeed. Faithfully represented in a drawing, the tolerant of intolerance, and most indulgent to effect would be insignificant; but the aërial perthose defects of which adventitious advantages spective amply restored the proportions lost in the make men most impatient, he is evidently of mathematical perspective,

"The human mind thirsts after immensiiv and opinion that scarcely any thing is exactly as

immutability, and duration withoui bounds; but it it should be in the present state of society- needs some tangible object from which to take its and that little more can be said for most flight, --something present to lead to futurity, someexisting habits and institutions, than that thing bounded from whence to rise to the infinite. they have been, and might have been, still This vault of the heavens over our head. sinking

all terrestrial objects into absolute nothingress,

might seem best fired to awaken this sense of er. He sets out for the most picturesque country pansion in the mind : But mere space is noi a per. of Europe, from that which is certainly the ceptible object to which we can readily apply a least so:-and gives the first indications of his scale, while the Alps, seen at a glance between sensitiveness on these topics, by a passing heaven and earth-mei as it were on the confines critique on the ancient chaieaus of France, of the regions of fancy and of sober reality, are and their former inhabitants. We may as hand, and suggesting thoughts such as human lan

there like written characters, iraced by a divine well introduce him to our readers with this

guage never reached. passage as with


"Coming down the Jura, a long descent brought

us to what appeared a plain, but which proved a A few comfortable residences, scattered about varied country with hills and dales, divided into neal the country, have lately put us in mind how very enclosures of hawihorn in full bloom, and large rare they are in general: Instead of them, you meer, hedge-row trees, mostly walnut, oak, and ash. It not unfrequently, some ten or twenty miserable had aliogether very much the appearance of the hovels, crowded together round what was formerly most beautiful parts of England. alihough the en. the stronghold of the lord of the manor ; a narrow, closures were on a smaller scale, and the cottages dark. prison-like building, with small grated win less neat and ornamented. They differed entry dows, embauled walls, and turrets peeping over from France, where the dwellings are always col. thaiched roofs. The lonely cluster seems uncon lected in villages, the fields all open, and without nected with the rest of the country, and may be said

Numerous streams of the cleares! water to represent the feudal system, as plants in a hortus crossed the road, and watered very fine meadows. siccus do the vegetable.' Long before the Revolu. | The houses, built of stone, low, broad, and massy, tion, these châteaux had been mostly forsaken by ei her thatched or covered with heavy wooden shin. their seigneurs, for the nearest country town; where gles, and shaded with magnificeni walnut trees, Monsieur le Comple, or Monsieur le Marquis, deco: might all have furnished studies to an artist." rated wihihe cross of St. Louis, made shift to live

Vol. i. pp. 25-27. on his palıry seigniorial dues, and rents ill paid by a starving peasantry; spending his time in reminis. The following, however, is more character. cences of gallantry with the old dowagers of the istic of the author's vigorous and familiar, but place, who ronged and wore patches, dressed in somewhat quaint and abrupt, style of dehoops and high-herled shoes, full four inches, and long pointed elbow-ruffles, balanced with lead. Not

scription. one individual of this good company knew any thing “ Leaving our equipages at Ballagne, we proof what was passing in the world, or suspected that ceeded to the falls of the Orbe, through a hanging any change had taken place since the days of Louis wood of fine old oaks, and came, after a long de. XIV. No book found its way there; no one read, sceni, 10 a place where the Orbe breaks through a not even a newspaper. When the Revolution great mass of ruins, which, at some very remote burst upon this inferior nobility of the provinces, it period, have fallen from the monntain, and entirely appeared to them like Anila and the Huns to the obstructed ite channel. All the earih, and all tho people of the fifth century—the Scourge of God, smaller sraumenis, having long since disappeared coming nobody knew whence, for the mere purpose and the water now works its way, with great nois


and fury, among the larger fragments, and falls “It rained all day yesterday, and we remained above the height of eighiy feet, in the very best shut up in our room ai a German inn in Waldshut, style. The blocks, many of them as large as a enjoying a day's rest with our books, and observing good-sized three-story house, are heaped up most men and manners in Germany, through the small strangely, jammed in by their angles-in equilibrium round panes of our casements. The projecting on a pout, or forming perilous bridges, over which roots of houses afford so much shelter on both sides you may, with proper precaution, pick your way of the streets, that the beau sex of Waldshut were io the other side. The quarry from which ihe ma. out all day long in their Sunday clothes, as if it had terials of the bridge came is just above your head, been fine weather; their long yellow hair in a sinand the miners are still at work-air, water, frost, gle plait hung down to their heels, along a back weight, and time! The strata of limestone are made very strait by the habit of carrying pails of evidently breaking down; their deep rents are milk and water on the head ; their snow-while shifi. widening, and enormous masses, already loosened sleeves, rolled up to the shoulder, exposed 10 view from the mountain, and suspended on their preca: a sinewy, sun-burnt arm; the dark red stays were rious baues, seem only waiting for the last effort of laced with black in front, and a petticoat scarcely the great lever of nature to iake the horrid leap, longer ihan the Scotch kili, hid noihing of the lower and bury under some hundred feet of new chaotic limb, nor of a perfectly neat stocking, wellstretched ruins, the trees, the verdant lawn-and yourself, by red garters full in sight. The aged among them, who are looking on and foretelling the catastrophe! generally frightful, looked like withered liile old We leti this scene at last reluctantly, and proceed-inen in disguise."'-Vol. i. pp. 87, 88. ed towards the dent-de-vaulion, at the base of which we arrived in iwo hours, and in two hours more Of all the Swiss cities, he seems to have reached the summit, which is four thousand tour been most struck with Berne; and the im. hundred and seventy-six feet above the sea, and pression made by its majestic exterior, has three thousand three hundred and forty-two feet even made him a little too partial, we think, above the lake of Geneva. Our path lay over smooth turi, sufficiently sleep to make it difficult to its aristocratic constitution. His description 10 climb. At the top we found a narrow ridge, not of its appearance is given with equal spirit more than one hundred yards wide. The south and precision. view. a most magnificent one, was unfortunately 100 like that at our entrance into Switzerland to

These fine woods extend almost to the very bear a second description; the other side of the gates of Berne, where you arrive under an avenue ridge can scarcely be approached without terror, There are seats by the side of the road, for the con

of lines, which, in this season, perlume the air. being almost perpendicular. Crawling, therefore, on our hands and knees, we ventured, in this modest venience of foot-passengers, especially women going attitude, 10 look out of the window at the hundred to market, with a shelf above, at the height of a and fitrieth story (at least two thousand feet), and person standing, for the purpose of receiving their see what was doing in the street.

llerds of cattle baskets while they rest themselves on the bench: in the infiniment petit were grazing on the verdant you meet also with fountains at regular distances. lawn of a narrow 'vale ; on the other side of which, | The whole country has the appearance of English a mountain, overgrown with dark pines, marked the pleasure.grounds. The town itself stands on the boundary of France. Towards ihe west, we saw

elevated banks of a rapid river, the Aar, to which

A a piece of water, which appeared like a mere fish the Rhine is indebted for one half of its waters. pond. It was the lake of Joux, two leagues in

sudden bend of the stream encloses, on all sides lengih, and half a league in breadth. We were to but one, the promontory on which the town is look for our night's lodgings in the village on is built; the magnificent slope is in some places coverbanks."'-Vol. 1. pp. 33–36.

ed wiih turf, supported in others by lotiy terraces “ Bienne struck us as more Swiss than any thing planted with trees, and commanding wonderful we had yet seen, or rather as if we were entering views over the surrounding rich couniry, and the Switzerland for the first tiine ; every thing looked high Alps beyond it. and sounded so foreigo: And yet to see ihe curiosity

It is not an easy matter to account for the first we excited the moinent we landed and entered ihe impression you receive upon entering Berne. You streets, we might have supposed it was ourselves certainly feel that you have got to an ancient and a who looked rather outlandish. The women wore great city: Yet, before the eleventh century, it had their hair plaited down to their heels, while the full not a name, and its present population does not expetticoat did not descend near so far. Several

ceed twelve thousand souls. It is a republic; ye. groups of them, sitting at their doors, sung in puris, it looks kingly. Something of Roman majesty ap. with an accuracy of ear and laste innate among the pears in is lofty terraces ; in those massy archeo Germans. Galeways fortified with towers inter

on each side of the streets; in the abundance of sect the streets, which are composed of strange.

water flowing night and day into gigantic basins · looking houses built on arcades, like those of in the magnificent avenues of trees. pridges, and variously pain:ed, blue with yellow silence, and absence of busile, a certain slateliness borders, red with white, or purple and grey: pro: showing it to be not a money-making town, implies

and reserved demeanour in the inhabitants, by jecting iron balconies, highly worked and of a glossy black, with bright green window frames that its wealth springs from more solid and per: T'he luxury of fountains and of running water is

manent sources than trade can afford, and inat still greater here than at Neuchâtel ; and you might another spirit animales its inhabitants.' In short, be tempted to quench your thirst in the kennel, ir

of all the first-sight inipressions and guesses about runs so clear and pure, Morning and evening.

Berne, that of is being a Roman town would be goals, in immense droves, conducted to or from the

nearer right than any other. Circumstances, in mountain, traverse the streets, and stop of them some respects similar, have produced like results selves, each at its own door. In the interior of the in the Alps, and on the plains of Latium, at ihe in. houses, most articles of furniture are quaintly shaped terval of twenty centuries. Luxury at Berne seems and ornamented; old-looking, but rubbed bright. wholly directed to objects of public mily. By the and in good preservation; from the nut-cracker, side of those gigantic terraces, of those fine foun curiously carved, to the double-necked cruet, pourtains, and noble shades, you see none but simple ing oil and vinegar out of the same boule.' The and solid dwellings, yei scarcely any beggarly accommodations at the inn are homely, but not un.

ones; not an equipage to be seen, but niany a comfortal le; substantially good, though not ele country wagon, coming to market, with a capital gani.''— Vol. i. pp. 65, 66.

Team of horses, or oxen, well appointed every way.

* Aristocratic pride is said to be excessive at We may add the followirg, which is in the Berne; and the antique simplicity of its magistrates, same style.

The plain and easy manners they uniformly pro

The very

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