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( November, 1811.) Memoirs of the Political and Private Life of James Caulfield, Earl of Charlemont, Knight of

St. Patrick, &c. &c. By Francis Hardy, Esq., Member of the House of Commons in the three last Parliaments of Ireland. 4to. pp. 426. London: 1810.*

This is the life of a Gentleman, written by with anxious and uninteresting details, and, a Gentleman,--and, considering the tenor of at another, omitting even such general and many of our late biographies, this of itself is summary notices of the progress of events as no slight recommendation. But it is, more- are necessary to connect his occasional narra. over, the life of one who stood foremost in tives and reflections. the political history of Ireland for fifty years The most conspicuous and extraordinary preceding her Union,—that is, for the whole of his irregularities, however, is that of his period during which Ireland had a history or style ;—which touches upon all the extremes politics of her own-written by one who was of composition, almost in every page, or every å witness and a sharer in the scene,-a man paragraph ;-or rather, is entirely made up of of fair talents and liberal views,—and distin- ihose extremes, without ever resting for an guished, beyond all writers on recent politics instant in a medium, or affording any pause that we have yet met with, for the handsome for softening the effects of its contrasts and and indulgent terms in which he speaks of transitions. Sometimes, and indeed most frehis political opponents. The work is enliven- quently, it is familiar, loose, and colloquial, ed, too, with various anecdotes and fragments beyond the common pitch of serious converof the correspondence of persons eminent for sation; at other times by far too figurative, talents, learning, and political services in both rhetorical, and ambitious, for the sober toné countries; and with a great number of char- of history. The whole work indeed bears acters, sketched with a very powerful, though more resemblance to the animated and versomewhat too favourable hand, of almost all satile talk of a man of generous feelings and who distinguished themselves, during this mo- excitable imagination, than the mature promentous period, on the scene of Irish affairs. duction of an author who had diligently cor

From what we have now said, the reader rected his manuscript for the press, with the will conclude that we think very favourably fear of the public before his eyes. There is of this book : And we do think it both enter- a spirit about the work, however,-independtaining and instructive. But (for there is ent of the spirit of candour and indulgence of always a but in a Reviewer's praises) it has which we have already spoken,-which realso its faults and imperfections; and these, deems many of its faults; and, looking upon alas! so great and so many, that it requires it in the light of a memoir by an intelligent from the author, not to treat him now and profound dissertation, we think that its value then with a terrible and exemplary severity. will not be injured by a comparison with any He seems, in the first place, to have begun work of this description that has been recently and ended his book, without ever forming an offered to the public. idea of the distinction between private and The part of the work which relates to Lord public history; and sometimes tells us stories Charlemont individually, though by no about Lord Charlemont, and about people means the least interesting, at least in its adwho were merely among his accidental ac- ' juncts and digressions,-may be digested into quaintance, far too long to find a place even a short summary. He was born in Ireland in in a biographical memoir;-and sometimes 1728; and received a private education, unenlarges upon matters of general history, with der á succession of preceptors, of various which Lord Charlemont has no other connec- merit and assiduity. In 1746 he went abroad, tion, than that they happened during his life, without having been either at a public school with a minuteness which would not be toler- or an university; and yet appears to have ated in a professed annalist. The biography been earlier distinguished, both for scholaragain is broken, not only by large patches of ship and polite manners, than most of the inhistorical matter, but by miscellaneous reflec- genuous youths that are turned out by these tions, and anecdotes of all manner of persons; celebrated seminaries. He remained on the while, in the historical part, he successively Continent no less than nine years; in the makes the most unreasonable presumptions course of which, he extended his travels to on the realer's knowledge, his ignorance, and Greece, Turkey, and Egypt; and formed an kis curiosity,--overlaying him, at one time, intimate and friendly acquaintance with the

celebrated David Hume, whom he met both I reprint only those parts of this paper which at Turin and Paris—the President Montesrelate to the personal history of Lord Charlemont, quieu-the Marchese Maffei--Cardinal Albani and some of his contemporaries :-with the excep. -Lord Rockingham-the Duc de Nivernoission of one brief reference to the revolution of and various other eminent persons. He had 1782. which I retain chiefly to introduce a re. markable letter of Mr. Fox's on the formation rather a dislike to the French national characand principles of the new government, of that ter; though he admired their literature, and year.

the general politeness of their manners.

,

In 1755 he returned to his native country, which his youth had been delighted, and at the age of twenty-eight; an object of in- those patriotic duties to which he had devoted terest and respect to all parties, and to all indi- his middle age. The sittings of the Irisu viduals of consequence in the kingdom. His Academy, over which he presided from its intimacy with Lord John Cavendish naturally first foundation, were frequently held at Chardisposed him to be on a good footing with his lemont House ;—and he always extended the brother, who was then Lord Lieutenant; and most munificent patronage to che professors of “the outset of his politics," as he has himself art, and the kindest indulgence to youthful observed, “gave reason to suppose that his talents of every description. His health had life would be much more courtly than it prov. declined gradually from about the year 1790; ed to be.” The first scene of profligacy and and he died in August 1799,-esteemed and court intrigue, however, which he witnessed, regretted by all who had had any opportunity determined him to act a more manly part of knowing him, in public or in private, as a " to be a Freeman," as Mr. Hardy says, "in friend or as an opponent.--Such is the sure the purest sense of the word, opposing the reward of honourable sentiments, and mild court or the people indiscriminately, when- and steady principles ! ever he saw them adopting erroneous or mis- To this branch of the history belongs a conchievous opinions." To this resolution, his siderable part of the anecdotes and characters biographer adds, that he had the virtue and with which the book is enlivened; and, in a firmness to adhere; and the consequence was, particular manner, those which Mr. Hardy that he was uniformly in opposition to the has given, in Lord Charlemont's own words, court for the long remainder of his life! from the private papers and memoirs which

Though very regular in his attendance on have been put into his hands. His Lordship the Irish Parliament, he always had a house in appears to have kept a sort of journal of every London, where he passed a good part of the thing interesting that befel him through life, winter, till 1773; when feelings of patriotism and especially during his long residence on and duty induced him to transfer his residence the Continent. From this document Mr. Haralmost entirely to Ireland. The polish of his dy has made copious extracts, in the earlier manners, however, and the kindness of his part of his narrative; and the general style of disposition,-his taste for literature and the them is undoubtedly very creditable to the arts, and the unsuspected purity and firmness noble author,-a little tedious, perhaps, now of his political principles, had before this time and then, -and generally a little too studiously secured him the friendship of almost all the and maturely composed, for the private me. distinguished men who aclorned England at moranda of a young man of talents ;-but this period. With Mr. Fox, Mrs. Burke, and always in the style and tone of a gentleman, Mr. Beauclerk — Sir Joshua Reynolds, Dr. and with a character of rationality, and calm Johnson, Sir William Chalmers—and many indulgent benevolence, that is intinitely more others of a similar character-he was always pleasing than sallies of sarcastic wit, or periods particularly intimate. During the Lieuten- of cold blooded speculation. ancy of the Earl of Northumberland, in 1772, One of the first characters that appears on he was, without any solicitation, advanced to the scene, is our excellent countryman, the the dignity of an Earl ; and was very much celebrated David Hume, whom Lord Charledistinguished and consulted during the short mont first met with at Turin, in the year 1750: period of the Rockingham administration ;- -and of whom he has given an account rather though neither at that time, nor at any other, more entertaining, we believe, than accurate invested with any official situation. In 1768, We have no doubt, however, that it records he married; and in 1780, he was chosen Gene- with perfect fidelity the impression which he ral of the Irish Volunteers, and conducted him- then received from the appearance and conself in that delicate and most important com- versation of that distinguished philosopher. mand, with a degree of temper and judgment, But, with all our respect for Lord Charlemont, liberality and firmness, which we have nó we cannot allow a young Irish Lord, on his doubt contributed, more than any thing else, first visit at a foreign court, to have been pre both to the efficacy and the safety of that most cisely the person most capable of appreciating perilous but necessary experiment. The rest the value of such a man as David Hume;of his history is soon told. He was the early and though there is a great fund of truth in patron and the constant friend of Mr. Grai- the following observations, we think they iltan; and was the means of introducing the lustrate the character and condition of the Single-Speech Hamilton to the acquaintance person who makes them, fully as much as of Mr. Burke. Though very early disposed to ihat of him to whom they are applied. relieve the Catholics from a part of their disabilities, he certainly was doubtful of the pru- unlike his real characier than David Hume. The

Nature, I believe, never formed any man more dence, or propriety, of their more recent pretensions. He was from first to last a zealous, powers of physiognomy were bafiled by his counteactive, and temperate advocate for parlia- pretend to discover the smallest irace of the faculmentary reform. He was averse to the Legis- jes of his mind, in the unmeaning features of his lative Union with Great Britain. He was uni- visage. His face was broad and far, his mouth formly steady to his principles, and faithful wide, and without any other expression than that to his friends; and seems to have divided the the corpulence of his whole person was far betler

of imbecility. His eyes, vacant and spiritless ; and latter part of his life pretty equally between firted to communicate the idea of a turtle-eating al. those elegant studies of literature and art by derman, than of a refined philosopher. His speech, in English, was rendered ridiculous by the broadest "ever showed a mind more truly benefice. Than Scotch accent; and his French was, if possible, Home's whole conduct with regard to Rousseau. still more laughable; so that wisdom, mosi certain. That story is 100 well known to be repeated ; and ly, never disguised herself before in so uncouih a exhibits a striking picture of Hume's heart, whilst garb. Though now near fifty years old he was it displays the strange and unaccountable vanity and healthy and strong ; but his health and strength. madness of the French, or rather Swiss moralist. far from being advantageous to his figure, insiead When first they arrived together from France, hap: of manly comeliness, had only the appearance of pening to meet with Hume in the Park, I wished rusticity. His wearing an uniform added greatly him joy of his pleasing connection; and particularly to his natural awkwardness ; for he wore iî like a hinted, that I was convinced he must be perfectly grocer of the trained bands. Sinclair was a lieuten. happy in his new friend, as their religious opinions ant-general, and was sent to the courts of Vienna were, I believed, nearly similar. Why no, man,' and Turin as a military envoy, to see that their said he, 'in that you are mistaken. Rousseau is quota of troops was furnished by the Austrians and not what you think him. He has a hankering after Piedmontese. It was therefore ihought necessary the Bible; and, indeed, is little better than a Christhat his secretary should appear to be an officer; lian, in a way of his own!'"-p. 120. and Hume was accordingly disguised in scarlet. “In London, where he often did me the honour

** Having thus given an account of his exterior, it to communicate the manuscripts of his additional is but tair that I should state my good opinion of his Essays, before their publication, I have sometimes, characier. Of all the philosophers of his sece, none, in the course of our intimacy, asked him, whether I believe, ever joined more real benevolence to its he thought that, if his opinions were universally to mischievous principles than my friend Hume. His take place, mankind would not be rendered more love to mankind was universal, and vehement; and unhappy than they now were; and whether he did There was no service he would not cheerfully have not suppose, that the curb of religion was necessary done to his fellow-creatures, excepting only ihat of to human nature ? • The objections,' answered he, suffering them to save their own souls in their own are not without weight; but error never can pro. way. He was tender-hearted, friendly, and char. duce good; and truth ought to take place of all conitable in the extreme."e.”-pp. 8, 9.

siderations. He never failed, indeed, in the midst His Lordship then tells a story in illustration thing tolerable that was either said or written

of any controversy, lo give its due praise to every of the philosopher's benevolence, which we against him. His sceprical turn made him doubt, have no other reason for leaving out-but that and consequently dispute, every thing ; yet was he we know it not to be true; and concludes a lit- a fair and pleasant disputant. He heard with patle dissertation on the pernicious effects of his lience, and answered without acrimony. Neither doctrines, with the following little anecdote; his more scrupulous companions

. His good sense,

was his conversation at any time offensive, even to of the aúthenticity of which also, we should and good nature, prevented his saying any thing entertain some doubts, did it not seem to have that was likely to shock; and it was not vill he was fallen within his own personal knowledge. provoked to argument, that, in mixed companies,

he entered into his favourite topics.”—p. 123. “ He once professed himself the admirer of a young, most beautiful, and accomplished lady, at

Another of the eminent persons of whom Turin, who only laughed at his passion. One day Lord Charlemont has recorded his impressions he addressed her in the usual common-place strain, in his own hand, was the celebrated Montesthat he was abimé, anéanti.- Oh!

pour

anéanti,' quieu; of whose acquaintance he says, and replied the lady, ce n'est en effet qu'une opération with some reason, he was more vain, than of très-raturelle de votre système.'

having seen the pyramids of Egypt. He and The following passages are from a later part another English gentleman paid their first of the journal: but indicate the same turn of visit to him at his seat near Bourdeaux; anci mind in the observer:

p. 10.

the following is the account of their introduo“Hume's fashion at Paris, when he was there as Secretary to Lord Heriford, was truly ridiculous; “ The first appointment with a favourite mistress and no hing ever marked in a more striking man- could not have rendered our night more restless ner, the whimsical genius of the French. No man, than this flattering invitation; and the next morning from his manners, was surely less formed for their we set out so early, that we arrived at his villa be. society, or less likely to meet with their approba. fore he was risen. The servant showed us into his tion; but that flimsy philosophy which pervades library; where the first object of curiosity that preand deadeos even their most licentious novels, was sented itself was a table, at which he had apparently then the folly of the day. Freethinking and Eng. been reading the night before, a book lying upon lish frocks were the fashion, and the Anglomanie it open, turned down, and a lamp extinguished. was the ton du pais. From what has been already Eager to know the nocturnal studies of this great said of him, it is apparent that his conversation to philosopher, we immediately flew to the book. It strangers, and particularly to Frenchmen, could be was a volume of Ovid's Works, containing his little delightful; and still more particularly, one Elegies; and open at one of the most gallant poems would suppose to French women. And yet, no of that master of love! Before we could overcome lady's toileite was complete without Hume's at. our surprise, it was greatly increased by the en. tendance! At the opera, his broad, unmeaning irance of the president, whose appearance and man. face was usually seen entre deux jolis minois. The ner was totally opposite to the idea which we had ladies in France give the ton, and the ton, at this formed to ourselves of him. Instead of a grave, cime, was deism; a species of philosophy ill suited austere philosopher, whose presence might strike to the softer sex, in whose delicate frame weakness with awe such boys as we were, the person who is interesting, and timidity a charm. But the women now addressed us, was a gay, polite, sprightly in France were deists, as with us they were char. Frenchman; who, after a thousand genteel compliioteers. How my friend Hume was able to endure ments, and a thousand thanks for The honour we the encounter of those French female Titans, I had done him, desired to know whether we would know not. In England, either his philosophic pride, not breakfast; and, upon our declining the offer, or his conviction that infidelity was ill suited to having already eaten at an inn not far from the women, made him always averse from the initia- house, Come, then,' says he, let us walk ; the tion of ladies into the mysteries of his doctrine." day is fine, and I long to show you my villa, as I pp. 121, 122.

have endeavoured to form it according to the Eng. Nothing," adds his Lordship, in anotner place, I lish taste, and to cultivate and dress it in the English

tion:

manner.' Following him into the farm, we spon seeking, in vain, the wholesome exercise of a arrived at the skirts of a beautiful wood, cut into strong mind, in desultory reading or conbarricadoed with a moveable bar, about three feet temptible dissipation. His Letters, however, high, fastened with a padlock. Come,' said he, are delightful; and we are extremely obliged searching in his pocket, it is not worth our while to Mr. Hardy, for having favoured us with so to wait for the key ; you. I am sure, can leap as well many of them. It is so seldom that the sure. as I can, and this bar shall not stop me.' So saying, animated, and unrestrained language of polite he ran at the bar, and fairly jumped over it, while conversation, can be found in a printed book out delight, to see the philosopher likely to become that we cannot resist the temptation of tranour play-fellow."'-pp. 32, 33.

scribing a considerable part of the specimens In Paris, I have frequently met him in company before us; which, while they exemplify, in with ladies, and have been as often astonished at the happiest manner, the perfect style of a the politeness, the gallantry, and sprightliness of gentleman, serve to illustrate, for more renis behaviour. In a word, the most accomplished; flecting readers, the various sacrifices that are have been more amusing, from the liveliness of his generally required for the formation of the chat, nor could have been more inexhaustible in envied character to which that style belongs. that sort of discourse which is best suited to women, A very interesting essay might be written on than this venerable philosopher of seventy years the unhappiness of those from whom nature old. But at this we shall not be surprised, when and fortune seem to have removed all the we reflect, that the profound author of L'Esprit des Loix was also author of the Persian Letters, and of that no better assortment of proofs and illus

causes of unhappiness :—and we are sure the truly gallant Temple de Gnide."--p. 36.

trations could be annexed to such an essay, The following opinion, from such a quarter, than some of the following passages. Inight have been expected to have produced Inore effect than it seems to have done, on so “I have been but once at the club since you left warm an admirer as Lord Charlemont:- England; where we were entertained, as usual, by

Dr. Goldsmith's absurdiiy. Mr. V. can give you “ In the course of our conversations, Ireland, and an account of it. Sir Joshua intends painting your is interests, have often been the topic; and, upon picture over again; so you may set your heart at .hese occasions, I have always found him an advo. rest for some time: it is true, it will last so much rate for an incorporating Union between that coun. the longer ; but then you may want these ten years sry and England. • Were I an Irishman,' said he, for it. "Elmsly gave me a commission from you I should certainly wish for it; and, as a general about Mr. Walpole's frames for prints, which is lover of liberty, I sincerely desire it; and for this perfectly unintelligible: I wish you would explain plain reason, that an interior country, connected it, and it shall be punctually executed. The Duke with one much her superior in force, can never be of Northumberland has promised me a pair of his certain of the permanent enjoyment of constitutional new pheasants for you ; but you must wait till all freedom, unless she has, by her representatives, a the crowned heads in Europe have been served firsi, proportional share in the legislature of the superior I have been at the review at Portsmouth. If you kingdom.'"-Ibid.

had seen it, you would have owned, that it is a Of Lord Charlemont's English friends and pleasant thing to be a King. It is true - made

, who furnished the first associates, none is represented, perhapş, in cables with vinegar, under that denomination. more lively and pleasing colours than Topham Charles Fox said, ihat Lord S-wich should have Beauclerk; to the graces of whose conversa- been impeached! What an abominable world do tion even the fastidious Dr. Johnson has borne we live in! That there should not be above half a such powerful testimony. Lord Charlemont, dozen honest men in the world, and that one of and, indeed, all who have occasion to speak be shocked at the small portion of honesty ihai I

those should live in Ireland. You will, perhaps. of him, represent him as more accomplished allot to your country: but a sixth part is as much and agreeable in society, than any man of his as comes to its share ; and, for any ibing I know to age-of exquisite taste, perfect good-breeding, the contrary, the other five may be in Ireland too; and unblemished integrity and honour. Un- for I am sure I do not know where else to find them. disturbed, too, by ambition, or political ani- “I am rejoiced to find by your letter than Lady mosities, and at his ease with regard to for. C. is as you wish. I have yet remaining so much

benevolence towards mankind, as to wish that there tune, he might appear to be placed at the very may be a son of your's, educated by you, as a speci. summit of human felicity, and to exemplify men of what mankind ought to be. Goldsmith, che that fortunate lot to which common destinies other day, put a paragraph into the newspapers, in afford such various exceptions.

praise of Lord Mayor Townshend. The same night But there is no such lot. This happy man, Drury Lane. I mentioned the circumstance of

we happened to sit next to Lord Shelburne, at so universally acceptable, and with such re, the paragraph to him. He said 10 Goldsnuith, that sources in himself, was devoured by ennui! he hoped that he had mentioned nothing about and probably envied, with good reason, the Malagrida in it. Do you know,' answered Gold. condition of one half of those laborious and smith, that I never could conceive the reason why discontented beings who looked up to him they call you Malagrida ; for Malagrida was a very with envy and admiration. He was querulous, good sort of man. You see plainly what he meant Lord Charlemont assures us—indifferent, and liar to himself. Mr. Walpole says, that this story internally contemptuous to the greater part of is a picture of Goldsmith's whole life. Johnson the world ;-and, like so many other accom- has been confined for some weeks in the Isle of plished persons, upon whom the want of em-Skye. We hear that he was obliged 10 swim over ployment has imposed the heavy task of self-, so ihe main land, taking hold of a cow's tail. Be occupation, he passed his life in a languid that as it may, Lady Di. has promised to make a and unsatisfactory manner; absorbed some, decay ; unless you come and relieve it, it will cer

Our poor club is in a miserable times in play, and sometimes in study; and iainly expire. Would you imagine, that Sir Joshna Reynolds is extremely anxious to be a member of Rockingham, upon the warm recommendation of Almack's? You see what noble ambition will many friends, had appointed Burke his secretary, make a man attempt. That den is not yet opened, the Duke of Newcastle informed him, that he had consequently I have not been there ; so, for the unwarily taken into his service a man of dangerous present, I am clear upon that score. I suppose principles, and one who was by birth and education your confounded Irish politics take up your whole a papist and a jacobile; a calumny founded upon attention at present; but we cannot do wiihout Burke's Irish connections, which were piost of you. If you do not come here, I will bring all the them of that persuasion, and upon some juvenile club over to Ireland, to live with you, and ihat will follies arising from those connections. The Mar. drive you here in your own defence. Johnson shall quis, whose genuine Whiggism was easily alarmed, spoil your books, Goldsmith pull your flowers, and immediately sent for Burke, and told him what he Boswell talk to you. Stay then if you can. Adieu, had heard. It was easy for Burke, who had been my dear Lord."-pp. 176, 177, 178.

educated at the university at Dublin, to bring testi. “I saw a letter from Foole, the other day, with monies to his protestantism; and with regard to the an account of an Irish tragedy. The subject is second accusation, which was wholly founded on Manlius; and the last speech which he makes, the former, it was soon done away; and Lord when he is pushed off from the Tarpeian Rock, is, Rockingham, readily and willingly disabused, de.

Sweet Jesus, where am I going ?!" Pray send me clared that he was perfectly satisfied of the false. word if this is true. We have a new comedy here, hood of the information he had received, and ihat which is good for nothing: Bad as it is, however, he no longer harboured the smallest doubt of the it succeeds very well, and has almost killed Gold integrity of his principles; when Burke, with an smith with envy. I have no news, either literary honest and disinterested boldness, told his Lordship or political, to send you. Every body, except my. that it was now no longer possible for him to be hís sell, and about a million of vulgars, are in the secretary ; that the reports he had heard would country. I am closely confined, as Lady Di. expects probably, even unknown to himself, create in his to be so every hour."-p. 178.

mind such suspicions, as might prevent his tho. "Why should you be vexed to find that mankind roughly confiding in him; and that no earthly conare fools and knaves? I have known it so long. sideration should induce him to stand in that rela. that every fresh instance of it amuses me, provided tion with a man who did not place entire confidence it does not immediately affect my friends or myself. in him. The Marquis, struck with this manliness Politicians do not seem to me to be much greater of sentiment, which so exactly corresponded with rogues than other people ; and as their actions the feelings of his own heart, frankly and positively affect, in general, privaie persons less than other assured him, that what had passed, far from leaving kinds of villany do, I cannot find that I am so an. any bad impression on his mind, had only served gry with them. It is true, that the leading men in to fortify his good opinion ; and that, if from no boih countries at present, are, I believe, ihe most other reason, he might rest assured, that from his corrupt, abandoned people in the nation. But now conduct upon that occasion alone, he should ever that I am upon this worthy subject of human na- esteem, and place in him the most unreserved conture, I will inform you of a few particulars relating fidential trusi-a promise which he faithfully per. to the discovery of Oiaheite.”—p. 180.

formed. It must, however, be confessed, that his “There is another curiosity here, -Mr. Bruce. early habits and connections, though they could His drawings are the most beautiful things you ever never make him swerve from his dury, had given Baw, and his adventures more wonderful than those his mind an almost constitutional beni towards the of Sinbad the sailor -and, perhaps. nearly as true. popish party. Prudence is, indeed, the only virtue I am much more afflicted with the account you send he does not possess; from a total want of which, me of your health, than I am at the corruption of and from the amiable weaknesses of an excellent your ministers. I always hated politics; and I now heart, bis estimation in England, though still great, hate them ten times worse; as I have reason 10 is certainly diminished."-pp. 343, 344. think that they contribute towards your ill health. You do me great justice in thinking, that whatever

We have hitherto kept Mr. Hardy himself concerns you, must interest me; but as I wish you so much in the back ground, that we think it most sincerely to be perfecily happy. I cannot bear is but fair to lay before the reader the sequel to think that the villanous proceedings of others which he has furnished to the preceding notice should make you miserable: for, in that case, un. of Lord Charlemont. The passage is perfectly doubledly you will never be happy. Charles Fox is a member at the Turk's Head; but not will be characteristic of the ordinary colloquial style was a patriot; and you know, if one repents, &c. of the book, and of the temper of the author. There is noihing new, but Goldsmith's Retaliation, which you certainly have seen.. Pray tell Lady though slight, may be here added. Burke's dis.

". Thus far Lord Charlemont. Something, Charlemont, from me, that I desire she may keep union, and final rupture with Mr. Fox, were at. you from politics, as they do children from sweet. Tended with circunstances so distressing, so far meals, that make ihem sick.”'--pp. 181, 182.

surpassing the ordinary limits of political hostility, We look upon these extracts as very inter- that the mind really aches at the recollection of esting and valuable; but they have turned them. But let us view him, for an instant, in better out to be so long, that we must cut short this able, of pleasing access, and most agreeably com.

and better hours. He was social, hospite branch of the history. We must add, how- municative. One of the most satisfactory days, ever, a part of Lord Charlemont's account of perhaps, that I ever passed in my life, was going Mr. Burke, with whom he lived in habits of with him, tête-à-tête, from London to Beconsfield. the closest intimacy, and continual corres- He stopped al Uxbridge, whilst his horses were pondence, till his extraordinary breach with feeding; and, happening to meet some gentlemen,

of I know not what militia, who appeared to be his former political associates in 1792. Mr, perfect strangers to him, he entered into discourse Hardy does not exactly know at what period with them at the gateway of the inn. His conver, the following paper, which was found in Lord sation, at that moment completely exemplified Charlemont's handwriting, was written.

what Johnson said of him, That you could not

meet Burke for half an hour under a shed, without " This most amiable and ingenious man was saying that he was an extraordinary man.' He private secretary 10 Lord Rockingham. It may not was, on that day, altogether, uncommonly instruc. be superfluous io relate the following anecdote, the rive and agreeable. Every object of the slightest *ruth of which I can assert, and which does honour notoriety, as we passed along, whether of natural 10 him and his truly noble patron. Soon after Lord I or local history, furnished him with abundant ma.

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