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than many pretending volumes, by men who sent to the pictures of depravity and general worthnave been half their lives in the countries to lessness which some have drawn of the Hindoos. which they relate :

They are decidedly, by nature, a mild, pleasing,

and intelligent race; sober, parsimonious, and, Of the people of this country, and the manner where an object is held out to them, most indusin which they are governed, I have, as yet, hardly frious and persevering: But the magistrates and seen enough to form an opinion. I have seen lawyers all agree that in no country are lying and enough, however, to find that the customs, the perjury so common, and so little regarded ; and habits, and prejudices of the former are much mis- notwithstanding the apparent mildness of their man. understood in England. We have all heard, for ners, the criminal calendar is generally as full as in instance, of the humanity of the Hindoos towards Ireland, with gang-robberies, setting fire to build. brute creatures, their horror of animal food, &c.; ings, stacks, &c.; and the number of children who and you may be, perhaps, as much surprised as i are decoyed aside and murdered, for the sake of was, to find that those who can afford it are hardly their ornaments, Lord Amherst assures me, is less carnivorous than ourselves; that even the dreadful.” purest Brahmins are allowed to eat mutton and venison ; that fish is permitted to many castes, and

We may add the following direct testimony pork to many others; and that, though they con- on a point of some little curiosity, which has sider it a grievous crime to kill a cow or bullock been alternately denied and exaggerated :for the purpose of eating, yet they treat their draft oxen, no less than their horses, with a degree of

“ At Broach is one of those remarkable institubarbarous severity which would turn an English tions which have made a good deal of noise in Eu. hackney coach man sick. Nor have their religious rope, as instances of Hindoo benevolence to inferior prejudices, and the unchangeableness of their habits,

animals. I mean hospitals for sick and infirm been less exaggerated. Some of the best informed beasts, birds, and insecis. I was not able to visit of their nation, with whom I have conversed, assure it; but Mr. Çorsellis described it as a very dirty me that half their most remarkable customs of civil and neglected place, which, though it has consider. and domestic life are borrowed from their Mahom: able endowments in land, only serves to enrich medan conquerors ; and at present there is an ob- the Brahmins who manage it. They have really vious and increasing disposition to imitate the Eng. animals of several different kinds there, not only lish in every thing, which has already led to very

those which are accounted sacred by the Hindoos, remarkable changes, and will, probably, to still as monkeys, peacocks, &c., but horses, dogs, and more important. The wealthy natives now all cats; and they have also, in little boxes, an assort. affect to have their houses decorated with Corin: ment or lice and fleas! It is not true, however, thian pillars, and filled with English furniture. They that they feed those pensioners on the flesh of beg. drive ihe best horses and the most dashing carriages gars hired for the purpose. The Brahmins say that in Calcutta. Many of them speak English fluently, these insects, as well as the other inmates of their and are tolerably read in English literature ; and infirmary, are fed with vegetables only, such as the children of one of our friends I saw one day rice, &c. How the insects thrive, I did not hear; dressed in jackets and trousers, with round hats, but the old horses and dogs, nay the peacocks and shoes and stockings. In the Bengalee newspapers, said to be in any tolerable plight are some milch

apes, are allowed to starve ; and the only creatures of which there are two or three, politics are canvassed, with a bias, as I am told, inclining to Whig. cows, which may be kept from other motives than gism ; and one of their leading men gave a great

chariiy." dinner not long since in honour of the Spavish Revo. lution. Among the lower orders the same feeling

He adds afterwards,– shows itself more beneficially, in a growing neg. “I have not been led to believe that our Govern. lect of caste-in not merely a willingness, but an ment is generally popular, or advancing towards anxiety, to send their children to our schools, and popularity. It is, perhaps, impossible that we should a desire to learn and speak English, which, if be so in any great degree ; yet I really think there properly encouraged, might, I verily believe, in are some causes of discontent which it is in our fitiy years' time, make our language what the own power, and which i! is our duty to remove or Oordoo, or court and camp language of the country diminish. One of these is the distance and haugh(the Hindostanee), is al present. And though in tiness with which a very large proportion of ihe stances of actual conversion to Christianity are, as civil and military servants of the Company Treat yet, very uncommon, yet the number of children, the upper and middling class of natives. Against both male and female, who are now receiving a sort their mixing much with us in society, there are cerof Christian education, reading the New Testa tainly many hindrances; though even their objec ment, repearing the Lord's Prayer and Commando tion to eating with us might, so far as the Mussul ments, and all with the consent, or at least without mans are concerned, I think, be conquered by any the censure, of their parents or spiritual guides, popular man in the upper provinces, who made the have increased, during the last two years, to an attempt in a right way. But there are some of our amount which astonishes the old European resi. amusements, such as private theatrical entertain dents, who were used to tremble at the name of a ments and the sports of the field, in which they Missionary, and shrink from the common duties of would be delighted to share, and invitations to which Christianity, lest they should give offence to their would be regarded by them as extremely flattering; heathen neighbours. So far from that being a con if they were not, perhaps with some reason, voted sequence of the zeal which has been lately shown, bores, and treated accordingly. The French, under many of the Brahmins themselves express admira- Perron and Des Boignes, who in more serious mat. tion of the morality of the Gospel, and profess to ters left a very bad name behind them, bad, in this entertain a better opinion of the English since they particular, a great advantage over us; and the easy have found that they too have a religion and a Shas. and friendly intercourse in which they lived with ter. All that seems necessary for the best effects natives of rank, is still often regretted in Agra and to follow is, to let things take their course ; to make the Dooab. This is not all, however. The foolish the Missionaries discreet ; to keep the government pride of the English absolutely leads them to set at as it now is, strictly neuter; and io place our confi. nought the injunctions of their own Government. dence in a general diffusion of knowledge, and in The Tussildars, for instance, or principal active making ourselves really useful to the temporal as officers of revenue, ought, by an order of council, well as spiritual interests of the people among whom to have chairs always offered them in the presence we live.

of their European superiors; and the same, by the “ In all these points there is, indeed, great room standing orders of the army, should be done to ine for improvement: But I do not by any means as- / Soubahdars. Yet there are hardly six collectors in India who observe the former etiquette : and the tion of Justice; especially in the local or dis. latter, which was fifteen years ago never omitted trict courts, called Adawlut, which the costii in the army, is now completely in disuse. At the ness and intricacy of the proceedings, and the known to every Tussildar and Soubahdar in India, needless introduction of the Persian language, and they feel themselves aggrieved every time have made sources of great practical oppres These civilities are neglected."

sion, and objects of general execration through

out the country. At the Bombay Presidency Of the state of the Schools, and of Education Mr. Elphinstone has discarded the Persian, in general, he speaks rather favourably; and and appointed every thing to be done in the is very desirous that, without any direct at- ordinary language of the place. tempt at conversion, the youth should be ge- And here we are afraid we must take leave nerally exposed to the humanising influence of this most instructive and delightful publiof the New Testament morality, by the gene- cation ; which we confidently recommend to ral introduction of that holy book, as a lesson our readers, not only as more likely to amuse book in the schools; a matter to which he them than any book of travels with which we states positively that the natives, and even are acquainted, but as calculated to enlighten their Brahminical pastors, have no sort of ob- their understandings, and to touch their hearts jection. Talking of a female school, lately with a purer flame than they generally catch established at Calcutta, under the charge of a' from most professed works of philosophy or very pious and discreet lady, he observes, that devotion. It sets before us, in every page, "Rhadacant Deb, one of the wealthiest natives the most engaging example of devotion to in Calcutta, and regarded as the most austere God and good will to man; and, touching every and orthodox of the worshippers of the Ganges, object with the light of a clear judgment and bade, some time since, her pupils go on and a pure heart, exhibits the rare spectacle of a prosper; and added, that 'if they practised work written by a priest upon religious creeds ihe Sermon on the Mount as well as they re- and establishments, without a shade of inpeated it, he would choose all the handmaids : tolerance; and bringing under review the for his daughters, and his wives, from the characters of a vast multitude of eminent in English school.?"

dividuals, without one trait either of sarcası He is far less satisfied with the administra. or adulation.

(October, 1824.) 1. Sketches of India. Written by an Officer, for Fire-Side Travellers at Home. Second

Edition, with Alterations. 8vo. pp. 358. London: 1824. 2. Scenes and Impressions in Egypt and Italy. By the Author of Sketches of India, and Recollections of the Peninsula. 8vo. pp. 452. Londou

1824. These are very amiable books :-and, be-them, will be more generally agreeable than sides the good sentiments they contain, they a digest of the information i hey might have are very pleasing specimens of a sort of travel- acquired. We would by no mezus undervalue writing, to which we have often regretted the researches of more learned and laborious that so few of those who roam loose about the persons, especially in countries rarely visited : world will now condescend—we mean a brief But, for common readers, their discussions and simple notice of what a person of ordinary require too much previous knowledge, and information and common sensibility may see too painful an effort of attention. They are and feel in passing through a new country, not books of travels, in short

, but works of which he visits without any learned prepara- science and philosophy; and as the tion, and traverses without any particular ob- delight of travelling consists in the impressions ject. There are individuals, no doubt, who which we receive, almost passively, from travel to better purpose, and collect more presentment of new objects, and the renees weighty information-exploring, and record. tions to which they spontaneously give ir ing as they go, according to their several so the most delightful books of travels shou habits and measures of learning, the mineral- be those that give us back those impressior ogy, antiquities, or statistics of the different in their first freshness and simplicity and en regions they survey. But the greater part, cite us to follow out the train of feelings ar even of intelligent wanderers, are neither so reflection into which they lead us, by the de ambitious in their designs, nor so industrious rect and unpretending manner in which the in their execution ;-and, as most of those are suggested. By aiming too ambitiously who travel for pleasure, and find pleasure in instruction and research, this charm is to travelling, are found to decline those tasks, and we often close these copious dissertat which might enrol them among the contribu- and details, needlessly digested in the sea movements into occasions of laborious study, how we, or any other ordinary person, would it seems reasonable to think that a lively and have felt as companions of the journey svccinct account of what actually delighted | roughly convinced, certainly, that we


principal not have occupied ourselves as the writers .The "Sketches of India,” a loose-printed before us seem to have been occupied; and octavo of 350 pages, is the least interesting pretty well satisfied, after all, that they them- perhaps of the two volumes now before usselves were not so occupied during the most though sufficiently marked with all that is agreeable hours of their wanderings, and had characteristic of the author. It may be as omitted in their books what they would most well to let him begin at the beginning. frequently recall in their moments of enjoy- ** On the afternoon of July the 10th, 1818, our ment and leisure.

vessel dropped anchor in Madras Roads, after a fine Nor are these records of superficial obser- run of three months and ten days from the Mother. vation to be disdained as productive of enter- bank.—How changed the scene! how great the tainment only, or altogether barren of instruc- contrast ! -Ryde, and its little snug dwellings, with tion. Very often the surface presents all that slared or thatched roofs, its neat gardens, jis green is really worth considering—or all that we are noble-looking buildings, tall columns, lofty veran

and sloping shores. - Madras and its naked fort, capable of understanding ;--and our observer, dahs, and terraced roofs. The city, large and we are taking it for granted, is, though no crowded, on a flat site; a low sandy beach, and a great philosopher, an intelligent and educated foaming surf. The roadstead, there, alive with man-looking curiously at all that presents beautiful yachts, light wherries, and right-built itself, and making such passing inquiries as boats, with their naked crews, singing the same

fishing barks. Here, black, shapeless Massoolah may satisfy a reasonable curiosity, without wild (yet not unpleasing) air, to which, for ages, greatly disturbing his indolence or delaying the dangerous surf they fearlessly ply over has been his progress. Many themes of reflection and rudely responsive. topics of interest will be thus suggested, which

“I shall never forget the sweet and strange senmore elaborate and exhausting discussions sations which, as I went peacefully forward, the new would have strangled in the birth--while, in broad-leaved plantain; the gracefully drooping

objects in nature excited in my bosom. The rich the variety and brevity of the notices which bamboo; the cocoa nur, with that mat-like-looking such a scheme of writing implies, the mind binding for every branch; the branches themselves of the reader is not only more agreeably ex- waving with a feathery motion in the wind ; the cited, but is furnished, in the long run, with bare lofty trunk and fan-leaf of the tall palm the more materials for thinking, and solicited to aloes; the prickly pear; the stately banian with more lively reflections, than by any quantity drop-branches, here fibrous and pliant, there strong of exact knowledge on plants, stones, ruins, and columnar, supporting its giant arms, and form manufactures, or history.

ing around the parent stem a grove of beauty; and Such, at all events, is the merit and the among these wonders, birds, all strange in plumage charm of the volumes before us. They place and in note, save the parroquet (at home, the lady's us at once by the side of the author and pet-bird in a gilded cage), here spreading his bright bring before our eyes and minds the scenes natural and untaught scream.

green wings in happy fearless flight, and giving his he has passed through, and the feelings they “ It was late and dark when we reached Poonasuggested. In this last particular, indeed, we mallee; and during the latter part of our march we are entirely at his mercy; and we are afraid had heavy rain. We found no fellow-countryman he sometimes makes rather an unmerciful to welcome us: But the mess-room was open and

lighted, a table laid, and a crowd of smart, roguish. use of his power. It is one of the hazards looking natives, seemed waiting our arrival to seek of this way of writing, that it binds us up in service. Drenched to the skin, without changes of the strictest intimacy and closest companion- linen, or any bedding, we sat down to the repast ship with the author. Its attraction is in its provided ; and it would have been difficult to have direct personal sympathy—and its danger in found in India, perhaps, at the moment, a more the temptation it holds out to abuse it. It ing natives, in white dresses, with red or white enables us to share the grand spectacles with turbans, ear-rings of gold, or with emerald drops, which the traveller is delighted—but compels and large silver signet rings on their fingers, crowded us in a manner to share also in the sentiments round each chair, and watched our every glance, to with which he is pleased to connect them. anticipate our wishes. Curries, vegetables, and For the privilege of seeing with his eyes, we fruits, all new to us, were tasted and pronounced

upon ; and after a meal, of which every one seemed must generally renounce that of using our

to partake with grateful good humour, we lay down own judgment - and submit to adopt im- for the night. One attendant brought a small carpet, plicitly the tone of feeling which he has found another a mat, others again a sheet or counterpane, most congenial with the scene.

till all were provided with something; and thus On the present occasion, we must say, the closed our first evening in India. - The morning reader, on the whole, has been fortunate. for, was shaving a man as he still lay dozing! there,

scene was very ludicrous. Here, a barber uncalled The author, though an officer in the King's another was cracking the joints of a man half service, and not without professional predi- dressed; here were two servants, one pouring water lections, is, generally speaking, a speculative, on, the other washing, a Saheb's hands. In spite sentimental, saintly sort of person—with á of my efforts to prevent them, two well-dressed taste for the picturesque, a singularly

poeti; lad dexterously putting on the clothes of a sleepy cal cast of diction, and a mind deeply imbued brother officer, as if he had been an infant under with principles of philanthropy and habits of his care ! -There was much in all this to amuse affection :- And if there is something of fa- the mind, and a great deal, I confess, to pain the daise now and then in his sentiments, and heart of a free-born Englishman., something of affectation in his style, it is no

Sketches of India, pp. 3—10. more than we can easily forgive, in con- With all this profusion of attendance, the sideration of his brevity, his amiableness, and march of a British officer in India seems a variety.

matter rather of luxury than fatigue.

“ Marching in this country is certainly pleasant; / general's tents from the Deccan, were in the act although perhaps you rise too early for comfort. of loading. The intelligent obedience of the ele. An hour before daybreak you mount your horse ; phant is well known; but to look upon this huge and, travelling at an easy pace, reach your ground and powerful monster kneeling down at the mere before the sun has any power; and find a small bidding of the human voice ; and, when he has tent pitched with breakfast ready on the table.- risen again, 10 see him protrude his trunk for the Your large tent follows with couch and baggage, foot of his mahout or attendant, to help him into carried by bullocks and coolies ; and before nine his seat; or, bending the joint of his hind leg, o'clock, you may be washed, dressed, and em. make a step for him to climb up behind; and then, ployed with your books, pen, or pencil. Mats, if any loose cloths or cords fall off, with a made of the fragrant roots of the Cuscus grass, are docility pick them up with his proboscis and put hung before the doors of your tent to windward; them up again, will delight and surprise long after and being constant wetted, admit, during the hottest it ceases to be novel. When loaded, this creature winds, a cool refreshing air.

broke off a large branch from the lofty tree near " While our forefathers were clad in wolf-skin, which he stood, and quietly fanned and fy-flapped dwelt in caverns, and lived upon the produce of himself, with all the nonchalance of an indolent the chase, the Hindoo lived as now. As now, his woman of fashion, till the camels were ready. princes were clothed in soft raiment, wore jewelled These animals also kneel to be laden. When in iurbans, and dwelt in palaces. As now, his haughty motion, they have a very awkward gait, and seem half-naked priests received his offerings in temples to travel at a much slower pace than they really of hewn and sculptured granite, and summoned him do. Their tall out-stretched necks, long sinewy to riles as absurd, but yet more splendid and de limbs, and broad spongy feet, -their head furnibauching, than the present. His cottage, garments, cure, neck.bells, and the rings in their nostrils, household utensils, and implements of husbandry with their lofty loads, and a driver generally on the or labour, the same as now. Then, too, he wa: top of the leading one, have a strange appearance.' tered the ground with his foot, by means of a plank

Ibid. pp. 46–48. balanced transversely on a lofty pole, or drew from the deep bowerie by ihe labour of his oxen, in large

We must add the following very clear desbags of leather, supplies of water to flow through cription of a Pagoda. the little channels by which their fields and gardens are intersected. His children were then taught to

“ A high, solid wall, encloses a large area in the shape letters in the sand, and to write and keep form of an oblong.square; at one end is the gateaccounts on the dried leaves of the palm, by the way, above which is raised a large pyramidal tower; village schoolmaster. His wife ground corn at the its breadth at the base and height proportioned to same mill, or pounded it in a rude mortar with her the magnitude of the pagoda. This tower is asneighbour. He could make purchases in a regular cended by steps in the inside, and divided into bazaar, change money at a shroff's, or borrow it stories; the central spaces on each are open, and at usury, for the expenses of a wedding or festival. smaller as the tower rises. The light is seen di. In short, all the traveller sees around him of social rectly through them, producing, at times, a very or civilized life, of useful invention or luxurious beautiful effect, as when a fine sky, or trees, form refinement, is of yet higher antiquity than the days the back ground. The front, sides, and top of this of Alexander the Great. So that, in fact, the eye gateway and tower, are crowded with sculpture ; of the British officer looks upon the same forms and elaborate, but tasteless. A few yards from the dresses, the same buildings, manners, and customs, gate, on the outside, you often see a lofty octagonal on which the Macedonian troops gazed with the by tall columns of stone, with the figure of a bull

stone pillar, or a square open building, supported same astonishment two thousand years ago." Sketches of India, pp. 23—26.

couchant, sculptured as large, or much larger than

life, beneath it. If the traveller proceeds in a palanquin, his

“Entering the gateway, you pass into a spacious comforts are not less amply provided for.

paved court, in the centre of which stands the inner

iemple, raised about three feet from the ground, You generally set off after dark; and, habited open, and supported by numerous stone pillars. An in loose drawers and a dressing gown, recline at enclosed sanctuary at the far end of this central full length and slumber away the night. If you building, contains the idol. Round the whole court are wakeful, you may draw back the sliding panel runs a large deep verandah, also supported by colof a lamp fixed behind, and read. Your clothes umns of stone, the front rows of which are often are packed in large neat baskets, covered with shaped by the sculptor into various sacred animals green oil.cloth, and carried by palanquin boys; two rampant, rode by their respective deities. All the pairs will contain two dozen complete changes. other parts of the pagoda, walls, basements, entabYour palanquin is fitted up with pockets and latures, are covered with imagery and ornament of drawers. You can carry in it, without trouble, a all sizes, in alto or demi-relievo." writing desk and two or three books, with a few canteen conveniences for your meals, -and thus

The following description and reflections you may be comfortably provided for many

hundred among the ruins of Bijanagur, the last capital miles' travelling. You stop for half an hour, morn of the last Hindu empire, and finally overing and evening, under the shade of a tree, to wash thrown in 1564, are characteristic of the auand take refreshment; throughout the day read, thor's most ambitious, perhaps most questionthink, or gaze round you. The relays of bearers able, manner. lie ready every ten or iwelve miles; and the aver. age of your run is about four miles an hour."

“You cross the garden, where imprisoned beauty Ibid. pp. 218, 219.

once strayed. You look at the elephant-stable and We cannot make room for his descriptions, the remaining gateway, with a mind busied in con. though excellent of the villages, the tanks, juring up some associations of luxury and magnifithe forest—and the dresses and deportment neath my feet bore the mark of chisel, or of human

cence.-Sorrowfully I passed on. Every stone be. of the different classes of the people; but we skill and labour. You tread continually on sleps, must give this little sketch of the Elephant pavement, pillar, capital, or cornice of rude relief, and Camel.

displaced, or fallen, and mingled in confusion. Here,

large masses of such materials have already formed " While breakfast was getting ready, I amused bush-covered rocks,-there, pagodas are still stand. myself with looking at a baggage-elephant and a ing entire. You may for miles trace the city walls, 'ew camels, which some servants, returning with all and can often discover, by the fallen pillars of the

ave, once

ung piazza, where it has been adorned by streets officer, and without public character of any of uncommon width. One, indeed, yet remains kind, it is admirable to see with what uniform nearly perfect; at one end of it a few poor ryots, respect and attention he was treated, even by who contrive to cultivate some patches of rice, coto ton, or sugar-cane, in detached spots near the river, the lawless soldiery among whom he had frehave formed mud-dwellings under the piazza. quently to pass. The indolent and mercenary

“ Wbile, with a mind thus occupied, you pass on Brahmins seem the only class of persons from through this wilderness, the desolating judgments whom he experienced any sort of incivility: on other renowned cities, so solemnly foretold, so In an early part of his route he had the good dreadfully fulfilled, rise naturally to your recollec-luck to fall in with Scindiah himself; and the tion. I climbed the very loftiest rock at day-break, on the morrow of my first visit 10 the ruins, by rude picture he has given of that turbulent leader and broken steps, winding between and over im- and his suite is worth preserving. mense and detached masses of stone ; and seated myself near a small pagoda, at the very summit. the road, or scrambling and leaping on the rude

First came loose light-armed horse, either in From hence I commanded the whole extent of what banks and ravines near ; then some better clad, with was once a city, described by Cæsar Frederick as twenty-four miles in circumference. Not above the quilted poshauk; and one in a complete suit of eight or nine pagodas are standing ; but there are

chain-armour; then a few elephants, among them choultries innumerable. Fallen columns, arches, had dismounted On one small elephant, guiding

the hunting elephant of Scindiah, from which he piazzas, and fragments of all shapes on every side it himself, rode a fine boy, a foundling protege of for miles.-Can there have been streets and roads Scindiah, called the Jungle Rajah; then came, in these choked-up valleys? Has the war-horse slowly prancing, a host of fierce, haughty chieftains, pranced, the palfrey ambled there? Have jewelled turbans once glittered where those dew.drops now forward, and all took their proud stand behind and

on fine horses, showily caparisoned. They darted sparkle on the thick-growing bamboos? Have the delicate small feet of female dancers practised their round us, planting their long lances on the earth, graceful steps where that rugged and ihorn-covered

and reining up their eager steeds to see, I suppose, ruin bars up the path ? Have their soft voices, and our salaam. Next, in a common native palkee, its the Indian guitar, and the gold bells on their an himself. He was plainly dressed, with a reddish

canopy crimson, and not adorned, came Scindiah kles, ever made music in so lone and silent a spot? turban, and a shawl over his vest, and lay reclined, They have; but other sights, and other sounds, have also been seen and heard among these ruins smoking a small gilt or golden calean. -There, near that beautiful banyan-tree, whole that they eyed us most haughtily, which very much

" I looked down on the chiefs under us, and saw families, at the will of a merciless prince, have been increased the effect they would otherwise have pro, ihrown to trampling elephants, kept for a work so duced. They were armed with lance, scimitar and savage that they learn it with reluctance, and must shield, creese and pistol ; wore some shawls, some be taught by man. Where those cocoas stood a vast seraglio, filled at the expense of tears wrapped in clothing; and wore, almost all, a large

tissues, some plain muslin or cotton; were all much and crimes ; there, within that retreat of voluptu- fold of muslin, tied over the turban top, which they ousness, have poison, or the creese, obeyed, often fasten under the chin ; and which, strange as it may anticipated, the sovereign's wish. By those green sound to those who have never seen it, looks war. baoks, near which the sacred waters of the Toom, like, and is a very important defence to the sides budra flow, many aged parents have been carried of the neck. forth and exposed to perish by those whose infancy

“How is it that we can have a heart-stirring sort they fostered."-Sketches of India.

of pleasure in gazing on brave and armed men, The following reflections are equally just though we know them to be fierce, lawless, and and important:

cruel?-though we know stern ambilion to be the

chief feature of many warriors, who, from the cra. “Nothing, perhaps, so much damps the ardour dle to the grave, seek only fame; and to which, in of a traveller in India, as to find that he may wan- such as I write of, is added avarice the most pitider league after leagrie, visit city after city, village less ? I cannot tell. But I recollect often before, in after village, and still only see the outside of Indian my life, being thus moved. Once, especially, ! society. The house he cannot enter, the group he stood over a gateway in France, as a prisoner, and cannot join, the domestic circle he cannot gaze upon, saw file in, several squadrons of gens-d'armerie the free unrestrained converse of the natives he can d'elite, returning from the fatal field of Leipsic. never listen to. He may talk with his moonshee or They were fine, noble-looking men, with warlike his pundit; ride a few miles with a Mahometan helmets of steel and brass, and drooping plumes of sirdar; receive and return visits of ceremony among black horse-hair; belts handsome and broad; heavy perty nawabs and rajahs; or be presented at å swords; were many of them decorated with the native court: But behind the scenes in India he cross of the Legion of Honour. Their trumpets cannot advance one step. All the natives are, in flourished; and I felt my heart throb with an ad. comparative rank, a few far above, the many far miring delight, which found relief only in an invol. below him : and the bars to intercourse with Ma. untary tear.

What an inconsistent riddle is the hometans as well as Hindoos, arising from our faith, human heart !"--Ibid. pp. 260—264. are so many, that to live upon terms of intimacy or acquaintance with them is impossible. Nay, in ihis

In the interior of the country there are large particular, when our establishments were young tracts of waste lands, and a very scanty and and small, our officers few, necessarily active, nec. unsettled population. essarily linguists, and unavoidably, as well as from policy, conforming more to native manners, it is

“On the route I took, there was only one inhabprobable that more was known about the natives ited village in fifty-five miles; the spois named for from practical experience than is at present, or may halting-places were in small valleys, green with be again."Ibid. pp. 213, 214.

young corn, and under cultivation, but neglected

sadly. A few straw huts, blackened and beat down The author first went up the country as far by rain, with rude and broken implements of hus. as Agra, visiting, and musing over, all the re- bandry lying about, and a few of those round harden. markable places in his way-and then returned thrashing.floors. tell the traveller that some wan. ed through the heart of India—the country of dering families, of a rude unsettled people, visit

these vales at sowing time and harvest; and labour Scindiah and the Deccan, to the Mysore. indolently at the necessary, but despised, task of Though travelling only as a British regimental the peaceful ryot.”Ibid. p. 300.

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