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variety of negro suitors. These, indeed, are lists exhorting to amendment, or of sat:rists jair subjects of pride and exultation; and we endeavouring to deter from vice. Provincial nail them, without grudging, as bright trophies misgovernment from Ireland to Hindostanin the annals of the States to which they re- cruel amusements—increasing pauperismate. But do not their glories cast a deeper disgusting brutality-shameful ignoranceshade on those who have refused to follow the perversion of law-grinding taxation—brutal example-and may we not now be allowed to debauchery, and many other traits equally speak of the guilt and unlawfulness of slavery, attractive, are all heaped together, as the charas their own countrymen are praised and acteristics of English society; and unsparingly boasted of for having spoken, so many years illustrated by “loose extracts from English
Journals," - quotations from Espriella's LetWe learn also from Mr. W., that Virginia ters—and selections from the Parliamentary abolished the foreign slave trade so early as Debates. Accustomed, as we have long been, 1778—- Pennsylvania in 1780—Massachusetts to mark the vices and miseries of our countryin 1787—and Connecticut and Rhode Island men, we really cannot say that we recognise in 1788. It was finally interdicted by the any likeness in this distorted representation ; General Congress in 1794; and made punish- which exhibits our fair England as one great able as a crime, seven years before that Lazar-house of moral and intellectual disease measure was adopted in England. We have -one hideous and bloated mass of sin and great pleasure in stating these facts. But suffering-one festering heap of corruption, they all appear to us not only incongruous infecting the wholesome air which breathes with the permanent existence of slavery, but upon it, and diffusing all around the contagion as indicating those very feelings with regard and the terror of its example. to it which we have been so severly blamed We have no desire whatever to argue for expressing
against the truth or the justice of this picture We here close our answer to Mr. W.'s of our country; which we can assure Mr. W. charges. Our readers, we fear, have been for we contemplate with perfect calmness and some time tired of it: And, indeed, we have equanimity: but we are tempted to set against felt all along, that there was something ab- it the judgment of another foreigner, with surd in answering gravely to such an accusa- whom he cannot complain of being confronttion. If any regular reader of our Review ed, and whose authority at this moment stands could be of opinion that we were hostile to higher, perhaps with the whole civilised America, and desirous of fomenting hostility world, than that of any other individual. We between her and this country, we could allude to Madame de Staël—and to the splenscarcely hope that he would change that opin- did testimony she has borne to the character ion for any thing we have now been saying and happiness of the English nation, in her But Mr. W.'s book may fall into the hands of last admirable book on the Revolution of her many, in his own country at least, to whom own country. But we have spoken of this our writings are but little known; and the work so lately, that we shall not now recal imputations it contains may become known to the attention of our readers to it, further than many who never inquire into their grounds: by this general reference. We rather wish, On such persons, the statements we have now at present, to lay before them an American made may produce some impression--and the authority. spirit in which they are made perhaps still In a work of great merit, entitled " A Letter more. Our labour will not have been in vain, on the Genius and Dispositions of the French if there are any that rise up from the perusal Government,” published at Philadelphia in of these pages with a better opinion of their 1810, and which attracted much notice, both Transatlantic brethren, and an increased de- there and in this country, the author, in a sire to live with them in friendship and peace. strain of great eloquence and powerful rea
There still remains behind, a fair moiety soning, exhorts his country to make common of Mr. W.'s book; containing his recrimina- cause with England in the great struggle in tions on England-his expositions of “her which she was then engaged with the giant sores and blotches"--and his retort courteous power of Bonaparte, and points out the many for all the abuse which her writers have been circumstances in the character and condition pouring on this country for the last hundred of the two countries that invited them to a years. The task, we should think, must have cordial alliance. He was well aware, too, of been rather an afflicting one to a man of much the distinction we have endeavoured to point moral sensibility:-But it is gone through very out between the Court, or the Tory rulers of resolutely, and with a marvellous industry: the State, and the body of our People: and, The learned author has not only ransacked after observing that the American Governforgotten histories and files of old newspapers ment, by following his councils, might retrieve in search of disreputable transactions and de- the character of their country, he adds, “They grading crimes—but has groped for the mate will, I am quite sure, be seconded by an enrials of our dishonour, among the filth of Dr. tire correspondence of feeling, not only on Colquhoun's Collections, and the Reports of our part, but on that of the People of Eng. our Prison and Police Committees-culled vi- land—whatever may be the narrow policy, or tuperative exaggerations from the records of illiberal prejudices of the British MINISTRY;" angry debates and produced, as incontro- and, in the body of his work, he gives an vertible evidence of the excess of our guilt ample and glowing description of the charand misery, the fervid declamations of moral-I acter and condition of that England of which we have just seen so lamentable a representa-1 laws, than which none more just and perfect has tion. The whole passage is too long for in- ever heen in operation; their seminaries of educa. sertion; but the following extracts will afford ion yielding more solid and profitable instruction
than any other whatever; their eminence in litera. a sufficient specimen of its tone and tenor.
ture and science-ihe urbanity and learning of their “ A peculiar masculine character, and the utmost illustrated by so many profound statesmen, and
privileged orders—their deliberative assemblies, energy of feeling are communicated to all orders of
brilliant orators. It is worse than Ingratitude in men, -by the abundance which prevails so univer
us not 10 sympathise with them in iheir present sally,--the consciousness of equal rights, -the ful struggle, when we recollect that it is from them we ness of power and frame to which the nation has derive the principal merit of our own characterattained, and the beauty and robustness of the the best of our own institutions--the sources of our species under a climate highly favourable to the highest enjoyments and the light of Freedom itself, animal economy. The dignity of the rich is with which, if they should be desiroyed, will not long out insolence, the subordination of the poor with shed its radiance over this country.' oul servility. Their freedom is well guarded both from the dangers of popular licentiousness, and What will Mr. Walsh say to this picture of from the encroachments of authority.—Their na- the country he has so laboured to degrade?tional pride leads to national sympathy, and is built and what will our readers say, when they are upon the most legitimate of all foundations-a sense told that Mr. WALSH HIMSELF is the author of of pre-eminent merit and a body of illustrious an.
this picture! nals.
“ Whatever may be the representations of those So, however, the fact unquestionably stands. who, with little knowledge of facts, and still less - The book from which we have made the soundness or impartiality of judgment, affect to de- preceding extracts, was written and published, plore the condition of England, -—it is nevertheless in 1810, by the very same individual who has isted elsewhere, --so beautiful and perfect a modei now recriminated upon England in the volof public and private prosperity, --so magnificent, ume which lies before us, –and in which he and at the same time, so solid a fabric of social hap is pleased to speak with extreme severity of piness and national grandeur. 1 pay this just tri. the inconsistencies he has detected in our Rebute of admiration with the more pleasure, as it is view !-That some discordant or irreconcileto me in the light of an Atonement for the errors able opinions should be found in the miscel. and prejudices, under which I laboured, on this sub, laneous writing of twenty years, and thirty or ject, before I enjoyed the advantage of a personal erperience. A residence of nearly iwo years in forty individuals under no effective control, that country,--during which period, I visited and may easily be imagined, and pardoned, we studied almost every part of it,-- with no other view should think, without any great stretch of or pursuit than that of obtaining correct informa; liberality. But such a transmutation of sentition, and, I may add, with previous studies well ments on the same identical subject-such a fitted to promote my object, -convinced me that I had been egregiously deceived. I saw no instances reversal of the poles of the same identical of individual oppression, and scarcely any individual head, we confess has never before come under misery but that which belongs, under any circum- our observation; and is parallel to nothing that stances of our being, to the infirmity of all human we can recollect, but the memorable transinstitutions.”_
formation of Bottom, in the Midsummer Night's ** The agriculture of England is confessedly su; Dream. Nine years
, to be sure, had intervened perior to that of any other part of the world, and the condition of those who are engaged in the cul- between the first and the second publication. tivation of the soil, incontestibly preferable to that But all the guilt and all the misery which is of the same class in any other section of Europe. so diligently developed in the last, had been An inexhaustible source of admiration and delight contracted before the first was thought of; and is found in the unrivalled beauty, as well as rich all the injuries, and provocations too, by which ness and fruitfulness of their husbandry
, the effects the exposition of them has lately become a of which are heightened by the magnificent parks and noble mansions of the opulent proprietors : by duty: Mr. W. knew perfectly, in 1810, how picturesque gardens upon the largest scale, and England had behaved to her American colonies disposed with the most exquisite taste: and by before the war of independence, and in what Gothic remains no less admirable in their structure spirit she had begun and carried on that war: than venerable for their antiquity. The neat cot. tage, the substantial farm-house, the splendid villa,
Cour Poor-rates and taxes, our bull-baitings are constantly rising to the sight, surrounded by the and swindlings, were then nearly as visible as most choice and poetical attributes of the landscape. now. Mr. Colquhoun, had, before that time, put The vision is not more delightfully recreated by forth his Political Estimate our prostitutes the rural scenery, than the moral sense is gratificd, and pick pockets; and the worthy Laureate his and the understanding elevated by the instituțions authentic Letters on the bad state of our parof this great country. The first and continued ex. liaments and manufactures. N: the EDINclamation of an American who contemplates them with unbiassed judgment, is
BURGH Review had committed the worst of
those offences which now make hatred to Salve! magna Parens frugum, Saturnia tellus ! Magna virum.
England the duty of all true Americans, and " It appears something not less than Impious to
had expressed liitle of that zeal for her frienddesire the ruin of this people, when you view the ship which appears in its subsequent Numbers. height to which ihey have carried the comforts, the The Reviews of the American Transactions, knowledge, and the virtue of our species : the ex. and Mr. Barlow's Epic, of Adams' Letters, and tent and number of their foundations of charity; Marshall's History, had all appeared before their skill in the mechanic arts, by the improvement this time—and but very few of the articles in of which alone they have conferred inestimable which the future greatness of that country is benefits on mankind; the masculine morality. The lofty sense of independence, the sober and rational predicted, and her singular prosperity extolled. piety which are found in all classes ; their impar.
How then is it to be accounted for, that Mr. tial, decorous, and able administration of a code of l W. should have taken such a favourable view
of our state and merits in 1810, and so very | with any degree of fairness or temper, and different a one in 1819 ? There is but one had not announced that they were brought explanation that occurs to us. - - Mr. W., as forward as incentives to hostility and national appears from the passages just quoted, had alienation, we should have been so far from been originally very much of the opinion to complaining of him, that we should have been which he has now returned-For he tells us, heartily thankful for the services of such an that he considers the tribute of admiration auxiliary in our holy war against vice and which he there offers to our excellence, as an corruption; and rejoiced to obtain the testiAtonement for the errors and prejudices under mony of an impartial observer, in corroborawhich he laboured till he came among us, - tion of our own earnest admonitions. Even and hints pretty plainly, that he had formerly as it is, we are inclined to think that this exDeen ungrateful enough to disown all obliga- position of our infirmities will rather do good tion to our race, and impious enough even to ihan harm, so far as it produces any effect at wish for our ruin. Now, from the tenor of the all, in this country: Among our national vices, work before us, compared with these passages, we have long reckoned an insolent and overit is pretty plain, we think, that Mr. W. has weening opinion of our own universal superijust relapsed into those damnable heresies, ority; and though it really does not belong to which we fear are epidemic in his part of the America to reproach us with this fault, and country—and from which nothing is so likely though the ludicrous exaggeration of Mr. W.’s 10 deliver him, as a repetition of the same charge is sure very greatly to weaken his auremedy by which they were formerly removed. thority, still such an alarming catalogue of Let him come again then to England, and try our faults and follies may have some effect, the effect of a second course of “personal as a wholesome mortification of our vanity:experience and observation”—let hiin make It is with a view to its probable effect in his another pilgrimage to Mecca, and observe own country, and to his avowal of the effect whether his faith is not restored and confirmed he wishes it to produce there, that we consider -let him, like the Indians of his own world, it as deserving of all reprobation ;-and therevisit the Tombs of his Fathers in the old land, fore beg leave to make one or two very short and see whether he can there abjure the friend remarks on its manifest injustice, and indeed ship of their other children? If he will ven- absurdity, in so far as relates to ourselves, and ture himself among us for another two years' that great majority of the country whom we residence, we can promise him that he will believe to concur in our sentiments. The obfind in substance the same England that he ject of this viole invective on England is, left:-Our laws and our landscapes—our in- according to the author's own admission, to dustry and urbanity ;-our charities, our learn-excite a spirit of animosity in America, to ing, and our personal beauty, he will find meet and revenge that which other invectives unaltered and unimpaired ;-and we think we on our part are said to indicate here; and also can even engage, that he shall find also a still to show the flagrant injustice and malignity greater "correspondence of feeling in the body of the said invectives :-- And this is the shape of our People," and not a less disposition to of the argument - What right have you to welcome an accomplished stranger who comes abuse us for keeping and whipping slaves, to get rid of errors and prejudices, and to learn when you yourselves whip your soldiers, and -or, if he pleases, to teach, the great lessons were so slow to give up your slave trade, and of a generous and indulgent philanthropy. use your subjects so ill in India and Ireland ?
We have done, however, with this topic.- -or what right have you to call our Marshall We have a considerable contempt for the ar- a dull historian, when you have a Belsham and gumentum ad hominem in any case—and have a Gifford who are still duller ? Now, though no desire to urge it further at present. The this argument would never show that whipping truth is, that neither of Mr. W.'s portraitures slaves was a right thing, or that Mr. Marshall of us appears to be very accurate. We are was not a dull writer, it might be a very smart painted en beau in the one, and en laid in the and embarrassing retort to those among us other
. The particular traits in each may be who had defended our slave trade or our given with tolerable truth — but the whole military floggings, or our treatment of Ireland truth most certainly is to be found in neither; and India-or who had held out Messrs. Beland it will not even do to take them together sham and Gifford as pattern historians, and any more than it would do to make a correct ornaments of our national literature. But what likeness
, by patching or compounding together meaning or effect can it have when addressed a flattering portrait and a monstrous carica- to those who have always testified against the ture. We have but a word or two, indeed, wickedness and the folly of the practices to add on the general subject, before we take complained of? and who have treated the a final farewell of this discussion.
Ultra-Whig and the Ultra-Tory historian with We admit, that many of the charges which equal scorn and reproach? We have a right Mr. W. has here made against our country, to censure cruelty and dulness abroad, because are justly made — and that for many of the we have censured them with more and more things with which he has reproached us, there frequent severity at home ;--and their home is just cause of reproach. It would be strange, existence, though it may prove indeed that indeed, if we were to do otherwise – consi- our censures have not yet been effectual in dering that it is from our pages that he has on producing amendment, can afford no sort of many occasions borrowed the charge and the reason for not extending them where they reproach. If he had stated them therefore, I might be more attended to.
We have generally blamed what we thought against them, and feeling grateful to any fo. worthy of blame in America, without any ex- reign auxiliary who will help us to reason, tro press reference to parallel cases in England, rail, or to shame our countrymen out of them, or any invidious comparisons. Their books are willing occasionally to lend a similar as. we have criticised just as should have done sistance to others, and speak freely and fairly those of any other country; and in speaking of what appear to us to be the faults and er. more generally of their literature and man- rors, as well as the virtues and merits, of all ners, we have rather brought them into com- who may be in any way affected by our obpetition with those of Europe in general, than servations;—or Mr. Walsh, who will admit no ihose of our own country in particular. When faults in his own country, and no good qualiwe have made any comparative estimate of our ties in ours--sets down the mere extension own advantages and theirs, we can say with of our domestic censures to their corresponding confidence, that it has been far oftener in their objects abroad, to the score of national rancour favour than against them ;-and, after repeat- and partiality, and can find no better use for edly noticing their preferable condition as to those mutual admonitions, which should lead taxes, elections, sufficiency of employment, to mutual amendment or generous emulation, public economy, freedom of publication, and than to improve them into occasions of mutual many other points of paramount importance, animosity and deliberate hatred ? it surely was but fair that we should notice, This extreme impatience, even of merited in their turn, those merits or advantages which blame from the mouth of a stranger—this still might reasonably be claimed for ourselves, more extraordinary abstinence from any hint and bring into view our superiority in eminent or acknowledgment of error on the part of authors, and the extinction and annihilation her intelligent defender, is a trait too remarkof slavery in every part of our realm. able not to call for some observation ;-and
We would also remark, that while we have we think we can see in it one of the worst and thus praised America far more than we have most unfortunate consequences of a republican blamed her—and reproached ourselves far government. It is the misfortune of Sovemore bitterly than we have ever reproached reigns in general, that they are fed with flather, Mr. W., while he affects to be merely tery till they loathe the wholesome truth, and following our example, has heaped abuse on come to resent, as the bitterest of all offences, us without one grain of commendation-and any insinuation of their errors, or intimation praised his own country extravagantly, with of their dangers. But of all sovereigns, the out admitting one fault or imperfection. Now, Sovereign People is most obnoxious to this corthis is not a fair way of retorting the proceed- ruption, and most fatally injured by its preva. ings, even of the Quarterly; for they have lence. In America, everything depends on occasionally given some praise to America, their suffrages, and their favour and support; and have constantly spoken ill enough of the and accordingly it would appear, that they are land. But as to us, and the great body of the rival suitors to their favour-so that no one nation which thinks with us, it is a proceeding will venture to tell them of their faults; and without the colour of justice or the shadow moralists, even of the austere character of of apology-and is not a less flagrant indica- Mr. W., dare not venture to whisper a syllable tion of impatience or bad humour, than the to their prejudice. It is thus, and thus only, marvellous assumption which runs through that we can account for the strange sensitivethe whole argument, that it is an unpardon- ness which seems to prevail among them on able insult and an injury to find any fault with the lightest sound of disapprobation, and for any thing in America, -must necessarily pro- the acrimony with which, what would pass ceed from national spite and animosity, and anywhere else for very mild admonitions, are affords, whether true or false, sufficient reason repelled and resented. It is obvious, howfor endeavouring to excite a corresponding ever, that nothing can be so injurious to the animosity against our nation. Such, however, character either of an individual or a nation, is the scope and plan of Mr. W.'s whole work. as this constant and paltry cockering of praise; Whenever he thinks that his country has been and that the want of any native censor, makes erroneously accused, he points out the error it more a duty for the moralists of other counwith sufficient keenness and asperity ;-but tries to take them under their charge, and let when he is aware that the imputation is just them know now and then what other people and unanswerable, instead of joining his re- think and say of them. buke or regret to those of her foreign censors, We are anxious to part with Mr. W. in good he turns fiercely and vindictively on the humour;—but we must say that we rather parallel infirmities of this country- as if wish he would not go on with the work he has those also had not been marked with repro- begun-at least if it is to be pursued in the bation, and without admitting that the cen- spirit which breathes in the part now before sure was merited, or hoping that it might us. Nor is it so much to his polemic and vinwork amendment, complains in the bitterest dictive tone that we object, as this tendency terms of malignity, and arouses his country to adulation, this passionate, vapouring, rheto revenge!
torical style of amplifying and exaggerating Which, then, we would ask, is the most the felicities of his country. In point of talent fair and reasonable, or which the most truly and knowledge and industry, we have no patriotic ?-We, who, admitting our own mani- doubt that he is eminently qualified for the fola faults and corruptions, testifying loudly task—(though we must tell him that he does not write so well now as when he left Eng. 'attach to their good opinion, and the anxiety land)-but no man will ever write a book of we feel to prevent any national repulsion from authority on the institutions and resources of being aggravated by a misapprehension of our his country, who does not add some of the sentiments, or rather of those of that great virtues of a Censor to those of a Patriot-or body of the English nation of which we are rather, who does not feel, that the noblest, as here the organ. In what we have now written, well as the most difficult part of patriotism is there may be much that requires explanation that which prefers his country's Good to its -and much, we fear, that is liable to misconFavour, and is more directed to reform its struction.—The spirit in which it is written, vices, than to cherish the pride of its virtues. however, cannot, we think, be misunderstood With foreign nations, too, this tone of fondness We cannot descend to little cavils and alterand self-admiration is always suspected; and cations; and have no leisure to maintain a most commonly ridiculous—while calm and controversy about words and phrases. We steady claims of merit, interspersed with ac- have an unfeigned respect and affection for knowledgments of faults, are sure to obtain the free people of America; and we mean credit, and to raise the estimation both of the honestly to pledge ourselves for that of the writer and of his country. The ridicule, too, better part of our own country. We are very which naturally attaches to this vehement self- proud of the extensive circulation of our Jourlaudation, must insensibly contract a darker na) in that great country, and the importance shade of contempt, when it comes to be sus- that is there attached to it. But we should pected that it does not proceed from mere be undeserving of this favour, if we could honest vanity, but from a poor fear of giving submit to seek it by any mean practices, offence to power—sheer want of courage, in either of flattery or of dissimulation; and feel short (in the wiser part at least of the popu- persuaded that we shall not only best deserve, lation), to let their foolish AHMOE know what but most surely obtain, the confidence and rein their hearts they think of him
spect of Mr. W. and his countrymen, by And now we must at length close this very speaking freely what we sincerely' think of long article—the very length and earnestness them--and treating them exactly as we treat of which, we hope, will go some way to satisfy that nation to which we are here accused of our American brethren of the importance wel being too favourable.
( November, 1822.) Bracebridge Hall; or, the Humorists. By Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. Author of "The Sketch
Book,” &c. 2 vols. 8vo. pp. 800. Murray. London: 1822.* We have received so much pleasure from with the same happy selection and limited this book, that we think ourselves bound in variety, but the same proportion of things that gratitude, as well as justice, to make a public seem scarcely to depend on the individualacknowledgment of it, -and seek to repay, by the same luck, as well as the same labour, and a little kind notice, the great obligations we an equal share of felicities to enhance the shall ever feel to the author. These amiable fair returns of judicious industry. There are sentiments, however, we fear, will scarcely few things, we imagine, so rare as this susfurnish us with materials for an interesting tained level of excellence in the works of a article ;—and we suspect we have not much popular writer-or, at least, if it does exist else to say, that has not already occurred to now and then in rerum natura, there is scarcemost of our readers—or, indeed, been said by ly any thing that is so seldom allowed. When ourselves with reference to his former public an author has once gained a large share of cation. For nothing in the world can be so public attention, -when his name is once up complete as the identity of the author in these among a herd of idle readers, they can never two productions-identity not of style merely be brought to believe that one who has risen and character, but of merit also, both in kind so far can ever remain stationary. In their and degree, and in the sort and extent of popu- estimation, he must either rise farther, or belarity which that merit has created—not mere- gin immediately to descend; so that, when ly the same good sense and the same good he ventures before these prepossessed judges humour directed to the same good ends, and with a new work, it is always discovered, My heart is still so much in the subject of the
either that he has infinitely surpassed himpreceding paper, that I am tempted to add this to it; self
, or, in the far greater number of cases, chiefly for the sake of the powerful backing which that there is a sad falling off, and that he is my English exhortation to amity among brethren, hastening to the end of his career. In this is ihere shown to have received from the most amia. way it may in general be presumed, that ble and elegant of American writers. I had said an author who is admitted by the public not nearly the same things in a previous review of to have fallen off in a second work, has in re“ The Sketch Book," and should have reprinted that article also, had it not been made up chiefly of ality improved upon his first; and has truly extracts, with which I do not think it quite fair to proved his title to a higher place, by merefi!l up this publication.
ly maintaining that which he had formerly