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said parts of India, to see the said princes, and the ing land were such on the following day as no people, and lands, and discover the nature and longer to admit a doubt. Besides a quanny of disposition of them all, and, the means to be taken fresh weeds, such as grow in rivers, they saw a durine conversion of them to our holy faith ; and green fish of a kind which keeps about rocks; then ordered that I should not go by land io the East, a brauch of thorn, with berries on it, and recently by which it is the custom go, but by a voyage 10 separated from the tree, floated by them; then they thie West, by which course, unto the present time, picked up a reed, a small board, and, above all, a we do not know for certain that any one hath staff artificially carved. All gloom and mutiny now passed; and for this purpose bestowed great favours gave way to sanguine expectation; and throughout upon me, ennobling me, that thenceforward I might the day each one was eagerly on the watch, in siyle myself Don, appointing me high admiral of hopes of being the first to discover the long.soughtThe Ocean Sea, and perpetual viceroy and governor for land. of all the islands and continents I should discover “In the evening, when, according to invariable and gain, and which henceforward may be dis- custom on board of the admiral's ship, the mariners covered and gained, in the Ocean Sea; and that had sung the salve regina, or vesper hymn to the my eldest son should succeed me, and so on, from Virgin, he made an impressive address io his crew. generation to generation, for ever. I departed, He pointed out the goodness of God in ihus con. Therefore, from the city of Granada on Saturday ducting them by such soft and favouring breezes the 121h of May, of the same year, 1492, to Palos, across a tranquil ocean, cheering their hopes cona sea-port, where I armed three ships well calcu. tinually with fresh signs, increasing as their fears lated for such service, and sailed from that port augmented, and thus leading and guiding them to a well furnished with provisions, and with many promised land. seamen, on Friday the 3d of August of the same “ The breeze had been fresh all day, with more year, half an hour before sunrise, and took the sea than usual, and they had made great progress. route for the Canary Islands of your highnesses, 10 At sunset they had stood again to the west, and steer my course thence, and navigate until I should were ploughing the waves at a rapid rale, the Pinta arrive at the Indies, and deliver the embassy of keeping the lead, from her superior sailing. The your highnesses to those princes, and accomplish greatest animation prevailed throughout the ships; ihat which you had commanded. For this purpose, not an eye was closed that night. As the evening I intend to write during this voyage very punctu- darkened, Columbus took his station on the top of ally, from day to day, all that I may do, and see, the castle or cabin on the high poop of his vessel. and experience, as will hereafter be seen. Also, However he might carry a cheerful and confident my sovereign princes, besides describing each nighi countenance during the day, it was to him a time of all that has occurred in the day, and in the day ihe the most painful anxiety; and now when he was nar,gation of the night, I propose to make a chart, wrapped from observation by the shades of night, in which I will set down the waters and lands of the he maintained an intense and unremitting waich, Ocean Sea, in their proper situations, under their ranging his eye along the dusky horizon, in search bearings; and, further to compose a book, and il. of the most vague indications of land. Suddenly, lustrate ihe whole in picture by latitude from the about ten o'clock, he thought he beheld a light equinoctial, and longitude from the West; and upon glimmering at a distance! Fearing that his eager the whole it will be essential that I should forget hopes might deceive him, he called to Pedro Gu: sleep, and attend closely to the navigation, to accom- tierrez, gentleman of the king's bed-chamber, and plish these things, which will be a great labour." inquired whether he saw a light in ihat direction;
the latter replied in the affirmative. Columbus, yet As a guide by which to sail, Mr. Irving also doubtful whether it might not be some delusion of informs us, he had prepared “a map, or chart, the fancy, called Rodrigo Sanchez of Segovia, and improved upon that sent him by Paolo Tos" made the same inquiry. By the time the latter had canelli. Neither of these now exist; but the peared. They saw it once or twice afterwards in
ascended the round house, the light had disapglobe, or planisphere, finished by Martin sudden and passing gleams; as it were a torch in Behem in this year of the admiral's first the bark of a fisherman, rising and sinking with the voyage, is still extant, and furnishes an idea waves: or in the hand of some person on shore, of what the chart of Columbus must have borne up and down as he walked from house 10 been. It exhibits the coasts of Europe and house. So, transient and uncertain were these Africa, from the south of Ireland to the end Columbus, however, considered them as certain of Guinea ; and opposite to them, on the other signs of land, and moreover, that the land was in. side of the Atlantic, the extremity of Asia, habited. or, as it was termed, India. Between them is “ They continued their course until two in the placed the island of Cipango, (or Japan,) morning, when
a gun from the Pinta gave the joy. which, according to Marco Polo, lay filteen ful signal of land. It was first discovered by a hundred miles distant from the Asiatic coast. I was afterwards adjudged to the admiral, for having
mariner named Rodrigo de Triana; but the reward In his computations Columbus advanced this previously perceived ihe light. The land was now island about a thousand leagues too much to clearly seen about two leagues distant; whereupon the east ; supposing it to lie in the situation they took in sail and lay-to, waiting impatiently for
The dawn. of Florida, and at this island he hoped first to arrive."
" The thoughts and feelings of Columbus in this
little space of time must have been tumultuous and We pass over the known incidents of this intense. Al length, in spite of every difficulty and celebrated voyage, which are here repeated danger, he had accomplished his object. The great with new interest and additional detail; but mystery of the ocean was revealed; his theory, we cannot refrain from extracting Mr. Irving's which had been the scoff of sages, was triumphantaccount of its fortunate conclusion. The grow- which must be as durable as the world itself.
ly established; he had secured to himself a glory ing panic and discontent of his mutinous crew, “Ju is difficult even for the imagination to conand their resolution to turu back if land was ceive the feelings of such a man at the moment of not discovered in three days, are well known. so sublime a discovery. What a bewildering crowd fragrance of aromatic groves. The moving light sensibility to the beauty of the scenery, and which he had beheld, had proved that it was ihe the charras of the climate, of this new worlu ; residence of man. But what were its inhabitants ? and on his arrival at Cuba, these raptures are, Were ihey like those of the other parts of the globe; or were ihey some strange and monstrous race,
of conjectures must have thronged upon his mind, " And when on the evening of the third day they as to ihe land which lay before him, covered with beheld the sun go down upon a shoreless horizon, darkness. That it was fruitful was evident, from they broke forth into clamorous Turbulence. For the vegetables which floated from its shores. Ho runately, however, the manifestations of neighbour thought, 100, that he perceived in the balmy air tho
if possible, redoubled. such as the imagination in those times was prone to give to all remote and unknown regions? Had he struck with its magnitude, and the grandeur of its
“As he approached this noble island, he was come upon some wild island far in the Indian Sea; teatures ; its high and airy mountains, which re: or was this the famed Cipango itself, the object of minded him of those of Sicily; its feriile valleys, and his golden fancies ? A thousand speculations of the long sweeping plains, watered by noble rivers ; ils kind must have swarmed upon him, as, with his stately forests ; its hold prononíories, and streich. anxious crews, he waited for the night to pass ing headlands, which melted away into the remotest away: wondering whether the morning light would distance. He anchored in a beautiful river, free reveal a savage wilderness, or dawn upon spicy from rocks or shoals, of transparent water, its banks groves, and glittering fanes, and gilded cities, and overhung with trees. Here, landing, and taking all the splendour of oriental civilization,
possession of the island, he gave it the name of The land to which he was thus triumph- Juana, in honour of Prince Juan, and to the river antly borne was the island of San Salvador,
“Returning to his boat, he proceeded for some since called Cat Island, by the English; and distance up the river, more and more enchanted at early dawn he landed with a great com- with the beauty of the country. The forests which pany, splendidly armed and attired, and bear-covered each bank were of high and wide-spreading ing in his hand the royal standard of Castile. trees; some bearing fruiis, others flowers, while in
some both fruits and flowers were mingled, be. * As they approached the shores, they were re- speaking a perpetual round of fertility: among them freshed by ihe sight of the ample forests, which in were many palms, but differing from those of Spain those climes have extraordinary beauty and vegeta- and Africa ; with the great leaves of these the nation. They beheld fruits of tempting hue, bui un lives thatched their cabins. known kind, growing among the trees which “ The continual eulogies made by Columbus on overhung the shores. The purity and suavity of the beauty of the scenery were warranted by the the atmosphere, the crystal transparency of the seas kind of scenery he was beholding. There is a which baihe these islands, give them a wonderful wonderful splendour, variety, and luxuriance in the beauty, and must have had their effect upon the vegetation of those quick and ardent climates. The susceptible feelings of Columbus. No sooner did verdure of the groves, and the colours of the flowers he land, than he threw himself upon his knees, and blossoms, derive a vividness to the eye from the kissed the earth, and returned thanks to God with transparent purity of the air, and the deep serenity tears of joy. His example was followed by the of the azure heavens. The forests, too, are full of rest, whose hearts indeed overflowed with the same life, swarming with birds of brilliant plumag feelings of gratitude."
Painted varieties of parrots, and wood-peckers, “The natives of the island, when, at the dawn create a glitter amidst ihe verdure of the grove ; and of day, they had beheld the ships, with their sails humming birds rove from flower to flower, resemset, hovering on their coast, had supposed them bling, as has well been said, animated particles of a some monsters which had issued from the deep dur- rainbow. The scarlet flamingos, too, seen someing the night. They had crowded to the beach, times through an opening of a forest in a distant and watched their movements with awful anxiety. savannah, have the appearance of soldiers drawn up Their veering about, apparently without effort; the in battalion, with an advanced scout on the alert, to shifting and furling of their sails, resembling huge give notice of approaching danger. Nor is the least wings, filled them with astonishment. When they beautiful part of animated nature the various tribes beheld ibeir boats approach the shore, and a num- of insects that people every plant, displaying bril. ber of strange beings, clad in glittering steel, or liant coats of mail, which sparkle io ihe eye like raiment of various colours, landing upon the beach, precious gems. They fled in affright to their woods. Finding, how. From his continual remarks on the beauty of ever, that there was no attempt to pursue nor the scenery, and from the pleasure which he evi. molest them, they gradually recovered from their denily derived from rural sounds and objects, he terror, and approached the Spaniards with great appears to have been extremely open to those deli. awe; frequenily prostrating themselves on the cious influences, exercised over some spirits by ihe earth, and making signs of adoration. During the graces and wonders of nature. He gives utierance ceremonies of taking possession, they remained io these feelings with characteristic enthusiasm, and gazing in timid admiration at the complexion, the at the same uime with the artlessness and simplicity beards, the shining armour, and splendid dress of of diction of a child. When speaking of some lovely the Spaniards. The admiral particularly attracted scene among the groves, or along ihe flowery shore, their autention, from his commanding height, his of this favoured island, he says, one could live air of authority, his dress of scarlet, and the defer: there for ever.'—Cuba broke upon him like an ely. cnce which was paid him by his companions; all sium. •It is the niost beautiful island,' he says, which pointed him out to be the commander. When that eyes ever beheld, full of excellent ports and they had still further recovered from their fears, profound rivers.' The climate was more temperate they approached the Spaniards, touched their beards, here than in the other islands, the nights being and examined their hands and faces, admiring their neither hot nor cold, while the birds and grasshop. whiteness. Columbus, pleased with their sim. pers sang all night long. Indeed there is a beauty plicity, their gentleness, and the confidence they in a tropical night, in the depth of the dark-blue reposed in beings who must have appeared to them sky, the lambient purity of the stars, and the re. so strange and formidable, suffered their scrutiny splendent clearness of the moon, that spreads over with perlect acquiescence. The wondering savages the rich landscape and the balmy groves a charm were won by this benignity; they now supposed more touching than the splendour of the day. that the ships had sailed out of the crystal 'firma. In the sweet smell of the woods, and the odour ment which bounded their horizon, or that they had of the flowers, which loaded every breeze, Columdescended from above on their ample wings, and bus fancied he perceived the fragrance of oriental that these marvellous beings were inhabitants of the spices; and along the shores he found shells of the skies."
kind of oyster which produces pearls. Fron, the Nothing is more remarkable in the journal ferred the peacefulness of the ocean which bathes
grass growing to the very edge of the water, he in. of the great discoverer, than his extraordinary these islands, never lashing the shore with angry
surges. Ever since his arrival among these An. “It was about the middle of April that Columbus tilles, he had experienced nothing but soft and arrived at Barcelona, where every preparation had gentle weather, and he concluded that a perpetual been made to give him a solemn and magnificent serenity reigned over these happy seas. He was reception. The beauty and serenity of the weather little suspicious of the occasional bursts of fury to in that genial season and favoured climate, contribwhich they are liable."
uted to give splendour to this memorable cere. Hispaniola was still more enchanting.
mony. As he drew near the place, many of the
more youthful courtiers, and hidalgos of gallant " In the transparent atmosphere of the tropics, bearing, together with a vast concourse of the popu. objects are descried at a great distance, and the lace, came forth to meet and welcome him. His purity of the air and serenity of the deep blue sky entrance into this noble city has been compared to gave a magical effect to the scenery. Under these one of those triumphs which the Romans were acadvantages, the beautiful island of Hayti revealed customed to decree to conquerors. First, were itself to the eye as they approached. Its mountains paraded the Indians, painted according to their sav. were higher and more rocky than those of the other age fashion, and decorated with their national ornaislands; but the rocks reared themselves from ments of gold. After these were borne various among rich forests. The mountains swept down kinds of live parrots, together with stuffed birds and into luxuriant plains and green savannahs; while animals of unknown species, and rare plants, sup. the appearance of cultivated fields, with the numer posed to be of precious qualities; while great care ous fires at night, and the columns of smoke which was taken to make a conspicuous display of Indian rose in various parts by day, all showed it to be coronets, bracelets, and oiber decorations of gold, populous. It rose before them in all the splendour which might give an idea of the wealth of the newly. of tropical vegetation, one of the most beautiful discovered regions. After this, followed Columbus islands in the world, and doomed to be one of the on horseback, surrounded by a brilliant cavalcade most unfortunate."
of Spanish chivalry. The sireels were almost im. The first interview with the friendly cacique dows and balconies were crowded with the fair; the
passable from the countless multitude; the win. Guacanagari, as well as his generous atten- very roofs were covered with spectators. It seemed tions on the wreck of one of their vessels, are as if the public eye could not be sated with gazing described with great beauty. But we can
on these irophies of an unknown world; or on the only find room for the concluding part of it.
remarkable man by whom it had been discovered.
There was a sublimity in this event that mingled a “ The extreme kindness of the cacique, the gen. solemn feeling with the public joy. It was looked tleness of his people, the quantities of gold which upon as a vast and signal dispensation of Provi. were daily brought to be exchanged for the veriest dence, in reward for the piety of ie monarchs; and trifles, and the information continually received of the majestic and venerable appearance of the dis sources of wealth in the bosom of this beautiful coverer, so different from the youth and buoyancy island, all contributed to console the admiral for the that are generally expected from roving enterprise, misfortune he had suffered.
seemed in harmony with the grandeur and dignity " The shipwrecked crew also, living on shore, of his achievement. and mingling freely with the natives, became fas- “ To receive him with suitable pomp and dis. cinated with their easy and idle mode of life. Extinction, the sovereigns had ordered their throne 10 empted by their simplicity from the painful cares be placed in public, under a rich canopy of brocade and toils which civilized man inflicts upon himself of gold, in a vast and splendid saloon. Here the by his many artificial wants, the existence of these king and queen awaited his arrival, seated in stale, islanders seemed to the Spaniards like a pleasant with the prince Juan beside them, and attended by dream. They disquieted themselves about nothing. he dignitaries of their court, and the principal noA few fields, cultivated almost without labour, fur. bility of Castile, Valentia, Catalonia, and Arragon, nished the roots and vegetables which formed a all impatient to behold the man who had conferred great part of their diet. Their rivers and coasts so incalculable a benefit upon the nation. Al length abounded with fish; their trees were laden wich Columbus entered the hall, surrounded by a brilfruits of golden or blushing hue, and heightened liant crowd of cavaliers, among wbom, says Las hy a tropical sun to delicious flavour and fragrance. Casas, he was conspicuous for his stately and comSoftened by the indulgence of nature, a great pari manding person. which, with his countenance, of their day was passed in indolent repose-in ihat rendered venerable by his grey hairs, gave him the luxury of sensation inspired by a serene sky and a august appearance of a senator of Rome; a modest voluptuous climate; and in the evenings they danced smile lighted up his features, showing that he en. in their fragrant groves, 10 their national songs, or joyed the state and glory in which he came; and the rude sounds of their sylvan drums.
certainly nothing could be more deeply moving to “Such was the indolent and holiday life of these a mind inflamed by noble ambition, and conscious simple people; which, if it had not the great scope of having greatly deserved, than these testimonials of enjoyment, nor the high-seasoned poignancy of of the admiration and gratitude of a nation, or rather pleasure, which attend civilization, was certainly of a world. As Columbus approached, the soverdestitute of most of its artificial miseries."
eigns rose, as if receiving a person of the highest
rank. Bending his knees, he requested to kiss It was from this scene of enchantment and their hands; but there was some hesitation on the promise, unclouded as yet by any shadow of part of their majesties to permit this act of vassal. animosity or distrust, that Columbus, without age. Raising him in the most gracious manner, one drop of blood on his hands, or one stain of "hey ordered him to seat himself in their presence : cruelty or oppression on his conscience, set
a rare honour in this proud and punctilious court." sail on his return to Europe, with the proud In his second voyage he falls in again with tidings of his discovery. In the early part of the Caribs, of whose courage and cannibal his voyage he fell in with the Carribee Islands, propensities he had now sufficient assurance. and had some striking encounters with the Mr. Irving's remarks upon this energetic but brave but ferocious tribes who possessed untameable race are striking, and we think them. The distresses which beset him on his original. home passage are well known; but we willingly pass these over, to treat our readers with
"The warlike and unyielding character of these Mr. Irving's splendid description of his mag. nations around them, and the wide scope of their
people, so different from that of the pusillanimous nificent reception by the court at Barcelona. enterprises and wanderings, like those of the
Nomade tribes of the Old World, entitle them to dis- magnificent forests presented that mingled beauty tinguished attention. They were trained to war and majesty of vegetable forms known only to these from their infancy. As soon as they could walk, generous climates. Palms of prodigious height, their intrepid moibers put in their hands the bow and spreading mahogany trees, iowered from amid and arrow, and prepared them to take an early part a wilderness of variegated foliage. Universal fresh. in the hardy enterprises of their fathers. Their ness and verdure were maintained by numerous distant roamings by sea made them observant and streams, which meandered gleaming ihrough the intelligent. The natives of the other islands only deep bosom of the woodland ; while various villages knew how to divide time by day and night, by the and hamlets, peeping from among the trees, and sun and moon; whereas these had acquired some the smoke of others rising out of ihe midst of the knowledge of the stars, by which to calculate the forests, gave signs of a numerous population. The times and seasons.
luxuriant landscape extended as far as the eye ould " The traditional accounts of their origin, though reach, until it appeared to melt away and mingle of course extremely vague, are yet capable of being with the horizon. The Spaniards gazed with rapverified to a great degree by geographical facts, and ture upon this soft voluptuous country, which open one of ihe rich veins of curious inquiry and seemed to realise their ideas of a terrestial paradise ; speculation which abound in the New World. They and Columbus, struck with its vast extent, gave it are said to have migrated from the remote valleys the name of the Vega Real, or Royal Plain. embosomed in the Apalachian mountains. The “ Having descended the rugged pass, the army earliest accounts we have of them represent them issued upon the plain, in military array, with great with their weapons in their hands, continually en- clangour of warlike instrumenis. When the Ingaged in wars, winning their way and shifting their dians beheld this shining band of warriors, glitterabode, until, in the course of time, they found ihem-ing in steel, emerging from the mountains with 'selves at the extremity of Florida. Here, abandon- prancing steeds and flaunting banners, and heard, ing the northern continent, they passed over to the for the first time, their rocks and forests echoing to Lucayos, and from thence gradually, in the pro. the din of drum and trumpet, they might well have cess of years, from island to island of that vast and taken such a wonderful pageant for a supernatural verdant chain, which links, as it were, the end of vision. Florida to the coast of Paria, on the southern con- “On the next morning they resumed their march tinent. The Archipelago, extending from Porto up a narrow and steep glen, winding among craggy Rico to Tobago, was their strong hold, and the rocks, where they were obliged to lead the horses. island of Guadaloupe in a manner their citadel. Arrived at the summit, they once more enjoyed a Hence they made their expeditions, and spread the prospect of the delicious Vega, which here presented terror of their name through all the surrounding a still grander appearance, stretching far and wide countries. Swarms of them landed upon the south- on either hand, like a vast verdant lake. This ern continent, and overran some parts of Terra noble plain, according to Las Casas, is eighty Firma. Traces of ihem have been discovered far leagues in length, and from twenty to tbirly in in the interior of the country through which flows breadth, and of incomparable beauty." the Oroonoko. The Dutch found colonies of them " The natives appeared 10 them a singularly idle on the banks of the Ikouteka, which empiies into and improvident race, indifferent 10 most of the ob. the Surinam, along the Esquibi, the Maroni, and jects of human anxiety and toil. They were im. other rivers of Guayana, and in the country watered patient of all kinds of labour, scarcely giving by the windings of ihe Cayenne ; and it would ap. ihemselves the trouble to cultivate the yuca root, pear that they have extended their wanderings to the maize, and the potatoe, which formed the main ihe shores of ihe southern ocean, where, among the articles of subsistence. For the rest, their streams aboriginals of Brazil, were some who called them abounded with fish; they caught the utia or coney, selves Caribs, distinguished from the surrounding the guana, and various birds; and they had a perIndians by their superior hardihood, subtlety, and perual banquet from the fruits spontaneously proenterprise.
duced by their groves. Though ihe air was some“'To trace the footsteps of this roving tribe times cold among the mountains, yet they preferred throughout its wide migrations from the Apalachian submitting to a little temporary suffering, rather mountains of the northern continent, along the than take the trouble to weave garments Troin the clusters of islands which stud the Gulf of Mexico gossampine cotton which abounded in their forests. and the Caribbean sea to the shores of Paria, and Thus they loitered away existence in vacanı inac. 80 across the vast regions of Guayana and Amazonia tivity, under the shade of their trees, or amusing to the remote coast of Brazil, would be one of the themselves occasionally with various games and most curious researches in aboriginal history, and dances." might throw much light upon the mysterious ques. Having accomplished the purposes of his resition of the population of the New World."
dence in the Vega, Columbus, at ihe end of a few
days, took leave of its hospitable inhabitants, and We pass over the melancholy story of the resumed his march for the harbour, returning with ruined fort, and murdered garrison, to which his little army through the lotiy and rigged gorge our adventurer returned on his second voyage; of the mouniains called the Pass of the Hidalgos. and of the first dissensions that broke out in As we accompany him in imagination over the his now increasing colony; but must pause upon the eye of the Europeans. we cannot help
rocky height, from whence the Vega first broke for a moment to accompany him on his first pausing 10 cast back a look of mingled pity and ad march, at the head of four hundred armed miration over this beautiful but devoted region. followers, into the interior of the country, and | The dream of natural liberty, of ignorant content, to the mountain region of expected gold. For and loitering idleness, was as yet unbroken, but the two days the party proceeded up the banks fiat had gone forih ; ihe white man had penetrated of a stream, which seemed at last to lose itself into the land ; avarice, and pride, and ambition, and
pining care, and sordid labour, were soon to follow, in a narrow and rocky recess.
and the indolent paradise of the Indian to disappear “On the following day, the army lojled up this for ever!" steep defile, and arrived where he gorge of the There is something to us inexpressibly mountain opened into the interior. Here a land of pleasing in these passages; but we are aware promise suddenly burst upon their view; It was that there are readers to whom they may the same glorious prospect which had delighted Ojeda and his companions. Below lay a vast and de. seem tedious—and believe, at all evenis, that licious plain, pamied and enamelled, as it were,
we have now given a large enough specimen with all the rich variety of tropical vegetation. The of the kind of beauty they present. For per
kons of a different taste we ought to have ex- | in their fields beneath the fervour of a tropical rin, tracted some account of the incredible darings, to raise food for their task-masters, or 10 produce and romantic adventures, of Alonzo de Ojeda ; sunk to sleep weary and exhausted at night, with or of the ruder prowess and wild magnanimity the certainly that the next day was but 19 be a of the cacique Caonabo, who alone of the repetition of the same toil and suffering. Or if they island chieftains dared to offer any resistance occasionally indulged in their national dances, the to the invaders. When made prisoner, and ballads to which they kept time were of a melan. carried off from the centre of his dominions, choly and plaintive character. They spoke of the by one of the unimaginable feats of Ojeda, troduced sorrow and slavery, and weary labour dir. Irving has reported that
among them; and they rehearsed pretended prophe. " He always maintained a haugly depor: ment cies, handed down trom their ancestors, foretelling towards Columbus, while he never evinced the the invasion of the Spaniards; that strangers should least animosity against Ojeda for the artifice to which come into their island, clothed in apparel, with he had fallen a victim. It rather increased his ad. swords capable of cleaving a man asunder at a miration of him, as a consummate warrior, looking blow, under whose yoke their posterity should be upon it as the exploit of a master-spirit to bave subdued. These ballads, or areytos, they sang pounced upon him, and borne hiin off, in this hawk with mournful tunes and doleful voices, be wailing like manner, from the very midst of his fighting the loss of their liberty and their painful servitude." men. There is nothing that an Indian more admires
There is an interest of another kind in folin warfare, than a deep, well-executed stratagem.
.. Columbus was accustomed to bear himself lowing the daring route of Columbus along wiih an air of dignity and authority as admiral and the shores of Cuba and Jamaica, and through viceroy, and exacted great personal respect. When the turbulent seas that boil among the keys in he entered the apartment therefore where Caonabo the gulf of Paria. The shores still afforded the and paid him reverence. The cacique alone neither same beauty of aspect—the people the same moved, nor took any notice of him. On the con marks of submission and delighted wonder. trary, when Ojeda entered, though small in person “It is impossible to resist noticing the striking and without external state, Caonabo immediately contrasts which are sometimes forced upon the rose and saluted him with profound respect. On mind. The coast here described as so populous and being asked the reason of this, Columbus being animated, rejoicing in the visit of the discoverers, is Guariquina, or great chief over all, and Ojeda but the same that extends westward of the city of one of his subjects, the proud Carib replied, that Trinidad, along the gulf of Xagua. All is now the admiral had never dared to come personally to silent and deserted. Civilization, which has covered his house and seize him, it was only through the some parts of Cuba with glittering cities, has ren. valour of Ojeda he was his prisoner; to. Ojeda, dered inis a solitude. The whole race of Indians therefore, he owed reverence, not the admiral.”
has long since passed away, pining and perishing The insolent licence of the Spaniards, and beneath the domination of the strangers whom they
welcomed so joyfully to their shores. Before me the laborious searches for gold which they lies the account of a night recently passed on this imposed on the natives, had at last overcome very coast, by a celebrated traveller, (Humboldt,) their original feelings of veneration; and, but with what different feelings from those of Cotrusting to their vast superiority in numbers, lumbus! 'I passed,' says he, a great part of the they ventured to make war on their heaven- night upon the deck. What deseried coasts! not a descended visitants. The result was unre. Batabano 1o Trinidad, a distance of fifty leagues,
light to announce the cabin of a fisherman. From sisted carnage and hopeless submission! A there does not exist a village. Yet in the time of tax of a certain quantity of gold dust was im- Columbus this land was inhabited even along the posed on all the districts that afforded that margin of the sea. When pits are digged in the substance, and of certain quantities of cotton soil. or the torrents plough open the surface of the and of grain on all the others and various earıh, there are often found hatchets of stone and
vessels of copper, relics of the ancient inhabitants fortresses were erected, and garrisons station of the island."" ed, to assist the collection of the tribute.
We cannot resist the temptation of adding “In this way," says Mr. Irving, was the yoke the following full-length picture; which has of servitude fixed upon the island, and its thraldom all the splendour of a romance, with the adeffectually ensured. Deep despair now fell upon ditional charm of being true. the natives, when they found a perpetual task inficted upon them, enforced at staied and frequently “ One morning, as the ships were standing along recurring periods. Weak and indolent by nature, the coast, with a light wind and easy sail, they be. unused io labour of any kind, and brought up in the held three canoes issuing from among the islands untasked idleness of their soft climate and their of the bay. They approached in regular order; fruitful groves, death itself seemed preferable to a one, which was very large and handsomely carved life of toil and anxiety. They saw no end to this and painted, was in the centre, a little in advance harassing evil, which had so suddenly fallen upon of the iwo others, which appeared 10 allend and ihem; no escape from its all-pervading influence; guard it. In this were seated the cacique and his no prospect of return to that roving independence family, consisting of his wife, two daughters, two and ample leisure, so dear to the wild inhabitanıs sons, and five brothers. One of the daughters was of the forests. The pleasant life of the island was eighteen years of age, beautiful in form and counieat an end ; the dream in the shade by day; the nance; her sister was somewhat younger ; both slumber during the sultry noon-tide heat by the were naked, according to the custom of these fountain or the stream, or under the spreading islands, but were of modest demeanour. In the palm-tree; and the song, the dance, and the game prow of the canoe stood the standard-bearer of the in the mellow evening, when summoned to their cacique, clad in a kind of mantle of variegated simple amusements by the rude Indian drum. They feathers, with a tufi of gay plumes on his head, and were now obliged to grope day by day, with benda bearing in his hand a fluttering while banner. Two ing body and anxious eye, along the borders of Indians, with caps or helmets of feathers of uniform their rivers, sifiing the sands for the grains of gold shape and colour, and their faces painted in a simi. which every day grew more scanty; or to labour | lar manner, beat upon tabors; iww others, with