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that hath lost a subject by the business.”—"He journing the Parliament in 1667, gives such a told me also how loose the Court is, nobody look. picture of the court policy, as makes one ing after business, but every man his lust and wonder how the Revolution could have been gain; and how the King is now become so besotied upon Mrs. Stewart, that he gets into corners, and so long deferred. will be with her half an hour together kissing her " Thus they are dismissed again, to their general to the observation of all the world; and she now great distaste, I believe the greatest that ever Par. stays by herself and expects it as my Lady Castle liament was, to see themselves so fooled, and the maine did use to do; io whom the King, he says, nation in certain condition of ruin, while the King, is still kind," &c.
they see, is only governed by his lust, and women, ** Coming to St. James, I hear that the Queene and rogues about him. They do all give up the did sleep five hours pretty well 10-night. The King kingdom for lost, that I speak to; and do hear what they all say, is most fondly disconsolate for her, the King says, how he and the Duke of York do and weeps by her, which makes her weep; which DO WHAT THEY CAN TO GET UP AN ARMY, THAT THEY one this day told me he reckons a good sign, for MAY NEED NO MORE PARLIAMENTS: and how my that it carries away some rheum from the head! Lady Castlemaine hath, before the late breach be. She tells us that the Queene's sickness is the spotted tween her and the King, said to the King, that he sever; that she was as full of the spots as a leopard : musl rule by an army, or all would be lost! I am which is very strange that it should be no more told that many petitions were provided for the Par. known; but perhaps it is not so. And that the liament, complaining of the wrongs they have reKing do seem to take it much to heart, for that he ceived from the court and courtiers, in city and hath wept before her; but for all that, he hath not country, if the Parliament had but sat: and I do missed one night, since she was sick, of supping perceive they all do resolve 10 have a good account with my Lady Castlemaine! which I believe is of the money spent, before ever they give a farthing true, for she says that her husband hath dressed the more; and the whole kingdom is every where sen. suppers every night; and I confess I saw him my sible of their being abused," &c. self coming through the street dressing up a great supper to-night, which Sarah says is also for the lations is still more characteristic, both of the
The following confirmation of these specuKing and her ; which is a very strange thing:”
* Pierce do tell me, among other news, the late parties and their chronicler. frolick and debauchery of Sir Charles Sedley and Buckhurst running up and down all the night, al- when one would think his mind should be full of
“And so she (Lady Castlemaine) is come to-day, most naked, through the streets; and at last fight. some other cares, having but this morning broken ing, and being beat by the watch and clapped up up such a Parliament with so much discontent and all night; and how the King takes their parts; and
so many wants upon him, and but yesterday heard my Lord Chief Justice Keeling hath laid the constable by the heels 10 answer it next sessions; hath told the King, that whoever did get it, he
such a sermon against adultery! But it seems she which is a horrid shame. Also how the King and should own it. And the bottom of the quarrel is these gentlemen did make the fiddlers of Thetford, this:-She is fallen in love with young Jermin, who this last progress, to sing them all the obscene hath of late been with her oftener than the King, songs they could think of! That the King was and is now going to marry my Lady Falmouth; drunk at Saxam with Sedley, Buckhurst, &c. the the King is mad at her enteriaining Jermin, and night that my Lord Arlington came thither, and she is mad at Jermin's going to marry from her : 80 would not give him audience, or could nol: which is they are all mad !—and thus the kingdom is gov. true, for it was the night that I was there, and saw erned! But he tells me for certain that nothing the King go up to his chamber, and was told that is more sure than that the King, and Duke of York, the King had been drinking."-" He tells me that and the Chancellor, are desirous and labouring all the King and my Lady Castlemaine are quite broke they can to get an army, whatever the King say's 10 off, and she is gone away, and is with child, and the Parliament; and he believes that they are at swears the King shall own it; and she will have it last resolved to stand and fall all three together." christened in the chapel at White Hall so, and owned for the King's as other kings have done ; or A little after we find traces of another proshe will bring it into White Hall gallery, and dashject of the same truly legitimate school. the brains of it out before the King's face! He tells me that the King and court were never in the world “ The great discourse now is, that the Parlia. 60 bad as they are now, for gaming, swearing, ment shall be dissolved and another called, which women, and drinking, and the most abominable shall give the King the dean and chapter lands; vices that ever were in the world ; so that all must and that will put him out of debt. And it is said come io nought."
That Buckingham do knowingly meet daily with " They came to Sir G. Carteret's house at Cran- Wildman and other Commonwealth-men; and that bourne, and there were entertained, and all made when he is with them he makes the King believe drunk; and, being all drunk, Armerer did come to that he is with his wenches." the King, and swore to him by God, Sir,' says
The next notice of this is in the form of a he, you are not so kind to the Duke of York of confidential conversation with a person of laie as you used to be.'— Not I !' says the King.
Why so?'- Why,' says he, 'if you are, let us great intelligence. drink' his health.'— Why let us,' says the King.
"And he told me, upon my several inquiries to that Then he fell on his knees and drank it; and having purpose, that he did believe it was not yet resolved done, the King began to drink it. Nay, sir,' says whether the Parliament should ever meel more or no, Armerer. "by God you must do it on your knees!' the three great rulers of things now standing thus : 80 he did, and then all the company: and having - The Duke of Buckingham is absolutely against done it, all fell a crying for joy, being all maudlin their meeting, as moved thereto by his people that and kissing one another! the King The Duke of he advises with, the people of the late limes, who York, and the Duke of York the King! and in do never expect to have any thing done by this such a maudlin pickle as never people were: and Parliament for their religion, and who do propose 80 passed the day !"
that, by the sale of the church lands, they shall be It affords us no pleasure, however, to expose able to put the King out of debt, &c. He tells me these degrading traits—even in departed roy
that he is really persuaded that the design of the alty; but it is of more consequence to mark Duke of Buckingham is to bring the state into
such a condition as, if the King do die without the political vices to which they so naturally issue, it shall, upon his death, break into pieces led The following entry, on the King's ad- I again; and so put by the Duke of York, -whom 25
they have disobliged, they know, to that degree as in one night at play with Lady Castlemaineto despair of his pardon. He tells me that there is and staked 10001. and 15001. on a cast. It no way to rule the king but by brisknesse, --which is a far worse trait, however, in his charthe Duke of Buckingham hath above all men ; and that the Duke of Yorks having it not, his best way acter, that he was by no means scrupulous as is what he practises,-that is to say, a good temper, to the pretexts upon which he obtained money which will support him till the Duke of Bucking from his people—these memoirs containing ham and Lord Arlington fall out, which cannot be repeated notices of accounts deliberately long first; the former knowing that the latter did, fassified for this purpose—and not a few in in the time of the Chancellor, endeavour with the
particular, in which the expenses of the navy Chancellor to hang him at that time, when he was proclaimed againsi.”
are exaggerated—we are afra not without And again
our author's co-operation—to cover the mis
application of the money voted for that most “The talk which these people about our King popular branch of the service, to very different have, is to tell him how neither privilege of parlia- purposes. In another royal imposture, our ment nor city is any thing; but that his will is all, author now appears to have been also impliwhen they are alone, is so base and sordid, that it cated, though in a manner far less derogatory makes the eares of the very gentlemen of the back to his personal honour,—we mean in prostairs (I think he called them) to tingle to hear it curing for the Duke of York, the credit which spoke in the King's hearing; and that must be very he has obtained with almost all our historians, bad indeed."
for his great skill in maritime affairs; and the The following is not so material as to doc- extraordinary labour which he bestowed in trine—though we think it very
curious, improving the condition of the navy. On this “ After the bills passed, the King, sitting on his subject we need do little more than transcribe hrone, with his speech writ in a paper which lie the decisive statement of the noble Editor, to held in his lap, and scarce looked off of it all the whose care we are indebted for the publicatime he made his speech to them, giving them tion before us; and who, in the summary of thanks for their subsidys, of which, had he not Mr. Pepys' life which he has prefixed to it, need, he would not have asked or received them; l observesand that need, not from any extravagancys of his. he was sure, in any thing :--but the disorders of “Mr. Stanier Clarke, in particular, actually the times. His speech was very plain; nothing at dwells upon the essential and lasting benefit which all of spirit in ii, nor spoke with any; but rather that monarch conferred on his country, by build. on the contrary imperfectly, repeating many time ing up and regenerating the naval power; and as. his words, though he read all: which I am sorry to
seris as a proof of the King's great ability, that see, it having not been hard for him to have got all the regulations still enforced under the orders of the the speech without booke."-And upon another admirally are nearly the same as those originally occasion, “I crowded in and heard the King's drawn up by him. It becomes due therefore to Mr. speech to them; but he speaks the worst that ever 1 Pepys to explain, that for these improvements, the heard a man in my life: 'worse than if he read it value of which no person can doubi, we are indebt. all, and he had it in writing in his hand.”
ed to him, and not io his royal master. To estab
lish this fact, it is only necessary to refer to the It is observed soon after-viz. in 1664—as MSS. connected with the subject in the Bodleian a singular thing, that there should be but two and Pepysian libraries, by which the extent of Mr. seamen in Parliament-and not above twenty Pepys' official labours can alone be appreciated ; or thirty merchants: And yet from various and we even find in the Diary, as early as 1668, intimations we gather that the deportment of that a long letter of regulation, produced before the this aristocratical assembly was by no means
commissioners of the navy by the Duke of York,
as his own composition, was entirely written by our very decorous. We have already had the clerk of the acis.”—(I. xxx.) incidental notice of many members coming in from dinner half drunk, on the day of the
We do not know whether the citations we author's great oration and some of them have now made from these curious and most appear now and then to have gone a little miscellaneous volumes, will enable our readers farther,-early as the hours of business then to form a just estimate of their value. But
we fear that, at all events, we cannot now in“ He did tell me, and so did Sir W. Batten, how their number. There is a long account of
dulge them in any considerable addition to Sir Allen Brodericke and Sir Allen Apsley did come drunk the other day into the House; and did the great fire, and the great sickness in 1666, both speak for half an hour, together, and could not and a still longer one of the insulting advancé be either laughed, or pulled, or bid to sit down and of the Dutch fleet to Chatham in 1667, as hold their peace,—to ihe great contempt of King's well as of our absurd settlement at Tangiers, servants and cause ; which I am grieved at with and of various naval actions during the period all my heart."
to which the Diary extends. But, though all The mingled extravagance and penury of these contain much curious matter, we are this disorderly court is strikingly illustrated not tempted to make any extracts: Both beby two entries, not far from each other, in the cause the accounts, being given in the broken year 1667-in one of which is recorded the and minute way which belongs to the form royal wardrobeman's pathetic lamentation of a Diary, do not afford many striking or over the King's necessities-representing that summary passages, and because what is new his Majesty has “actually no handkerchiefs, in them, is not for the most part of any great and bui three bands to his neck”—and that importance. The public besides has been he does not know where to take up a yard of lately pretty much satiated with details on linen for his service !-and the other setting most of those subjects, in the contemporary forth, that his said Majesty had lost 25,0001. work of Evelyn,---of which we sball only say,
that though its author was indisputably more no notices worth naming-a bare intimation of a gentleman, a scholar, and a man of taste of the deaths of Waller, Cowley, and Daventhan our actuary, it is far inferior both in in. ant, and a few words of Dryden-Milton, we terest, curiosity, and substantial instruction, think, not once mentioned. There is more to that which we are now considering. The of the natural philosophers of Gresham Col. two authors, however, we are happy to find, lege, but not much that is valuable—some were great friends; and no name is mentioned curious calculations and speculations about in the latter part of the Diary with more uni- money and coinages—and this odd but au. form respect and affection than that of Evelyn thentic notice of Sir W. Petty's intended will. -though it is very edifying to see how the
“Sir William Petty did tell me that in good shrewd, practical sagacity of the man of busi- earnest he hath in his will left some parts of his ness, revenges itself on the assumed supe- estate to him that could invent such and such riority of the philosopher and man of letters. things. As among others, that could discover truly In this respect we think there is a fine keep- the way of milk coming into the breasts of a woing of character in the sincerity of the fol. man! and he that could invent proper characters 10
express to another the mixture of relishes and lowing passagem
tastes. And says, that to him that invents gold, he " By water to Deptford, and there made a visit gives nothing for the philosopher's stone; for (says to Mr. Evelyn, who, among other things, showed he) they that find out that, will be able to pay them. me most excellent painting in litle; in distemper, selves. But, says he, by this means it is better Indian incke, water colours : graveing; and above than to go to a lecture; for here my executors, ihat all, the whole mezzo-tinto, and the manner of it, must part with this, will be sure io be well conwhich is very pretty, and good things done with it: vinced of the invention before they do part with He read to me very much also of his discourse, he
their money." hath been many years and now is about, about Gardenage; which is a most noble and pleasant ly selected, contains some valuable fragments
The Appendix, which seems very judiciouspiece. He read me part of a play or two of his of historical information: but we have not now own making-very good, but not as he conceils them, I think, to be. He showed me his lortus left ourselves room for any account of them; Hyemalis ; leaves laid up in a book of several plants and are tempted to give all we can yet spare kept dry, which preserve colour, however, and to a few extracts from a very curious correslook very finely, better than an herball. In fine a pondence between Mr. Pepys and Lord Reay most excellent person he is, -and must be allowed and Lord Tarbut in 1699, on the subject of a little for a little conceitedness; but he may well be so, being a man so much above others. He read the Second Sight among our Highlanders. me, though with too much gusto, some little poems Lord Reay seems to have been a firm believer of his own that were not transcendant; yet one or in this gist or faculty—but Lord Tarbut had two very pretty epigrams; among others, of a lady been a decided sceptic, and was only conlooking in at a grate, and being pecked at by an verted by the proofs of its reality, which oceagle that was there."
curred to himself while in the Highlands, in And a little after he chuckles not a little the year 1652 and afterwards. Some of the over his learned friend's failure, in a specula- stories he tells are not a little remarkable. tion about making bricks-concluding very For example, he says, that one night when sagely, “so that I see the most ingenious one of his Celtic attendants was entering a men may sometimes be mistaken !!!
house where they had proposed to sleep, he We meet with the names of many distin suddenly started back with a scream, and fell guished men in these pages, and some char- | down in an agony. acteristic anecdotes,-but few bold characters. He has a remarkable interview with Claren- me to be very much frighted : he told me very seri.
" I asked what the matter was, for he seemed 10 don--in which the cautious and artful de-ously that I should not lodge in that house, because meanour of that veteran politician is finely shorily a dead coffin would be carried out of it, for displayed, though on a very trivial occasion. many were carrying it when he was heard cry! I The Navy Board had marked some trees for neglecting his words and staying there, he said to cutting in Clarendon Park without his leave others of the servants he was very sorry for it, and
that what he saw would surely come io pass : and at which he had expressed great indignation; though no sick person was then there, yei the land. and our author went, in a prodigious fright, tó lord, a healthy Highlander, died of an apoplectic fit pacify him. He found him busy hearing before I left the house.”' causes in his chambers, and was obliged to wait. Another occurred in 1653, when, in a very
“ After all done, he himself called, 'Come, Mr. rugged part of the country, he fell in with a Pepys, you and I will take a turn in the garden.' man who was staring into the air with marks So he was led down stairs, having the goute, and of great agitation. Upon asking what it was there walked with me, I think above an hour, talk that disturbed him, he answered, ing most friendly, but cunningly! He told me he would not direct me in any thing, that it might not “I see a troop of Englishmen leading their horses be said that the Lord Chancellor did labour to abuse down that hill--and some of them are already in the the King; or (as I offered) direct the suspending the plain, eating the barley, which is growing in the report of the purveyors: but I see what he means, field near to the hill.' 'This was on the 4th of May and will make it my work to do him service in it (for I noted the day), and it was four or five days But Lord! to see how we poor wretches dare not before any barley was sown in the field he spoke of. do the King good service, for fear of the greatness Alexander Monro asked him how he knew they of these men!"
were Englishmen: he answered, because they were There is no literary intelligence of any value leading horses, and had on hats and boots, which 10 be gained from this work. Play collectors took little notice of the whole story as other than a
he knew no Scotchmen would have on there. We will probably find the names of many lost foolish vision, but wished that an English party were pieces—but of our classical authors there are there, we being then at war with them, and the
place almost inaccessible for horsemen. But the he had been seen with a dagger run into his beginning of Augusl thereafter, the Earl of Middle breast and though nothing ever happened to having occasion to march a party of his towards the him, one of his servants, to whom he had South Islands, sent his foot through a place called given the doublet which he wore at the time Inverlacwell, and the forepart, which was first down of this intimation, was stabbed through it, in the hill, did fall to eating the barley which was on the very place where the dagger had been the little plain under it.'
Lord Reay adds the following addiAnother of his lordship’s experiences was tional instance, of this glancing, as it were, of as follows. In January 1682, he was sitting the prophecy on the outer garment. with two friends in a house in Ross-shire,
“ John Macky, of Dilril, having put on a new when a man from the islands
suit of clothes, was told by a seer that he did see “Desired me to rise from that chair, for it was but some time afier gave his coat to his servant,
the gallows upon his coat, which he never noticed ; an unlucky one. I asked Why?' He answered, William Forbess, to whose honesty there could be Because ihere was a dead man in the chair next nothing said at that time ; but he was shortly after to it.'— Well,' said I, 'if it be but in the next, I hanged for theft, with the same coat about him: my may safely sit here: but what is the likeness of the informer being an eye-witness of his execution, and man?' He said he was a tall man with a long grey one who had heard what the seer said before.' coat, booted, and one of his legs hanging over the chair, and his head hanging down to the other side,
His lordship also mentions, that these and his arm backward, as it were broken. There visions were seen by blind people, as well as were then some English troops quartered near the those who had sight, and adds, that there place, and there being at that time a great frost was a blind woman in his time who had the after a thaw, the country was wholly covered over faculty in great perfection;
and foretold many with ice. Four or five Englishmen riding by this things that afterwards happened, as hundreds were sitting by the fire, we heard a great noise, of living witnesses could attest. We have no which proved io be these troopers, with the help of time now to speculate on these singular leother servants, carrying in one of their number who gends—but, as curious mementos of the lubri. had got a very mischievous fal! and had his arm city of human testimony, we think it right they brought him to the hall, and set him in the they should be once more brought into notice. very chair and in the very posture which the seer
And now we have done with Mr. Pepys. had proposed : but the man did not die, though he | There is trash enough no doubt in his journal, revived with great difficulty.”
-trifling facts, and silly observations in These instances are chiefly remarkable
abundance. But we can scarcely say that being given upon the personal knowledge of we ish it a page shorter; and are of opinan individual of great judgment, acuteness, ion, that there is very little of it which does and firmness of character. The following is not help us to understand the character of his from a still higher quarter; since the reporter times, and his contemporaries, better than was not even a Scotchman, and indeed no less we should ever have done without it; and a person than Lord Clarendon. In a letter to make us feel more assured that we compreMr. Pepys in 1701, he informs him, that, in hend the great historical events of the age, 1661, upon a Scottish gentleman being in his and the people who bore a part in them. presence introduced to Lady Cornbury, he Independent of instruction altogether too, was observed to gaze upon her with a singu- there is no denying, that it is very entertainlar expression of melancholy; and upon one ing thus to be transported into the very heart of the company asking the reason, he replied,
of a time so long gone by; and to be admitted “I see her in blood!'*° She was at that time into the domestic intimacy, as well as the in perfect health, and remained so for near a public councils, of a man of great activity and month, when she fell ill of small-pox: And
circulation in the reign of Charles II. Read. “Upon the ninth day after the small-pox ap.
ing this book, in short, seems to us to be quite peared, in the morning, she bled at the nose, which as good as living with Mr. Samuel Pepy's in quickly stopt ; but in the afternoon the blood burst his proper person, and though the court out again with great violence at her nose and scandal may be detailed with more grace and mouth, and aboui eleven of the clock that night vivacity in the Memoires de Grammont, we she dyed, almost weltering in her blood !"
have no doubt but even this part of his multiThere is a great number of similar stories, farious subject is treated with far greater reported on the most imposing testimony— fidelity and fairness in the work before us— though, in some instances, the seer, we must while it gives us more clear and undistorted say, is somewhat put to it to support his glimpses into the true English life of the credit, and make out the accomplishment of times—for the court was substantially foreign luis vision. One chieftain, for instance, had -than all the other memorials of them put long been seen by the gifted, with an arrow together, that have come down to our own. sticking in his thigh; from which they all in- The book is rather too dear and magnififerred, that he was either to die or to suffer cent. But the editor's task we think excel. greatly, from a wound in that place. To their lently performed. The ample text is not surprise, however, he died of some other in- incumbered with ostentatious commentaries. fliction, and the seers were getting out of repu- But very brief and useful notices are supplied tation; when luckily a fray arose at the fune- of almost all the individuals who are menral, and an arrow was shot fairly through the tioned; and an admirable and very minute thigh of the dead man, in the very spot where index is subjoined, which methodises the imthe vision had shown it! On another occa- mense miscellany-and places the vast chaos sion, Lord Reay's grandfather was told that at our disposal.
(Inly, 1808.) A History of the early Part of the Reign of James the Second; with an Introductory Chapter By the Right Honourable CHARLES JAMES Fox. To which is added an Appendix. *4to
Miller, London: 1808.
If it be true that high expectation is almost To those who know Mr. Fox only by tic always followed by disappointment, it is great outlines of his public history,—who scarcely possible that the readers of Mr. Fox's know merely that he passed from the dissihistory should not be disappointed. So great pations of too gay a youth into the tumults a statesman certainly has not appeared as an and cabals of a political life,--and that his author since the time of Lord Clarendon ; days were spent in contending about public and, independent of the great space which he measures, and in guiding or averting the temfiils in the recent history of this country, and pests of faction,--the spirit of indulgent and the admitted splendour of his general talents, tender feeling which pervades this book must -his known zeal for liberty, the fame of his appear very unaccountable. Those who live eloquence, and his habitual study of every much in the world, even in a private station, thing relating to the constitution, concurred to commonly have their hearts a little hardened, direct an extraordinary degree of attention to and their moral sensibility a little impaired. the work upon which he was known to be But statesmen and practical politicians are, engaged, and to fix a standard of unattainable with justice, suspected of a still greater forgetexcellence for the trial of his first acknowl- fulness of mild impressions and honourable edged production. The very circumstance of scruples. Coming necessarily into contact his not having published any considerable with great vices and great sufferings, they work during his life, and of his having died must gradually lose some of their horror for before bringing this to a conclusion, served to the first, and much of their compassion for increase the general curiosity; and to accu- the last. Constantly engaged in contention, mulate upon this single fragment the interest they cease pretty generally to regard any huof his whole literary existence.
man beings as objects of sympathy or disinNo human production, we suppose, could terested attachment; and, mixing much with bear to be tried by such a test; and those who the most corrupt part of mankind, naturally sit down to the perusal of the work before us, come to regard the species itself with indifunder the influence of such impressions, are ference, if not with contempt. All the softer very likely to rise disappointed. With those, feelings are apt to be worn off in the rough however, who are at all on their guard against conflicts of factious hostility; and all the finer the delusive effect of these natural emotions, moralities to be effaced, by the constant conthe result, we venture to predict, will be dif- templation of expediency, and the necessities ferent; and for ourselves, we are happy to of occasional compliance. say, that we have not been disappointed at Such is the common conception which we all; but, on the contrary, very greatly moved form of men who have lived the life of Mr. and delighted with the greater part of this Fox; and such, in spite of the testimony of singular volume.
partial friends, is the impression which most We do not think it has any great value as a private persons would have retained of him, history; nor is it very admirable as a piece if this volume had not come to convey a truer of composition. It comprehends too short a and a more engaging picture to the world at period, and includes too few events, to add large, and to posterity. much to our knowledge of facts; and abounds By far the most remarkable thing, then, in too little with splendid passages to lay much this book, is the tone of indulgence and unhold on the imagination. The reflections feigned philanthropy which prevails in every which it contains, too, are generally more re- part of it;-a most amiable sensibility to all markable for their truth and simplicity, than the kind and domestic affections, and a sort for any great fineness or apparent profundity of softheartedness towards the sufferings of of thinking: and many opportunities are ne- individuals, which seems hitherto to have glected, or rather purposely declined, of en- been thought incompatible with the stern dig. tering into large and general speculations. nity of history. It cannot but strike us with Notwithstanding all this, the work, we think, something still more pleasing than surprise, is invaluable; not only as a memorial of thé to meet with traits of almost feminine tenderhigh principles and gentle dispositions of its ness in the sentiments of this veteran statesillustrious author, but as a record of those man; and a general character of charity sentiments of true English constitutional in- towards all men, not only remote from the dependejce, which seem to have been nearly rancour of vulgar hostility, but purified in a forgotten in the bitterness and hazards of our great degree from the asperities of party coninore recent contentions. It is delightful as tention. He expresses indeed, throughout, a the picture of a character; and most instruct- high-minded contempt for what is base, and ive and opportune as a remembrancer of pub- a thorough detestation for what is cruel: But lic duties: And we must be permitted to say yet is constantly led, by a sort of generous a word or two upon each of these subjects. prejudice in favour of human nature, to admit