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TO THE MOST HIGH AND MIGHTY PRINCE
JAM E S,
BY THE GRACE OF GOD, KING OF GREAT BRITAIN, FRANCE, AND IRELAND,
DEFENDER OF THE FAITH, &c.
THE TRANSLATORS OF THE BIBLE
REAT and manifold were the blessings, most dread Sovereign, which Almighty God, the Father of all mercies, bestowed upon
us the people of ENGLAND, when first he sent Your Majesty's Royal Person to rule and reign over us. For whereas it was the expectation of many, who wished not well unto our SION, that upon the setting of that bright OCCIDENTAL STAR, Queen ELIZABETH of most happy memory, some thick and palpable clouds of darkness would so have overshadowed this land, that men should have been in doubt which way they were to walk; and that it should hardly be known, who was to direct the unsettled State; the appearance of Your Majesty, as of the sun in his strength, instantly dispelled those supposed and surmised mists, and gave unto all that were well affected exceeding cause of comfort; especially when we beheld the Government established in Your Highness, and Your hopeful Seed, by an undoubted Title, and this also accompanied with peace and tranquillity at home and abroad.
But among all our joys, there was no one that more filled our hearts, than the blessed continuance of the preaching of God's sacred Word among us; which is that inestimable treasure, which excelleth all the riches of the earth; because the fruit thereof extendeth itself, not only to the time spent in this transitory world, but directeth and disposeth men unto that eternal happiness which is above in Heaven.
Then not to suffer this to fall to the ground, but rather to take it up, and to continue it in that state, wherein the famous Predecessor of Your Highness did leave it: nay, to go forward with the confidence and resolution of a Man in maintaining the truth of CHRIST, and propagating it far and near, is that which hath so bound and firmly knit the hearts of all Your Majesty's loyal and religious people unto you, that your very name is precious among them : their eye doth behold You with comfort, and they bless you in their hearts, as that sanctified Person, who, under God, is the immediate Author of their true happiness. And this their contentment doth not diminish or decay, but every day increaseth and taketh strength, when they observe, that the zeal of Your Majesty toward the house of God doth not slack or go backward, but is more and more kindled, manifesting itself abroad in the farthest parts of CHRISTENDOM, by writing in defence of the Truth, (which hath given such a blow unto that man of sin, as will not be healed,) and every day at home, by religious and learned discourse, by frequenting the house of God, by hearing the Word preached, by cherishing the Teachers thereof, by caring for the Church, as a most tender and loving nursing Father.
There are infinite arguments of this right Christian and religious affection in Your Majesty; but none is more forcible to declare it to others than the vehement and perpetuated desire of accomplishing and publishing of this work, which now with all humility we present unto Your Majesty. For when Your Highness bad once out of deep judgment apprehended how convenient it was, that out of the Original Sacred Tongues, together with comparing of the labours, both in our own, and other foreign Languages, of many worthy men who went before us, there should be one more exact Translation of the Holy Scriptures into the ENGLISH TONGUE; Your Majesty did never desist to urge and to excite those to whom it was commended, that the work might be hastened, and that the business might be expedited in so decent a manner, as a matter of such importance might justly require.
And now at last, by the mercy of God, and the continuance of our labours, it being brought unto such a conclusion, as that we have
great hopes that the Church of ENGLAND shall reap good fruit thereby; we hold it our duty to offer it to Your Majesty, not only as to our King and Sovereign, but as to the principal Mover and Author of the work : humbly craving of Your most Sacred Majesty, that since things of this quality have ever been subject to the censures of illmeaning and discontented persons, it may receive approbation and patronage from so learned and judicious a Prince, as Your Highness is, whose allowance and acceptance of our labours shall more honour and encourage us, than all the calumniations and hard interpretations of other men shall dismay us. So that if, on the one side, we shall be traduced by Popish Persons at home or abroad, who therefore will malign us, because we are poor instruments to make God's holy Truth to be yet more and more known unto the people, whom they desire still to keep in ignorance and darkness; or if, on the other side
, we shall be maligned by selfconceited Brethren, who run their own ways, and give liking unto nothing, but what is framed by themselves, and bammered on their anvil; we may rest secure, supported within by the truth and innocency of a good conscience, having walked the ways of simplicity and integrity, as before the Lord; and sustained without by the powerful protection of your Majesty's grace and favour, which will ever give countenance to honest and Christian endeavours against bitter censures and uncharitable
The Lord of heaven and earth bless Your Majesty with many and happy days, that, as his heavenly hand hath enriched Your Highness with many singular and extraordinary graces; 'so you may be the wonder of the world in this latter age for happiness and true felicity, to the honour of that great GOD, and the good of his Church; through JESUS CHRIST our Lord and only Saviour.
thingo have Z
دومم ام نده
EAL to promote the common good, whether it be by de any synod or meeting of the Clergy, but rather the contrary : been cam
vising any thing ourselves, or revising that which hath been And lastly, against Churchmaintenance and allowance, in such
but yet findeth but cold entertainment in the world. It is wel, kings should be furnished, it is not unknown what a fiction or
maintenance, (that we speak of no more things of this kind) them it is impossible. If any man conceit, that this is the lot ITEM Birovs, should be as safe as a sanctuary, and || qut of sbot, as they say, and portion of the meaner sort only, and that Princes are priinxe apps that no man would lift up his heel, no, por dos move his tongue vileged by their high estate, he is deceived. As the sword dc- 2 Sam. 11.
against the motioners of them, For by the first we are distill, voureth as well one as another, as it is ja Samuel ; nay, as the 25, remedguished from brute beasts led with sensuality: by the second we great commander charged his soldiers in a certain battle to bu 45971 are bridled and restrained from outrageous bebaviour, and, from strike at no part of the enemy, but at the face; and as the king
daing of jujuries, wbether by fraud or by violence; by the third of Syria commanded his, chief captains to fight neither with small 1 Kings 22.
we are enabled to inform and reform others, by the light and nor great, save only against the king of Israel: so it is too true, 31. Le feeling that we have attained unto ourselves : briefly, by the that envy striketh most spitefully at the fairest, and the 11.
fourth, being brought together to a parley face to face, we sooner chiefest. David was a worthy prince, and no man to be com
compose our differences, than by writings, which are endless : pared to him for his first deeds, and yet for as worthy an act as
agreeable to good reason and conscience, that those mothers are he was scorned and scoffed at by his own wife. Solomon was 16.
and call unto him for + casing of the burden, Muke,' say they, touréxspeak of are of most necessary. use, and therefore that none; the grievous servitude of thy father, and his sore yoke, lighler. bæv. either without absurdity can speak against them, or without note, Belike he had charged them with some levies, and troubled thein
4. of wickedaess can spurn against them. with some carriages; hereupon they raise up a trageddy, and
re) onto Anacharsis, Yet for all that, the learned know, that certain porthy, men wish in their heart the temple had never been built. So hard @ with others.
have been brought to uptimely death for none other fault, but thing it is to please all, even when we please God best, and do
for seeking to reduce their countrymen to good onder and dish, seek to approve ourselves to every one's conscience. Tu vrata In Athens : cipline; And that in some Commonweals it was made a capital If we will descend to latter times, we shall find many the likel The highest titness
crime, once to motion the making of a new law for the abrogat examples of such kind, or sather unkiud, acceptance. It. The first personages Libanius in Olynth.
ing of an old, though the same were most pernicious: And that, Roman emperor did never do a more pleasing deed to the learnedy calumniatDemosth. certain, which would be counted pillars of the State, and patterns nor, more profitable to posterity, for conserving the record of times ed. Cato the
C. Casar, of virtue and prudence, could not be brought for a long time to in true supputation, than when he corrected the Calendar, and elder.
Plutarch.', ) give way to good letters and refined speech, but bare themselves ordered, the year according to the course of the supist and
as averse from them, as from rocks, or boxes of poison; And yet this was imputed to him for novelty, and arrogancy, and prol Gregory the fourthly, that he was no babe, byt a great, Clerk, that gave forth, cured to him great obloguy, So the first Christened Emperor (at Constantine. Divine.
(and in writing to remain to posterity) in passiop peradventures the least wise that openly professed the faith liįmself, and allowed
1 Kings 1?
THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READER. charges, and providing for the Church, as he did, got for his labour | lrine most fit for the refreshing and renewing of men's minds, and Aurel. the name Pupillus, as who would say, a wasteful prince, that had truly so tempered, that every one may draw from thence that which is Victor. Deed of a guardian, or overseer. So the best Christened Emperor, sufficient for him, if he come to draw with a devout and pious mind, Theodosius. Zosimus. for the love that he bare unto peace, thereby to enrich both hita- as true religion requireth. Thus St. Augustine. And St Hierome, S. Hieron. self and his subjects, and because he did not seek war, but find it, Ama Scripturas, et amabit te sapientia, &c. Love the Scriptures, ad Deme
triad, $. was judged to be no man at arms, (though indeed he excelled in and wisdom will love thee. And St. Cyrill against Julian, Even
Cyrill. 7. feats of chivalry, and shewed so much when he was provoked,) and boys that are bred up in the Scriptures become most religious, &c. contra Jun
condemned for giving himself to his case, and to his pleasure. But what mention we three or four uses of the Scripture, whereas lianum. Justinian. To be short, the most learned Emperor of former times, (at the whatsoever is to be believed, or practised, or boped for, is con
least, the greatest politician,) what thanks had he for cutting off tained in them? or three or four sentences of the Fathers, since
Tertull. de hath been rendered to excellent Princes in former times, Cum bene an heretick of the like stamp he saith ; I do not admit that which
carne Christa facerent, male audire, for their good deeds to be evil spoken of. thou bringest in (or coocludest) of thine oton (head or store, de luo) 'Océv as,
Justin. Neither is there any likelihood that envy and malignity died and without Scripture. So St. Justin Martyr before him; We must
reita. #gos were buried with the ancient. No, no, the reproof of Muses taketh | know by all means, saith he, that it is not lausul (or possible) to . Namb. 32. hold of most ages, Ye ure risen up in your fathers' stead, an in- learn (any thing) of God or of right piety, save only out of the Pro- 'Trienpea 14. crease of sinful men. What is that that hath been done that which phets, who reach us by divine inspiration. So St. Basil after Tertul- vías ruinyo. Eccles. 1.9.
shall be done : and there is no new thing under the sün, saith the lian, It is a manifest falling away from the faith, and a fault of pre- S. Basil. Acts 7. 51. wise man.' And St. Stephen, As your fathers did, so do ye. This, sumption, either to reject any of those things that are written, or lo ripi siamies. His Majes- and more to this purpose, his Majesty that now reigneth (and bring in (tipon the bead of them, imusaytīv) any of those things that stancy, not- long, and long, may be reign, and his offspring for ever, Himself, are not 'written. - We omit to cite to the same effect St. Cyrill, withstands and children, and children's children always!) knew full well, accord-bishop of Frierusalem in 'his 4 Catechesi St. Hieromé against Hel. ing calumniation, for
ing to the singular wisdom given unto him by God, and the rare Julius, St. Augustine in his third bouk against the letters of Petilian, the survey learning and experience that he hath attained unto; namely, That and in very many other places of his works. Also we forbear to of the En. whosoever attempteth any thing for the publick (especially if it descend' to later Fathers, because we will not weary the reader: glish transhation, pertain to religion, and to the opening and clearing of the word of The Scriptúrès then being acknowledged to be so full and so perAvros, sal God) the same setteth himself apon a stage to be gloated upon by féct; how 'can we excuse ourselves of negligence, if we do not raides, azi raidur sare
every evil eye; yea, he casteth himself headlong upon pikes, to study them ? ' of curiosity, if we be not content with them? " Men Tort Taides, be gored by every sharp tongue. For he that meddleth With talk much of tiptorávn, how many sweet and goodly things it had 'Espionum
. σύκα φέρει imen's religion in any part meddleth with their custom," nay, hanging on it; of the Philosopher's stone, that it turneth copper
xal tlovas with their freehold ; and though they find no content in that into gold; of Cornu-copia, that it had all things necessary for food agrous, ezi “ "Nerų as
which they have, yet they cannot abide to heat of altering. Not- in it;'of Panaces the herb, that it was good for al diseases ; of Meble i zosúa aroquas árs- withstanding his royal heart was not daunted or discouraged for Catholicon the drug, that it is instead of all purges; of Vulcan's árs , zad
έλαιον, &c. mal de muen this or that colour, bot stood resolute, as a statue immoveable, and mour,' that it was an armour of proof against all thrusts and all An olive äventos
an antil not easy to be beaten into plates, as one saith; he knew blows, &c. Well, that which they falsely or cainly attributed buugh
, dise of trees of life, which bring forth fruit every month, and the boney in a
the day of the Lord Jesus. Por the Scripture saith not in vain, bread'sufficient for a whole host, be it 'never so great, and, as it korißur.
There that shonour me I reill honour : neither was it'a vain word were, a whole cellar fult of oit vessels; whereby all our necessities Eusebius, that Eusebius delivered long ago, That piety toward God was the may be provided for, and our debts discharged. In a word, it is
. 10. cap. weapons and the only weapon, that both preserved Constnntine's a panary of wholesome food against fenowet traditions ; a physi- Keniu inte 8. 4, * person, and aveuged him of his enemies.
cian's shop (as St. Basil calleth it) of preservatives against poisoned rerior,
S. Basil. in Blit now-what-piety without truth? What truth, what saving heresies; i pandect of profitable laws against rebellious spirits; Psal. priThe praise truth, without the word of God? What word of God, whereof we a treasury of most costly jewels against beggarly rudiments ; mum. si the holy * may be store, without the
Scripture? The Scriptures we are com- finally, a fountain of most pure water springing up unto everlast.' manded to search, John 5. 39. Isaiah 8. 20. They are 'com. ing life.". And what marvel! the original thereof being from mended that searched and studied them, Acts 17. 11. & 8. 28, 29. heaven, not' from earth; the author being God, not man; the
They are reproved that were unskilful in 'them, or slow to be inditer, the Holy Spirit, not the wit of the Apostles or Prophets; So gri7 lieve them, Matt. 22. 29. Luke 24. 25. They can make us wise thie penmen, such as were sanctified from the womb, and endued
mit unto salvation; 2 Tim. 3. 15." If we be ignorant," they will ine with a principal portion of God's Spirit; the matter, verity, piety, 3:19.Th. , structus ; if ont of the way, they will bring us home; if out of purity, uprightness; the form, God's word, God's testimony', God's this order
, thiey will reform us ; if in heaviness, comfort us ; 'if düht, oracles, the word of truth, the word of salvation, &c.; the effects, Confes, liba quieken rus; if cold, infameus. Tolle, lege; tolle, lege ; Take up light of understanding, stableness of persuasion, repentance from S. cap. 12. and ready stake'np and read the Scriptures, (for anto them was dead works, newness of life', holiness, prace, joy in the Holy en este the direction) it was said tot 3 st Augustine by a supernatural Ghost ; lastly, the end and rewart of the study thereof
1 Sam. 2. 30.
, futi wship voicer Whatsbeoer is in the Scriprutes, betieve me, saith the same with the saints, participation of the heavenly nature, fruition' opet 3ds ****** cap. 6
Su Augudstine, Itskigh and divind; there iis 'terily truth, and a dorawinheritance immortal, undefled, and that never shall side)
THE TRANSLATORS TO THE READER.
to them to take that which they found, (the same being for the Translation
But how shall men meditate in that which they cannot under greatest part true and sufficient) rather than by making a new, necessary
stand? How shall they understand that which is kept close in an in that new world and green age of the Church, to expose themI Cor. 14. unknown tongue? as it is written, Ercept I know the power of the selves to many exceptions and cavillations, as though they made 11. voice, I shall be to him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speak- a translation to serve their own turn ; and therefore bearing wit
eth shall be a barbarian to me. The Apostle excepteth no tongue; ness to themselves, their witness not to be regarded. This may
Latin the finest. Nature taught a natural man to confess, that was allowed to pass for current. Notwithstanding, though it was
deaf; we may turn the deaf ear unto them. "The Scythian counted no not of the Jews. For not long after Christ, Aquila fell in hand Damaso. the Athenian, whom he did not understand, barbarous : so the with a new translation, and after him Theodotion, and after him Michael
Roman did the Syrian ; and the Jew: (even St. Hierome himself Symmachus: yea, there was a fifth, and a sixth edition, the authors Thcophilifilo calleth the Hebrew tongue barbarous, belike because it was strange whereof were not known. These with the Seventy made up the
to so many:) so the Emperor of Constantinople calleth the Latin Herapla, and were worthily and to great purpose compiled to2 Tom.
tongue barbarous, though Pope Nicolas do storm at it: so the gether by Origen. Howbeit the edition of the Seventy went away
an interpreter; so, lest the Church be driven to the like exigent, the ground and foundation of their commentaries. Yea, Epipha- mensuret'
cover of the well, that we may come by the water, even as eth this reason thereof, Because they were, as it were, enlightened Novell. diaGen. 29.10. Jacob rolled away the stone from the mouth of the well, by which with prophetical grace. Yet for all that, as the Egyptians are said of tax. 146.
means the docks of Laban were watered. Indeed without transla- the Prophet to be men and not God, and their horses flesh and not otie xá.
λαμψάσης John 4. 11. Jacob's well (which was deep) without a bucket or something to Seventy were interpreters, they were not prophets. They did many
αυτούς. Isai. 29. 11. draw with : or as that person mentioned by Esay, to whom things well, as learned men; but yet as men they stumbled and Isaj. 31. 3. when a sealed book was delivered with this motion, Read | fell, one while through oversight, another while through igno- S. Hieron.
of Canaan, that is, Hebrew, one and the same original in Hebrero There were also within a few hundred years after Christ Translation gust. lib. 12. was sufficient. But when the fulness of time drew near, that the translations many into the Latin longue: for this tongue also was out of HecontraFaust. Sun of righteousness, the Son of God, should come into the world, very fit to convey the Law and the Gospel by, because in those Greek into
whom God ordained to be a reconciliation through faith in his times very many countries of the West, yea of the South, East, Latin.
lating of the
Scripture Greek, becometh hereby like a candle set upon a candlestick, wbich embraced in the Empire: (for the learned know that even in St. into the giveth light to all that are in the house ; or like a proclamation Hierome's time, the Consul of Rome and his wife were both vulgar