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KING HENRY VIII.

PERSONS REPRESENTED.

King HENRY THE EIGHTH.

| SURVEYOR to the Duke of Buckingham. CARDINAL WOLSEY.-CARDINAL CAMPEIUS. I BRANDON, and a Sergeant at Arms. CAPUCIUS, Ambassador from the Emperor, | DUOR-KEEPER of the Council-Chamber. Charles V.

PORTER, and his Man. CRANMER, Archbishop of Canterbury.

PAGE to Gardiner.-A CRIER. DUKE OF NORFOLK.-DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM. DUKE OF SUFFOLK.-EARL OF SURREY. Queen Katharine, Wife to King Henry; afLORD CHAMBERLAIN.- LORD CHANCELLOR.

terwards divorced. GARDINER, Bishop of Winchester.

| Anne Bullen, her Maid of Honour; after BISHOP OF LINCOLN.--LORD ABERGAVENNY. wards Queen. LORD SANDS.

AN OLD Lady, Friend to Anne Bullen. SIR HENRY GUILDFORD.--SiR THOMAS LoveLL. PATIENCE, Woman to Queen Katharine. SIR ANTHONY DENNY.-SIR NICHOLAS Vaux. SECRETARIES to Wolsey.

Several Lords and Ladies in the Dumb Shoes; CROMWELL, Servant to Wolsey.

Women attending upon the Queen; Spints, Griffith, Gentleman-Usher to Queen Katha which appear to her; Scribes, Cicers, rine.

Guards, and other Attendants. I'AREE OTHER GENTLEMEN. DOCTOR Butts, Physician to the King. ¡ SCENE, chiefly in London and Westminst GARTER, King at Arms.

once, at Kimbolton.

PROLOGUE.

ACT 1. I COME no more to make you laugh; things SCENE 1.-London.-An Auto-chumoer in now,

Palace. That bear a weighty and a serious brow,

w | Enter the Duke of NORFOLK, at one door ; at the Bad, high, and working, full of state aud woe,

other, the Duke of BUCKINGHAM, and the Such noble scenes as draw the eye to flow,

Lord ABERGAVENNY. We now present. Those that can pity, here I May, if they think it well, let fall a tear; Buck. Good morrow, and well met. How The subject will deserve it. Such, as give

have you done, Their money out of hope they may believe, Since last we saw in France ? May here find truth too. Those, that come to

Nor. I thank your grace : Only a show or two, and so agree

see | Healthful ; and ever since a fresh admirer The play may pass; if they be still, and willing, Of what I saw there. I'll undertake, may see away their shilling Buck. An untimely ague Richly in two short hours. Oniy they, Stay'd me a prisoner in my chamber, when That come to hear a merry, bawdy play, Those suns of glory, those two ligbts of men,' A noise of targets; or to see a fellow

Met in the vale of Arde. In a long motley coat, guarded* with yellow, | Nor. 'Twixt Guynes and Arde: Will be deceiv'd : for, gentle hearers, know, I was then present, saw them salute on horse To rank our chosen truth with such a show

back;

[clubs As foot and fight is, beside forfeiting

Beheld them, when they lighted, how they Our own brains, and the opinion that we bring, In their embracement, as they grew together;

To make that only true we now intend,t) Which had they, what four thron'd ones could Will leave us never an understanding friend.

have weigh'd Therefore, for goodness' sake, and as you are Such a compounded one? known .

Buck. All the whole time
The first and happiest hearers of the town, I was my chamber's prisoner.
Be sad, as we would make ye: Think, ye see Nor. Then you lost
The very persons of our noble story,

The view of earthly glory : Men might say, As they were living; think, you see them great, Till this time, pomp was single; but now mar And follow'd with the general throng, and

ried sweat,

To one above itself. Each following day Of thousand friends; then, in a moment, see | Became the next day's master, till the last How soon this mightiness meets misery ! Made former wonders it's: To-day, the Frepca And, if you can be merry then, I'll say, | All clinquant,t all in gold, like heathen gods, A man may weep upon his wedding day.

* Henry VIII. and Francis 1. kine f F noe. . Las

+ Pretend.

Glaztering, shinicg.

[them

Shone down the English: and, to-morrow, Of all the gentry; for the most part such they

Too, whom as great a charge as little honour Made Britain, India : every man, that siood, He meant to lay upon: and his own letter, Show'd like a mine. Their dwarfish pages The honourable board of council out, Werc

Must fetch him in the papers. As cherubims, all gilt; the madams too,

Aber. I do know Not us'd to toil, did almost sweat to bear Kinsmen of mine, three at the least, that have The pride upon them, that their very labour By this so sicken'a their estates, that never Was to them as a painting: now this mask | They shall abound as formerly. Was cried incomparable; and the ensuing Buck. O, many night

Have broke their backs with laying manors on Made it a fool, and beggar. The two kings, For this great journey. What did this vanity, Equal in lustre, were now bezt, now worst, But minister communication of As presence did present them; bim in eye, A most poor issue? Stilf him in praise: and, being present both, Nor. Grievingly I think,

[values Twas said, they saw but one; and no discerner The peace between the French and us not Durst wag his tongue in censure.* When The cost that did conclude it. these suns

[challeng'd Buck. Every man, (For so they phrase them,) by their heralds After the hideous storm that follow'd, was The noble spirits to arms, they did perform A thing inspir'd: and, not consulting, broke Beyond thought's compass; that former fabu- Into a general prophecy,—That this tempest, lous story,

Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded Being now seen possible enough, got credit, The sudden breach on't. That Bevist was believ'd.

Nor. Which is budded out;

stach'd Buck. 0, you go far.

For France hath flaw'd the league, and hath atNor. As I belong to worship, and affect Our merchants' goods at Bourdeaux In honour honesty, the tract of every thing Aber. Is it therefore Would by a good discourser lose some life, The ambassador is silenc'd ? Which action's self was tongue to. All was Nor. Marry, is't. royal;

Aber. A proper title of a peace; and purTo the disposing of it nought rebell’d,

chas'd Order gave each thing view; the office did At a superfluous rate! Distinctly his full function.

Buck. Why, all this business Buck. Who did guide,

Our reverend cardinal carried.t I mean, who set the body and the limbs

Nor. 'Like it your grace, Of this great sport together, as you guess? The state takes notice of the private difference

Nor. One, certes, that promises no elements Betwixt you and the cardinal. I advise you, In such a business.

(And take it from a heart that wishes towards Buck. I pray you, who, my lord ?

you Nor. All this was order'd by the good dis- Honour and plenteous safety,) that you read cretion

The cardinal's malice and his potency Ol' the right reverend cardinal of York. Together: to consider further, that Buck. The devil speed him! no man's pie is What bis high hatred would effect, wants not free'd

A minister in his power: You know his naFrom his ambitious finger. What had he

ture, To do in these fierce|| vanities? I wonder, That he's revengeful; and I know, his sword That such a keech can with bis very bulk Hath a sharp edge: it's long, and, it may be Take up the rays o' the beneficial sur,

said, And keep it from the earth.

It reaches far; and where 'twill not extend, Nor. Surely, Sir,

Thither he darts it. Bosom up my counsel, There's in him stuff that puts him to these You'll find it wholesome. Lo, where comes ends:

(grace

that rock, For, being not propp'd by ancestry, (whose That I advise your shunning. Chalks successors their way,) nor call'd upon For high feats done to the crown; neither Enter Cardinal Wolsey, (the purse borne before allied

him,) certain of the guard, and two SecreTo eminent assistants, but, spider-like,

TARIES with papers. The Cardinal in his pasOut of his self-drawing web, he gives us note, sage fircth his eye on BUCKINGHAM, and BuckThe force of his own merit makes his way; INGHAM on him, both full of disdain. A gift that heaven gives for him, which buys A place next to the king.

Wol. The duke of Buckingham's surveyor? Aber. I cannot tell

[eye What heaven hath given him, let some graver | Where's his examination? Pierce into that; but I can see his pride

1 Secr. Here, so please you. Peep through each part of him: Whence has Wol. Is he in person ready? he that?

1 Secr. Ay, please your grace. If not from hell, the devil is a niggard;

Wol. Well, we shall then know more; and Or has given als before, and he begins

Buckingham A new hell in himself.

Shall lessen this big look. Buck. Why the devil,

Exeunt WOLSEY, and train. Upon this French going-out, took he upon him,

Buck. This butcher's curt is venom-mouth'd, Without the privity o' the king, to appoint

and I

fbest Who should attend on him? He makes up the Have not the power to muzzle him; therefore, file**

Not wake him in his slumber. A beggar's
Out-worths a noble’s blood.

įlook In opinion, which was most noble. + Sir Bevis, an old romance. i Certainly. Practice. * Sets down in his letter without consulting the council, 9 Proud 1 Lump of fat * List.

+ Conducted. Wolsey was the son of a butcher.

ha?

Nor, What, are you char'd?

His fears were, that the interview, betwixt Ask God for temperance; that's the appliance England and France, might, through their only,

amity, Which your disease requires.

Breed him some prejudice; for from this Bruck. I read in his looks

league Matter against me; and his eye revil'd Peep'd harms that menac'd him: He priviiv Me, as his abject object: at this instant Deals with our cardinal; and, as I trow,He bores* nie with some trick: He's gone to Which I do well; for, I am sure, the emperor the king;

Paid ere he promis'd; whereby his suit was I'll follow, and out-stare him.

... granted, Nor. Stay, my lord,

Ere it was ask'd ;-but when the way was And let your reason with your choler question

made, What 'tis you go about: To climb steep hills, And pav'd with gold, the emperor thus de Requires slow pace at first: Anger is like

sir'd ; A full-hot horse; who being allow'd his way, That he would please to alter the king's course, Self-mettle tires him. Not a man in England And break the aforesaid peace. Let the king Can advise me like you: be to yourself

know,

[nal As you would to your friend.

(As soon he shall by me,) that thus the cardiBuck. I'll to the king;

Does buy and sell bis honour as he pleases, And from a mouth of honour quite cry down | And for his own advantage. This Ipswich fellow's insolence; or proclaim, Nor. I am sorry There's difference in no persons.

To hear this of him; and could wish, he were Nor. Be advis'd;

Something mistaken in't. Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot

Buck. No, not a syllable ; That it do singe yourself: We may outrun, I do pronounce him in that very shape, By violent swiftness, that which we run at, He shall appear in proof. And lose by over-running. Know you not, The fire, that mounts the liquor till it run Enter BRANDON; a Sergeant at Arms before o'er,

him, and two or three of the guard. In seerning to augment it, wastes it? Be advis'd:

Bran. Your office, sergeant; execute it. I say again, there is no English soul

Serg. Sir, More stronger to direct you than yourself;

My lord the duke of Buckingham, and earl If with the sap of reason you would quench,

of Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton, I Or but allay, the fire of passion.

Arrest thee of high treason, in the name Buck. Sir,

Of our most sovereign king. I am thankful to you; and I'll go along

Buck. Lo you, my lord, By your prescription :- but this top-proud

The net has fallen upon me; I shall perish fellow,

Under device and practice. * (Whom from the flow of gall I name not, but

Bran. I am sorry From sincere motions,) by intelligence,

To see you ta'en from liberty, to look on And proofs as clear as founts in Júly, when

The business present: 'Tis his highness' pleaWe see each grain of gravel, I do know

You shall to the Tower.

(sure To be corrupt and treasonous.

! Buck. It will help me nothing. Nor. Say not, treasonous.

To plead mine innocence; for that die is on me, Buck. To the king 'l sayt: and make my | Which makes my whitest part black. The will vouch as strong

of heaven As shore of rock. Attend. This holy fox,

Be done in this and all things!-I obey.Or wolf, or both, (for he is equal ravenous,

O my lord Aberg'any, fare you well. As he is subtle ; and as prone to mischief,

Bran. Nay, he must bear you company: As able to perform it: his mind and place

The king

To ABERGAVENNY. Infecting one another, yea, reciprocally,)

Is pleas'd you shall to the Tower, till you Only to show his pomp as well in France

| How he determines further.

[know As here at home, suggestst the king our

Aber. As the duke said, master

The will of heaven be done, and the king's To this last costly treaty, the interview,

pleasure That swallow'd so much treasure, and like a

By me obey'd. Did break i' the rinsing.

[glass

Bran. Here is a warrant from Nor. 'Faith, and so it did.

The king, to attach lord Montacute; and the Buck. Pray, give me favour, Sir. This

bodies cunning cardinal

Of the duke's confessor, John de la Court, The articles o' the combination drew,

One Gilbert Peck, his chancellor,As himself pleas'd; and they were ratified,

Buck. So, so; As he cried, Thus let it be: to as much end,

These are the limbs of the plot : no more, I As give a crutch to the dead : But our count

hope. cardinal

[sey,

Bran. A monk o' the Chartreux. Has done this, and 'tis well; for worthy W01

Buck. 0, Nicholas Hopkins? Who cannot err, he did it. Now this follows, Brun. He. · Which, as I take it, is a kind of puppy

Buck. My surveyor is false; the o'er great To the old dam, treason,)-Charles tho em

cardinal

(ready; peror,

Hath show'd him gold: my life is spann'dt al Under pretence to see the queen his aunt

I am the shadow of poor Buckingham ; (For 'twas, indeed, his colour; but he came

Whose figure even this instant clouds put on, To whisper Wolsey,) here makes visitation:

| By dark"ning my clear sun.-My lord, fare. well.

1. Erewit. + Excitas. Unfair stratagems.

+ Measured.

grief

SCENE II.-The Council-Chumber. Perforce be their acquaintance. These exacCornets. Enter King HENRY, Cardinal WOLSEY,

tions,

are the Lords of the Council, Sir THOMAS LOVELL,

| Whereof my sovereign would have note, they Officers, and Attendants. The King enters,

Most pestilent to the hearing; and, to bear

them, leuning on the Cardinal's shoulder.

The back is sacrifice to the load. They say, K. Hen. My life itself, and the best heart of They are devis’d by you; or else you suffer it,

llevel | Too hard an exclamation. Thanks you for this great care: I stood i'the K. Hen. Still exaction! Of a full-charg'd confederacy, and give thanks The nature of it? In what kind, let's know To you that chok'd it.-Let be call'd before us

this exaction? That gentleman of Buckingham's: in person Q. Kath. I am much too venturous I'll hear him his confessions justify;

In tempting of your patience; but am bolden'd And point by point the treasons of his master Under your promis'd pardon. The subject's He shall again relate.

Comes through commissions, which compel The King takes his state.The Lords of the

from each Council take their several pluces. The CARDI- The sixth part of his substance, to be levied NAL places himself under the King's feet on his Without delay; and the pretence for this right side.

Is nam'd, your wars in France : This makes

freeze

mouths: A noise within, crying, Room for the Queen. I Enter the QUEEN, ushered by the Dukes of

Tongues spit their duties out, and cold hearts NORFOLK and SupFOLK: she kneels. The | Allegiance in them; their curses now, King riseth from his state, takes her up, kiss

Live where their prayers did; and it's come es, and placeth her by him.

to pass,

That tractable obedience is a slave Q. Kath. Nay, we must longer kneel; I am To each incensed will. I would, your highnes a suitor.

Would give it quick consideration, for
K. Hen. Arise, and take place by us:-Half There is no primer business.
your suit

K. Hen. By my life,
Never name to us; you have half our power: This is against our pleasure.
The other moiety, ere you ask, is given;

Wol. And for me,
Repeat your will, and take it.

I have no farther gone in this, than by Q. Käth. Thank your majesty.

A single voice; and that not pass'd me, but That you would love yourself; and, in that love, By learned approbation of the judges. Not unconsider'd leave your honour, nor If I am traduc'd by tongues, which neither The dignity of your office, is the point

My faculties, nor person, yet will be (know Of my petition.

The chronicles of my doing, let me say, K. Hen. Lady, mine!-proceed.

'Tis but the fate of place, and the rough brake* Q. Kath. I am solicited, not by a few, That virtue must go through. We must not And those of true condition, that your subjects Our necessary actions, in the fear (stintt Are in great grievance: there hath been com To copet malicious censurers; which ever, missions

(heart As ravenous fishes, do a vessel follow Sent down among them, which have flaw'd the | That is new trimm'd; but benefit no further Of all their loyalties :- wherein, although, Than vainly longing. What we oft do best, My good lord cardinal, they vent reproaches By sick interpreters, onces weak ones, is Most bitterly on you, as putter-on

Not ours, or not allow'd;// 'what worst, as ost Of these exactions, yet the king our master, Hitting a grosser quality, is cried up (Whose honour heaven shield from soil!) even For our best act. If we shall stand still, he escapes not

In sear our motion will be mock'd or carp'd at, Language unmannerly, yea, such which breaks We should take root here where we sit, or sit The sides of loyalty, and almost appears State statues only. In loud rebellion."

K. Hen. Things done well, Nor. Not almost appears,

And with a care, exempt themselves from fear; It doth appear; for, upon these taxations, Things done without example, in their issue The clothiers all, not able to maintain

Are to be fear'd. Have you a precedent The many to them 'longing, have put off Of this commission? I believe, not any. The spinsters, carders, fullers, weavers, who, We must not rend our subjects from our laws, Unfit for other life, compell’d by hunger And stick them in our will. Sixth part of each? And lack of other means, in desperate manner | A trembling contribution! Why, we take, Daring the event to the teeth, are all in uproar, From every tree, lop, bark, and part o the timAnd danger serves among them.

ber;

[hack'd, K. Hen. Taxation!

[nal, And, though we leave it with a root, thus Wherein? and what taxation ?-My lord cardi- The air will drink the sap. To every county, You that are blam'd for it alike with us, Where this is question'd, send our letters, witli Know you of this taxation?

Free pardon to each man that has denied Wol. Please you, Sir,

The force of this commission : Pray, look to't I know but of a single part, in aught

I put it to your care. Pertains to the state; and front but in that filet | 'Wol. A word with you. Where others tell steps with me.

[To the SECRETARY Q. Kath. No, my lord,

Let there be letters writ to every shire, You know no more than others: but you frame of the king's grace and pardon. The griev'd Things, that are known alike; which are not

commons wholesome

[must | Hardly conceive of me; let it be nois'd, To those which would not know them, and yet That, ihrough our intercession, this revokement

1 Thicket of inurns. Recard. Encountee Chair. t I am only one among the other counsellors. Sometime.

i Approved

And pardon comes: I shall anon advise you 1 He solemnly had sworn, that, what he spoke,
Further in the proceeding. [Exit SECRETARY. My chaplain to no creature living, but
Enter SURVEYOR.

To me, should utter, with demure confidence

This pausingly ensud,- Neither the king, nor his Q. Kath. I am sorry, that the duke of Buck. s run in your displeasure. [ingham (Tell you the duke ) shall prosper : bid him stride K. Hen. It grieves many:

[speaker, ) To gain the love of the commonalty; the duke The gentleman is learn'd, and a mostrare Shall govern England. To nature none more bound; his training such, Q. Kath. If I know you well, That he may furnish and instruct great teach- | You were the duke's surveyor, and lost your And never seek for aid out* of himself. [ers,

office

[heed, Yet see,

On the complaint o' the tenants : Take good When these so noble benefits shall prove

You charge not in your spleen a noble person, Not well dispos'd, the mind growing once | And spoil your nobler soul! I say, take heed; corrupt,

. [ugly | Yes, heartily beseech you. They turn to vicious forms, ten times more K. Hen. Let him on: Than ever they were fair. This man so cóm- Go forward. plete,

(we, Surv. On my soul, l'll speak but truth. Who was enroll's 'mongst wonders, and when I told my lord the duke, By the devil's illusions Almost with ravish'd list’ning, could not find The monk might be deceiv'd; and that 'twas His hour of speech a minute: be, my lady,

dang'rous for him, Hath into monstrous habits put the graces To ruminate on this so far, until [liev'd, That once were his, and is become as black It forg'd him some design, which, being be As if besmear'd in hell. Sit by us; you shall It was much like to do: He answer'd, Tush! hear

It cun do me no damuge: adding further, (This was his gentleman in trust,) of him That, had the king in his last sickness faild, Things to strike honour sad.-Bid him recount The cardinal's and Sir Thomas Lovell's heads The fore-recited practices; whereof

Should have gone off. We cannot feel too little, hear too much.

K. Hen. Ha! what, so rank? Ah, ha! Wol Stand forth; and with bold spirit re- There's mischief in this man : Canst thou late what you,

il say further? Most like a careful subject, have collected Suro. I can, my liege. . Out of the Duke of Buckingham.

K. Hen. Proceed. K. Hen. Speak freely.

Surv. Being at Greenwich, Suro. First, it was usual with him, every day After your highness had reprov'd the duke It would infect his speech, That if the king About Sir William Blomer, Should without issue die, he'd carryt it so TK. Hen. I remember, To make the sceptre his: These very words Of such a time:-Being my servant sworn, I have heard him utter to his son-in-law, The duke retain'd him his. But on; What Lord Aberga'ny; to whom by oath he menac'd

hence? Revenge upon the cardinal.

Sury. If, quoth he, I for this had been comWol. Please your highness, note

mitted, This dangerous conception in this point. As to the Tower, I thought,- I would have play'd Not friended by his wish, to your high person The part my father meant to act upon His will is most malignant; and it stretches The usurper Richurd: who, being at Salisbury, Beyond you, to your friends.

Made suit to come in his presence; which Q. Kath. My learn'd lord cardinal,

granted, Deliver all with charity.

As he mude semblance of his duty, would K. Hen. Speak on:

Have put his knife into him. How grounded he his title to the crown,

K. Hen. A giant traitor! Upon our fail; to this point hast thou heard Wol. Now, madam, may his highness live At any time speak aught?

[him Surv. He was brought to this

And this man out of prison?
By a vain prophecy of Nicholas Hopkins. Q. Kath. God mend all !
K. Hen. What was that Hopkins?

Å. Hen. There's something more would out Surv. Sir, a Chartreux friar,

of thee; What say'st? His confessor; who fed him every minute Surd. After--the duke his father, with the With words of sovereignty.

knife,

[dagger, K. Ren. How know'st thou this?

He stretch'd him, and, with one hand on his Surv. Not long before your highness sped to Another spread on bis breast, mounting his France,

eyes,

(tenour The duke being at the Rose, within the parish He did discharge a horrible oath; whose Saint Lawrence Poultney, did of me demand | Was,–Were he evil us’d, he would outgo What was the speech amongst the Londoners | His father, by as much as a performance Concerring the French journey: I replied, Does an irresolute purpose. Men fear'd, the French would prove perfidious, K. Hen. There's his period. To the king's danger. Presently the duke

To sheath bis knife in us. He is attach'd, Said, 'Twas the fear, indeed; and that he Call him to present trial: if he may doubted,

Find mercy in the law, 'tis his; if none, "Twould prove the verity of certain words

Let him not seek’t of us: By day and night, Spoke by a holy monk; That oft, says he He's traitor to the height.

[Exeunt. Hath sent to me, wishing me to permit John de la Court, my chaplain, a choice hour

SCENE III.-A Room in the Palace. To hear from him a matter of some moment: Whom after under the confession's seal

Enter the Lord CHAMBERLAIN, and Lord SANDS

1 Cham. Is it possible, he spells of France * Dcyond,

+ Conduct, manage. : Yow Merchant Taylors' School.

shoud juggle

Wol. in freedom, prison?

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