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York. I know, our safety is to follow them; Su. Now, by my sword, well hast thou

For, as I hear, the king is Aed to London, fonght to-day ;

[Richard :

To call a present court of parliament. By the mass, so did we all.-I thank you,

Let us pursue him, ere the writs go forth:God knows, how long it is I have to live;

| What says lord Warwick; shall we after And it hath pleas'd him, that three times to-day

them? You have defended me from imminent death.

War. After them! nay, before them, if we Well, lords, we have not got that which we

"which we l... can. have:*

Now by my faith, lords, 'twas a glorious day: "Tis not enough our foes are this time fled,

Saint Albans' battle, won by famous York, Being opposites of such repairing nature.t

Shall be eterniz'd in all age to come.* l.e. We have not sec od that which we have ac

Sound, drums and trumpets ;-and to London

all: quired.

+ 1. e. Being enemies that are likely so soon to rally and And more such days as tacse to us befall! sowser thernselves from this defeat.

[Ereunt. :





Sir John Mortimer, Uncles to the Duke of EDWARD, Prince of Wales, his Son.

Sir Hugh MORTIMER, 3

York. LEWIS XI. King of France..

| HENRY, Earl of Richmond, a Youth. DUKE OF SOMERSET, DUKE OF EXE-Lords LORD Rivers, Brother to Lady Grey.--SIR



HUNTSMAN.--A Son that has killed his Fawards King Edward IV.

ther.-A Father that has killed his Son. EDMUND, Earl of Rutland, GEORGE, afterwards Duke of Cla- } His Sons. Queen

Queen MARGARET. rence,

LADY Grey, afterwards Queen to Edward IV. RICHARD, afterwards Duke of Glo

BONA, Sister to the French Queen. cester, DUKE OF NORFOLK,

Soldiers, and other attendants on King Henry MARQUIS OF MONTAGUE,

and King Edward, Messengers, WatchEARL OF WARWICK,

| or the Duke of men, &c. EARL OF PEMBROKE,

ī York's party. LORD HASTINGS,

Scene, during part of the third Act, in France; LORD STAFFORD,

during all the rest of the Play, in England.


York. Richard hath best deserv'd of all my SCENE I.-London.The Parliament-House.



What, is your grace dead, my lord of SomerDrums. Some Soldiers of York's party break

Norf. Such hope have all the line of John of in. Then, Enter the Duke of YORK, EDWARD,

Gaunt! RICHARD, NORFOLK, MONTAGUE, WARWICE, Rich. Thus do I hope to shake king Henry's and others, with White Roses in their Hats.

head. War. I wonder how the king escap'd our War. And so do I.–Victorious prince of hands.

York, York. While we pursu'd the horsemen of Before I see thee seated in that throne the north,

Which now the house of Lancaster usurps, He slily stole away, and left his men:

I vow by heaven, these eyes shall never close. Whereat the great lord of Northumberland, This is the palace of the fearful king, Whose warlike ears could never brook retreat, I And this the regal seat: possess it, York: Cheer'd up the drooping army; and himself, 'For this is thine, and not king Henry's heirs. Lord Clifford, and lord Stafford, all a-breast, York. Assist me then, sweet Warwick, and Charg'd our main battle's front, and, break

I will; ing in,

For hither we have broken in by force. Were by the swords of common soldiers slain. Norf. We'll all assist you; he, that flies, Edw. Lord Stafford's father, duke of Buck

shall die. ingham,

York. Thanks, gentle Norfolk,-Stay by me, Is either slain, or wounded dangerous:

my lords ;

[night. I cleft his beaver with a downright blow; | And, soldiers, stay, and lodge by me this That this is true, father, behold his blood. Wur. And when the king comes, offer him (Showing his bloody Sword.

no violence, Mont. And, brother, here's the earl of Wilt Unless he seek to thrust you out by force. shire's blood, (To YORK, showing his.

They retire. Whom I encounter'd as the battles join'd. York. The queen, this day, here holds her Rich, Speak thou for me, and tell them what

parliament, I did.

But little thinks we shall be of her council; Throwing down the Duke of SOMERSET's Head. | By words, or blows, here let us win our right self.,

Rich. Arm'd as we are, let's stay within this War. True, Clitford; and that's Richard, house,

duke of York. War. The bloody parliament shall this be K. Hen. And shall I stand, and thou sit in callid,

my throne? Unless Plantagenet, duke of York, be king; York. It must and shall be so. Content thy, And bashful Henry depos'd, whose cowardice Hath made us by-words to our enemies.

War. Be duke of Lancaster, let him be king. York. Then leave me not, my lords; be re West. He is both king and duke of Lancaster: solute;

| And that the lord of Westmoreland shall mainI mean to take possession of my right.

tain. War. Neither the king, nor he that loves War. And Warwick shall disprove it. You him best,


field, The proudest he that holds up Lancaster, That we are those, which chas'd you from the Dares stir a wing, if Warwick shake his bells. And slew your fathers, and with colours I'll plant Plantagenet, root him up who . spread dares:

(crown. | March'd through the city to the palace gates. Resolve thee, Richard; claim the English North. Yes, Warwick, I remember it to my [WARWICK leads York to the Throne, who

grief; seats himself.

And, by his soul, thou and thy house shall

rue it. Flourish. Enter King HENRY, CLIFFORD,

West. Plantagenet, of thee, and these thy


[lives, ter, and others, with red Roses in their Hats.

| Thy kinsmen, and thy friends, I'll have more

| Than drops of blood were in my father's veins. K. Hen. My lords, look where the sturdy Clif. Urge it no more; lest that, instead of rebel sits,

words, Even in the chair of state! belike, he means, I send thee, Warwick, such a messenger, (Back'd by the power of Warwick, that false | As shall revenge his death, before I stir. peer,)

War. Poor Clifford! how I scorn his worthTo aspire unto the crown, and reign as king.-

less threats! Earl of Northumberland, he slew thy father ;

York. Will you, we show our title to the And thine, Jord Clifford; and you both have

crown? vow'd revenge

If not, our swords shall plead it in the field. On him, his sons, his favourites, and his friends.

K. Hen, What title hast thou, traitor, to the North. If I be not, heavens, be reveng'd on

crown? me!

Thy father was, as thou art, duke of York; Clif. The hope thereof makes Clifford mourn Thy grandfather, Roger Mortimer, earl of in steel.

March : West. What, shall we suffer this? let's pluck I am the son of Henry the fifth, him down:

Who made the Dauphin and the French to My heart for anger burns. I cannot brook it. K. Hen. Be patient, gentle earl of West- | And seiz'd upon their towns and provinces. moreland.

War. Talk not of France, sith* thou hast lost Clif. Patience is for poltroons, and such as

K. Hen. The lord protector lost it, and not I; He durst not sit there had your father liv'd. When I was crown'd, I was but nine months My gracious lord, here in the parliament

old. Let us assail the family of York.

Rich. You are old enough now, and yet, North. Well hast thou spoken, consin ; be it

methinks, you lose :

Father, tear the crown from the usurper's head. K. Hen. Ah, know you not, the city favours Edw. Sweet father, do so; set it on your them,

head. And they have troops of soldiers at their beck ? Mont. Good brother, [To York.] as thou Exe. But when the duke is slain, they'll

lov'st and honour'st arms, quickly fly.

Let's fight it out, and pot stand cavilling thus. K. Hen. Far be the thought of this from Rich. Sound drums and trumpets, and the Henry's heart,

king will fiy. To make a shambles of the parliament-house! York. Sons, peace! Cousin of Exeter, frowns, words, and threats,

K. Hen. Peace thou! and give king Henry Shall be the war that Henry means to use.

leave to speak. [They advance to the Duke.

War. Plantagenet shall speak first:-hear Thou factious duke of York, descend my throne,

him, lords ; And kneel for grace and mercy at my feet;

| And be you silent and attentive too, I am thy sovereign.

For he, that interrupts him, shall not live. York, Thou art deceiv’d, I am thine.

K. Hen. Think'st thou, that I will leave m Exe. For shame, come down; he made thee

kingly throne, duke of York.

Wherein my grandsiré, and my father, sat? York. 'Twas my inheritance, as the earldom

No: first shall war uppeople this my realm; was.

Ay, and their colours-often borne in France; Exe. Thy father was a traitor to the crown.

And now in England, to our heart's great sorWar. Exeter, thou art a traitor to the crown,


[lords 1 In following this usurping Henry.

Shall be my winding sheet.-Why faint you, Clif. Whom should be follow, but his natural | My title's good, and better far than his. king?

War. But prove it, Henry, and thou shalt be


it all.




Hawks had sometimes little belle hung on them, per. hapo to dare the birds; that is, to fright them from rising.




cil'd. .,

K. Hen. Henry the fourth by conquest got, Clif. Come, cousin, let us teil the quees the crown.

these news. York. 'Twas by rebellion against his king. West, Farewell, faint-hearted and degene. K. Hen. I know not what to say; my title's

rate king, weak.

In whose cold blood no spark of honour bides. Tell me, may not a king adopt an heir ?

North. Be thou a prey unto the house of York. What then?

York, K. Hen. An if he may, then am I lawful | And die in bands for this unmanly deed! king:

Clif. In dreadful war may'st thou be overFor Richard, in the view of many lords,

come! Resign'd the crown to Henry the fourth; Or live in peace, abandon'd, and despis'd! Whose heir my father was, and I am his.

[Exeunt NORTHUMBERLAND, CLIFFORD, ana York. He rose against him, being his sove


War. Turn this way, Henry, and regard And made him to resign his crown perforce.

them not. War. Suppose, my lords, he did it uncun Exe. They seek revenge, and therefore wil. strain'd,

not yield. Think you, 'twere prejudicial to his crown ?* K. Hen. Ah, Exeter! Exe. No; for he could not so resign his War. Why should you sigh, my lord ? crown,

reign. K. Hen. Not for myself, lord Warwick, but But that the next heir should succeed and

my son, K. Hen. Art thou against us, duke of Exe Whom I unnaturally shall disinherit. ter?

But, be it as it may :- I here entail Exe. He is the right, and therefore pardon | The crown to thee, and to thine heirs for ever; me.

Conditionally, that here thou take an oath York. Why whisper you, my lords, and an. To cease this civil war, and, whilst I live, swer not?

To honour me as thy king and sovereign; Exe. My conscience tells me he is lawful And neither by treason, nor hostility,

To seek to put me down, and reign thyself. h. Hen. All will revolt from me, and turn to York. This oath I willingly take, and will

perform. [Coming from the Throne. North. Plantagene, for all the claim thou Wur. Long live king Henry!-- Plantagenet, lay'st,

embrace him. Think not, that Hepry shall be so depos'd. K. Hen. And long live thou, and these thy War. Depos'd he shall be, in despite of all.

forward sons ! North. Thou art deceiv'd: 'tis not thy south York. Now York and Lancaster are recon

ern power, Of Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk, nor of Kent, Exe. Accurs'd be he, that seeks to make them Which makes thee thus presumptuous and

foes! (Senet. The Lords come forward. proud,

York. Farewell, my gracious lord; I'll to my Can set the duke up, in despite of me.

castle. Clif. King Henry, be thy title right or wrong, War. And I'll keep London, with my solLord Clifford vows to fight in thy defence:

diers. May that ground gape, and swallow me alive, Norf. And I to Norfolk, with my followers. Where I shall kneel to him that slew my fa Mont. And I unto the sea, from whence I ther!

came, K. Flen. () Clifford, how thy words revive [Exeunt York, and his Sons, WARWICK, my heart!

NORFOLK, MONTAGUE, Soldiers, and York. Henry of Lancaster, resign thy

Attendants. crown:

K. Hen. And I, with grief and sorrow, to What mutter you, or what conspire you, lords?

the court. Wur. Do right unto this princely duke of York ;

Enter Queen MARGARET and the Prince of Or I will fill the house with armed men,

WALES. And, o'er the chair of state, where now he sits, Exe. Here comes the queen, whose looks beWrite up his title with usurping blood.

wray* her anger: (He stamps, and the Soldiers show themselves. I'll steal away. k. Hen. My lord of Warwick, hear me but K. Hen. Exeter, so will I.

[Going. one word ;

Q. Mur. Nay, go not from me, I will follove Let me, for this my life-time, reign as king.

thee. York. Confirm the ci TK. Logurm the crown to me, and to mine K. Hen. Be patient, gentle queen, and I will heirs,

stay. And thou shalt reign in quiet while thou liv'st. Q. Mar. 'Who can be patient in such ex K. Hen. I am content: Richard Plantagenet,

tremes? Enjoy the kingdom after my decease.

Ah, wretched man!’would I had died a maid, Clif. What wrong is this unto the prince your And never seen thee, never borne thee son, son?

Seeing thou hast prov'd so unnatural a father. War. What good is this to England, and Hath he desery'd to lose his birthright thus? himself?

Hadst thou but lov'd him half so well as I; Hlest. Base, fearful, and despairing Henry! Or felt that pain which I did for him once; L'liq. How hast thou injur'd both thyself and Or nourish'd him, as I did with my blood; u8?

Thou wouldst have left thy dearest heart West. I cannot stay to hear these articles.

blood there, North. Nor I.

Rather than made that savage duke thine heir,

And disinherited thine only sov. • I. e. Detriental to the general rights of hereditary oyalty.

Betray, discover.

Prince. Father, you cannot disinherit me: 1 Edw. No quarrel, but a slight contention. If you be king, why should not I succeed? | York. About what? K. Hen. Pardon me, Margaret ;-pardon me, Rich. About that which concerns your grace. sweet son ;


and us; The earl of Warwick, and the duke, enforc'd | The crown of England, father, which is yours. Q. Mar. Enforc'd thee! art thou king, and York. Mine, boy? not till king Henry be wilt be forc'd ?


dead.' I shame to hear thee speak. Ah, timorous Rich. Your right depends not on his life, or Thou hast undone thyself, thy son, and me;

death. And given unto the house of York sucb head, Edw. Now you are heir, therefore enjoy it As thou shalt reign but by their sufferance.


[breathe, To entail him and his heirs unto the crown, By giving the house of Lancaster leave to What is it, but to make thy sepulchre,

It will outrun you, father, in the end. And creep into it far before thy time?'

York. I took an oath, that he should quietly Warwick'is chancellor, and the lord of Calais;

reign. Stern Faulconbridge commands the narrow Edw. But, for a kingdom, any oath may be seas;

broken: The duke is made protector of the realm ; I'd break a thousand oaths, to reign one year. And yet shalt thou be safe? such safety finds Rich. No; God forbid, your grace should be The trembling lamb, environed with wolves.

forsworn. Had I been there, which am a silly woman, York. I shall be, if I claim by open war. The soldiers should have toss'd me on their Rich. I'll prove the contrary, if you'll hear pikes,

me speak. Before I would have granted to that act.

York. Thou canst not, son; it is impossible. But thou preferr'st thy life before thine honour: Rich. An oath is of no moment, being not And seeing thou dost, I here divorce myself, | Before a true and lawful magistrate, (took Both from thy table, Henry, and thy bed, That hath authority over him that swears : Until that act of parliament be repeal’d, Henry had none, but did usurp the place; Whereby my son is disinherited.

| Then, seeing 'twas he that made you to depose, The northern lords, that have forsworn thy Your oath, my lord, is vain and frivolous. colours,

Therefore, to arms. And, father, do but think, Will follow mine, if once they see them spread: How sweet a thing it is to wear a crown;

And spread they shall be; to thy foul disgrace, Within whose circuit is Elysium,
And utter ruin of the house of York.

And all that poets feign of bliss and joy.
Thus do I leave thee :--Come, son, let's away; Why do we línger thus? I cannot rest,
Our army's ready; come, we'll after them. Until the white rose, that I wear, be dyed
K. Hen. Stay, gentle Margaret, and hear me | Even in the lukewarm blood of Henry's heart.

York. Richard, enough; I will be king, or Q. Mar. Thou hast spoke too much already;

die.get thec gone.

Brother, thou shalt to London presently, K. Hen. Gentle son Edward, thou wilt stay And whet on Warwick to this enterprise.with me?

Thou, Richard, shalt unto the duke of Norfolk, Q. Mar. Ay, to be murder'd by his enemies. And tell him privily of our intent.Prince. When I return with victory from the / You, Edward, shall unto my lord Cobham, field,

With whom the Kentishmen will willingly rise: I'll see your grace: till then, I'll follow her. In them I trust; for they are soldiers, Q. Mar. Come, son, away; we may not lin-Witty and courteous, liberal, full of spirit. ger tbus.

While you are thus employ'd, what resteth [Exeunt Queen MARGARET, and the PRINCE. But that I seek occasion how to rise; (more; k. Hen. Poor queen! how love to me, and And yet the king not privy to my drift, to her son,

| Nor any of the house of Lancaster? Hath made her break out into terms of rage! Reveng'd may she be on that hateful duke;

Enter a MESSENGER. Whose haughty spirit, winged with desire, But, stay; What news? Why con'st thou in Will cost my crown, and, like

such post? Tire on the flesh of me, and of my son !

Mess. The queen, with all the northern earls The loss of those three lords torments my

and lords, heart:

Intend here to besiege you in your castle: I'll write unto them, and entreat them fair; She is hard by with twenty thousand men ; Come, cousin, you shall be the messenger And therefore fortify your hold, my lord. Exe. And I, I hope, shall reconcile them all. York. Ay, with my sword. What! think'st


thou, that we fear them?SCENE II.-A Room in Sandal Castle, near

| Edward and Richard, you shall stay with me;Wakefield, in Yorkshire.

My brother Montague shall post to London:

Let noble Warwick, Cobham, and the rest, Enter EDWARD, RICHARD, und MONTAGUE. Whom we have left protectors of the king, Rich. Brother, though I be youngest, give

| With powerful policy strengthen themselves, me leave.

And trust not simple Henry, nor his oaths. Edw. No, I can better play the orator.

Mont. Brother, I go; I'll win them, fear it Mont. But I have reasons strong and for

| And thus most humbly I do take my leave.

Enter YORK.
York. Why, how now, sons and brother, at Enter Sir John and Sir Hugh MORTIMER.
a strife?

York. Sir John, and Sir Hugh Mortima : What is your quarrel ? how began it first?

mine uncles! * Peck

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