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for us ; into which they that believe are instantly thereupon received, and where once received, they shall dwell for ever: a building of mercy, in which every slove, from the bottom to the top, from the foundation stone to the cope. ftone, is pure mercy, rich and free mercy to us.
Of this building of mercy I shall drop a few words.
And, 1. The plan of it was drawn from all eternity, in the council of the Trinity : for it is according to the eternal purpose purposed in Jesus Chris, Eph. iii. 11. The objects of mercy, the time and place, the way and means of conferring it on them, were designed particularly, before man was miserable, yea, before he was at all.
2. The builder is God himself, the Father, Son and Holy Ghost, i Cor. iii. 9. Ye are God's building. All hands of the glorious Trinity are at work in this building. The Fa. ther chose the objects of mercy, and gave them to the Son to be redeemed: the Son purchased redemption for them; and the Holy Ghost applies the purchased redemption unto them. But it is specially attributed to the Son, on the account of his fingular agency in the work : Zech. vi. 12. Behold the man whose name is the BRANCH --He shall build the temple of the Lord. Verse 13. Even he shall build the temple of the Lord, and he shall bear the glory. 3. The foundation was laid deep in the eternal council; beyond the reach of the eyes of men and angels. Paul confidering it, cries out, О the depth! Rom. xi. 33. For who hath known the mind of the Lord, or who hath been his counsellor ?
4. It is more than five thousand years since this uilding rose above ground. And the first ftone of it jat appeared, was a promise, a promise of a Saviour, made
Paradise after the fall, Gen. iii. 15. namely, That the ed of the woman should bruise the head of the serpent. Here was mercy. And mercy was laid upon mercy. Upon promising mercy was laid quickening mercy, whereby our lost first parents were enabled to believe the promise : and upon quickening mercy was laid pardoning mercy to them; and upon that again fanctifying and establishing mercy : and at length Fving mercy,
5. The cement is blood: the blood
ist the Mediator, which is the blood of God,
No saving mercy for finners could confift,
mercy lie firm upon another in the
building, without being cemented with that precious tlood:
In which words, together with the fecond text, the
& of mercy ftands; to wit, A C2"Int. 2. The parties contraclors in that covenani. taking of it. 4. The nature of it.
I. The foundation on which the building of mercy ftands, is a covenant, a divine covenant, a sure one. Th first building for man's happiness was a building of bounty and goodness, but not of mercy; for man was not in mifery, when it was a rearing up. And it was founded on a covenant too; namely on the covenant of works, made with the first Adam : but he broke the covenant, and the whole building cumbled down in an instant. But this is another covenant, and of another nature. In the type indeed and shadow, it is the covenant of royalty with David, 2 Sam. vii. 11, -17. which was a foundation of mercy to his family, securing the continuance of it, and that as a royal family. Howbeit, in the antitype and truth, it is the covenant of grace, the covenant of eternal life and falvation to fingers the spiritual seed of the head thereof, to be given them in the way of free grace and mercy, Psalm 1xxxix. 24, 29, 36. and in which they are freed from the curse, so that it cannot reach them, notwithftanding of their failures: but the Lord deals with them as his children still, though offending children ; ver. 30, 53. and all by the means of Jesus Christ the Saviour, the mighty One, ver. 19. This is the foundation of the whole building of mercy to finners in their low eftate, into which they were brought by Adam's fall. The revelation, promulgation, and offer made unto the fons of men, of this covenant which lay hid in the depths of the eternal council, is called the gospel; the glad tidings of a new covenant for life and salvation to finners.
11. The parties contractors in this covenant are, God, and his Chosen, the last Adam : for it is evident from the nature of the things here spoken of ver. 3, 4. and from 2 Sam. vii. 8. that these words, I have made a covenant with my Chofer, are the Lord's own words. Both heaven and earth were concerned in this covenant; for it was a covenant of peace between them; and accordingly the intereits of both are seen to by the parties contractors. On heaven's side is God himself, the party proposer of the covenant, I have made a covenant with my Chofen. He was the offended party, yet the motion for a covenant of peace comes froin him : a certain indication of the good will of the whole glorious Trinity towards the re
covery of loft finners. The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Chrift, the Father of mercies, beholding a loft world, his mercy seeks a vent, that it may be shown to the miserable: but justice stands in the way of the egress and building of mercy, without there be a covenant whereby it may be satisfied. Then faith the Father, “The “ first covenant will not serve the purpose of mercy : there “ must be a new bargain : but the lost creatures have no" thing left, to contract for themselves : unless another “ take the burden upon him for them, there is no remedy os in the case: they cannot chufe such an one for them“ selves ; I will make a choice for them, and make the co* venant with my Chofen.” 2. On man's fide, then is God's Chofen, or chosen One ; for the word is fingular. This chosen One, in the type, the covenant of royalty, is David : but in the antitype, the covenant of grace, it is the Son of God, the last Adam, even Christ the chosen of God, Luke xxiii. 35. The truth is, such great things are said of this party with whom this covenant was made, of his feed, and of the efficacy of this covenant, as can fully agree to none but Christ and his spiritual feed, verse 4, 27, 29, 39, 37. The royal family of Judah, the house cf David never recovered their ancient splendor, after the Babylonish captivity; with a view to which time, this Pfalm' seems to have been penned. Their kingdom is extinct many ages ago ; and the grandeur of that family, according to ihe flesh, is quite lunk. But the promise made to David in the covenant of royalty, ftill flourisheth, and will flourish for ever in Jesus Christ, the topbranch of the family of David. How then can it be, but that, in the perpetual building of mercy, mentioned verse 2. and the eftablishing of David's feed, and building up his throne to all generations, verse 4. Christ himself is chiefly aimed at ? And indeed he only was the mighty One, fit for the vaft undertaking in this covenant, verse 19. and him the Father points out to us, as his elect or chosen One, Ifa. x
III. As to the making of this covenant between contracting parties : The Father made it with his Son, I have made a covenant with my Chofen, and that is fore the world began, Tit. i. 2. By their mutual agree
ment thereto, this covenant was completely made from eternity, even as the coverant of works with the firit Adam was, be!ore we were in being. The original text calls it cutting off a covenant; which phrase is taken from that ancient usage of cutting of a beaft, by cutting it afunder, at the making of a covenant, Jer. xxxiv. 18. It intimates this covenant to be a covenant by facrifice; wherein the party-contractor on man's fide was the facrifice, and divine Justice the sword tha: cut it afunder, according to Zech. xiii. 8. Awake, O sword, against my Shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, faith the Lord of hosts ; Imite the freplerd. And withal it imports. the invio. lableness and perpetuity of the covenant made :e no more for ever to be dissolved, than the parts of the beast cut off one from the other, to be joined together as formerly.
IV. For the nature of the covenant: There are five things belonging thereto that appear from the texts; Tiamely, 1. The being of a representation in it; 2. The design for which it was set on foot; 3. That there are in it a condition, and 4. A promise ; and 5. Ioto whose hands the adminiftration' of it is put.
1. There is a representation taking place in this cove. nant. As it was in the first covenant, fo it was likewise in the second; the party.contractor and undertaker on man's fide, was a representative, representing and fufaining the persons of others. This appears, in that the chosen One with whom the covenant was made, is called the lait Adam : for it is plain, he is so called in relation to the first Adam, who was the figure (or type) of him, Rom. v. 14. namely, in that likeas the firit Adam representing bis seed in the covenant of works, brought fin and death on them; so he representing his, brings righteousness and life to them : as the apostle teacheth at large in that chapter.
2. The design of this covenant was life, the most valu. able interest of mankind. The lasi Adum was made a quickening Spirit, to wit, to give life to his seed. So it is a covenant of life, as the covenant of Levi, a type thereof, is expressiy called, Mal. ij. 5. The first covenant was a curenant of life 100 ; but there is this difference, to wit, that the firf was for life in perfection to upright man