Page images

Divine things not rer'caled to the proud


and haughty, but to the simple of heart.

A.M. 4032.
A.D. 98.

CCI. 4.

CCI. 4.

21 1 * In that hour Jesus rejoiced in | see, and have not seen them ; and to A.M. 432. An. Olymp. spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Fa- bear those things which ye hear, and An. Olymp.

ther, Lord of heaven and earth, that have not heard them. thou hast hid these things from the wise and 25 [ And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes : || and tempted him, saying, 5 Master, what shall even so, Father ; for so it seemed good in thy I do to inherit eternal life? sight.

26 He said unto him, What is written in the 22 • All things are delivered to me of my fa law? how readest thou ? ther : and ano man knoweth who the Son is, but 27 And he answering, said, “Thou shalt love the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with and he to whom the Son will reveal him. all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with

23. And he turned him unto his disciples, all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself. and said privately, Blessed are the


which 28 And he said unto him, Thou hast ansee the things that ye see:

swered right: this do, and k thou shalt live. 24 For I tell you, 'that many prophets and 29 But he, willing to 'justify himself, said kings have desired to see those things which ye unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour ?

* Matt. 11. 25.-- - Matt. 28. 18. John 3. 33. & 5. 97. & 17. 2.Mans ancient copies add these words, And turning this disciples, he suid. Jolin 1. 18. & , 41, 46.

Watt. 13. 16. 1 Pet. 1. 10.---- Matt. 19. 16. & 92. 35,-Deut. 6.0.- Ley. 19. 18.-ok Les, 18.5. Neb. 9. 9. Ezek. 40. 11, 18, 9. Rom. 10. 5.- Icb. 16. 15.

[ocr errors]

the names of all the citizens in a public register, that the se- Thou hast hid] That is, thou hast not revealed them to the veral families might be known, and the inheritances properly | Scribes and Pharisees, who idolized their own wisdom; but preserved. This custom is still observed even in these king- thou hast revealed them to the simple and humble of heart. doms, though not particularly noticed. Every child that is Verse 22. The Codex Alexandrinus, several other very anborn in the land, is ordered to be registered, with the names of cient MSS. and some ancient Versions, as well as the margin its parents and the time when born, baptized or registered; of our own, begin this verse with, And turning to his disand this register is generally kept in the parish church, or inciples, he said. But as this clause begins ver. 23, it is not some public place of safety. Such a register as this is called likely that it was originally in both. Griesbach has left these in Phil. iv. 3. Rev. iji. 5, &c. the book of life, i. e. the book or words out of the text, and Professor White says, certissime segister where the persons were enrolled as they cume into life. delenda, “these words should most assuredly be erased." It appears also probable, that when any person died, or behaved Verse 22. All things are delivered to me! See on Matt. xi. improperly, his name was songht out and erased from the 27. book, tv prevent any confusion that might happep in conse- Verse 23. Blessed are the eyes which see the things that ye querice of improper persons laying claim to an estate, and to see] There is a similar saying to this among the Rabbins, in Socut off the unworthy from the rights and privileges of the hær. Genes. where it is said, “ Blessed is that generation which peaceable, upright citizens. To this custom of blotting the the earth shall bear, when the King Messiah cometh. Daines of deceased and disorderly persons out of the public Verse 24. Many prophets) See on Matt. xiji. 11, and 17. registers, there appear to be allusions, Exod. xxxii. 32. where Verse 25. A certain lawyer) See on Matt. xxiv. 35. see the note ; and Rev. iii. 5. Deut. ix. 14. xxv. 19. xxix. 20. Verse 27. Thou shalt love the Lord) See this important sub2 Kings xiv. 27. Psal. Ixix. 28. cix. 13. and in other places. ject explained at large, on Matt. xxii. 37-40.

Verse 21. Rejoiced in spirit] Was truly and heartily joyous: Thy neighbour as thyself.] See the nature of self-love ex felt an inward triumph. But tw AVENGTI çow a yow, the Holy plained, on Matt. xix. 19. Spirit is the reading here of BCDKL. six others; the three Sy- Verse 29. Willing to justify himself ] Wislaing to make it apo riac, latter Persic, l'optic, Æthiopic, Armenian, l'ulgate, all the pear that he was a righteous man; and that consequently be Itala except one, and Augustin and Bede. These might be con- was in the straight road to the kingdom of God, said, who is sidered sufficient authority to admit the word into the text. my neighbour supposing our Lord would have at once an

I thank thee] Bishop PEARCE justly observes, the thanks are swered, “ every Jew is to be considered as such, and the Jews meant to be given to God for revealing them to babes, not for only.” Now as he imagined he had never been deficient in hiding them from the others. See on Matt. xi. 25.

his conduct to any person of his own nation, he thought he

Account of the


good Samarilan.

A. M. 4032.
A. D. 28.

A. D. 28.

CCI. 4.

CCI. 4.

30 And Jesus answering said, A cer-|| 34 And went to him, and bound A. M. 403 :. An. Olymp. tain man went down from Jerusalem to up his wounds, pouring in oil and An. Olymp.

Jericho, and fell among thieves, which wine, and set him on his own beast, stripped him of his raiment, and wounded him, and brought him to an inn, and took care of and departed, leaving him half dead.

him. 31 And by chance there came down a certain 35 And on the morrow when he departed, he priest that way: and when he saw him, he took out two “pence, and gave them to the host, passed by on the other side.

and said unto him, Take care of him: and 32 And likewise a Levite, when he was at the whatsoever thou spendest more, when I come place, came and looked on him, and passed by|| again, I will repay thee. on the other side.

36 Which now of these three, thinkest thou, 33 But a certain Samaritan

Samaritan, as he journeyed, was neighbour unto him that fell among the came where he was: and when he saw him, he thieves ? had compassion on him,

37 And he said, He that shewed mercy on

[blocks in formation]

had amply fulfilled the law. This is the sense in which the the poor Jew was half dead, through the wounds which he Jews understood the word neighbour, as may be seen from had received ;, a priest came where he was. So the priest's Lev. xxix. 15, 16, 17, and 18. But our Lord shews here, that coming while the man was in that state, is the coincidence the acts of kindness which a man is bound to perform to his marked out by the original words. neighbour when in distress, he should perform to any person, Verses 31 and 32. Priest and Levite are mentioned here, of whatever nation, religion, or kindred, whom he finds in partly because they were the most frequent travellers on this necessity. As the word nanoso signifies one who is near, Angl. road, and partly to shew that these were the persons who, Sax. nebsta, he that is next : this very circumstance makes from the nature of their office, were most obliged to perform any person our neighbour, whom we know; and if in distress, works of mercy; and from whom a person in distress, had a an object of our most compassionate regards. If a man came right to expect immediate succour and comfort; and their inhufrom the most distant part of the earth, the moment he is man conduct here was a flat breach of the law, Deut. xxii. 1-4. near you, he has a claim upon your mercy and kindness, as Verse 33. Samaritan is mentioned merely to shew that he you would have on his, were your dwelling place transferred was a person, from whom a Jew had no right to expect any to his native country. It is evident, that our Lord uses the help or relief : because of the enmity which subsisted beword manotoy (very properly translated neighbour, from nae or tween the two nations. nuer, near, and buer, to dwell) in its plain, literal sense. Any Verse 34. Pouring in oil and wine] These, beaten together, person whom you know, who dwells hurd by, or who passes appear to have been used formerly, as a common medicine near you, is your neighbour while within your reach.

for fresh wounds. Verse 30. And Jesus answering] Rather, then Jesus took him An imm] Πανδοχειον, from παν all, and δεχομαι I receive, up. This I believe to be the meaning of the word vroraßwv; because it receives all comers. he threw out a challenge, and our Lord took him up on his Verse 35. Two pence] Two denarii, about fifteen pence, own ground. See Wakefield's Testament.

English; and which probably, were at that time of ten times A certain man went down from Jerusalem] Or, A certain man more value there, than so much is with us now. of Jerusalem going down to Jericho. This was the most public Verse 36. Whichwas neighbour] Which fulfilled the duty road in all Judea, as it was the grand thoroughfare between which one neighbour owes to another? these two cities for the courses of priests, twelve thousand of Verse 37. He that shewed mercy] Or, so much mercy. His whom are said to have resided at Jericho. See Lightfoot. prejudice would not permit him to name the Samaritan, yet

Fell among thieves] At this time the whole land of Judea his conscience obliged him to acknowledge that he was the was much infested with hordes of banditti: and it is not un- only righteous person of the three. likely that many robberies might have been committed on that Go, and do thou likewise.] Be even to thy enemy in disvery road to which our Lord refers.

tress as kind, humane and merciful as this Samaritan was. Verse 31. And by chance] Kata ovynupice properly means As the distress was on the part of a Jew, and the relief was the coincidence of time and circumstance. At the time in which afforded by a Samaritun, the lawyer to be consistent with the Christ is entertained


at the house of Martha.

CCI. 4.

1.0.48 him. Then said Jesus unto him, Go,|| 39 And she had a sister, called Ma- 4. des. An. Olymp. and do thou likewise.

which also sat at Jesus' feet, An. Oly nap.

ry, CCI, 4.

38 Now it came to pass, as they and heard his word. went, that he entered into a certain village: and 40 But Martha was cumbered about much a certain woman named a Martha received him serving, and came to him, and said, Lord, dost into her house.

thou not care that my sister hath left me to

John 11. 1. & 12. 2, S.

bi Cor. 7. 32, &c. ---- Luke 3. 35. Acts 22. 3.

decision he had already given, must feel the force of our aud ascended to the Father-took out two pence, or denarii, Lord's inference, that it was his duty to act to any person, the law and the gospel; the one to convince of sin, the other of whatever nation or religion he might be, as this Samaritan tó shew how it is to be removed-guve them to the host, the had acted toward his countryman. It is very likely that ministers of the gospel for the edification of the church of what onr Lord relates here was a real matter of fact, and not Christ-tuke care of him, as they are God's watchinen and á parable; otherwise the captious lawyer might have objected God's stewards, they are to watch over the flock of Christ, that no such case bad ever existed; and that any inference and give to each his portion of meat in due season. What drawn from it was only begging the question ; but as he was thou spendest more, if thou shouldest lose thy health and life in in all probability, in possession of the fact himself, he was this work-when I come again, to judge the world, I will reforced to acknowledge the propriety of our Lord's inference pay thee, I will reward thee with an eternity of glory. and advice.

Several primitive and modern Fathers treat the text in this Those who are determined to find something allegorical even way. What I have given before, is, I believe the meaning of in the plainest portions of scripture affirm that the whole of our blessed Lord. What I have given here is generully true this relation is to be allegorically considered ; and, according in itself, but certainly does not follow from the text. Mr. to them, the following is the true exposition of the text. The Baxter's Note here is good : “ They who make the wounded certain man means Adam-went down, his fallfrom Jerusalem, man Adam; and the good Samaritan Christ, abuse the passage." DIYU 7x7 yoreh shalom, he shall see peace, perfection, &c. mean- ) A practice of this kind, cannot be too strongly reprobated. ing his state of primitive innocence and excellence-to Jericho, Verse 38. A certain village] If this village was Bethany, (117 yareacho, bis moon) the transitory and changeable state of where Martha and Mary lived, at less than twb miles' distance existence in this world-Thieres, sin and Satan---stripped, from Jerusalem, see John xi. 1, 18. xii. 2. then this must took away his righteousness, which was the clothing of the have happened later than Luke placent because in chap. soul-wounded, infected his heart with all evil and hurtful de- xix. 29. he represents Jesus as having'arrived after this at sires, which are the wounds of the spirit--half dead, possess- Bethany; and what is said in chap. xiii. 22. and xvii. 11. seems ing a living body, carrying about a soul dead in sin.

to confirm, that this visit of Jesus to Martha and Mary ought The priest, the moral law—the Levite, the ceremonial law to be placed later. Bishop Pearce. ---passed by, either could not or would not afford any relief; Received him] Kindly received, unedi foto, she received him because by the law is the knowledge of sin, not the cure of it in a friendly manner, under her roof; and entertained him -A certain Samaritan, Christ; for so he was called by the hospitably. So the word is used in the best Greek writers. Jews, Johin viii. 48.-as he journeyed, meaning his coming Martha is supposed by some to have been a widow, with whom from heaven to earth; his being incarnated-c

-came where he her brother Lazarus and sister Mary lodged. was, put himself in man's place, and bore the punishment Verse 39. Sat at Jesus' feet] This was the posture of the due to his sins-had compassion, it is through the love and Jewish scholars, while listening to the instructions of the Rab"compassion of Christ that the work of redemption was ac- bins. It is in this sense that St. Paul says he was brought up complished—went to him, Christ first seeks the sinner, who | at the reer of Gamaliel, Acts xxii. 3. through his miserable estate, is incapable of seeking or going

Verse 40. Martha was cumbered] Legitonato; perplexed, to Christ-bound up his wounds, gives him comfortable pro- | from rigs, about, and raw, I draw. She was harassed with mises, and draws him by his love-pouring in oil, pardoning different cares and employments at the same time; one drawmercy-rine, the consolations of the Holy Ghost--set him on ing one way, and another, another. A proper description of a his own beast, supported him entirely by his grace and good worldly mind: but in Martha's favour it may be justly said, ness, so that he no longer lives, but Christ lives in him-took that all her anxiety was to provide suitable and timely entertainhim to un inn, his church, uniting him with his people-took ment for our Lord and his disciples; for this is the sense in care of him, plaged him under the continual notice of his pro- which the word diaxoney, serving, should be taken. And we vidence and love--when he departed, when he left the world should not, on the merest supposition, attribute earthly mindHis discourse to her,


and her sister Mary."

serve alone? bid her therefore that she || ful and troubled about many things. 4. M. 4032 An. Olymp. help me.

42 But one thing is needful : and An. Olymp. 41 And Jesus answered and said Mary hath chosen that good part, unto her, Martha, Martha, #thou art care- which shall not be taken away from her.

A. M. 4039.

A. D. 28.

CCI. 4.

a Matt. 7. 21. P's. 27. 4.

b Matt. 6. 19, 21. & 10. 26. 2 Cor. 5. 16.

edness to a woman whose character stands unimpeachable in he was hungry. I believe the above to be the true meaning of the gospel ; and who, by entertaining Christ and his disciples, these verses, but others have taken a somewhat different sense and providing liberally for them, gave the highest proof that from them : especially when they suppose that by one thing she was influenced by liberality and benevolence, and not by needful our Lord means the salvation of the soul. To attenil parsimony or covetousness.

to this, is undoubtedly the most necessary of all things, and Dost thou not care] Dost thou not think it wrong, that my should be the first, the grand concern of every human spirit; sister thus leaves me to provide and prepare this supper, alone ? || but in my opinion it is not the meaning of the words in the

Help me.] Συναντιλαβηται, from συν, together, and αντιλαμβανο- I text. It is only prejudice from the common use of the words luces, to support. The idea is taken from two pillars meeting in this way that could make such an interpretation tolerable. together at the top, exactly over the centre of the distance || Kypke in loc. has several methods of interpreting this pasbetween their bases, and thus mutually supporting each other. sage. Many eminent commentators both ancient and modern Order her to unite her skill and strength with mine, that the pre- || consider the text in the same way I have done. But this is sent business may be done with that speed and in that order || termed by some “ a frigid method of explaining the paswhich the necessity and importance of the case demand. sage;" well, so let it be ; but he that fears God, will sa

Verse 41. Thou art careful and troubled] Thou art distracted, crifice every thing at the shrine of truth. I believe this alone pasipoperās, thy mind is divided (see on Matt. xiii. 22.) in conse- to be the true meaning of the place, and I dare not give it quence of which, rueßatn, thou art disturbed, thy spirit is | any other. Bengelius points the whole passage thus : Marthrown into a tumult.

tha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled about many things : About many things.] Getting a variety of things ready for but one thing is needful.

but one thing is needful. Now, Mary hath chosen that good this entertainment, much more than are necessary on such an portion, which shall not be taken away from her. occasion.

Verse 42. One thing is needful] This is the end of the sen- That the salvation of the soul is the first and greatest of all hutence, according to Bengel. “Now Mary hath chosen, &c." man concerns, every man must acknowledge who feels that he begins a new one. One single dish, the simplest and plainest has a soul: and in humility of mind to hear Jesus, is the only possible, is such as best suits me and my disciples, whose meat way of getting that acquaintance with the doctrine of salvation and drink it is to do the will of our heavenly Father.

without which how can he be saved ? While we fancy we are in Mary hath chosen that good part] That is, of hearing my no spiritual necessity, the things which concern salvation will word, of which she shall not be deprived ; it being at present not appear needful to us! A conviction that we are spirituof infinitely greater importance to attend to my teaching, ally poor must precede our application for the true riches. than to attend to any domestic concerns. While thou art bu- | The whole, says Christ, need not the physiciun, but those sily employed in providing that portion of perishing food for who are sick. Martha has been blamed by incautious people, perishing bodies, Mary has chosen that spiritual portion, which as possessing a carnal, worldly spirit; and as Mary Magdaendures for ever, and which shall not be taken away from hér; lene has been made the chief of all prostitutes, so has Martha therefore I cannot command her to leave her present employ- / of all the worldly-minded. Through her affectionate respect ment, and go and help thee to bring forward a variety of mat- for our Lord and his disciples, and through that alone, she ters, which are by no means necessary at this time. Our Lord | erred. There is not the slightest intimation, that she was eiboth preached and practised the doctrine of self-denial; he ||ther worldly-minded or careless about her soul; nor was she and his disciples were contented with a little, and sumptuous at this time improperly employed, only so far as the abundentertainments are condemned by the spirit and design of ance of her affection led her to make a greater provision than his gospel, Multos morbos, multa fercula fecerunt. Seneca. I was necessary on the occasion. Nor are our Lord's words to Many dishes, many diseases."

be understood as a reproof; they are a kind and tender exBishop Pearce remarks that the word xerice, needful, is used | postulation, tending to vindicate the conduct of Mary. The after the same manner for want of food in Mark xi. 25. where, utmost that can be said on the subject is: Martha was well of David it is said, xeno ecxi, he had neeil, when it means employed, but Mary, on this occasion, better.

Christ teaches his


disciples to pray.


A. V.4033. id. D. 29.


CCII, 1.

CCII. 1.

Christ teaches his disciples to pray, 1-4. Shews the necessity of importunity in prayer, 5–13. Casts out a

dumb damon, 14. The Jew's uscribe this to the power of Beelzebub; our Lord rindicates his conduct, 15–23. Miserable state of the Jews, 24–46. IVho they are that are truly blessed, 27–28. He preaches to the people, 29—36. A Pharisee invites him to dine with him, who takes offence because he washed not his hands, S7, 38. Our Lord exposes their hypocrisy, 39—44. He denounces woes against the lawyers, 45—59. The scribes and Pharisees are greatly offended, and strive to entangle him in his words, 53, 54.

ND it came to pass, that as he 5 And he said unto them, Which of A. M.405. An. Olymp was praying in a certain place, you shall have a friend, and shall go An. Olymp.

when he ceased, one of his disciples unto him at midnight, and say unto said unto him, Lord, teach us to pray, as John him, Friend, lend me three loaves : also taught his disciples.

6 For a friend of mine “in his journey is 2 And he said unto them, When ye pray, say, come to me, and I have nothing to set before * Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed him? be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will 7 And he from within shall answer and say, be done, as in heaven, so in earth.

Trouble me not: the door is now shut, and my 3 Give us day by day our daily bread. children are with me in bed; I cannot rise and 4 And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive give thee. every one that is indebted to us.

And lead us

8 I say unto you, « Though he will not rise not into temptation ; but deliver us from evil. and give him, because he is his friend, yet be

• Matt. 6.9.-Or, for the diry.

Or, out of his 18. 1, &c.


of quoros mas aro TOV Torgov; literally, Deliver us from the Verse 1-5. Teach us to pray] See the nature of prayer, | wicked one. with an ample explanation of the different parts of the Lord's Verse 6. In his journey is come Or, perhaps more literPrayer, treated of in Matt. vi. 5–15. The prayer related ally, A friend of mine is come to me out of his way, is slow, here by Luke is not precisely the same as that mentioned by which renders the case more urgent-a friend of mine beMatthew; and indeed it is not likely that it was given at the nighted, belated, and who has lost his way, is come unto me. same time. That in Matthew seems to have been given after This was a strong reason why he should have prompt relief. the second pass-over, and this in Luke, was given probably Verse 7. My children are with me in bed] Or, I and my after the third pass-over, between the feasts of Tabernacles, children are in bed; this is Bishop Pearce's translation, and and the Dedication. It is thus that Bishop Newcome places | seems to some preferable to the common one.

See a like them in his Greek Harmony of the Gospels.

form of speech in 1 Cor. xvi. 11. and in Eph. vj. 18. Llow. There are many variations in the MSS. in this prayer; but | ever, we may conceive that he had his liule children, ta 72they seem to have proceeded principally from the desire of dice, in bed with him; and this heightened the difficulty of rendering this similar to that in Matthew. Attempts of this l yielding to his neighbour's request. nature have given birth to multitudes of the various readings But if he persevere knocking ; (At si ille perseverarerit pulin the MSS. of the New Testament. It should be remarked sans). This sentence is added to the beginning of ver. 8. by also, that there is no vestige of the doxology found in Mat- | the Armenian, Vulgate, four copies of the Italı, Ambrose, Aitthew, in any copy of St. Luke's Gospel.

gustin, and Bede. On these authorities (as I find it in no Verse 4. Lead us not into temptation, &c.] Dr. Lightfoot Greek MS.) I cannot insert it as a part of the original text; believes that this petition is intended against the visible ap- | but it is necessarily implied; for as Bishop Pearce justly obparitions of the Devil, and his actual obsessions: he thinks | serves, unless the man in the parable be represented as conthat the meaning is too much softened by our translation. || tinuing to solicit his friend, he could not possibly be said to Deliver us from eril, is certainly a very inadequate rendering use importunity: once only, to ask, is not to be importunate.

« PreviousContinue »