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A. D. 28. An. Olymp.
A. M. 4032. then came the twelve, and said unto || asked them, saying, Whom say the A. M. 4032 An. Olymp. him, Send the multitude away, that people that I am ? they may go into the towns and coun
19 They answering said, • John the try round about, and lodge, and get victuals : Baptist ; but some say, Elias; and others say, for we are here in a desart place.
that one of the old prophets is risen again. 13 But he said unto them, Give ye them to 20 He said unto them, But whom say ye that eat. And they said, We have no more but five I am ? * Peter answering said, The Christ of loaves and two fishes; except we should go and God. buy meat for all this people.
21 And he straitly charged them, and com14 For they were about five thousand men. manded them to tell no man that thing; And he said to his disciples, Make them sit 22 Saying, “The Son of man must suffer many down by fifties in a company.
things, and be rejected of the elders and chief 15 And they did so, and made them all sit priests and scribes, and be slain, and be raised down.
the third day. - 16 Then he took the five loaves and the two 23 And he said to them all, If any man fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed will come after me, let him deny himself, and them, and brake, and gave to the disciples to take up his cross daily, and follow me. set before the multitude.
24 For whosoever will save his life shall lose · 17 And they did eat, and were all filled : and it: but whosoever will lose his life for my sake, there was taken up of fragments that remained the same shall save it. to them, twelve baskets.
25 For what is a man advantaged, if he gain 18 . And it came to pass, as he was alone the whole world, and lose himself, or be cast praying, his disciples were with him : and he away?
a Matt. 16. 13. Mark 8. 27. Matt. 14. 2. ver. 7,8. - Matt. 16. 16.
John 6. 69. A Matt. 16. 20.
• Matt. 16. 21. & 17. 92.- Matt. 10. 38. & 16. 24. Mark 8. St.,
ch. 14. 27.- Matt. 16. 26. Mark 8. 36.
Verse 16. Then he took the five loaves] A minister of the Verse 20. But whom say ye that I am ?] Whom do ye tell gospel who is employed to feed souls, should imitate this con- the people that I am ? What do ye preach concerning me? duct of Christ :
See also on Matt. xvi. 14. and see the observations at the end 1. He ought to exhort the people to hear with sedate and of this chapter. humble reverence.
The Christ of God.] The Coptic and latter Persic read, 2. He should first take the bread of life himself, that he | Thou art Christ God. After this comes in Peter's confession may be strengthened to feed others.
of our Lord, as related Matt. xvi. 16, &c. where see the 3. He ought frequently to lift his soul to God, in order to notes: and see also the observations of Granville Sharp, Esq. draw down the divine blessing on himself and his hearers. at the end of this chapter.
4. He should break the loaves-divide rightly the word of Verse 23. If any man will come after me] See on Matt. truth, and give to all, such portions as are suited to their ca- | xvi. 24. and on Mark viii. 34. where the nature of prosełytism pacities and states.
among the Jews is explained. 5. What he cannot perform himself, he should endeavour Daily] Kad mjuzgacy is omitted by many reputable MSS. to effect by the ministry of others; employing every pro- Versions, and Fathers. It is not found in the parallel places, mising talent for the edification of the whole, which he finds Matt. xvi. 24. Mark viji. 34. among the members of the church of God. Under such a Verse 24. Will save his life] See on Matt. xti. 24, &c. pastor, the flock of Christ will increase and multiply. See Verse 25. Lose himself ] That is, his life or soul. See the Quesnel.
parallel places, Matt. xvi. 25. Mark viii. 35. and especially Verse 18. Whom say the people] Os oxnov, the common peo- the note on the former. ple, i. e. the mass of the people. See this question considered Or be cast away?] Or receive spiritual damage-mustus. on Matt. xvi. 13, &c.
I have added the word spiritual here, which I conceive to be
They bring a dæmoniac to him.
A. D. 28. An. Olymp.
26 “For whosoever shall be ashamed him, Peter said unto Jesus, Master, A. M. 4032. of me, and of my words, of him shall it is good for us to be here: and let An. Olymp.
the Son of man be ashamed, when he us make three tabernacles; one for shall come in his own glory, and in his Father's, thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias : and of the holy angels.
not knowing what he said. 27 “But I tell you of a truth, there be some 34 While he thus spake, there came a cloud, standing here, which shall not taste of death, and overshadowed them : and they feared as till they see the kingdom of God.
they entered into the cloud : 28 And it came to pass about an eight 35 And there came a voice out of the days after these " sayings, he took Peter, and cloud, saying, 'This is my beloved Son : Shear John, and James, and went up into a mountain him.
36 And when the voice was past, Jesus was 29 And as he prayed, the fashion of his coun- found alone. "And they kept it close, and tenance was altered, and his raiment was white ! told no man in those days, any of those things and glistering.
which they had seen. 30 And, behold, there talked with him two 37 And it came to pass, that on the next men, which were Moses and Elias :
day, when they were come down from the hill, 31 Who appeared in glory, and spake of his ' much people met him. decease which he should accomplish at Jeru
38 And, behold, a man of the company cried salem.
out, saying, Master, I beseech thee, look upon 32 But Peter and they that were with him my son : for he is mine only child. 'were heavy with sleep: and when they were 39 And, lo, a spirit taketh him, and he sudawake, they saw his glory, and the two men denly crieth out; and it teareth him that he that stood with him.
foameth again, and bruising him, hardly depart33 And it came to pass, as they departed from eth from him.
Matt. 10. 33. Mark 8. 38. 2 Tim. 2. 19. Matt. 16. 28. Mark 9. 1. • Matt. 17. 1, Mark 9. 2.- Or, things. e Dan. 8. 18. & 10. 9.
fMatt. 3. 17.-& Acts 3. 22.- Matt. 17.9.Matt. 17. 14. Mark
9. 14, 17.
necessarily implied. Because, if a man received only tem and hell, and purchased salvation and eternal glory for a lost poral damage in some respect or other, yet gaining the whole world. world must amply compensate him. But if he should receive Verse 33. It is good for us to be here] Some MSS. add spiritual damage—hurt to his soul in the smallest degree, the TAYTOTE, It is good for us to be always here. possession of the universe could not indemnify him. Earthly Verse 35. This is my beloved Son] Instead of o @yamNTOS, goods may repair earthly losses, but they cannot repair any the beloved one, some MSS. and Versions have exEXTOS, the breach that may be made in the peace or holiness of the soul. chosen one : and the Æthiopic translator, as in several other See on Matt. xvi. 26.
cases, to be sure of the true reading, retains both. Verse 26. Ashumed of me! See on Mark viii. 38.
In whom I am well pleased, or have delighted—is added by Verse 28. About un eight days after] See the whole of this some very ancient MSS. Perhaps this addition is taken froin important transaction explained at large on Matt. xvii. 1–13. Matt. xvii. 5.
Verse 31. His decease] Tn godon autou, that going out (or Verse 37. Much people] See on Matt. xvii. 14. death) of his. That peculiar kind of death-its nature, cir Verse 39. A spirit taketh him, and he suddenly crieth out] cumstances, and necessity being considered. Instead of ižodov, Tyeupa hapBarsu autoy. This very phrase is used by heathen thirteen MSS. have detar, glory. They spoke of that glory of writers, when they speak of supernatural influence. The folhis, which he was about to fill up (aaneous) at Jerusalem. The lowing from Herodotus, will make the matter, I hope, quite Æthiopic unites both readings. The death of Jesus was his plain. Speaking of Scyles, king of the Scythians, who was glory, because by it, he gained the victory over sin, death, more fond of Grecian manners and customs, than of those
The dæmoniac is healed.
The necessity of humility.
A. M. 4032.
A.D. 28. An Olymp. CCI. 4.
40 And I besought thy disciples to not : and they feared to ask him of A.M. 4032. An. Olymp. cast him out: and they could not.
that saying 41 And Jesus answering said, O 46 | Then there arose a reasoning faithless and perverse generation, how long | among them, which of them should be greatest. shall I be with you, and suffer you ? Bring thy 47 And Jesus, perceiving the thought of their son hither.
heart, took a child, and set him by him, 42 And as he was yet a coming, the devil 48 And said unto them, “Whosoever shall rethrew him down, and tare him. And Jesus re- ceive this child in my name receiveth me: and buked the unclean spirit, and healed the child, whosoever shall receive me receiveth him that and delivered him again to his father.
sent me: * for he that is least among you all, 43 | And they were all amazed at the mighty the same shall be great. power of God. But while they wondered
every 49 ' And John answered and said, Master, one at all things which Jesus did, he said unto we saw one casting out devils in thy name; and his disciples,
we forbad him, because he followeth not with us. 44 · Let these sayings sink down into your 50 And Jesus said unto him, Forbid him not: ears : for the Son of man shall be delivered into for she that is not against us is for us. the hands of men.
51 | And it came to pass, when the time was 45 But they understood not this saying, and come that "he should be received up, he stedit was hid from them, that they perceived it fastly set his face to go to Jerusalem,
• Matt. 17. 22.- Mark 9. 32. ch. 2. 50. & 18. 34. Matt. 18. 1. Mark 9. 34.- a Matt. 10. 40. & 18. 5. Mark 9. 37. Jolin 12. 44. & 19. 20.
e Matt. 23. 11, 12,- Mark 9 38. See Numb. 11. 28.-See Matt. 12. 30. ch. 11. 23. Mark 16. 19. Acts 1. 2.
of his countrymen; and who desired to be privately initi- Verse 42. The devil threw him down, and tare him.) See ated into the Bacchic mysteries, he adds, “ Now because the this case considered at large, on Matt. xvii. 15—18. and on Scythians reproach the Greeks with these Bacchanals, and Mark ix. 14--27. say, that to imagine a god driving men into paroxysms of Verse 43. The mighty power] This majesty of God, Meya madness, is not agreeable to sound reason; a certain Borysthe- | AlgoTnts tou sou. They plainly saw that it was a case, in nian, while the king was performing the ceremonies of initi- which any power inferior to that of God, could be of no ation, went out, and discovered the matter to the Scythian avail : and they were deeply struck with the majesty of God army in these words : · Ye Scythians ridicule us because we manifested in the conduct of the blessed Jesus. celebrate the Bacchanals, και ημεας ο θεος ΛΑΜΒΑΝΕΙ, and Verse 44. Let these sayings sink down into your ears] Or, the GOD POSSESSES us: but now the same dæmon, OUTOS O dan put these words into your ears. To other words, you may lend ptwr, has TAKEN POSSESSION, AEAABHKE, of your king, for occasional attention--but to what concerns my sufferings and he celebrates the Bacchanals, and uTO TOU JOU MODYEtav, is fille | death, you must ever listen. Let them constantly occupy a ed with fury by this god.” Herodot. I. iv. p. 250. edit. Gale. place in your most serious meditations and reflexions.
This passage is exceedingly remarkable. The very expres- Verse 45. But they understood not] See the note on Mark sions whieh Luke uses here, are made use of by Herodotus. A || ix. 32. dæmon, doorw, is the agent in the Greek historian, and a dæmon Verse 46. There arose a reasoning] EronDe do dlanosomos, is the agent in the case mentioned in the text, ver. 42. In both a dialogue took place—one enquired, and another answered, cases it is said the dæmon possesses the persons, and the very and so on. See this subject explained on Matt. xviii. 1, &c. same word, napßares, is used to express this in both historians. Verse 49. We forbad him] See this subject considered on Both historians shew that the possessions were real, by the Mark ix. 38, &c. effects produged in the persons: the heathen king rages with Verse 51. That he should be received up) Bishop PEARCE fury through the influence of the dæmon called the god Bac- || says, “ I think the word aveantews must signify, of Jesus's chus; the person in the text screams out (xpoetas,) is greatly || retiring or withdrawing himself, and not of his being received convulsed, and foame at the mouth. Here was a real posses- up : because the word oupatampovolan here used before it, desion, and such as often took place among those who were notes a time completed, which that of his ascension was not Worshippers of dæmons.
then. The sense is, that the time was come, when Jesus was The Samaritans will not receire
our Lord : his destitute state.
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A, D. 28.
(52 And sent messengers before his || stroy men's lives, but to save them. A. M. 1032. An.Oyup. face; and they went, and entered into And they went to another village.
An. Olymp. a village of the Samaritans, to make 57 T And it came to pass, that, ready for him.
as they went in the way, a certain man said 53 And they did not receive him, because unto him, Lord, I will follow thee whithersohis face was as though he would go to Jeru- ever thou goest. salem.
58 And Jesus said unto him, Foxes have holes, 54 And when his disciples James and John and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of saw this, they said, Lord, wilt thou that we man hath not where to lay his head. command fire to come down from heaven, and 59 And he said unto another, Follow me. consume them, even as Elias did ?
But he said, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury 55 But he turned, and rebuked them, and my father. said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye 60 Jesus said unto him, Let the dead bury their
dead: but go thou and preach the kingdom of 56 For the Son of man is not come to de- God.
* Jolin 4. 4, 9.-_by Kings 1. 10, 12. — John 3. 17. & 12. 17.
d Matt. 8. 19,- Matt. 8. 21.
no longer to retire from Judea and the parts about Jerusalem
Verse 54. That we command fore) Vengeance belongs to as he had hitherto done; for he had lived altogether in Ga- the Lord. What we suffer for his sake, should be left to lilee, lest the Jews should have laid hold on him, before the himself to reprove or punish. The insult is offered to him, work of his ministry was ended, and full proofs of his divine not to us. See the note on Mark ii. 17. mission given, and some of the prophecies concerning him Verse 55. Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of. ] accomplished. John says, chap. vii. 1. Jesus walked in Ciao | Ye do not consider, that the present is a dispensation of inlilee ; for he would not walk in Jewry, because the Jews sought || finite mercy and love ; and that the design of God is not 'to to kill him. Let it be observed, that all which follows here in destroy sinners, but to give them space to repent, that he Luke to chap. xix. 45. is represented by him, as done by may save them unto eternal life. And ye do not conJesus in his last journey from Galilee to Jerusalem.” sider, that the zeal which you feel, springs from an evil
lle stedfastly set his face] That is, after proper and ma- principle, being more concerned for your own honour, ture deliberation, he chose now to go up to Jerusalem, and than for the honour of God. The disciples of that Christ firmly determined to accomplish his design.
who died for his enemies, should never think of avenging Verse 52. Sent messengers] Ayyerous, angels literally; but themselves on their persecutors. this proves, that the word angel signifies a messenger of any
Verse 56. And they went to another village.] Which prokind, whether divine or human. The messengers in this case
bably did entertain them; being, perhaps, without the SaWere probably James and John.
maritan borders. Verse 53. His fuce was] They saw be was going up to
The words, Ye know not of what spirit ye are ; for the Jerusalem to keep the feast, (it was the feast of tabernacles, John vii. 2.) and knowing him thereby to be a Jew, they Son of man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save would afford nothing for his entertainment; for, in religious them, are wanting in ABCEGHLS-V, and in many others. matters, the Samarituns and Jezus had no dealings, see John Griesbach leaves the latter clause out of the text. It is iv. 9. The Samaritans were a kind of mongrel heathens : probable, that the most ancient MSS. read the passage they feared Jehovah, and served other gods, 1 Kings xvii. 31. thus: But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, ve knore They apostatized from the true religion, and persecuted those not of what sporit ye are. And they went to unother village. who were attached to it. See an account of them, Matt. See the authorities in GriesBACI. chap. xvi. 1. Those only who have deserted the truth of Verse 57. A certain man] lle was a scribe. See on Matt. God, or who are uninfluenced by it, hate them who embrace viii. 19-22. It is probable, that this took place when Christ and act hy it. When a man has once decidedly taken the
was at Capernaum, as Matthew represents it, and not on the road to heaven, he can have but little credit any longer in the way to Jerusalem through Samaria. world, 1 John iii. 1.
Verse 61. Another also said] This circumstance is not
Who is fit to be
a disciple of Christ. 61 And another also said, Lord, “I 62 And Jesus said unto him, No A. M. 4032. An. Olymp. will follow thee; but let me first go man, having put his hand to the An. Olymp.
bid them farewell, which are at home plough, "and looking back, is fit for the at my house.
kingdom of God.
* See 1 Kings 19. 20, 21.
"Gen. 19. 17, 21. 2 Pet. 2. 31.
mentioned by any of the other Evangelists; and Matthew his own spirit : hence he is ready to call down fire and brimalone mentions the former case, ver. 57, 58.
stone from heaven against those who do not conform to bis Let me first go bid them farewell, which are at home] | own views of things. A spirit of persecution is abominable. Επιτρεψον μοι αποταξασθαι τοις εις τον OSYON MOU---Permit me to Had man the government of the world; in a short time, not set in order my afairs at home. Those who understand the only sects and parties, but even true religion itself, would be Greek text, will see at once that it will bear this translation banished from the face of the earth. Meekness, long-sufferwell; and that this is the most natural. This person seems ing, and benevolence, become the followers of Christ; and to have had in view the case of Elisha, who made a similar | his followers should ever consider, that his work can never be request to the prophet Elijab, 1 Kings xix. 19, 20. which done but in his own Spirit. request was granted by the propbet: but our Lord, seeing that this person had too much attachment to the earth, and Since the notes on Matthew were published, I have rethat his return to worldly employments, though for a short ceived from Grenville Sharp, Esq. a short Treatise, entitled, time, was likely to become the means of stifling the good Remarks on an Important Text, (viz. Matt. xvi. 18.) which has desires which he now felt, refused to grant him that per- long been perverted by the Church of Rome, IN SUPPORT OF mission. That which we object to the execution of God's HER VAIN AND BANEFUL PRETENSIONS TO A SUPERIORITY OR designs, is sometimes the very thing from which we should SUPREME DOMINION OVER ALL OTHER immediately disengage ourselves.
EPISCOPAL CHURCHES. Verse 62. Put his hand to the plough] Can any person pro
As I should feel it an honour to introduce the name of perly discharge the work of the ministry, who is engaged in such a veteran in the cause of religion, liberty, and learning, secular employments? A farmer and a minister of the gospel into my work; so it gives me pleasure to insert the substance are incompatible characters. As a person who holds the of his Tract here, as forming a strong argument against a plough cannot keep on a straight furrow if he look behind most anti-christian doctrine. him ; so he who is employed in the work of the ministry “ And I also say unto thee, That thou art PETER; and cannot do the work of an Evangelist, if he turn his desires upon this ROCK I will build my Church, and the gates of to worldly profits. A good man has said, “ He who thinks Hell shall not prevail against it.” Matt. xvi. 18. it necessary to cultivate the favour of the world, is not far “ The Greek word metgas (Petros, or Peter) does not mean from betraying the interests of God and his church.” Such a rock, though it has, indeed, a relative meaning to the word a person is not fit, efetos, properly disposed, has not his mind metge, a rock ; for it signifies only a little piece of a rock, or properly directed towards the heavenly inheritance, and is a stone, that has been dug out of a rock; whereby the dignity not fit to shew the way to others. In both these verses there of the real foundation intended by our Lord, which he exis a plain reference to the call of Elisha. See 1 Kings xix. pressed by the prophetical figure of. Petra, (a rock) must 19, &c.
necessarily be understood to bear a proportionable superiority
of dignity and importance above the other preceding word 1. Considering the life of mortification and self-denial Petros; as Petra, a real rock, is, comparatively, superior to which Christ and his disciples led, it is surprising to find a mere stone, or particle from the rock; because a rock is the that any one should voluntarily offer to be his disciple. But regular figurative expression in Holy Scripture for a Divine there is such an attractive influence in truth, and such a per- | Protector : vyho 1979, Jehovah (is) my rock, (2 Sam. xxii. 2. suasive eloquence in the consistent steady conduct of a righte- and Psal. xviii. 2.) Again, 18 aba, my God (is) my rock, ous man, that the first must have admirers, and the latter (2 Sam. xxii. 2. and Psal. xviii. 2.) and again, 'whap 73 '? imitators. Christianity, as it is generally exhibited, has little ins and who (is) a rock, except our God? 2 Sam. xxii. attractive in it; and it is no wonder that the cross of Christ 32. is not prized, as the blessings of it are not known ; and they “ Many other examples may be found throughout the can be known and exhibited by him only who follows Christ Holy Scriptures; but these six alone are surely sufficient to fully.
establish the true meaning of the figurative expression, used %. It is natural for man to wish to do the work of God in by our Lord on this occasion; as they demonstrate, that no