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The Jews reproveil for their kypocrisy. CHAP. XV.:

I hat it is that defiles the soul. 7 Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias pro- said unto them, Hear, and under. A. M, 4032. An. Olymp. plesy of you, saying,


An. Olymp. 8 "Tliis people draweth nigh mto 11 ‘Not that which goeth into the me with their mouth, and honoureth me with mouth defileth a man; but that which cometh their lips; but their heart is far from me. out of the month, thuis defileth a man.

9 But in vain they do worship me, 'teach- 12 Then came his disciples, and said unto ing, for doctrines, the commandments of him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees were

offended, after they heard this saying? 10 And he called the multitude, and 13 But he answered and said, ' Every plant,


* Mark 7. 6.- Isai. 29. 13. Ezek. 33. 31.- Tsai. 29. 13. Col. 2. 18

92. Tit. 1. 14-Marh 7.11.

e Acts 10. 13. Rom. 14. 14, 17, 20. 1 Tim. 4. 4. Tit. 1. 13. Jolan 15. 2.

1 Cor. 3. 13, &c.

in the place of Jesus Christ, and throwing the whole secular per, innocent, &c. but what God himself has prescribed, that lie power of the kingdom into the lands of the pope and the will acknowledge as his worship. However sincere a man may priests. No wonder then that they cried out when the be in a worship of his own invention, or, of man's commandmonasteries were suppressed! It is sacrilege to dedicate ment, yet it profits him nothing.–Christ himself says it is in that to God, which is taken away froin the necessities of our ' tuin: to condemn such, may appear to some illiberal; but parents and children, and the good that this pretends to, will whatever may be said in behalf of sincere heathens, and doubtless be found in the catalogue of that unnatural man's others who have not had the advantages of Divine Revelation, crimes in the judgment of the great day, who has thus de- there is no excuse for the man who has the Břble before him. prived his own family of its due. To assist our poor relatives, Verse 10. lear, and understund] A most important comis our first duty; and this is a work infinitely preferable to mand—Hear-make it a point of conscience to attend to the all pious legecies and indowments.

ministry of the word. Understand-be not satisfied with l'erse 7. Hypocrites, well did Isuiah prophesy of you] In attending places of public worship merely, see that the teachevery place where the proper names of the Old Testamenting be of God, and that you lay it to heart. occur, in the New the same mode of orthography should be Verse ll. Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth} followed: I therefore write Isaiah with the Hebrew, not Esaios, | This is an answer to the carping question of the Pharisees, with the Greek. This prophecy is found chap. xxix. 13. mentioned ver. 2. Why do thy disciples eat with unwashed Our blessed Lord unmasks these hypocrites; and we may konds? 'To which our Lord here replies, That what goes into observe, that when a hypocrite is found out, he should be the mouth defiles not the man; i. e. that if, in eating with unexposed to all; this may lead to bis salvation-if he be per-washed hands, any particles of dust, &c. cleaving to the mitted to retain his falsely acquired character, how can he hands, might happen to be taken into the mouth with the escape perdition!

food, this did not defile, did not constitute a man a sinner; Verse 8. Their heart is far from me.) The true worship of for it is on this alone, the question hinges--thy disciples eat God consists in the union of the heart to him—where this with unwashed hands, therefore they are sinners, for they transexists not, a particle of the spirit of devotion cannot be found. I gress the tradition of the elders, i. e. the oral law, which

This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth) This they considered equal in authority to the written law; and clause, which is taken from Isai. chap. xxix. 13. is omitted | indeed often preferred the former to the latter, 80 as to make by several excellent MSS. and by several Versions and Fathers. it of none effect, totally to destroy its nature and design, as we Erasmus, Mill, Drusius, and Bengel, approve of the omission, have often seen in the preceding notes. and Griesbach has left it out of the text; brut as I find it in That which cometh out of the mouth] That is, what springs the Prophet, the place from which it is quoted, I dare not froin a corrupt unregenerate heart--a perverse will and imomit it, howsoever respectable the above authorities may appear." pure passions--these defile, i. e. make him a sinner.

Verse 9. In vain they do worship me, &c.] By the tra- Verse 12. The Pharisees were offended] None so liable ditions of the Elders, not only the word of God was perverted, to take offence as formalists and hypocrites, when you attempt but his worship also was greatly corrupted. But the Jews to take away the false props from the one, and question the were not the only people who have acted thus : whole Chris-, sincerity of the other. Besides, a Pharisee must never be tian churches, as well as sects and parties, have acted in the suspected of ignorance, for they are the inen and wisdom must same way. Men must not mould the worship of God accord die with them! ing to their fancy-it is not what they think will do,-is pro- Verse 13. Every plant] Every plantation. So I render Quitla,


The Scribes and Pharisees at


plantation, which God will root up.

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16 And Jesus said, “Are ye


yet An. Olymp. planted, shall be rooted up.

without understanding?

An. Olymp. 14 Let them alone: “they be blind 17 Do not ye yet understand, that leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the "whatsoever entereth in at the mouth, goeth blind, both shall fall into the ditch.

into the belly, and is cast out into the 15 Then answered Peter and said unto him, draught? Declare unto us this parable.

18 But those things which proceed out of

* Isai. 9. 16. Mal. 2. 8. ch. 23. 16. Luke 6. 39.- Mark 7. 17.

Ch. 16. 9. Mark 7. 18.-01 Cor. 6. 13. — Jam. 3. 6.

and so it is translated in the Itala version which accompanies Probably the words may be understood as a sort of prothe Greek text in the Coder Bezæ, omnis plantatio, and so the verbial expression for don't mind them : pay no regard 10 word is rendered by Suidas. This gives a different turn to them.-" They are altogether unworthy of notice.” the text. The Pharisees as a religious body, were now a And if the blind lead the blind] This was so self-evident a plantation of trees, which God did not plant, water, nor own: case, that an apter parallel could not be found if the blind therefore, they should be rooted up, not left to wither and die, | lead the blind, both must fall into the ditch. Atas for the blind but the fellers, and those who root up (the Roman armies) teachers, who not only destroy their own souls, but those also should come against, and destroy them, and the Christian of their flocks! Like priest, like people. If the minister be church was to be planted in their place. Since the general ignorant, he cannot teach what he does not know ; and the dispersion of the Jews, this sect, I believe, has ceased to exist people cannot become wise unto salvation under such a as a separate body, among the descendants of Jacob. The ministry—he is ignorant and wicked, and they are profligate. first of the Apostolical Constitutions begins thus : O OUTEIC They who even wish such, God speed, are partakers of their η καθολικη εκκλησια, και αμπελων αυτου εκλεκτος. The Catholic | evil deeds. But shall not the poor deceived people escape ! church is the plantation of God, and his chosen vineyard. No: both shall fall into the pit of perdition together; for

Verse 14. Let them alone] AQETE autove, give them up, or, they should have searched the Scriptures, and not trusted to leure them. These words have been sadly misunderstood.— the ignorant sayings of corrupt men, no matter of what sect Some have quoted them to prove that blind and deceitful or party. He who has the Bible in his hand, or within his teachers should not be pointed out to the people, nor the reach, and can read it, has no excuse. people warned against them; and that men should abide in Verse 15. Declare unto us this purable.] Is it not strange the communion of a corrupt church, because that church to hear the disciples asking for the explanation of such a had once been the church of God, and in it they had been parable as this! The true knowledge of the spirit of the brought up; and to prove this they bring Scripture, for, in gospel, is a thing more uncommon than we imagine, among our present translation, the words are rendered, let them alone : the generality of Christians, and even of the learned. but the whole connexion of the place evidently proves that our Verse 16. Are ye also yet without unclerstunding?] The word blessed Lord meant, gire them up, have no kind of religious con

arjen, which we translate yet, should be here rendered still: nexion with them, and the strong reason for which, he im- are ye still void of understanding?-and the word is used in mediately adds, because they are blind leaders. This passage this sense by several Greek writers. The authorities which does not at all mean that blind leaders should not be pointed out have induced me to prefer this translation, may be seen in to the people, that they may avoid being deceived by them, for Kypke. this our Lord does frequently; and warns his disciples, and the Verse 17. Cast out into the draught) Eis aqeeqare, y byd on people in general, against all such false teachers as the Scribes rondzang asend. Anglo-Saxon, and beeth into the forthgoing and Pharisees were : and though he bids men do what they la sent—what is not fit for nourishment is evacuated; is thrown heard those cay, while they sat in the chair of Moses, yet he cer

into the sink. This I believe to be the meaning of this difficult tainly meant no more than that they should be observant of the and variously translated word, upadşav. Diodati translates it moral law when read to them out of the sacred book :-yet, | properly, nella latrina, into the privy. And the Persian transneither does he tell them to do all these false teachers said ; lator has given a good paraphrase, and appears to have colfor he testifies in the 6th verse, that they had put such | lected the general meaning, jI wil jul word je do false glosses on the law, that if followed, would endanger the salvation of their souls. The Codex Bezæ, for apete ül orthoj, myy were comes in her tche der dehen

has αφετε τους τυφλους, give up these blind men. Amen! | ander ayeed, uz nusheeb beeroon rood, we ber zemeen aftad ; A literal attention to these words of our Lord, produced the “ whatsoever enters into the mouth, goes downward, and Reformation

falls upon the ground.” Michaelis, and his annotator Dr.


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The productions of an evil heart.


The Canaanitish woman. 4. 11.40:32. the mouth come forth from the heart; 22 And, behold, a woman of Canaan A. N.-10:32 A. D. 78. An. (lymp. and they defile the man.

cane out of the same coasts, and An. Olyn;. CCI. 4.

19 For out of the heart proceed cried unto him, saying, Have mercy, evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, on me, O Lord, thou son of David; my thefts, false witness, blasphemies :

daughter is grievously vexed with a devil. 20 These are the things which defile a man: 23 But he answered her not a word. And but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a his disciples came and besought him, saying,

Send her away; for she crieth after us. 21 Then Jesus went thence, and departed 24 But he answered and said, “I am not sent into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.

but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.


a Gen. 6. 5. & 8. 91. Prov. 6. 14. Jer. 17. 9. Mark 7. 21.-- --- Mark 7. 24.

Ch. 10.5, 6. Acts 3. 25, 26. & 13. 46. Ro.n. 15. 8.

Marsh, have been much perplexed with this perplexing pas- This is frequently the case in the Septuagint. Compare sage.-See Michaelis's Introduction, vol. i. note 35. P.

458. Gen. xlvi. 10. with Exod. vi. 15. where the same person is Verse 19. Out of the heart] In the heart of an unregene- || called a Phænician in the one place, and a Crnaanite in: rate man, the principles and sceds of all sin are found. And the other. See also the same version in Exod. xvi. 35. iniquity is always conceived in the heart before it be spoken Josh. v. 12. or acted. Is there any hope that a man can abstain from The state of this woman is a proper emblem of the state outward sin, till his heart, that abominable fountain of cor- of a sinner, deeply conscious of the misery of his soul. ruption, be thoroughly cleansed ? I trow not.

Have mercy on me, &c.] How proper is this prayer for a Eril thoughts) Asadoyiopot Tovnşou, wicked dialogues--for in penitent! There are many excellencies contained in it: all evil surmisings the heart holds a conversation, or dialogue, 1. It is short; 2. humble ; 3. full of faith ; 4. fervent; 5. mowith itself. For Dovos, murders, two MSS. have govor, envyings, dest; 6. respectful; 7. rational; 8. relying only on the mercy and three others have both. Enry and murder are nearly allied: of God; 9. persevering. Can he who sees himself a slave of the former has often led to the latter.

the devil, beg with too much earnestness to be delivered Blasphemies] I have already observed, chap. ix. 3. that the from his thraldom? verb Bazzo Anue!w, when applied to men, signifies to speak Son of David] An essential character of the true Messiah. INJURJOUSLY of their persons, characters, &c. and when ap- Verse 23. He answered her not a word.] Seemed to take plied to God, it means to speak impiously of his nuture, time to consider her request, and to give her the opportunity torks, &c.

of erercising her faith, and manifesting her fervour. Verse 20. These-defile a man] Our Lord's argument is Verse 24. I am not sent but unto the lost sheep) By the divine very plain.—What goes into the mouth, descends into the || appointment, I am come to preach the Gospel to the Jews stomach and other intestines; part is retained for the nourish- only. There are certain preachers who should learn a lesson ment of the body, and part is ejected, as being improper to of important instruction from this part of our Lord's conduet. allord nourishment. Nothing of this kind defiles the soul, || As soon as they hear of a lost sheep being found by other because it does not enter into it ; but the evil principles that ministers, they gire all diligence to get that one into their foldi; are in it, producing evil thoughts, murders, &c. these defile but display little earnestness in seeking in the wilderness for the soul, because they have their seat and operation in it. those that are lost. This conduct, perhaps, proceeds from a

Verse 21. Departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.] E15 TC consciousness of their inability to perform the work of an peligr, towards the coasts or confines. It is not clear that our | Evangelist; and leads them to 'sit down in the labours of Lord ever left the land of the Hebrews; he was, as the apostle others, rather than submit to the reproach of presiding over observes, Rom. xv. 8. the minister of the circumcision accord- empty chapels. Such persons should either dig or beg iming to the truth of God. Tyre and Sidon are usually joined | mediately, as they are a reproach to the pastoral office; for together, principally, because they are but a few miles distant not being sent of God, they cannot profit the people. from each other.

The wilderness of this world is sufficiently wide and un-, Verse 22. A woman of Canaan] Matthew gives her this | cultivated. Sinners abound every where; and there is ample kame, because of the people from whom she sprung-the room for all truly religious people, who have zeal for God, descendants of Canaan, Judg. i. 31, 32.; but Mark calls her || and love for their perishing fellow creatures, to put forth all a Syrophenician, because of the country where she dwelt. | their strength, employ all their time, and exercise all their The Canaanites and Phænicians have been often confounded. ll talents, in proclaiming the Gospel of God; not only to the

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Case of the Canaanitish woman.

Sr. MATTHEW. Many diseased persons are healed. 25 Then came she and worshipped, even as thou wilt. And her daughter A.M. 4034 An. Olymp. him, saying, Lord, help me.

was made whole from that very hour. 26 But he answered and said, It is 29 And Jesus departed from not meet to take the children's bread, and to thence, and came nigh unto the sea of Galilee; cast it to * dogs.

and went up into a mountain, and sat down 27 And she said, Truth, Lord: yet the dogs there. eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters' 30 ^ And great multitudes came unto him, table,

having with them those that were lame, blind, 28 Then Jesus answered and said unto her, dumb, maimed, and many others, and cast O woman, great is thy faith : be it unto thee them down at Jesus' feet; and he healed them:

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lost sheep of the house of Israel, but to a lost world. Nor little delay: when thou art properly prepared to receive the can such exertions be unsuccessful. Where the pure truth blessing, then thou shalt hare it. Look up, thy salvation is of God is preached, many will be converted. Where that at hand. Jesus aslınires this faith, to the end that we may truth is preached, though with a mixture of error, some will admire and imitate it, and may reap the same fruits and adbe converted, for God will bless his own truth. But where vantages froin it. twothing but fulse doctrine is preached, no soul is converted : Verse 29. Went up into a mountain] To ogos, THE mountain. for God will never sanction error, by a miracle of his mercy. “ Meaning,” says Mr. Wakefield, “ some particular moun

Verse 25. Lord, help me.] Let me also share in the deliver- tain which he was accustomed to frequent; for whenever it ance allorded to Israel.

is spoken of at a time when Jesus is in Galilee, it is always Verse 26. The children's bread] The salvation provided for discriminated by the article. Compare chap. iv. 18. with the Jews, who were termed the children of the kingdom. And chap. v. i. and chap. xiii. 54. with chap. xiv. 23. and xxviii. cast it to the ruragsous little dogsto the curs; such the Gen- || 16. I suppose it was mount Tabor." tiles were reputed by the Jewish people, and our Lord uses Verse 30. Those that were-maimed] Kurdous. Wetstein has that form of speech which was common among his country- || fully proved that those who had lost a hand, foot, &c. were

What terrible repulses! and yet she still perseveres! termed xuador by the Greeks. Kypke bas shewn from HipVerse 27. Træth, Lordl] No xugte, Yes, Lord. This appears to pocrates, that the word was also used to signify those who the wot so inuch an assent, as a bold reply to our Lord's had distorted or dislocated legs, knees, bands, &c.

Mr. reason for apparently rejecting her suit.

Wakefield is fully of opinion, that it means here those who The little dogs share with the children, for they eat the had lost a limb, and brings an incontestable proof from Matth. crumbs which fall from their masters' table. I do not desire | xviii. 8. Mark ix. 43. “ If thy hand cause thee to offend, cut what is provided for these highly favoured children, only IT OFF; it is better for thee to enter into life (xuaron) WITHwhat they leave-a single exertion of thy Almighty Power OUT A LIMB, than having thy two hands, to go away into in the healing of my afflicted daughter, is all that I wish for; || hell." What an astonishiny manifestation of omni fic and and this the highly favoured Jews can well spare, without creative energy must the re-production of a hand, foot, &c: Jessening the provision made for themselves. Is not this the be, at the word or touch of Jesus! As this was a mere act sense of this noble woman's reply?

of creative power, like that of multiplying the bread; those Verse 28. () woman, great is thy faith] The hindrances | who allow that the above is the meaning of the word, will thrown in this woman's way, only tended to encrease her bardly attempt to doubt the proper divinity of Christ. Crefaith. Her faith resembles a river, which becomes enlarged | ation in any sense of the word, i.e. causing something to by the dikes opposed to it, till at last it sweeps them entirely exist that had no existence before, can belong only to God;

because it is an effect of an unlimited power : to say that Hler daughter was made whole] Perserering faith and such power could be delegated to a person, is to say, that prayer are next to omnipotent. No person can thus pray the person to whom it is delegated, becomes, for the time and believe, without receiving all his soul requires. This | being, the omnipotent God; and that God, who has thus is one of the finest lessons in the book of God for a penitent, clothed a creature with his Omnipotence, ceases to be Oinvr for a discouraged believer. Look to Jesus ! As sure as | nipotent bimself; for there cannot be two Omnipotents, nor God is in heaven, so surely will he hear and answer thee to can the Supreme Being delegate his Omnipotence to another, the etornal salvation of thy soul! Be not discouraged at all and have it at the same time. I confess, then, that this is to

away with it.

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Four thousand men feil with

CHAP. XV. seven loaves and a few small fishes. 31 Insomuch that the multitude || loaves have ye? And they said, Seven, 4.11982 An. Olymp. wondered, when they saw the dumb and a few little fishes.

An. Olymp. to speak, the maimed to be whole, 35 And he commanded the multitude the lame to walk, and the blind to see : and to sit down on the ground. they glorified the God of Israel.

36 And he took the seven loaves and the 32 [ . Then Jesus called his disciples unto fishes, and gave thanks, and brake them, and him, and said, I have compassion on the mul- gave to his disciples, and the disciples to the titude, because they continue with me now multitude. three days, and have nothing to eat: and I 37 And they did all eat, and were filled : and will not send them away fasting, test they faint they took up of the broken meat that was left

seven baskets full. 33 And his disciples say unto him, Whence 38 And they that did eat were four thousand should we have so much bread in the wilder- men, beside women and children. ness, as to fill so great a multitude ?

39 € And he sent away the multitude, and took 34 And Jesus saith unto them, How many ship, and came into the coasts of Magdala.

in the way.

a Mark 8. 1.

-02 Kings 1. 43.

« Ch. 14. 19.-- 1 Sam. 9. 13. Luke 22. 19,- Mark 8. 10.

me an unanswerable argument for the Divinity of our blessed neighbwxurhood. Jesus went into the country, and proceeded Lord. Others may doubt ; I can't help believing.

till he came to the chief town or village in that district. Verse 31. The multitude wondered] And well they might, Whitby says, “ Magdala was a city and territory beyond when they had such proofs of the miraculous power and love Jordan, on the banks of Gadara. It reached to the bridge of God before their eyes.-- Blessed be God! the same miracles | above Jordan, which joined it to the other side of Galilee, are continued in their spiritual reference. All the disorders and contained within its precincts Dalmanucha.The MSS. of the soul are still cured by the power of Jesus.

and VV. read the name variously-lagada, Mugeda, NagVerse 32. I have compassion, &c.] See a similar transaction dula ; and the Syriac has Magdū. In Mark, Dalmunutra is explained, chap. xiv. 14-22.

read by inany MSS. Melugada, Dadegada, Mayada, MayiVerse 33. Whence should we have so much bread in the wil dan, and Magedam. Magdala, variously pronounced, seems derness, &c.] Human foresight, even in the followers of to have been the place or country; Dalmanutha, the chief Christ, is very short. In a thousand instances, if we supply town, or capital. not its deficiency by faith, we shall be always embarrassed, and often miserable. This world is a desart, where nothing In this chapter a number of interesting and instructive cau be found to satisfy the soul of man, but the salvation particulars are contained. which Christ has procured.

1. We see the extreme superstition, enyy, and incurable Verse 37. They did all eat, and were filled] Exograringar ill-nature of the Jews. While totally lost to a proper sense they were satisfied. The husks of worldly pleasures may fill of the spirituality of God's law, they are ceremonious in the the man, but cannot satisfy the soul. A man may eat, and extreme. They will not eat without washing their hands, not be satisfied : it is the interest therefore of every follower because this would be a transgression of one of the traditions of Christ to follow him till he be fed, and to feed on him of their elders; but they can harbour the worst tempers and till he be satisfied.

passions, and thus break the law of God! The word of man Verse 38. Four thousand] Let the poor learn from these weighs more with them than the testimony of Jehovah, and miracles to trust in God for support. Whatever his ordinary | yet they pretend the highest respect for their God and sacred Providence denies, his miraculous power will supply. things, and will let their parents perish for lack of the neces

Verse 39. Ile sent away the multitude] But not before he | saries of life, that they may have goods to row to the service had instructed their souls, and fed and healed their boilies. of the sanctuary! Pride and envy blind the hearts of men,

The coasts of Magdala. ] In the parallel place, Mark viii. 10. || and cause them often to act not only the most wicked, but this place is called Dalmunuthu. Either Hagdala was formed the most ridiculous parts. He who takes the book of God by a transposition of letters from Dalman, to which the for the rule of his faith and practice, can never go astray : Syriac termination atha had been added, or the one of these but to the mazes and perplexities produced by the traditions names refers to the country, and the other to a town in that of elders, human creeds and confessions of faith, there is no

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