Page images

Seeing it is physically impossible for Methinks, Mr.Urban, this reasonable a centre to move, does it move in a system of Lambert's might be illusstraight line up and down ? No! that trated by the idea of two circles, one cannot be. It assuredly must revolve within the other; of such different round a centre, as Lambert says; for sizes, in proportion, as the orbits of that is most reasonable to the studi- the sun and the earth may be supous mind ; because, in my conception, posed to be, revolving parallelly and the moving of the planets with such perpendicularly, or vertically and howonderful velocity in a circle, as they rizontally, on an imaginary centre, are supposed to do, nay must do, is common to them both; the parallel, the eflicient cause of their keeping so or larger one, representing the horiregularly in their orbils; which a zon*, and divided into twelve parts straight line could never perform, the for the several months or signs; and Almighty power being out of the the perpendicular, or smaller one, requestion. Seeing then, as I said be- presenting the ineridian, and divided fore, it is impossible in human con into 360 degrees. Then supposing ccption for a centre to move, the fol. the smaller one to be the sun's orbit, lowiwg question arises in my mind. If in a North and South plane, and both it be admilled that Lambert is right, of them in operation ; when the and that the sun moves in an orbit, smaller one has risen thirty degrees wliose centre is the centre of our sys- from the parallel one, we may reatem, is not that orbit perpendicular sonably suppose the sun is entering or vertical to the orbits of our earth Taurus; and when it has risen thirty and the other planets, and in a North degrees more, then he is entering and South plane; and thereby the Gemini; and when thirty degrees efficient cause of suminer and winter more, then he is entering Cancer, or in them all, if I may be allowed the at his zenith or apheliou ; and down bold conjecture; supposing them to again to Libra, and back to Aries, revolve in the sanie parallelor horizou- from whence he set out. I am pleasa tal plane with the earth? Again, the ed with this idea, as it is new to my supposition that the sun's orbit is per- thoughts this moment; and I think pendicular or vertical, and in a North it gives a better idea of the efficient and South plane, being admitted, I cause of suinner and winter on our conceive that the aphelion of the sun earth (and we may reasonably supmust be when he enters into Cancer pose on the other planets also) than and Capricorn, and the diameter of any I have ever met with for simplithe earth's orbit passes through the city. Upon the whole, Mr. Urban, centre of the sun's orbit from those this is one of those heavenly contemsigns, and in a North and South plane; plations that I have heretofore al. and the perihelion, when he enters luded to on a serious occasion (see last into Aries and Libra, and the diameter vol. p. 193) “ that lead us to wonder of the carth's orbit passes through the and adore.” if I am in error in centre of the suu's orbit, and the cen any part, I shall be obliged in betre of the sun himself, from those ing set right by any of your Astronosigns, and in an East and West plane. mical Correspondents. These premises being granted, I think P. S. Mr. Urban is submissively rethey clearly confirin the adage that quested to inform the Architect, the siu is nearer the earth in the mid- through the medium of his Miscellany, dle of winter than in summer; be- from one of the most zealous approve cause it is demonstratively so by the ers of his laudable pursuits, who difference between the diagonal, or wishes he was Surveyor General of all inclined, distance of the sup from the the Cathedrals in this kingdom ; that carth in the aphelion, and the paral. if, in his approaching summer excur. el distance in the perihelion, which, sion, he could make Worcester in of course, must be considerably more his way, it would be very desirable; as than the radius of the sun's orbit; there are some very material imthat is, the half of 23o 30". And it provements projecting in the Cathealso proves that the sun is absolutely nearer to us in England when it is in

* Can it be a question whether the Capricorn than in Cancer, because we

plane of the earth's or the sun's orbit are situated between the fiftieth and

may be supposed vertical or perpendicusixtielh degrees of North latitude. lar to us? I have presumed the latter,



dral, and a word of advice from him And must we tamely suffer and deplore would be highly gratifying to the The loss of thee?-our Helen, now no Dignitaries of that venerable struc more! ture; and he himself would be also The Sun or CHIVALRY IS SET! The AGE gratified by a sight of some beautiful Of Heroes past and sunk,--that noble fragments, perhaps parts of the origi- Which urg'd Ulysses thro' the stormy

[main, pal altar screen.

And that this is no subterfuge nor quirk to deceive, you,

And spurr'd Tydides to the Phrygiar Mr. Urban, have the author's naine, Who now his sword, in such a quarrel,


[drurs? and may tell him if you please. R.

What Greek, what Trojan in a Woman's

cause ?" Mr. URBAN, Sloane-st. May 5. Extract from Mr.Burke's Reflections Y comer site which mir. Burke's TOU must well remember the wel.

on the French REVOLUTION.

" It is now sixteen or seventeen years famous work on the FRENCH REVO

since I saw the Queen of France, then the LUTION was received by the higher Dauphiness, at Versailles ; and surely circles of society when it first appear never alighted on this orb, which she ed; and how sensibly its influence was hardly seeined to touch, a more DEimmediately after extended and felt

LIGHTFUL VISION. I saw her just above through the larger masses of the the horizon, decorating and cheering the people. That seasonable perform- elevated sphere she just began to move ance was often, Sir, the theme of in,-glittering like the morning star, your commendation; and the page, full of life, and splendour, and joy.' which introduced the fallen MARIE

“Little did I dream that I should ANTOINETTE, to the sympathy of this bave lived to see such disasters fallen Nation, was, at the period mentioned, upon her in a nation of gallunt men, in

a nation of men of honour and of cavaas frequently recited, as a favourite

liers. I thought ten thousand swords passage in Shakspear.

must have leaped from their scabbards to I do not mean, at the present mo

avenge even a look tlrat threatened her ment, to abate the least portion from

with insult. But the Age of CHIVALRY the merit of the patriotic and animat is GONE !"

W.P. ed author; but that Mr. BURKE had read, with the earnestness of an ad Mr. URBAN, North Sheen, April 4. mirer, poem by the

N answer to your Correspondeut, author's spirit into the descriptive churches were ordered to be taken passage alluded to, the following com dowu, and tables placed in their stead, parative extracts must demonstrate : in the 4th year of Edward the Sixtb. and from the corresponding fervour of For au answer to his 3d query, I language, ideas, and imagery, the refer him to Baker's Cbroniele, p. 16. claim to ORIGINALITY cannot belong Canule, being one time at Southamps to Mr. Burke. The death of Lord ton, he commanded that his chair of Lyttelton took place, I believe, early state should be set on the shore when in 1779.

the sea began to flow, and then sitting Extract from the Address to Lady down there, in the presence of his

CAT-NA-NS--Y, on her depære many attendants, he spake thus to that ture for Irelund.

element: I churge thee Thut thou preFrom the poems of Thomas Lord Lyt- sume not to enter niy land, nor wet

telton, published by Kearsley in 1780. these robes of thy lord, that are about “ But I, alas ! fix'd on this hated shore, his command, but keeping on its usu

But the sea giving no heed to With eyes enamour'd shall behuld no


al course of tide, first wet his skirts, That blaze-of beauty, whose excessive

and afterwards his thighs, whereupon, With giddy rapture dims the aching suddenly arisiog, he thus spake in the sight.

[less pride hearing of them all: Let all the O DAUGHTER of the Rose! O match world's inhabitanis know that vuin and Of Nature! lovelier than the Spartan weak is the power of their kings, and bride!

[deed that none is worthy of the name of For thee contending nations might in king, but He thut keeps both heaven For better reason than Achaia bleed.

and earth in obedience. After which Could we give Helen's soul-subduing time he would never suffer the crown charms,

[to arms; to be put upon his head, but presently Light up all Greece, and fire the world




[ocr errors]

crowned therewith the picture of I wish, with much diffidence, to offer Christ on the Cross at Winchester;

a few remarks, wbich I presume may from which example arose, perhaps, throw some light on the subject. the custom to hang up the armour The system which presents itself in of Worthies in churches as offerings the animal creation, of the strong consecrated to him who is the Lord preying on the weak in uniform of batlle.”

gradation, is, at first view, one of apSo far Baker's conjecture.—But, parent cruelty; and although the in my humble opinion, it originated species of each is preserved for a from Grecian and Roman trophies, time for the purposes of propagation of which we have innumerable in- and increase, yet the certain consestances in Homer, and Virgil, and quence, finally, inust be to all a preniaother writers both in prose and verse.

ture and violent death, and old age The grave of the soldier was distin or gradual decay is, perhaps, very guished by his weapons ; that of the seldom permitted. Whilst the powers mariner by his oar; and, in short, the bestowed for the preservation of each implements of every art and profession individual species, can act with energy, accompanied their masters, and re- life is extended and enjoyed. On ihe mained as monuments to preserve first approaches of infirmity, if not their memory. Hence Alpenor is in- before, each becomes the victim of troduced by Homer begging Ulysses its superior and more active enemy, to fix the oar he used to row with, and each, in their turn, suffer the upon his tomb. Odyss. a'. 77. pains of death, destroying and deταύτα τε μοι τελέσαι, πήξαι τ’ επί τύμβω to find old age or gradual decay 3 or

stroyed. In this view where are we έρετμόν,

where the dead bodies of birds or ani. rūzai (wós pogov, {wy pet' fuos mals? I mean generally of the aniετέροισιν. .

mal creation. So also Euripides, Heraclid, 736.

Yet in this system, apparently so

cruel, mercy is kindly mixed, and the τρόπαι' ιδρύεται

goodness of the Creator is manifest ; παντευχίαν έχοντα πολεμίων σέθεν. . for can we fancy or draw a picture of Amongst the Latin writers we have ture than an aged Hare or Fox, a de

a more destitute and miserable creamany iostances, one or two of which I will subjoin. Virg. Æn. xi. 80.

crepid Crow, or bird of prey. In the

human species, the infirmities of age Addit equos et tela, quibus spoliaverat and decay of nature are supported hostem.

and assisted to the last period of proAnd again, Æn. xi. 192.

tracted life by the affections and atSparguntur et arma

tachments of relatives and friends;

and a lengthened existence is permitted Hinc alii spolia occisis direpta Latinis and endured ; not so in the inferior Conjiciunt igni, galeas, ensesque de

orders of animal life, where attachcoros, &c.

ment is merely temporary between We may add also * Æn. viii. 183.

the parent and its offspring; and if Lucan. viji. 735. &c. &c.

old age or gradual decay were allowIf any of your Readers can give a

ed, it would be an existence of bunbelter reason for the hanging up of ger, misery, and pain: but in mercy armour, it will be gladly received by, dissolution of animals is sudden and

arrangement is otherwise, and the Yours, &c.

D. M.

certain ; cutting shorter the period of Mr. URBAN, Ludstone, April 21.

life, it is true ; but at the same time N answer to some queries of Jo- lessening the pains of death. It must Death of Birds, and their final retreat, but their bodies are soon disposed of

disease, and a few possibly of old age; * We refer our readers besides to by hungry scavengers, who, in their Eustath. Iliad m. v. 81. En. vii. v. 183. moonlight marches, scent the carHorat. Epistt. i. 1. v. 4. Ovid. Trist. iv. cases, and remove them from the eye Juven. Satt. x. v. 133. Sidon. Apollin. of day; Panegyric. Stat. Thebaid. Æn. xi. 4. With respect to Flies, many species Eurip. Soph. Æschyl. Senec. Liv. Tacit. retire at the approach of winter into &c. &c.


[ocr errors][merged small]




Gent, Mag. May 1812. P. I. p. 427.









« PreviousContinue »