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very meagre and imperfect. From the researches of Mr Pinkers ton, ftimulated by his attachment to antiquarian and philological studies, we expected some original and accurate information on this subject ; but he does not even take notice of this part of Spain. Mr Pinkerton ought to have described, among the natutal curiosities of the German stares, che fubterraneous recelles in the sands of Westphalia, in which human bodies have been preserved for many centuries, by the extreme aridity of the soil and climate, without any alteration, except that their skin is dry and thrivelled. A very short and imperfect notice is given of the island of Sardinia, in a note (vol. I. p. 650). This island, from its Gze, ought certainly not to have been palled over in this dee grading manner; and as Mr Pinkerton must have known that former systems of geography contain very little information re. specting it, and that it has never been described or visited by any English traveller, he ought to have considered it as his duty, in a work which is held forth as a complete system, and as intended and calculated to supply the defects of former authors, to have given the result of every thing which has been written re. specting this island. In the account of Tibet, no mention is made of the existence of Cretins, limilar to those near Şion in Switzerland ; though, as these unhappy creatures are found only in these two countries, and present an appearance at once humi liating to human nature, and interesting to the philosopher, the existence of them in Tibet ought certainly to have been mentioned.
Mr Pinkerton seems, with great justice, to doubt of the exist ence of Baffin's Bay : It is, indeed, very improbable that Baffin should have made, in so high a latitude, so many discoveries as he claimed ; and it is Gingular that they are all unknown to suca ceeding navigators. If Baffin's Bay do not exist, it is probable that Greenland is a continuation of the new continent: from the specimens of the language of Greenland and the Esquimaux Indians given by Don Hervas, the connexion, or at least the con. tiguity of these countries may be inferred. In page 587, Mr. Pinkerton has extracted from Dobrizhoffer, a German missionary, a very curious account of the Abipons, a warlike nation on the Rio Grande.
Mr Pinkerton's work concludes with a cataloge of maps, charts, and books. A catalogue raisonnée, if executed with judge ment and impartiality, would be a very useful appendage to every work which had required from the author extensive research. It would not only prove highly satisfactory to the reader, by enabling him to collect information for himself, and to confirm cvery account of which he entertained any doubt, but it would
serve the important purpose of saving time, and preventing its misapplication in the perusal of improper or trifling publications. Books are now so multiplied, that he who wishes to engage in the study of any branch of literature or science, is at a loss which to reject, and which to peruse; and would feel himself highly indebted to the man who would give him arcatalogue, and a short character of the principal works in each department. Such catalogues might be drawn up without much labour, if each author, who has been employed on a work where it was neceffary to consult all that had been previously written, would ụndertake the one connected with his subject. They are not uncommon in Germany; and there are a few in France. In the former coun. try, Professor Meiners has appended to his History of all Re. ligions a most excellent, and at the same time concise, account of the different books which he consulted. The catalogue of Mr Pinkerton is defective in many respects : The titles are seldom given fully; frequently the size of the book, and the best edition, is not mentioned ; and the character is not sufficiently precise and determinate. We shall briefly notice a few of the most important omissions and errors.
Marshall's Journey,' &c. It is impossible to determine what book is meant by this short and imperfect title. The work referred to was published in 1776; the author' was W. Marshall, Esq.; he travelled through all the north of Europe, and through Poland, the Netherlands, Germany, and parts of France and Spain. The work consists of four volumes ; but the fourth volume, which contains his journey through France and Spain, is feldom to be met with. We can confidently recommend these travels, as containing more full, accurate, and scientific information on the important subject of agriculture, than most works of this nature.
Ponz, Viage de Espana, eight volumes 8vo.' There are twelve volumes of this work: the last four were published some years after the first eight.
• Kæmpper's Japan, excellent.' Mr Pinkerton ought to have ; mentioned, that the English translation of this work, which was published by the liberality of Sir Hans Sloane, is very incomplete : and that the original entire work was lately published in French, and we believe in German, which alone ought to be consulted.
The maps, in the quarto edition, which are of the same size, ought either to have been left out, or given on a much larger scale, separately, so as to have formed an atlas, of a fize propor. rioned to the extent and importance of the work : as they are, they add considerably to the price, and little or nothing to the value of the book. The introduction, by Mr Vince, contains
every thing that the student should know previously to the commencement of his geographical studies. The latter part of it, however, which treats of the physiology of plants, and some branches of meteorology, we think superfluous; and it certainly is imperfect, and in many respects incorrect. This part of the introduction, the Linnæan names of plants, and the geographical discussions and conjeclures intersperied in the larger work, are omitted in the abridgment: in other respects, it seems nearly a tranfcript of the quarto edition ; and, from the comparatively finall price and more convenient form, will be more generally useful.
Arr. Vil. Second Voyage à la Louisiane, faisant Suite au Premier de
P duteur. Par Baudry des Lozicres. 2 tomes en 8vo. pp. 824. Paris. Charles. An xi. 1803. (Mars.)
The reader who should expect any thing like a book of travels
from this title, would fall into a great mistake. Thele vos lumes have no pretensions to the name; and the only reason which influenced the author in the choice of it is, that he fora merly wrote a Voyage à la Louisiane.' The present publication is, in every sense of the word, a miscellany; and the only uniformity which it poflelles, is the perpetual egotism of the author. Were it not for this constantly prevailing feature, we should never be able to conceive, at any one page, that the book before us had not been changed since the last. The childithness of Citizen Baudry is indeed to exccílive, and so various, as to become amusing; and the entertainment is from time to time heightened by the resection, that this singular creature is actually Historiographer of the French colony department. Unconnected as the different parts of the work are, except by the presence of the author, and large as the subject is upon which he might have enteredthe whole colonial affairs of the republic; we believe it would be difficult to diffuse matter more thinly over so great a space as he has contrived to sprinkle with fomething like information and reflections. His effufions are, for the most part, only valuable às affording tome curious specimens of the principles which icem at present to regulate the confidential servants of the French government in their views of West Indian policy, and some striking initances of the total change which the last years of the revolutionary crisis have effected upon the general principles of Frenchinen. Here and there we meet with a fact of tome importance, enveloped in a cloud of rant, funtiment, and exclsa VOL. III. NO. 5.
mation. Not unfrequently we perceive traces of that natural eloquence with which the very worst of the French writers occasionally surprise us. And although the levity and inconsistency which fo Itrongly mark the characters, as well as the manners of that nation, form the predominent quality of the style, as well as of the matter; vet are we repeatedly consoled with a glimpse of fentiments very different from those which have lately been tolerated at Paris. The motto
“Si canimus sylvas, fylvæ fint Consule dignæ,' is ratlier more applicable to the book than its title ; for, though we find little about woods, there is a great deal in praise of the First Consul.
In the form of a dedication to those colonists who have been ruined by the revolution of the “negrophiles,' our author contrives to give a life and character of himself; reminds these unfortunate people (ces étres intere[11713, as he generally calls them) how he used to plead their causes for small fees; how he afterwards gave up the bar in order to fight for them; and how, for a small matter, they may see a full account of what feats his regiment performed, by sending to Benichets the printer, No. 142, rue de la Pomme, Toulouse. All this we conceive to be the jeasoning which, he begins by telling them, flattery requires in order to render it palatable. The whole fattery consists in repeating what he has heard many Europeans say-that, had they been ruined like the colonists, they would have died of the spleen.
If such is the style of the dedication, our readers will easily imagine what must be the tone of the preface, a department exclusively devoted, by immemorial usage, to the benefit of the author. It contains one piece of information which might well have been spared, but which is repeated at least half a dozen times, in notes, parentheses, and introductions, that this work was written while the printing went on. "A mefure qu'on imprime, on ecrit,' is indeed one of M. Baudry's favourite boasts. This worthy citizen's contentment with himself, is not more enviable, and not much more inexplicable, than his entire satisfaction with the measure of liberty enjoyed under the Consular administration. “Under such a government,' says he, we are permitted to publishevery thing that is useful ; and this amiable freedom demonstrates at once the increasing strength of that government, and the rising happiness of the people.'
With an evident allusion to Jaffa and Switzerland, he tells us, (p. 2. vol. i.), that France is now governed only by talents and virtues ; and, in p. 335, we learn, that the Augustus of modern times has added Britain to his empire. The reconquest of Canada is a favourite scheme with our author: He talks of it as a natur ral consequence of the restitution of Louisiana to France ; says, that it may be effected the first favourable moment; and seems to consider the right of property as really inherent in the ancient pofleflors (p. 252.) Such was the language held by the writers belonging to the Consular government, at the very time when their matter complained of the free effusions of the British press as a breach of the pacific relations between the two countries !
But M. Baudry would not be satisfied with encircling the Unite ed States by the acquisition of Canada and Louisiana. He plainly avows his opinion, that France is the natural mistress of all North America. He proposes the conciliation of the Indian tribes as a Atep equally sure and easy towards the accomplishment of this project; and, mingled as usual with a large proportion of absura dity, we certainly do find, in this part of his remarks, some matter of serious reflection. Every one acquainted with the history of those savage tribes, knows how much more prone they have always been found to embrace the alliance of the French than of the English. The observations of Mr Burke upon this fact, are alfo well known. He ascribes it to the extreme Couplesse of the French character. M. Baudry does not fail to enlarge upon the theme, though in language somewhat different from that employed by our great English writer. And he mentions, apparently without any idea of its importance, a very striking circumstance, which demonstrates the systematic attention of the French rulers, at all times, to aid the favourable tendency of the national manners in conciliating the Indians. In the year 1798, he met a party of these people near Philadelphia. Their chief showed him a certificate, finely written, and signed Buonaparte; adding-- You see that I am a Frenchman, fince Buonaparte has fent me a passport.' Our author afterwards learnt, that the chancellor of the French Consulate at Philadelphia had given the Indian this paper, on account of the enthusiasm which he showed for Bonaparte. This adroitness in gaining over friends, is one of the very few parts of the French policy which we fhould wish to see imitated by the governments of other nations. It may certainly be kept entirely separate from the ends to which it has been applied by the revolutionary leaders.
We have remarked, that the work now before us has not the smallest fimilarity to a ' voyage.' We may add, that it has little or no connexion with · Louifiane.' The author cone feffes his love of digreflion to be irresistible; and apologizes for it, partly by an allufion to Montaigne, and partly by tairly telling us, that every mind, like every body, has its peculiar phyfiognomy, and that hi cannot change the nature of his. Accorda
This adroithe French policy er nations. The it has been appli