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:'. And of one free, am now become a thrall. .
Put to such pain, thou serv'st thy friends withal :
Leonor, sweet rose, all other flowers excelling,
For thee I feel strange thoughts in me rebelling,' &c. There is another piece of incomprehensible nonsense, beginning,
'? Sith that the victory, of right deserved,
By wrong they do withhold, for which I served ;
Glorious it is to end my life withal,' &c. The disgrace of this abominable stuff does not rest with poor Anthony Now-Now, whose talents could afford nothing better , far less with the Spanish author, whose sonnets, though quaint, are not devoid of some merit; but with Mr Southey, whom we seriously exhort, in the name of poetry and common sense, to give us a decent translation in his next edition, and no more to Thelter himself behind Munday for his verfe, than he has done for his profe.
So much for the prose edition of Amadis, with the perusal of which we have been highly grațified.
re not de short, in the rion in his nem is verse, th
· We have already given it as cur opinion, that the history of Amadis was, in its original state, a metrical romance. We re, member, also, to have seen an Italian poem in ottava rima, called Il Amadigi, chiefiy remarkable for the whimsical rule which the poet had imposed upon himself, of opening each canto with a description of the morning, and closing it with a description of the night. Mr William Stewart Rose has now favoured the public with a poetical version of the First Book of Amadis, con, taining the birth and earlier adventures of the hero, and clofing with his gaining poffeffion of Oriana.
In our remarks upon this poem, we are more inclined to blame, in fome degree, Mr Rose's plan, than to find fault with the exe. cution, which appears to us, upon the whole, to be nearly as perfect as the plan admitted. Mr Rofe has indeed stated his pretena fions so very modestly, that perhaps we are warranted in thinking, that a culpable degree of diffidence has prevented him from alsuming a tone of poetry more decided and animated.
"That the extract I now present to the public,' says Mr Rose, s is closely translated, I cannot venture to affirm. I have, I confess, attempted to introduce some of those trifling ornaments, which even the simplest style of poetry imperiously demands, and
comple), he languahe hiphe mouldse ofH. conceivece Of Ewo wo tani.
have, in many instances, altered the arrangement, and very much contracted the narration of the original: I trust, however, that I shall not be convicted of having, in my trilling deviations, introduced any thing which is at variance with the spirit or tone of the celebrated romance.'
With the alterations and abbreviations of Mr Rose, we have not the most distant intention of quarrelling ; on the contrary, we think that his too close adherence to his original, is the greatest defect in the book. Mr Rose was not engaged in translating a poem, but in composing one; the story of which was adopted from a profe work. We therefore do not conceive that he was obliged to limit himself to trifling ornaments, or to the very fimplest style of poetry. Even in modernizing ancient poetry, and that, too, the poetry of Chaucer, containing no fmall portion of fire, Dryden thought himself at liberty to heighten and enJarge the descriptions of his great master. But in his versions from those pieces, (in the tale of Theodore and Honoria, for example), he borrowed from Boccacio only 'the outline of the story: the language, the conduct, and the sentiment, were all his own, and all in the highest strain of poetry. In like manner, we cannot see why Mr Rofe should have thought himself obliged to follow in any respect the 'profe of Herberay, while he himself was writing poetry. We can easily conceive that a prose romance may be converted into a metrical romance or epic poem ; but we cannot allow, that there ought to sublift betwixt two works, the style of which is fo very different, the relations of a tranflation and an original work. In consequence of Mr Rose's plan, it appears to us that his poem has suffered some injury. The necessity of following out minutely the prose narrative, produces an occasional languor in the poem, for which simple, and even elegent versification does not atone. We will, however, frankly own, that the casual circumftance of having perused Mr Southey's prose work before the poem of Mr Rose, may have had some iris fluence upon our criticism ; fince our curiosity being completely forestalled, we may have felt a diminished interest in the latter, from a cause not imputable to want of merit. "
The avowed model upon which Mr Rose has framed his A. madis, is the translation of Le Grand's Fabliaux, by Mr Way : and it is but justice to state, that, in our opinion, he has fully attained what he proposed. An easy flow of verse, partaking more of the school of Dryden than of Pope, and chequered, occasionally, with ancient words and terms of chivalry, seems wel? calculated for the narration of romance and legendary tale. The following passage is a successful imitation of Chaucer :
's Hill To tell, as meet, the costly feast's array,
My tedious tale would hold a summer's day :
The feet beneath, what hawks were placed on high.' We do not pretend to fay, that Mr Rose's poetry is altogether free from the common place of the time. Such lines occur as these :
- Nearer and nearer bursts the deafening crash,
Athwart the luid clouds red lightnings flash.'' But if Mr Rose's plan prevented him from aspiring to the higher flights of poetry, he never, on the other hand, diiguits the reader by unking into bathos. We are persuaded that the public would be intereited in a modern version of some of our beit metrical romances by Mr Rose. We are the more certain of this, becauie we have read the notes to Amadis with very great fatisfaction. We pay thein a very great compliment, indeed, when we iay, that they resemble, in lightness and elegance, though not in extent of information, those of George Eilis io Way's Fattiaux.
Ast. XI. CHrvatieris met Crural Hernia; in hicb is prefret, a G:eral Account of the l'arieties of Herria. Bluffraied by Engravings,
By Alaander Metro, Junior, M. D. F. R. S. E. and Professor of "Anatomy and Surgery in the l'airerity of Edinburgh. Sro. Pp. 120. 1. Longman & Reis 18c3.
Yr is often ditcult to judge with perfect impartialisy of the work
of one who comes recommended to us by lo mar extrinsic sitles to reinect. Our erpectations are natural influenced by the fituation and onntun ties of the author, and have an unfortunate tendency both to enhance his merits ard to a crtavate his de:ects. li che ha certcnund on the whole with the anticipations we hers indulund, we give the author te!) credit for every incidental diplar os gruins it may contain, and dwell with fatisaction on crery enlightened fennment and iudicious remark. But if, on the ether hand, the general train of the mentionparce be rates below minat mght have been expected from the state of the isance, and the opportunities of the indivnual, we foon beoome uubelis quick right to al lots inireriectants; and carines vuit our. Klies va n port of it.Qua and saciion, that
would not perhaps have been excited by an anonymous publication.
The work before us is the first production of the Professor in the highest branch of the medical department in the University of Edinburgh : and from an author in this ftuation, holding at his command all the resources of a great national museum, and almost the whole combined information of the country, and engaged to maintain not only his own reputation, but that of the school in which he teaches, it was certainly natural for us to expect a work, rich in observation, and splendid in execution. If any of our readers should take up the book, as we did, with these impressions, they will probably soon come to comprehend the feelings of disa appointment with which we proceeded in the pérusal- of it. :
We willingly confess, however, that a little more con deration has convinced us of the folly of measuring this production by so lofty and gigantic a standard; it is but justice to recollect that it is the work of a young man, to whom every thing cannot be at once familiar, and who is laudably anxious to give some public and early proof of the industry by which he is to show himself worthy of the situation to which he has been elevated. We are perfuaded, indeed, that it is by this meritorious solicitude alone, that the author has been induced to venture before the public with a treatise on fo important and delicate a subjeet, and are therefore disposed to admit of every apology for the imperfections which it may be our duty to point out in it.
The work before us professes to treat particularly of Crural Hernia, and to set out with a systematic explanation of hernia in general. It made its first appearance, we understand, in the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and is now laid before the public, with all those corrections and improvements that may be supposed to have been suggested by the remarks of that learned Body. If we were inclined to give a short and specific character of the book, we thould say that it consisted too much of a series of unconnected observations, and contained rather an ostentatious display of the author's acquaintance with rare and extraordinary cases, at the fame time that they are scarcely ever detailed in such a manner as to communicate much instruction to the reader. It is chargeable also, in some degree, with a fault that is more common and more baneful in books of medicine than in works of any other description; we mean, that jealous partiality with which an author magnifies any little original remark or hint of a theory into a doctrine of disproportionate magnitude, and dwells upon it with a degree of complacency and copiousness, which he is often obliged to compens fate, by retrenching some of the most important parts of the subject.
In a subject, however, of this great and terrible importance, where the lives of multitudes come so frequently to depend on the
decision and dexterity of the surgeon, we cannot content ourselves with these general observations, but must be allowed to go some, what more minutely into the doctrines and observations of the author.
Pasiing over the few introductory sentences, we are somewhat abruptly arrested by this general definition.
• By the word Hernia, is generally understood, in the language of surgery, an external tumour, formed by a protrusion of the bowels through one or other of the openings through the abdominal muscles, where the umbilical, spermatic, or crural veflels pass out, or round lic gament of the female uterus.'
This definition, we are afraid, will not be found to be very accurate. A heroia is not an external tumor; nor is it formed by the bowels protruded through one or other of the abdominal muscles. In many instances, it is not external; nor can it be said to form a tumor at all. It is produced by the pressure of the muscular puricies of the belly. The mufoular fibre acquires ftreat strength by action; and the protrulion, therefore, takes place betwixt some of the tendinous expansions : and, often falle ing down betwixt the womb and rectum into the vagina, through the obturator ligament,, betwixt the fucro-isciatic ligaments, or through the central tendon of the diaphragm, the protruded part is ftrangulated. But there is something of more importance than even this palpable incorrectness of the definition. A hernia may take place under the crural arch; yet there may be an utter impoflibility of deciding on the case by the taffus eruditus. There may be no tumor, while yet the hernia is of that kind in which the symptoms run a rapid course, and the patient is soon beyond the reach of assistance.
Dr Monro makes a division of hernia into acute and chronic. In the former (he observes) the disease comes on rapidly, and is the immediate result of violent muscular exertions: In many instances, he informs us, it creates a violent degree of pain, and foon proves facal, from sitrangulation and inflammation of the bowels. In the latter, the bowels are gradually protruded, are cally returned, and remain down without strangulation; so that such hernia have even continued for life without great inconvenience.
This division of the subje&t is so far good; but it does not present a perfect or impreflive account of the real diftinctions of hernia. It does not mark the cause of this distinction, nor does it lead to the deductions which are truly useful in practice. A better distinction is, to mark where there has been predispofition, andan unusual laxity of the openings of the abdominal tendons; and