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Improvement in the education of negroes in the former slave States— Proportion of colored

males of voting age who could read and write in 1870 and in 1900.

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The figures of 1870 are those of the first census taken after emancipation. It will be noted that the States bordering on the free States of the North showed by that census the largest proportion of males able to read and write, and with few exceptions the same may be remarked of the later statistics.

UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES AND THEIR RELIGIOUS CONTROL. Per cent of the total number of colleges and universities under the control of the different

religious denominations: 1902.

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The figures show about 70 per cent of all the higher institutions in the country (638 all told) to be under the control of religious denominations, while the remaining 30 per cent are nonsectarian and about equally divided between those under public and those under private control. Many of the sectarian colleges for men were designed primarily to prepare young men for the ministry, but beyond this they now differ little from other colleges of corresponding grade except as to the matter of maintenance.

Sectarian colleges are usually supported by some unit of church administration, but in many of the stronger denominational institutions large endowments place them beyond the necessity of regular appeal to such sources.

GRADUATES OF PUBLIC NORMAL SCHOOLS.

The comparison of the numbers in public normal schools at three epochs from 1880 to 1902 shows the increasing capacity of these schools to supply the needs for professionally trained teachers. Besides the public normal schools there are many private normal schools, and also normal training departments, in nearly 800 public and private high schools and in more than 200 of the colleges and universities. The number of well-trained teachers graduating each year amounts to about 15,000.

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AMOUNT OF PROPERTY EXPENDED FOR EVERY ONE THOUSAND DOL

LARS OF TRUE VALUE OF PROPERTY BY THE LARGEST CITY IN EACH
OF THE STATES.

The first column shows the expenditure for all purposes, police and the courts, sewers, etc.

The second column shows the number of dollars expended for schools.

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The figures given in this table were deduced from statistics collected by the Bureau of Labor for the year 1902. It registers fairly what each city named is relatively doing for education. It will be noted that the sums named are strictly for maintenance and operation, all items of capital outlay being excluded. All of which is respectfully submitted.

W. T. HARRIS, Commissioner. The SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.

STATISTICS OF STATE SCHOOL SYSTEMS. Table 1. The total population, the school population, and the adult male population.

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6,587, 707 2, 613, 720 3, 590, 093 7,886, 839 1,556, 072

220, 630 134, 485 109, 539 893, 955 134, 936

294, 915 2, 301, 185

594, 955 1,903, 107

55,501 333, 345

88, 061 463, 318 263, 866 436, 385 295, 348 529, 303 149, 593

United States ..
North Atlantic Division
South Atlantic Division..
South Central Division
North Central Division
Western Division
North Atlantic Division:

Maine..
New Hampshire
Vermont.
Massachusetts.
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York.
New Jersey

Pennsylvania..
South Atlantic Division:

Delaware
Maryland.
District of Columbia.
Virginia
West Virginia.
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia

Florida
South Central Division:

Kentucky..
Tennessee
Alabama
Mississippi
Louisiana
Texas..
Arkansas
Oklahoma

Indian Territory
North Central Division:

Ohio
Indiana.
Illinois.
Michigan
Wisconsin
Minnesota
Iowa.
Missouri
North Dakota
South Dakota
Nebraska

Kansas.
Western Division:

Montana Wyoming Colorado New Mexico Arizona. Utah Nevada Idaho Washington. Oregon.. California.

565, 640 505, 535 435, 532 366, 829 345, 127 795, 758 326, 918 135, 646 113, 108

1, 256, 564

749, 486 1,488, 996

747, 743 595, 354 537, 903 665, 232 891, 098 106,849 124, 681 309, 055 413, 879 116, 296

41, 613 197, 507 58, 006 47, 900 71,745 17, 090 61, 167 219, 696 152, 618 572, 434

ED 1903—

LXXVII

TABLE 2.- Density of population, urban population, nativity and race classification, value of

manufactures, illiteracy, and relations of the adult male and of the school population. (NOTE.—The statistics in this table, except those in column 12, are from the U. S. Census of 1900.]

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North Atlantic Div.:
Maine....

23. 2 23. 7 New Hampshire. 45.7 38.6 Vermont..

37.6 11.2 Massachusetts 348.9

67.0 Rhode Island 407.0 66.1 Connecticut.

187.5 52.0 New York.

152.6 68.5 New Jersey

250.3 61.2
Pennsylvania 140.1 45.5
South Atlantic Div.:
Delaware

94. 3 41.4 Maryland.

120.5 46.9 Dist. of Columbia. 4,645.3 100.0 Virginia

46.2 14.7 West Virginia. 38.9 7.7 North Carolina. 39.0 5.1 South Carolina. 44.4 7.5 Georgia

37.6

11.0 Florida

9.7 15.0 South Central Div.: Kentucky.

53.7 16.9 Tennessee

48.4

13.4 Alabama..

35,5 7.3 Mississippi

33.5 2.6 Louisiana.

30.4 22.8 Texas.

11.6 11.3 Arkansas

24.7 5.4 Oklahoma

10.3 5.0
Indian Territory. 12.6 0.0
North Central Div.:
Ohio

102.0 38.5 Indiana.

70.1 24. 2 Illinois.

86,1 47.1 Michigan

42. 2 30.9 Wisconsin.

38.0 30. 7 Minnesota

22.1 26.8 Iowa..

40.2 16.8 Missouri

45.2 30.8 North Dakota

4.5 3.0 South Dakota

5.2

2.6 Nebraska

13.9 15.8 Kansas.

18.0

14.0 Western Division: Montana.

1.7 27.0 Wyoming

.9 24.1 Colorado

5. 2 38.1 New Mexico

1.6 0.0 Arizona.

1.1 0.0 Utah

3.4 25.2 Nevada

0.0 Idaho

1.9 0.0 Washington

7.7 31.9 Oregon.

4.4 23.9 California.

9.5 43. 7

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a Including Mongolians and Indians.

a

b Less cost of raw material.

Table 3.-School ages in the several StatesState school censuses.

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North Atlantic Division:

Maine
New Hampshire (1902)
Vermont
Massachusetts
Rhode Island.
Connecticut
New York
New Jersey:

Pennsylvania (1902).
South Atlantic Division:

Delaware (1893)
Maryland (1902)
District of Columbia (1902).
Virginia.
West Virginia
North Carolina (1902)
South Carolina.
Georgia

Florida (1902)
South Central Division:

Kentucky
Tennessee
Alabama (1902)
Mississippi
Louisiana
Texas
Arkansas
Oklahoma..

Indian Territory (1902)h.. North Central Division:

Ohio..
Indiana
Illinois
Michigan.
Wisconsin
Minnesota.
Iowa
Missouri.
North Dakota
South Dakota
Nebraska.

Kansas (1902).
Western Division:

Montana
Wyoming (1900)
Colorado
New Mexico.
Arizona
Utah
Nevada.
Idaho
Washington
Oregon
California

6-20 6-21 7-21 5-21 6-18 7-17 6-21 6-21

1903 1903 1901 1902 1899 1902 1903 1903 1901

6-20 6-21 7-21 6-21 6-18 8-17 6-21 6-21 5-21

314, 545 209, 154 380), 911 255, 533 97, 743 79, 915

313, 850 195, 603 372, 417 247, 275 93, 235 76, 501

595,587 776, 011 676, 285 628, 395 401, 757 759, 358 502, 808 190, 978 156, 416

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a The compulsory period here given is in many Cases extended or shortened under certain circumstances.

b Not limited by law. cIneinsive. 04-20 in districts maintaining kindergartens.

e No State school census. I No compulsory law.

g Applies only to Baltimore city and Allegany County.

h Returns imperfect. i Unmarried,

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