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Improvement in the education of negroes in the former slave SlatesProportion of colored

males of voting age who could read and write in 1870 and in 1900.

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The figures of 1870 are those of the first census taken after emancipation. It will be noted that the States bordering on the free States of the North showed by that census the largest proportion of males able to read and write, and with few exceptions the same may be remarked of the later statistics.

UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES AND THEIR RELIGIOUS CONTROL.

Per cent of the total number of colleges and universities under the control of the different

religious denominations: 1902.

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The figures show about 70 per cent of all the higher institutions in the country (638 all told) to be under the control of religious denominations, while the remaining 30 per cent are nonsectarian and about equally divided between those under public and those under private control. Many of the sectarian colleges for men were designed primarily to prepare young men for the ministry, but beyond this they now differ little from other colleges of corresponding grade except as to the matter of maintenance.

Sectarian colleges are usually supported by some unit of church administration, but in many of the stronger denominational institutions large endowments place them beyond the necessity of regular appeal to such sources.

GRADUATES OF PUBLIC NORMAL SCHOOLS.

The comparison of the numbers in public normal schools at three epochs from 1880 to 1902 shows the increasing capacity of these schools to supply the needs for professionally trained teachers. Besides the public normal schools there are many private normal schools, and also normal training departments, in nearly 800 public and private high schools and in more than 200 of the colleges and universities. The number of well-trained teachers graduating each year amounts to about 15,000. STATISTICS OF STATE SCHOOL SYSTEMS.

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LARS OF TRUE VALUE OF PROPERTY BY THE LARGEST CITY IN EACH

OF THE STATES.

The first column shows the expenditure for all purposes, police and the courts, sewers, etc. The second column shows the number of dollars expended for schools.

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The figures given in this table were deduced from statistics collected by the Bureau of Labor for the year 1902. It registers fairly what each city named is relatively doing for education. It will be noted that the sums named are strictly for maintenance and operation, all items of capital outlay being excluded. All of which is respectfully submitted.

W. T. HARRIS, Commissioner. The SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.

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Table 1.— The total population, the school population, and the adult male population.

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United States
North Atlantic Division
South Atlantic Division...
South Central Division
North Central Division
Western Division
North Atlantic Division:

Maine....
New Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts.
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York..
New Jersey

Pennsylvania
Sonth Atlantic Division:

Delaware
Maryland.
District of Columbia.
Virginia
West Virginia..
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia

Florida
South Central Division:

Kentucky
Tennessee
Alabama..
Mississippi
Louisiana.
Texas.
Arkansas
Oklahoma

Indian Territory
North Central Division:

Ohio
Indiana
Illinois..
Michigan
Wisconsin
Minnesota
Iowa.
Missouri
North Dakota
South Dakota
Nebraska

Kansas..
Western Division:

Montana Wyoming Colorado. New Mexico Arizona.. Utah Nevada Idaho Washington. Oregon.. California..

ED 1903— Vi

LXXVII

TABLE 2.- Density of population, urban population, nativity and race classification, value of

manufactures, illiteracy, and relations of the adult male and of the school population. (NOTE.—The statistics in this table, except those in column 12, are from the U. S. Census of 1900.] The total population.

The adult male popula. Number of tion (21 years and over). children 5

to 18 years Per cent of native

Per cent of illit

of age to and foreign

erates (unable

every 100 white and of

to write) among

persons of State or Territory.

colored.

adult males.

the total population.

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28.3

24.4 31.8 32.8 28.2 25.1

23.2 21.6 23.4 22.2 23.5 22.9 23.9 25.0 26.5

26.5 27.9 21.7 31.6 30.8 33.3 34.6 33.4 30.9

16.5 23.7 ( 31.0

a Including Mongolians and Indians.

25.2 Nevada

0.0 Idaho.

1.9 0.0 Washington. 7.7 31.9 Oregon.

4.4 23.9 California..

9.5 43.7

1.5 30.00 16.4 19. 31 4.5 12. 15 4.2 72. 76 4.6 48. 10 5.5 77.27

74.5 196.5 116.4 149.3 132.7 160.5

.8 1.1

.5 1.1 1.1

35.1 7.0 22.9 12.6 5.7 15.4 11.3 3.9 11.5 27.0 3.4 9.5 32.3 8.1 14.6 24.5

b Less cost of raw material.

TABLE 3.-School ages in the several StatesState school censuses.

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336,590 691, 312 154, 224 319, 729 332, 381 678, 377 349, 525 703, 133

79, 716 161, 428 291, 332 595,587 383, 060

776, 041

676, 285 313, 850 628, 395 195, 603 404, 757 372, 417 759, 358 247, 275 502, 808 93, 235 190, 978 76,501 156, 416 604, 893 1,243, 791 371, 082 767, 436 790, 796 1, 601, 045 367,983 744, 535 374, 250 758, 626 357, 001

721, 470 478, 858 974, 923 54,693 113, 555

i 132, 150 185, 324 376, 868 249, 522 506, 820 31, 810 64, 623 89, 122

179, 186 34, 141 71, 950 12, 672 26, 061 44, 700 89, 725 4, 478

9, 151 31, 527 63, 319 90, 582 183, 292 70, 835 143,757 191, 901 390, 141

a The compulsory period here given is in many cases extended or shortened under certain circumstances. b Not limited by law. cincinsive. 24-20 in districts maintaining kindergartens.

e No State school census. No compulsory law. 9 Applies only to Baltimore city and Allegany County. h Returns imperfect. i Unmarried.

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