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all expenses paid. The county institute society shall provide a suitable hall for the institute, furnish fuel and lights, and pay other local expenses, and shall provide speakers who shall occupy one-half the time of the institute that is given to set addresses: Provided, That upon the request of any institute society which desires to conduct its own institute and to employ lecturers from outside of the county in lieu of lecturers sent by the State board of agriculture, the said board may, in its discretion, grant to the society from the institute fund money not to exceed $25, said money to be expended by the society entirely in payment of services and expenses of said lecturers.

SEC. 1881. The State board of agriculture is further authorized to hold a number of one-day institutes in such counties as it may deem expedient. Also, if the funds appropriated by this act permit, the same board may hold a number of fourday institutes at such places and times as said board may determine, at which the primary object shall be to furnish a school of instruction in practical agriculture and kindred sciences.

SEC, 1882. The State board of agriculture shall maintain the course of reading known as “The Farm Home Reading Circle," and may expend from the moneys appropriated by this act a sum not to exceed $200 for each of the two years for which the appropriation is made for the maintenance and extension of said course.

Sec. 1441. The money received from the sale of said lands (granted by act of Congress of July 2, 1862] shall be paid into the State treasury and shall be placed in the general fund, but the amount thereof shall be placed to the credit of the agricultural college fund upon the books of the auditor-general, and the annual interest thereon, computed at7 per cent, shall be regularly applied under the direction of the State board of agriculture to the support and maintenance of the State Agricultural College, where the leading object shall be—without excluding other scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics--to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life.

SEC. 1442. The State board of agriculture shall, from time to time, in their discretion, as they may deem necessary to protect the best interests of the State, cause the lands under their care to be examined and their value and condition ascertained. To this end they may appoint one or more agents, who shall make careful, personal examination of the lands which they are appointed to examine and report fully as to their character, value, and condition at the time of such examination, and in case any of said lands have been trespassed upon and their value deteriorated thereby, the agent examining such lands shall carefully estimate and report the amount and character of timber probably cut and removed, the date of the cutting, and, if possible, by whom or for whom the cutting was done. Upon receiving such reports of examination, the State board of agriculture shall consider them, and if, in the opinion of the board, the best interests of the State would be promoted by changing the price or terms of sale of any or of all the lands concerned, the said board may alter by reducing or advancing the price per acre or the conditions of payment: Provided, That not less than 25 per cent of the purchase money shall be paid at the time of purchase. And when the price and terms are so fixed the said board shall fix the time when the change, if any be made, will take effect, and cause the same to be published.

Sec. 1443. The said State board of agriculture shall certify from time to time to the auditor-general the amounts required for the services and expenses of examining agents, and for such other expenses as may be necessary for the proper care and disposition of said lands, and the auditor-general shall draw his warrant upon the State treasurer for the amounts thus certified, and the State treasurer shall pay the same out of the general fund. All contracts and certificates of said board shall be signed by the chairman and countersigned by the secretary of the State board of agriculture.

SEC. 1444. In the sale of lands the principal value of which consists in the timber the commissioner of the State land office shall require the payment of the entire amount of purchase money at the time of purchase, or such portion of the same above one-fourth a3 he may deem for the best interest of the State.

SEC. 4791. The superintendent of public instruction shall prepare for district schools a course of study, comprising the branches now required for third-grade certificates, which shall be known and designated the agricultural college course, and upon the satisfactory completion of this course of study, as evidenced by a diploma or certificate, duly signed by the county commissioner of schools, pupils shall be admitted to the freshman class of the agricultural college without further examination. It shall be the duty of the secretary of the agricultural college each year to send to each rural school district in the State a

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college catalogue, and upon application to furnish to such schools such other information as may be desired relative to said college. Such catalogue and other information shall be kept in each school for reference.

SEC. 1522. It shall be the duty of said board to cause ample materials to be collected for the illustration of every department of the geology and mineralogy of the State, and to label, arrange, and prepare the same for exhibition in suitable cases in the museums of the State university, agricultural college, and State normal school, and in cach of the incorporated colleges of the State, and in a room in connection with the State library.

Public Acts, 1899, No. 108: Appropriates for 1900 and 1901, $132,000 for buildings, equipment, repairs, and students' labor.

Ibid., 1899, No. 250: Any five or more persons of full age residing in the State of Michigan may associate and incorporate themselves together for the purpose of establishing loan-funds for the benefit of scholars and students of this state, to assist them to attend the University of Michigan, the Michigan State Agricultural College, etc. [Approved June 15, 1899.)

Ibid., 1901, No. 144: SECTION 1. The township board of any township, not having within its limits an incorporated village or city, upon the petition of not less than one-third of the taxpayers of such township for the establishment of a rural high school, shall submit such question to a vote of the qualified electors of said township at a special election called for that purpose within sixty days from date of receipt of said petition.

SEC. 3. If more votes are cast in favor of such high school than against it at such election, the qualified electors of said township shall elect at their next annual election of township officers a board of trustees of three meinbers.

The township clerk shall le ex officio meinber and the clerk of the board, and the township treasurer shall be ex officio member and treasurer of the board, with the same power as other members of the board. SEC. 4.

The board shall have power * * * (g) to provide a course of study, which shall be approved by the superintendent of public instruction and the president of the Michigan Agricultural College, and shall not consist of more than four years' work. Said course of study may include instruction in manual training, domestic science, nature study, and the clements of agriculture. (Approved May 21, 1901.

Ibid., 1901, No. 232: There shall be assessed in the year 1901 and each year thereafter, upon the taxable property of the State as fixed by the State board of equalization in the year 1901 and each five years thereafter, for the use and maintenance of the Michigan Agricultural College, the Upper Peninsula Experiment Station, and such other experiment stations as have been established, the sum of onetenth of a mill on each dollar of said taxable property, provided that not more than $100,000 shall be assessed in any one year. The State board of agriculture shall make an annual report to the governor of the State of all the receipts and expenditures of the Michigan Agricultural College, the Upper Peninsula Experiment Station, and such other experiment stations as have been established.

SEC. 2. Any amount standing to the credit of the college in the agricultural college interest fund, June 30, 1901, may, in the discretion of the Michigan State board of agriculture, be used for building or other extraordinary expenses, and any amount raised by this act in excess of the amount needed for current expenses during any fiscal year may be used for building and other extraordinary purposes in the discretion of the said board: Provided, That no building or other extraordinary outlay shall be commenced until the accumulation under this act is sufficient to complete the building or other extraordinary undertaking: Provided, That the Michigan State board of agriculture shall maintain at all times a sufficient corps of instructors in all the courses of study of the agricultural college, the same being known as the agricultural department, the mechanical department, and the woman's department; shall support and maintain the Upper Peninsula Experiment Station and such other experiment stations as have been established, including the printing and binding of all bulletins as at present provided by law, and shall make a fair and equitable division of the funds provided by this act in accord with the wants and needs of said courses of study and said experiment station as they shall become apparent. Should the State board of agriculture fail at any time to maintain any of said departments as herein provided, the terms of this act shall be suspended until further action by the legislature.

Sec. 3. The State board of agriculture is hereby authorized to hold institutes and to establish and maintain courses of reading and lectures for instruction in the various branches of agriculture, mechanic arts, domestic economy, and the related sciences, which courses of reading, instruction, and lectures shall be conducted, governed, and controlled by act No. 137 of 1899, providing for the same: Provided, That not less than $7,500 shall be expended annually for the purposes provided in said act; but the number of one-day institutes shall be determined by said State board of agriculture.

SEC. 4. The appropriation made by the provisions of this act shall be paid ont of the general fund in the State treasury to the treasurer of the Michigan State board of agriculture at such times and in such amounts as the general accounting laws of the State prescribe, and the disbursing officer shall render his accounts to the auditor-general thereunder.

SEC. 5. Whenever the Michigan State board of agriculture contemplates expending any portion of the surplus accumulated under this act for any building or any system of sewerage, ventilation, or heating, plans shall be submitted to the State board of corrections and charities, as required by section 2229, Compiled Laws of 1897. But whenever the surplus is used for any other special purpose the board shall certify to the auditor-general the purpose and amount set aside for the same. [Approved June 6, 1901.]

MINNESOTA.

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Constitution, Article VIII: SEC. 2. * * The principal of all funds derived from sales of swamp lands, as aforesaid, shall forever be preserved inviolate and undiminished. One-half of the proceeds of sail principal shall be appropriated to the common school fund of the State. The remaining one-half shall be appropriated to the educational and charitable institutions of the State in the relative rates of cost to support said institutions. (Added November 8, 1881.)

SEC. 3. But in no case shall the moneys derived as aforesaid, or any portion thereof, or any public moneys or property. be appropriated or used for the support of schools wherein the distinctive doctrines, creeds, tenets of any particular Christian or other religious sect are promulgated or taught. (Adopted November 6, 1877.)

SEC. 4. The location of the University of Minnesota, as established by existing laws, is hereby confirmed, and said institution is hereby declared to be the University of the State of Minnesota. All the rights, immunities, franchises, and endowments heretofore granted or conferred are hereby perpetuated unto the said university, and all lands which may be granted hereafter by Congress or other donations for said university purposes shall vest in the institution referred to in this section.

[The following matter is taken from "The general statutes of the State of Minnesota, as amended by subsequent legislation, with which are incorporated all general laws of the State, in force December 31, 1894, compiled and edited by Henry B. Wenzell. 2 vols., St. Paul, 1894.]

SEC, 4020. The State of Minnesota hereby accepts the grants of money made to it by an act of the Congress of the United States approved August 30, 1890, and assents to the purpose of said grants as in said act set forth.

Sec. 4021. All lands donated to the State of Minnesota for the purpose of providing colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts under the act of Congress approved July 2, 1862, shall be appraised and sold, and the moneys arising therefrom shall be invested in the same manner as is provided by law for the appraisement and sale and investing the moneys of school lands under the provisions of the foregoing title, except that there shall be written on the bonds,

Bonds of the agricultural college of Minnesota, transferable only upon the order of the governor: Prorided, That no such lands shall be sold for a less sum than $5 per acre, nor for less than the appraised value thereof: Provided. That all the provisions of law relating to the taxation of school lands and the rights of purchasers at any forfeited tax sale of such lands, as provided by law, shall apply to all sales of lands made under the provisions of this title.

SEC', 4022. All moneys derived from the sale of the lands aforesaid shall be invested in stocks of the United States or of this State yielding not less than 41 per cent upon the par value of said stock, and the moneys so invested shall constitute a perpetual fund, the capital of which shall remain forever undiminished, and the interest of which shall be inviolably appropriated to the endowment. support, and maintenance of at least one college where the leading object shall be, without excluding other scientific and classical studies and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, in such manner as may hereafter be prescribed, in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life.

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SEC. 4023. If any portion of the fund invested, as provided by the foregoing section, or any portion of the interest thereon shall by any action or contingency be lost it shall be replaced by the State, s) that the capital of the fund shall forever remain undiminished, and the annual interest shall le regularly applied without diminution to the purposes mentioned in the preceding section, except that a sum not exceeding 10 per centum upon tiie amount received may be expended for the purchase of lands for sites or experimental farms whenever authorized by the legislature.

SEC. 4024. No portion of such fund nor the interest thereon shall be applied, directly or indirectly, under any pretense whatever, to the purchase, erection, preservation, or repair of any building.

SE('. 4925. The purchase of 4! per cent bonds heretofore madle with the proceeds of sales of agricultural college lands is hereby legalized.

SEC. 4020. All lands donated to the State of Minnesota by the United States by art of Congress entitled An act donating to the States of Minnesota and Oregon certain lands reserved by Congress for the Territories of Minnesota and Oregon for university purposes,'' approved March 2, 1861. and an act of Congress entitled " An act donating public lands to the several States and Territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts," approved July 2, 1862, and any part or portion of such lands, upon the written request of the board of regents of the University of Minnesota to the cominis. sioner of the State land office, shall be appraises and sold, and the minimum price thereof shall be the same, and permits for the cutting of timber thereon, and upon any part of the same, shall be granted, and the minimum price of such timber be fixed, and the right to cut grass and gather cranberries and make maple sugar thereon, or upon any part of the same, shall be soll, and all moneys arising therefrom, except as hereinafter provided, shall be invested and a full record thereof shall be kept, and a report thereof shall be made annually to the legislature, and all trespassers upon said lands, or any of the same, shall be prosecuted, by the same officer or officers, respectively, and in the same manner in erery respect as is now provided by law respecting school lands; except that there shall be written on the bonds purchased - Bonds of the University of Minnesota, transferable only upon the order of the governor;"' and such officers, respectively, shall have the same powers and perform the same duties as are provided by law respecting such school lands. And the proceeds of the sale of such lands above mentioned, when so invested, shall constitute a permanent fund, and the same shall be called the university fund; and there shall be and is hereby inviolably appropriated and placed at the disposal of the board of regents of the University of Minnesota, to be drawn from the State treasury in the same manner as the interest and increase of the fund derived from the sales of lands granted to the State of Minnesota hy act of Congress approved July 2, 1862, as now provided by law, all of the interest and increase of such university fund; and also all the proceeds of the sales of such timber and grass.

Sec. 4027. Nothing in this act container shall in any way morlify or affect the powers conferred by or the provisions of an act to reorganize and provide for the government and regulation of the University of Minnesota, and to establish an agricultural college therein, approved February 19, 1868.

SEC. 3902. The object of the University of Minnesota, established by the constitntion, at or near the Falls of St. Anthony, shall be to provide the means of acquiring a thorough knowledge of the various branches of literature, science and the arts, and such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, including military tactics and other scientific and classical studies.

SEC. 3903. There shall be established in the University of Minnesota five or more colleges or departments-that is to say, a department of elementary instruction; a college of science, literature, and the arts; a college of agriculture, including military tactics; a college of the mechanic arts; a college or department of law, and also a college or department of medicine. The department of elementary instruction may be dispensed with at such rate and in such wise as may seem just and proper to the board of regents.

SEC. 3904 [as amended by General Laws, 1893, chap. 15). The government of the university shall be vestert in a board of 13 regents, of which the governor of the State, the State superintendent of public instruction, the president of the university, and the houorable John Sargent Pillsbury, for and during his good pleasure as an honorary member, having the same power as any other member, shall be members ex officio, and the nine remaining members thereof shall be appointed by the governor, by and with the advice and consent of the senate. Whenever a Vacancy therein occurs for any cause the same shall be filled for the unexpired term in the same manner. After the expiration of the terın of the members of the present board of regents, their successors shall be appointed in like manner, and shall hold their office for the full term of six years from the first Wednesday of March succeeding their appointments and until their successors are appointed and qualified. The president of the university shall be ex officio the corresponding secretary of the board of regents.

SEC. 3905. The regents of the university shall constitute a body corporate under the name and style of " University of Minnesota,” and by that name may sue and be sued, contract and be contracted with, make and use a common seal, and alter the same at pleasure. A majority of voting members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, and a less number may adjourn from time to time.

SEC. 3906. The board of regents shall elect from the members of the board a president of the board. They shall also elect a recording secretary and a treasurer who may or may not be members of the board. All of said officers shall hold their respective offices during the pleasure of the board, and the president and treasurer each shall, before entering upon the duties of his office, execute a bond in the penal sum of $50,000, with at least two sufficient sureties, to the State of Minnesota, to be approved by the governor, conditioned for the faithful and honest performance of the duties of his office according to law, which bonds when so approved shall be filed in the office of the secretary of state.

SEC. 3907. The board of regents shall have power, and it shall be their duty, to enact by-laws for the government of the University of Minnesota in all its departments, to elect a president of the University, and in their discretion a vice-president and the requisite number of professors, instructors, officers, and employees, and to fix their salaries, also the term of office of each; and to determine the moral and educational qualifications of applicants for admission; and in the appointment of professors, instructors, and other officers and assistants of the university, and in prescribing the studies and exercises thereof, and in all the management and government thereof no partiality or preference shall be shown to one sect or religious denomination over another, nor shall anything sectarian be taught therein; and the board of regents shall have power to regulate the course of instruction and prescribe the books and authorities to be used, and also to confer such degrees and grant such diplomas as are usual in universities in their discretion. It shall be the duty of the recording secretary to record all the proceedings of the board and carefully preserve all its books and papers, and before entering upon the duties of his office he shall take and subscribo an oath to perform his duties honestly and faithfully as such officer. It shall be the duty of the treasurer to keep an exact and faithful account of all moneys, bills receivable, and evidences of indebtedness, and all securities and property received or paid out by him, and before entering upon his duties he shall take and subscribe an oath that he will well and faithfully perform the duties of treasurer thereof. It shall be the duty of the president to preside at the meetings of the board, and in case of his inability to preside the board may appoint a president pro tempore.

SEC. 3908. There is hereby established a professorship of Scandinavian language and literature in the State university, with the same salary as is paid in said university to other professors of the same grade.

SEC. 3909. It shall be the duty of the board of regents of the State university, as soon as practicable after the passage of this act, to appoint to said professorship [of Scandinavian language] some person learned in the Scandinavian language and literature and at the same time skilled in and capable of teaching the dead languages so called.

SEC. 3910. In addition to all the rights, immunities, franchises, and endowments heretofore granted or conferred to or upon the University of Minnesota, for the endowment, support, and maintenance thereof, there shall be, and is hereby, inviolably appropriated and placed at the disposal of the board of regents thereof, to be drawn from the State treasury upon the order of the president and payable to the order of the treasurer of the board, all the interest and income of the fund to be derived from the sales of all the lands granted and to be granted to the State of Minnesota by virtue of an act of Congress approved July 2, 1862, and also all such gifts, grants, and contributions to the endowment thereof as may be derived from any and all sources.

SEC. 3911. The first meeting of the board of regents under the provisions of this act shall be holden at the university building on the first Wednesday of March, 1868, at which meeting the officers of the board shall be elected, and the annual meetings of tho board shall be holden on the second Tuesday of December in each and every year thereafter. Special meetings of the board shall be called and holden at such times and in such manner as the board of regents shall determine.

SEC. 3912. [As amended by laws 1897, chap. 102.] Any person or persons contributing a sum of not less than $50,000 shall have the privilege of endowing a

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